The BOOK [Stick] of LEVI

PREFACE

This record evaluates historical knowledge, as it relates to: ------  The BOOK [Stick] of LEVI
Information gleaned from social contexts, both secular and religious, are reviewed, using
modern genealogical research specialist standards: to properly reconstruct and correctly
portray real historical lives and family pedigrees.  Cultural, religious and family tradition,
(their stated facts and viewpoints), are surveyed within given ancient contexts of
primary
and secondary record sources, as handed down for the benefit of our modern generation.

Family Genealogy & History Internet Education Directory™ - WikiSEARCH This Site
 Genealogy -- General Notes  025: Levi --- Source Notes  026: Kohath
 027: Amram - Priesthood Notes  028: Moses - Historical Notes  029: Gershom


Genealogy:
A Master Number beginning with three digits is given to the direct line
descending stem.  All other descending lineages are ordered according to
where they connect into the direct line of descent as sons or daughters.
They have a dash (-) to show the connection.  The Numbers are arranged
by time of birth in the family, where possible, with the direct descendant
being placed where he or she belongs by order of birth.  In cases of long
and questionable pedigrees, the lineage is shown descending down, but
with no numbering system attached.  Added commentary is author's opinion.

The Children of 024: JACOB - ISRAEL (the son of ISAAC)
024-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 025: The BOOK of LEVI

Research Notes
(General): ↑ upΛ
A.  Ancestor Roots Information: Israel
     -
A Mother's Love - Joys and Challenges

B.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book VI - From the Death of Eli to the Death of Saul
     Antiquities of the Jews - Book VII - From the Death of Saul to the Death of David
     Antiquities of the Jews - Book VIII - From the Death of David to the Death of Ahab

C.  BOOK [Stick] of JUDAH - Family of [King] David: BIBLE and BIBLICAL RESOURCES
     - 1,000yo manuscripts written by ancient Silk Road family found in Afghanistan
     - Cairo Genizah
     - Can We Prove Descent From King David?
       All we need is good evidence and records that
       go back that far and give convincing proof of our
       claim.  So far, available records cannot do it.  Some
       individuals rely on tradition and faith to back their claim.
       - Ashkenazi Jews
         - Baal Shem Tov
         - Judah Loew ben Bezalel
           -
Menachem Mendel Schneerson
       -
Bagrationi Dynasty: Origins > Claim of the Biblical Descent
         -
Bagrationi Dynasty
         - Bagratuni Dynasty
       - Complete List of Jewish Last Names + Meanings:
Surnames
         -
JewishEncyclopedia.com - Surnames
           -
NAMES (PERSONAL) - JewishEncyclopedia.com
         -
JewishGen - Global Home of Jewish Genealogy (search)
         -
Tribe of Levi
       - Davidic Dynasty: Davidic Genealogy Links
         Dedicated to uniting the Jewish descendants of King David.
         - Davidic Dynasty in Bible Prophecy
         - Davidic Line
         -
Genealogy in the Torah
           The Midrash (Midrash Rabba, Parasha 24) explains this term [Sefer Toldot Adam
           (Book of the history of man), Bereishit (Genesis) 5:1] to indicate that Adam,
           the first man, was given a preview of all the generations that were destined
           to descend from him. God revealed to Adam each generation with its scholars,
           each generation and its wise men, each generation and its writers, each generation
           and its leaders. Adam was the only one who saw the yikhus (or the lineage)
           which descended from him, until the end of all generations. (Yalkut Shimoni)
          
The Midrash incorrectly asserts that the Messiah (who has already come; was born,
           lived, and died on the cross, for the salvation of all mankind; namely, Jesus Christ),
           will arrive only when all those generations that were predestined to live have
           in fact been born. Literally taken, it would be a period of no physical conception.
           Enoch, during his lifetime, testified (
Moses 6): "For a book of remembrance we
           have written among us, according to the pattern given by the finger of God;
           and it is given in our own language." Also, (
Moses 7): "And the Lord showed Enoch
           all things, even unto the end of the world; and he saw the day of the righteous,
           the hour of their redemption, and received a fulness of joy;"
          
