Reference Shelf for The Genealogist and Family Historian
Information for the amateur to professional researcher, including Harvard,
U. S. Library of Congress, public, private, college, local, university,
international, worldwide library links and classification systems.

Family Genealogy & History Internet Education Directory™ - Wiki SEARCH This Site
Libraries --------------------- Comprehensive International Listings
Libraries ------------------- Genealogy & Family History Resources
Major Systems ------------ Cataloging Genealogy Information
    - Dewey Decimal System: Dewey LDS FH Library Modified
    - Library of Congress Classification -- Other Classifications
Libraries ----------------------- Research Tools & Special Resources
Museums ------------------------------------ Major International Listings

Museums ---------------------- Research Tools & Special Resources

About Google™ Books (Advanced Search) - Chat Reference Libraries Global (archived)
Find a Family History Center and FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries Worldwide -- Map
Helping Patrons Find Their Roots: A Genealogy Handbook for Librarians>>>>
LibGuides at ProQuest -
LibGuides Community: [Find Institutions - Global Websites

Keyword Enter "Family History" / Genealog* Sorted by Last Update = Current Data;
Worldwide Linked Data Listings of Key Selected Reference Library Guides; etc.]
How to Speak Librarianese - Library Terminology Informally Explained
Smithsonian Libraries -- Genealogy Research Guide (American):
Research Tools
Uncovering the Global Picture of Open GLAM:
Survey of GLAM - Google Sheets
For over a decade Open GLAM (Gallery, Library, Archive, Museum) movement
has advocated open access to cultural heritage held in memory institutions,
in order to promote the exchange of ideas and enable knowledge equity.
Virtual (Digital) Reference -
Virtual Reference Bibliography

Beautiful Libraries of the World - Google™ Images [62]
De Gruyter Online: World Guide to Libraries 2022

All library types covering the whole world.

I Love Libraries - IFLA Library Map of the World
Libraries in the Ancient World - Libraries of the Future
Library and Archival Exhibitions on the Web
Library Planet – Travel Guide: Map of Libraries
Tibetan Buddhist Sakya Monastery:
Library and Art
World Library Association – Your Library, Your Way™

Find a Library Near You - Library Catalog
List of Digital Library Projects: Wikisource
List of Notable Libraries
* Ancestor Roots Information
  OneSource genealogy and family history databases,
  that includes worldwide country links to archive,
  cultural, library and museum sites.
Best Library Websites and Top Library Resources
* Category:Libraries by Country
* Curlie - Reference: Libraries
Cyndi's List - Libraries, Archives & Museums

A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Gateways & Libraries
Libraries in the United States (archived): Beautiful Libraries in All 50 States

Harvard University Libraries: Online Archival Search Information System
      Oldest in the United States and the largest academic library in the world.
    - Library of Congress - Washington, D.C.
(Library of Congress) LOC: Lc Blogs
      World's largest library.
      - Databases: Library of Congress Electronic Resources Online Catalog
        - 0-9 -
A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
        - ALL Databases:
Genealogy - History
          - ADB
            from Asian Development Bank
          - AERA: Special Interest Groups (
            from American Education Research Association
            from Harvard University
          - African Journals Online
            from AJOL
          - AgEcon Search: Research in Agricultural & Applied Economics
            from University of Minnesota
          - AllMusic
            from Macrovision Solutions Corporation
American Museum of Natural History Research Library
om American Museum of Natural History
from Asian Network for Scientific Information
Australasian Legal Information Institute (AustLII)
            from Australasian Legal Information Institute
          - Austrian Newspapers Online
            from Oesterreichische Nationalbibliothek
          - Great Books Online
          - Belgian Newspapers Online
            from Bibliothèque royale de Belgique
Bentham Science - International Publisher of Journals and Books: Search
            from  Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
Bibliography of the History of Art (Getty Research Institute)
            from J. Paul Getty Trust
          - Biodiversity Heritage Library
            from BHL Consortium
          - Bioline International
            from CRIA, Etc.
          - BioMed Central | The Open Access Publisher
            from BioMed Central
BioOne® Online Journals: Open Access
            from BioOne®
          - Encyclopedia of Historic Botanical Literature
A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin
            from Missouri Botanical Garden
          - Cervantes Project
            from Proyecto Cervantes
Chronicling America
            from National Digital Newspaper Project
          - CLACSO - Red de Bibliotecas Virtuales
Latin America & Caribbean Social Science Virtual Library
          - Compact Memory
            from Deutsch-jüdische Literaturgeschichte im Web
          - Core Historical Literature of Agriculture (Journals)
            from Cornell University Library
          - Digital Innovation South Africa
            from DISA
          - Digital Library Of The Commons (Online Journals & Newsletters)
            from Indiana University
          - Directory of Open Access Journals
            from Lund University Libraries
          - EMIS ELibM: (Electronic Library of Mathematics) Mathematical Journals
            from FIZ Karlsruhe
          - ETH - e-periodica, from
Wissensportal ETH-Bibliothek,
            the largest public natural scientific and technical library in Switzerland.
Europe PubMed Central
            from Europe PMC Funders' Group
          - Exilpresse Digital - Deutsche Exilzeitschriften 1933-1945
            from Deutsche Nationalbibliothek:
          - FDsys (Federal Digital System)
            from U.S. Government Publishing Office
          - FRASER® (Federal Reserve Archive): Publications
            ↑ up
            from Federal Research Archival System for Economic Research
Free Public Access:
            Online African & Middle East Studies Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Almanac, Biography & Encyclopedia Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online American Anthropological Association Journals
from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Americas (Hispanic Studies) Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Applied Sciences, Engineering & Technology Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Art & Architecture Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Arts & Humanities Journals from Serials Solutions
Free Public Access:
            Online Asian Studies Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Biology, Genetics & Life Sciences Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Business, Economics & Industry Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Business Journals from Serials Solutions
Free Public Access:
            Online Chemistry Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Computer Science & Mathematics Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Country/Regional Profiles Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Dictionary Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Digital Archives & Collections Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Directory Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Education, Library Science & Mass Communication Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Environmental Studies Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online European Studies Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Gender, Minority Studies & Anthropology Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online General Interest Journals from Serials Solutions
Free Public Access:
            Online General (Multidisciplinary) Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Geography & Maps Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Government & Politics Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Health, Medicine & Psychology Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online History, Genealogy & Archives Resources from LOC: List of All Titles
Free Public Access:
            Online Humanities Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Journals from Serials Solutions
Free Public Access:
            Online Law Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Literature & Language Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Military Science Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Music, Film & Performing Arts Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online News & Current Events Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Newspapers (Current Foreign) Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Newspapers (Historical) Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Physics & Astronomy Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Pre-print Services from Serials Solutions
Free Public Access:
            Online Religion & Philosophy Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Science & Technology Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Science Journals from Serials Solutions
Free Public Access:
            Online Social Science Journals from Serials Solutions
Free Public Access:
            Online Social Sciences Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Statistics Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Technical Reports & Standards Resources from LOC
Free Public Access:
            Online Web Search Tool Resources from LOC
↑ up
          - Gallica Digital Library: French Cultural History
            from BnF
          - Gutenberg-e |
Gutenberg-e Program
            from American Historical Association & Columbia University Press
HathiTrust Digital Library | Millions of Books Online
            from Hathi Trust
HEARTH - Home Economics Archive: Research, Tradition & History
            rom Cornell University Library
HighWire: Journals
            from Stanford University HighWire Press

Hindawi Peer-reviewed Journals
            from Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Historical Jewish Press
            from Historical Jewish Press

Ibero-American Electronic Text Series
            from University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
          - Internet Library of Early Journals
            from eLib (Electronic Libraries) Programme
Italianistica Online : portale di informatica umanistica per gli studi italianistici
J-STAGE (English)
            from Japan Science & Technology Agency
          - Journals of Himalayan Studies
            from University of Cambridge
          - Juristische Zeitschriften des 19. Jahrhunderts
            from Max-Planck Institut für europäische Rechtsgeschichte

          - Making of America Collection
            from Cornell University Library
          - Making of America (MoA)
            from University of Michigan Digital Library
          - Medknow Publications Peer Reviewed Scholarly Journals
            from Manchester University Press
          - National Academies Press/Advisors to the Nation: Science/Engineering/Medicine
            from NAP
          - Nature - A to Z Index
            from Nature Publishing Group
          - NBER Working Papers
            from National Bureau of Economic Research
          - NUMDAM - French Mathematical Journals
            from Cellule MathDoc
          - Open Humanities Press: OA Publishing
            from OHP
Open J- Gate
            from Informatics India Ltd
Persée : Portail de Revues en Sciences Humaines et Sociales
            from Fr. Ministry of State for H.E. & Research
          - Picturing America
            from National Endowment for the Humanities

          - Project Euclid - Mathematics & Statistics
            from Cornell University Library & Duke University Press
          - Public Library of Science: Which Journal Is Right for Me

            from PLoS
          - PubMed Central - Biomedical & Life Sciences Journal Literature
            from National Institutes of Health
          - PubMed Central Canada
National Science Library - National Research Council Canada
          - Redalyc
            Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal Scientific Journals Network.
          - RevEl@Nice
            from Université Nice Sophia Antipolis
          - Revistas Científicas Complutenses (Journals)
            from Universidad Complutense Madrid

          - Revistas Científicas del CSIC
            from Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas
          - Revistes Catalanes amb Accés Obert
            from Consorci de Biblioteques Universitàries de Catalunya
          - : Portail de Revues en Sciences Humaines et Sociales
            from (Cléo)
          - SAO/NASA: Astrophysics Data System (Journals)
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA)
          - - Scientific Electronic Library Online
            from SciELO
Searchable Ornithological Research Archive
            from University of New Mexico
          - Symposium Journals
            from Symposium Journals | SAGE Publications Inc
SAGE Journals Migration Information Portal | SAGE Publications Inc]
          - Tibetan and Himalayan Library
            from Tibetan and Himalayan Digital Library (THDL)
          - Tropicos®
            from Missouri Botanical Garden
Virgo (formerly Electronic Text Center) Virgo Classic: iLink
            from University of Virginia Library [
Click "OK" to start a new session.]
          - World Bank Data
            from World Bank
          - [] Advanced Search
            from WorldCat® - OCLC.
Wright American Fiction (1851-1875)
            from Indiana University
          - Zhurnalnyi Zal
            from Russian Zhurnal
↑ up
        - ALL Databases: "Genealogy" Search, Etc.
          Many databases are On-Site-Only availability @ The Library of Congress.
African American Biographical Database

          - American Civil War Research Database
          - American National Biography Online
Ancestry Library Edition
Archival collections held by thousands of libraries,
            museums, historical societies, and archives.

          - Biography & Genealogy Master Index from GALE CENGAGE Learning
          - Biography Index Past and Present™ | Biographical Research | EBSCO
          - Black Sea German Research
          - Books In Print: Sign In: Fast Facts
Comprehensive bibliographic book database - Books In Print
          - Burke’s Peerage - The Official Website
          - Cyndi's List of Genealogy Sites on the Internet
Dictionary of American Family Names - Oxford Reference
          - EBSCOhost - World’s Foremost Premium Research Database Service
            Free Family History and Genealogy Records.
          - Fold3. History & Genealogy Archives
          - Freely Accessible Arts & Humanities Journals from Serials Solutions
          - Gale Cengage Databases
          - HeritageQuest Online™
          - Illustrated London News. Historical Archive 1842 - 2003
          - Jewish Data - Genealogy | Jewish Cemeteries - Tombstones | Jewish History
MyHeritage Library Edition
          - NewspaperARCHIVE (trial)
NYS Historic Newspapers
          - Oxford DNB - Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
PERSI™ - Periodicals Source Index

          - - Index to Ships in Books (part free online)
U.S. Congressional Serial Set, 1817-1994 | Readex
      - Library of Congress Classification System
Library of Congress Online Catalog
      - Virtual Programs & Services, Digital Reference Team
        - Library of Congress Bibliographies, Research Guides & Finding Aids
          - A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O PQ R S T U V W 
Subjects: African & Middle Eastern - Asian - Business (BEOnline+)
Digital Collections, Available Online | Library of Congress
            Digital Reference Section -
European - Folklife - Geography & Maps
            Hispanic - Humanities & Social Sciences -
Law - Local History & Genealogy
            Manuscripts - Microform - Music - Newspapers - Periodicals
            Prints & Photographs - Recorded Sound -

      ↑ upΛ
    - Melvyl® System - University of California
      Worldwide Genealogy and Family History Research.
      Melvyl® System for the University of California, with
      more than 100 libraries, provides indexing to millions
      of items in their holdings, digital collections
      and online searchable databases.
    - Military History & Military Science: Libraries & Research Organizations in the U.S.
      - Archives/Records - The Society for Military History
MERLN: LibGuides at National Defense University
      - Visit Your Installation Library: MilitaryINSTALLATIONS - U.S. DOD
    - Nation's Largest Libraries
      Listing by volumes held.
Public Libraries in the United States: Public (USA)
    - United States Archives & Libraries -  Genealogy
      - Family History Library - Salt Lake City |
        - Modified Dewey Decimal System - LDS
      - Genealogical Research in Government Documents
Libraries Outside the United States (archived)
  - Prison Library
    - USA Directory of State Prison Libraries: Prison Libraries | Professional Tools 
      Listing of correction librarians and correctional education by state.
Directory, Law Libraries Offering Services to Prisoners - Google™ Books
* Libdex (archived)
  Worldwide index of library catalogues, libraries & books.
Browse by Country (archived)
  International Directory of Libraries
  - American Library Directory:
Number of Libraries in the United States
    Profiles for more than 30,000 public, academic, special and government
    libraries, and library-related organizations in the United States, and Canada
    — including addresses, phone and fax numbers, and e-mail addresses, network
    participation, expenditures, holdings and special collections, key personnel,
    special services, and more — over 40 categories of library information in all.
    Free registered users can view physical address information only.
  - Public Library Directory, Locator & Maps
Library & Archives Canada: National Union Catalogue - Voilà

Toronto Public Library
Library Directory - Online Libraries of the World
Libweb - Library WWW Servers
  Over 8.000 pages from libraries in over 146 countries.
List of Library Associations
OCLC: Online Computer Library Center, Inc.
  Computer network and services link thousands of libraries worldwide.
FirstSearch® Online Reference: FirstSearch® Login Screen
Archived Content
    - Databases
    - eBooks and eJournals
    - WorldCat®: WorldCat®
      Over 2 billion items, from more than 72,000 libraries worldwide.

WorldCat® for Genealogy
Results for ' (Firm)'
        - Results for ''

        - Results for 'kw:FamilySearch'
        - Results for 'kw:Genealogy'
        - Results for 'kw:San_Diego'
          Example of how to do a worldwide OCLC location search.
        - Results for 'kw:Tinney'
          Example of how to do a worldwide OCLC surname search.
        - Results for 'su:Genealogy Computer network resources.'
Results for 'su:Genealogy Computer network resources Directories.'
        - Results for 'su:Genealogy Databases.'
Results for 'su:Genealogy Databases Directories.'
        - Results for 'su:Genealogy Electronic information resources.'
      - Results for 'su:Genealogy Internet resources.'
    - WorldCat® Registry:
WorldCat® Registry - Advanced Search
      Web-based directory of libraries.  Registry profiles contain
      details about the physical and electronic location of institutions,
      the relationships between them and the services they provide.

      Advanced Search allows listings by additional types or locations.
Global Library Statistics
    These statistics that represent the total global library universe include data,
    if available, for the total number of libraries, librarians, volumes, expenditures,
    and users for every country and territory in the world broken down into the major
    library types: academic, public, school, special and national.  It is important to
    remember that these figures do not represent OCLC membership.  The statistics
    also include available data for languages used, and the number of library schools,
    publishers, and museums.  The three regions represent those used by the OCLC
    Global and Regional Councils: the Americas (North and South America), EMEA
    (Europe, the Middle East, Africa, & India), & Asia Pacific (Asia, Australia & Oceania).

  - List of Academic Databases and Search Engines
    Includes sites with OCLC as provider.
  - QuestionPoint®
    Reference management service provides libraries with tools
    to interact with users in multiple ways, using both chat and email.

UNESCO Libraries Portal: Dag Hammarskjöld Library
  An international gateway to information for librarians and library users.
World Wide Web Library Directory
* Z39.50 Gateway
  Access to catalog of the Library of Congress,
  and those of many other worldwide institutions.

  - List of National & State Libraries: Library Catalogues
    - European Library - Connecting Knowledge
: Discover Contributors
      - Bibliothèque nationale de France:
BnF - English Site Map
DNB - Gernan National Library: Index A - Z
        National library and bibliographic information centre - FR of Germany
KIT Library: (U Library Karlsruhe/Central Library - Karlsruhe Research Center)
      - England - The British Library (TBL):
Explore the British Library
All Online British Library Catalogues
        - Region (Global Collections)
National Library of China (English)
      - The Historical Documents at the National Library of China
↑ upΛ


* Ancestor Roots Information: A to Z Country Webliography Index
  OneSource Genealogy and Family History Searchable Databases.
  Library sources and links are listed as part of each country culture subset.

* Directory of Genealogy Libraries in the U.S.
Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center
    - Periodical Source Index (PERSI) Genealogy
      (HeritageQuest Online - PERSI™)

      Largest subject index to genealogical and
      historical periodical articles in the world.
      - Effectively Using the Periodical Source Index
PERiodical Source Index
California State Information: Library Networks & Systems
  California state general information including archives, databases,
    education, family data, genealogy, governments, heritage, history,
    legal resources, library networks and systems, media and tourism.

Cook Memorial Public Library District: Genealogy
    Guide to researching family history by a sample public library district.
  - Godfrey Memorial Library
Google™ Scholar
    - Organizing your Scholar Library - Google™ Scholar Blog
Local History & Genealogy Reading Room
    Humanities and Social Sciences Division, Library of Congress
Handbooks for Foreign Genealogical Research and Country Studies.
Documentation & Publications: Professional Genealogical Sources
EXAMPLE LIBRARY RESOURCE: (Ireland) Clare County Library: Genealogy
Librarians Serving Genealogists: genealib Mailing List
  Exchange of ideas, genealogy education, sharing thoughts,
  trading materials, discussing problems and more.

ROOTS-L Library
  Internet library of genealogy information;
  includes Library of Congress resources.
* Schools - Colleges - Universities: Alumni & Genealogy Education
  Worldwide comprehensive resource of educational institutions,
  their genealogy & family history data, past & present students,
  alumni, associations, faculty, friends and military personnel.
↑ upΛ


I.   Dewey Decimal System: Dewey Decimal Classification: The Dewey Blog
List of Dewey Decimal Classes
* A Virtual Library of Useful URLs Arranged by Dewey Decimal Classification
  Image Map - Research Guide - Worlds of Knowledge Arrangement.
  - 900 - History / Geography
    - 929 - Genealogy, (Ancestry), (Descent), (Family histories), (Family trees)
* Dewey Decimal Classification System (archived)
Subject Classification
  Comparison of Dewey and Library of Congress subject classification.
Dewey Decimal vs. Library of Congress
↑ up

II.  Modified Dewey Decimal System - LDS:
Family History Library
The Family History Library in Salt Lake City, UTAH,
 is the world's
largest Genealogy Library, with the adjacent
FamilySearch™ Center.
They have All Published Record Collections, Catalog of Resources,
Family History Books, Floor Plans, Free Family Trees & Research Wiki.

Book and Film Numbers Used by the Family History Library
Roger Magneson, at the LDS Family History Library, commented
in the Utah Library Association -Technical Services Round Table
2002; by Melanie Shaw.  "In the LDS Family History Library,
subject classification is usually by area using a modified Dewey
Decimal system with special library codes for subject or form.
For instance, family histories in Great Britain are 929.241, and in
the United States are 929.273.  The modified Dewey number is
given a subject code, such as D2 for genealogy, D3 for biography,
V2 for vital registration, etc."  Steven M. Law, Supervisor of
the Germanic-Slavic Cataloging section of the Family History
Library, E-mail dated Friday, 07 Nov 2003, added a helpful listing
of the current classification, as follows:

            A1        Pamphlets

            NOTE:  A3-B5 are to be used for general works of an area,
            with no topical emphasis.  If there is a topical emphasis,
            prefer the subject categories for that topic and add
            the standard subdivision for the format.

            A3        Bibliography, inventories, catalogs, registers.
                        Class here holdings of a library or archive.  For
                        descriptions of libraries and archives, use J5.
            A5        Encyclopedias - For general knowledge
                        encyclopedias, prefer 030-039.

B         SERIALS
            B2        Periodicals and serials
            B3        Newspapers
            B4        Monographic series
            B5        Annual reports, almanacs, yearbooks, etc.

            C4        Associations, clubs, societies, foundations, etc.
                        Use for works dealing with societies and their
                        activities.  If work deals only with the subject
                        of concern to a society, prefer that subject.

            D2        Genealogy - Class here collected Bible records,
                        oral genealogy, etc.
            D3        Biography - Class here collected biography of
                        a country or smaller area.  For individual biography,
                        use 921 with area notation.  For collected biography
                        of an area larger than a country, use 920.
            D4        Personal names
            D5        Peerage, nobility, royal houses, knights, heraldic
            D6        Insignia, heraldry, etc.                     

            E2        Geographical names
            E3        Historical geography (for historical atlases, prefer E7)
            E4        Directories
                        NOTE:  Use E4 for directories of localities.  For
                        directories of institutions, clubs, etc., prefer the subject
                        category for the institution and add the standard
                        subdivision -4.
            E5        Gazetteers
            E6        Description and travel, guidebooks
            E7        Maps and atlases
            E8        Postal and shipping guides       

            F2        National, racial and religious groups
            F3        Native races

            Prefer the Dewey number for the language, 420-499.
            G2        Language
            G3        Paleography

            H2        History
            H3        Chronology
            H6        Sociology, ethnology, and anthropology -
                        Class here slavery and serfdom. 
                        For slave trade prefer U3.
            H7        Myths, folklore, legends:
Timeless Myths: Genealogy

            J2        Schools
            J3        Orphanages
            J4        Hospitals
            J5        Libraries and archives - Class here description.
                        For holdings of libraries and archives use A3.
            J6        Correctional institutions
            J7        Other public institutions

            K2        Christian churches  - Class here ecclesiastical
                        visitations and church census
            K3        Non-Christian religions
            K4        General works dealing equally with Christianity
                        and other religions

            M2       The Military - Class here works on the military
                        in general or specifically land-based forces.  For
                        works exclusively about seafaring forces, use M3.
            M3       Naval and seafaring forces  

            N2        Civil administration - Class here government
                        officials and employees.
            N3        Notaries
            N4        Elections and voting           

            P2        Courts - Class here divorce as legal action, probate,
                        guardianship, etc.  For divorce as a social phenomenon,
                        use H6.
            P3        Law and legislation
            P4        Citizenship and naturalization

            R2        Land and Property
            R4        Taxation

            U2        Occupations and professions
            U3        Commerce and business - Class here shipping
                        and the slave trade.  For slavery as an institution,
                        prefer H6.

            V2        Vital registration
            V3        Cemeteries, interment, and funeral home records
            V4        Obituaries and death notices

            W2       Migration
            W3       Passenger lists
            W4       Passports and visas

            X2        Census - For church census, prefer K2.
            X3        Household and population registration
            X4        Demography and population studies

Microfilm call numbers formerly  filed under GS are now listed
under FH, for Genealogical Society and now Family History (library
of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints).  "Further
numbers may be added [to] the Dewey number for local area.
The LDS Family History Library also uses their own subject
heading system based on geographic area and form, with a fairly
complicated system of subdivisions." . . .  Roger Magneson also
suggested checking "several levels of government when searching
for genealogical records: national, state, county, and city, as
agencies responsible for vital records varied over time and also
varies from country to country."

* Family History Library Favorites: Internet Bookmarks - SLC, Utah

  - International: World Resources
    - British Canada & US: US States - South America
News & Events - Search Engines

Family History Library: Reference Book Collection
* Catalog of Resources
* The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
  Mormon Family History and Genealogy Search:
  LDS Family History Centers and Temples.

↑ upΛ

III. Library of Congress Classification System:
Library of Congress Classification

Cataloging Distribution Service (Library of Congress): Classification Web
  - Classification Web Tutorial
    Browse and search Library of Congress Classification (LCC) schedules.
LC Classification Schedules & Manuals from CDS (archived)
  - Library of Congress Classification Outline
Search Results for "classification"
* Library of Congress Classification System
  - Classifying a Personal or Small Library
E- Ref Bloomsburg University
    Electronic reference
tools for the undergraduate student.
Overview of Library of Congress Call Numbers
    - Browse: The Online Books Page
* Subject Classification
  Comparison of Dewey and Library of Congress subject classification.
  - Library of Congress Subject Headings
red covered books.
Library of Congress vs. Dewey Decimal
* Wikipedia: Library of Congress Classification:
  A -  Library of Congress Classification:
Class A -- General Works
        AE  (Encyclopedias - General)
        AG  (Dictionaries & General Reference)
        AI   (Indexes - General)
        AM (Museums)
        AN  (Newspapers)
        AP  (Periodicals)
        AY  (Yearbooks. Almanacs. Directories)

  B -  Library of Congress Classification:
Class B -- Philosophy, Psychology, Religion
        BL  (Religion)
        BM (Judaism)
        BP  (Islam, Baha'ism)
        BQ  (Buddhism)
        BR  (Christianity)
        BX  (Christian Denominations)

  C -  Library of Congress Classification:
Class C -- Auxiliary Sciences of History
Historische Hilfswissenschaften: Historical Auxiliary Sciences

        CB  (History of Civilization)
        CC  (Archaeology)
        CD  921- (Archives - Guides To, Inventories)
        CE  (Calendar, Technical Chronology)
        CN  (Inscriptions, Epigraphy)
        CR  (Heraldry)
        CS  (
Genealogy), including: Genealogical Lists, Family History,
               Region or Country, or Personal and Family Names.
        CT  (General Biography)

D -  Library of Congress Classification: Class D -- History, General and Old World
        DA-DR (Great Britain - Europe)
        [RESEARCH NOTE: Pattern of codes go from general
        works, to regional works and serials, then to specific
        items.  An alphabetical nationwide section for cities, local
        parish records and individual document sources at the end
        of this (DA) and other History sub sections.]
        DS-DX (History of Asia, Africa, Australia, etc.)
        DS 101 - 151 (Israel and Jewish references worldwide)

  E -  Library of Congress Classification:
Class E -- History of America
        (Ethnic Resources - Genealogy/Migrations, etc.)

  F -  Library of Congress Classification:
Class F
        (Local History of the United States and British, Dutch, French, and Latin America)
        [NOTE: United States Local History classification pattern
        begins with the North Eastern States, to the Southern U.S.,
        then the Midwestern U.S., Western U.S., U.S. Territories, etc.]
        F 1000 - (Canada)
        F 1201 - (Mexico, then Central America to South America)

  G - Library of Congress Classification:
Class G -- Geography. Anthropology. Recreation
        (Atlases, Maps and Recreation)
        GR (Folklore)
        GT (Manners and Customs - Private/Public)

  H -  Library of Congress Classification:
Class H -- Social Sciences
        HQ 503-1064 (The Family, Marriage, Home)
        HS (Societies: Secret, Benevolent, etc.)

  J -  Library of Congress Classification:
Class J -- Political Science
        JS (Local Government, Municipal Government)
        JV (Colonies & Colonization, Emigration &
              Immigration, International Migration)

  K -  Library of Congress Classification:
Class K -- Law (Worldwide)

  L -  Library of Congress Classification (pdf):
Class L -- Education
        LA (History of Education, Biography)
        LD-LG (Individual Institutions)

  M - Library of Congress Classification:
Class M -- Music
        (Music and Books on Music)
        ML 410 (Composer Biographies)

  N -
Library of Congress Classification (pdf): Class N -- Fine Arts
        NA (Architecture)

  P - Library of Congress Classification:
Class P -- Language and Literature

  Q - Library of Congress Classification:
Class Q -- Science
       QA (Mathematics, Computer Science)

  R -
Library of Congress Classification (pdf): Class R -- Medicine

  S -
Library of Congress Classification (pdf): Class S -- Agriculture
       S1-19 (Periodicals and Societies)
       S 415-417 (Biography)
       S 419-471 (History)

  T -
Library of Congress Classification (pdf): Class T -- Technology
       TF (Railroads)
       TR (Photography)
       TX (Home Economics)

  U -
Library of Congress Classification (pdf): Class U -- Military Science

  V - Library of Congress Classification:
Class V -- Naval Science

  Z -
Library of Congress Classification (pdf): Class Z -- Bibliography. Library Science.
       Information Resources (Bibliography, Books, Information, Library & Writing)
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IV. Other Systems of Library Classification
Book:Library Classification
Taxonomy: Taxonomy Warehouse
    Information organization, metadata,
    knowledge management and classification tools.

* Category:Classification Systems: Images
  - Bliss Bibliographic Classification
Bliss Classification Association - Bibliographic Classification
  - Colon Classification:
Colon Classification
Classification System — Science Learning Hub
World's largest, freely searchable MARC database.
UDC Consortium: Universal Decimal Classification Consortium
* Knowledge Representation and Reasoning
Archives and Knowledge Management
    Scholarly Online Resource Evidence and Records
Library Organization and Classification Systems (archived)
Classification Systems] Online

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* Awesome Library
  Resources that have been reviewed and found to be of high quality.

Friends of Libraries: LibDex - The Library Index (archived)
Book Sale Finder (USA and Canada)

    Most entries are Public Library Friends groups.
Friends of Canadian Libraries
  - Friends of Libraries Australia
Friends of the National Libraries
    United Kingdom: Saving the nation's written and printed heritage.
Support the British Library
United for Libraries
Division of American Library Association known
    as the Association of Library Trustees, Advocates, Friends and Foundations.
* Institute of Museum and Library Services: State Profiles
  Related links for library and museum professionals.
International Research Centers (Library of Congress): Global Resources
  International collections of the Library of Congress.
Library History Database (archived) and Introduction (archived)
    Individual Libraries in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales
    and the Islands, including Sources, Statistics, Women in
    the Book Trade, Place Indexes, Private Libraries [5000++
    listing of all private libraries  from about A. D. 1500 to ca.
    1850.  Sale catalogues, inventories, wills, &c.], Country &
    Town House Libraries [4000+ in the British Isles from the
    late medieval period to ca. 1850] and Family Names Indexes
    [7000+ with families associated with each house].

Making of America (MOA) - U of Michigan and Cornell University (MOA) Collection
    Digital library of primary sources in American social history
    from the ante-bellum period through reconstruction,
American Memory from the Library of Congress.
Presidential Libraries & Museums and White House Historical Association
* Library Research Guides:
Library Explorer | Open Library
100 Terrific Sites to Find Primary Source History Documents
  - Re-QUEST dot Net (tm)
    Online library of internet and reference resources
Genealogy Research

Student's Guide to Evaluating Libraries in Colleges & Universities
Subject Tracers
  - The Seven Steps - Library Research at Cornell
  - Using Call Numbers
LibraryThing: The LibraryThing Blog
  Create personal online book catalogs, evaluate millions of books
  within the collections of other contributors, review shared book
  selections and compare recommendations.
  Example: Geography and Genealogy ; Locating Personal Pasts

Yet only very recently scholars, including geographers,
  have begun to examine genealogy and family history as a cultural
  practice with spatial, economic and political implications.
  - BookDB - Book Database Freeware

  - Family 'Drama' & Self-Empowerment Strategies
    in the Genealogy Writings of Yuan Jingrong 袁镜蓉 (1786–ca.1852)
By appropriating the authority conferred by genealogy writing,
    Yuan Jingrong gained the upper hand in her family’s dramatic shifts
    of fortune and power, and pushed women’s self-empowering strategies
    to extraordinary proportions.
  - Global Memory Net
  - legacylibraries: Alphabetical List
Libraries of historical people, as well as a few institutions.
* Professional Library Sources: Theses & Dissertations: Family History and Genealogy
  Library science information for professional reference librarians and volunteers
  assisting genealogists, family historians and local research specialists.

National Library Service (USA): Blind & Physically Handicapped
    Materials for qualified users of the National Library Service
    for the Blind and Physically Handicapped program offered
    through NLS cooperating libraries.

* Virtual Private Library™
  Continuously search, monitor and update for custom virtual library subject(s)
  that are listed as an unique ontology subject tree and directory including
  resource utilization of blogs, wikis, listserv® and news aggregators.
World Libraries
  Peer-reviewed, open access LIS journal that covers submissions on library
  and information topics of interest to an international audience.
  - A Cultural and Educational Link to the Homeland:
    Ethnic Minority Public Libraries in the Danish-German Border Region
  - Classification of Library Documents by Using the Web
Pathfinders: Mauritania
Study of Worldwide Philatelic Libraries

  - Subject Index to Third World Libraries
     and World Libraries Volumes 1–15 (1990–2005).
* WorLib | Blog About Libraries
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De Gruyter Online:
Museums of the World 2021
World's Most Beautiful Museums - Images

* ACM | Association of Children's Museums
Children’s museums provide a place where all kids
  can learn through play with the caring adults in their lives.
  - Find a Children's Museum: Children’s Museums at Home
    Search by keyword, location, state, country, or category.
* Global Museum
  Global resources, links and information.
Lists of Museums: Category:Museums by Type
  - Curlie - Reference: Museums
List of Museums by Country
Museumland™: (archived) Links (archived)
  World wide portal to museums, cultural heritage and tourism.
* Museu.MS: Museums of the World | Facebook®
  Museums of the world.
European Museums Network | Museums.EU
Museums Around the World (on the Internet)
Museums | UNESCO
  - Museum International
  - World Heritage Centre - World Heritage and Museums
    - Useful Websites
* Virtual Museum: Virtual Library Museums Pages
Ultimate Guide to Virtual Museum Resources | MCN
    Includes E-Learning, and Online Collections.
75 Best Virtual Museum Tours - Art, History, Science [2022]
* Voice of the Shuttle: Libraries & Museums
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* Collection | The British Museum: Collection Online Search Guide
* H-Museum
  H-Net list for museum professionals.
ICOM - The International Council of Museums
  - International Committees
Resources: Red Lists Database
Institute of Museum and Library Services: Publications List
  Related links for library and museum professionals.
  - Museums + Heritage Advisor (UK)
  Advancing Digital Transformation in the Cultural Sector.

* Museum & Heritage Sites Directory - Transportation
History of Aviation
List of Aerospace Museums: Air Museums - North America

* Museum Stores Online
Purchase books, jewelry, posters
  and objects d'art from museum shops.
* Official Museum Directory® for List of Museums in the United States
IAAM Center for Family History
    Center for Family History at the International African American Museum.
Norman Rockwell Museum - The Home for American Illustration
  - Smithsonian Institution - Cultural Centers - Museums - Research Centers
    - Cultural Centers
    - Encyclopedia
    - Museums and Zoo
    - Research Centers
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    - Museum of Jewish Heritage
    - Simon Wiesenthal Center
* Smith's Master Index to Maritime Museums
  Premier portal of high-quality maritime
  museum resources on the Internet.

* UMAC: University Museum & Collections
  Protect the heritage in the care of universities.
  - UMAC Worldwide Database
Arts | Harvard University

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Libraries and Museums:
Reference Shelf for The Genealogist and Family Historian ↑ upΛ
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All rights reserved.  Email:

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