Doctrine and Covenants 107 declares that three years previous to his death, "Adam
           stood up in the midst of the congregation (made up of the residue of his posterity,
           who were righteous); and, notwithstanding he was bowed down with age, being
           full of the Holy Ghost, predicted whatsoever should befall his posterity
           unto the latest generation. These things were all written in the book of Enoch,
           and are to be testified of in due time." See:
Midrash | Judaism | Britannica
           and
Talmud and Midrash | Definition, Books, Examples, & Facts | Britannica
         - Genealogy of Jesus
         -
Torah Sources for Genealogy
       - Ethiopian Historiography: Solomonic Dynasty
         -
Emperor of Ethiopia: Haile Selassie
       -
Exilarch
         Leaders of the Diaspora, the community of
Jews, following
         the
580s BC deportation of the population of Judah into
         Babylonian captivity, (after the destruction of the Kingdom
         of Judah).  The princely post was hereditary in a family
         that traced its descent from the Royal Davidic Line.
       -
Lurie Legacy: The House of Davidic Royal Descent
       -
Sephardi Jews: Early History of the Jews in Spain
         - Abravanel
         - Maimonides:
Maimonides (Moses ben Maimon)
         -
Sephardim.com Namelist
     - Dead Sea Scrolls: Digital Dead Sea Scrolls
     - History of Ancient Israel and Judah
       - The Lord Jesus Christ, Jews, The House of Joseph, Gentiles and Heathens
     -
Jew, Jewish
     - Jewish Ethnic Divisions
     - Jewish Languages
     - Judaism and Mormonism
       -
Book of Mormon Lessons and Charts - BYU Studies
         -
Charting the Book of Mormon: Visual Aids for Personal Study and Teaching
           [Research Note: 40 - Nephite and Mesoamerican History, as presented, is not
           secondary evidence supporting the ancient history within the Book of Mormon.
           Reference: ZARAHEMLA and THE RIVER SIDON]
       - Book of Mormon Genealogy Chart (pdf)
     - Judaism by Country
     - Kingdom of Israel (United Monarchy)
     - Kingdom of Judah
     -
Kings of Judah
     - Kinship of Families to  Adam, by Bennett:
Kinship of Families
       by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogy Hall of Fame Members
       -
Early LDS Genealogist Elected to Hall of Fame - Church News
       - FamilySearch Catalog: Results for Albert F. Schmuhl
       - FamilySearch Catalog: The Royal Line
         -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl
       - FamilySearch Catalog: Through the Loins of Joseph
         [Research Note: Through the Loins of Joseph, the Pedigree, mentions
Maimonides,
         or
Moses ben Maimon, A. D. 1135 - 1204, declaring Antenor, to the designation of:
         "
Chief Prince of Ephraim".  Genealogical Tables of the Sovereigns of the World,
         identifies his 1. descending child as Marcomir. The name, Marcomir, also shows
         on the pedigree as a son of Priamus, a P. in Gaul. Also, listed as 10. Marcomir.
         Marcomir is noted four times, at least, in the Dukes of the East Franks. X Marcomir,
         is furthermore listed as a lineage descendant. By a word comparison construction,
         the Brother of Jared was identified as Mahonri
Moriancumer, in the Book of Mormon.
         This suggests that fragments of Adamic words were preserved within Sicambrian
         Kings, the Kings of the West Franks, from whom the Kings of France are descended.]
     - Messiah in Judaism
     - Old Testament: Old Testament (
Hebrew Bible)
     -
Oxyrhynchus Papyri: Old Testament
       -
Oxyrhynchus Papyri | Faculty of Classics: Digital Resources
         -
The Oxyrhynchus Papyri
       - The Oxyrhynchus Papyri:
         Largest cache of early Christian manuscripts discovered to date.
     - People of Israel - Judah
     - Scattering and Gathering of Israel | Religious Studies Center
       God's Covenant with Abraham Remembered through the Ages.
       -
Scattering and the Gathering of Israel
     -
Schoyen Collection
       Manuscripts from around the world.

D. 
Ezekiel 37: 16-19  Moreover, thou son of man [Ezekiel], take thee one stick,
     and write upon it, For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions:
     then take another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim,
     and for all the house of Israel his companions: And join them one to another
     into one stick; and they shall become one in thine hand.  And when the children
     of thy people shall speak unto thee, saying, Wilt thou not shew us what thou
    
meanest by these?  Say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will
     take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of
     Israel his fellows, and will put them with him, even with the stick of Judah,
     and make them one stick, and they shall be one in mine hand. 
1 Nephi 13: 37-42
     And blessed are they who shall seek to bring forth my Zion at that day, for
     they shall have the gift and the power of the Holy Ghost; and if they endure
     unto the end they shall be lifted up at the last day, and shall be saved in the
     everlasting kingdom of the Lamb; and whoso shall publish peace, yea, tidings
     of great joy, how beautiful upon the mountains shall they be.  And it came to
     pass that I beheld the remnant of the seed of my brethren, and also the book
     of the Lamb of God, which had proceeded forth from the mouth of the Jew,
     that it came forth from the Gentiles unto the remnant of the seed of my brethren.
     And after it had come forth unto them I beheld other books, which came forth
     by the power of the Lamb, from the Gentiles unto them, unto the convincing
     of the Gentiles and the remnant of the seed of my brethren, and also the Jews
     who were scattered upon all the face of the earth, that the records of the prophets
     and of the twelve apostles of the Lamb are true.  And the angel spake unto me,
     saying: These last records, which thou hast seen among the Gentiles, shall
     establish the truth of the first, which are of the twelve apostles of the Lamb,
     and shall make known the plain and precious things which have been taken
     away from them; and shall make known to all kindreds, tongues, and people,
     that the Lamb of God is the Son of the Eternal Father, and the Savior of the
     world; and that all men must come unto him, or they cannot be saved.  And
     they must come according to the words which shall be established by the mouth
     of the Lamb; and the words of the Lamb shall be made known in the records of
     thy seed, as well as in the records of the twelve apostles of the Lamb; where-
     fore they both shall be established in one; for there is one God and one
     Shepherd over all the earth.  And the time cometh that he shall manifest
     himself unto all nations, both unto the Jews and also unto the Gentiles;
     and after he has manifested himself unto the Jews and also unto the Gentiles,
     then he shall manifest himself unto the Gentiles and also unto the Jews,
     and the last shall be first, and the first shall be last.

E.  The ancient
Books of the Bible, compared with Mormon Archaeology,
     invalidate the documentary hypothesis theories, traditionally known as:
     J, E, P, and D; for the Torah and the Deuteronomy history, from Joshua
     to Kings.  Some modern historians incorrectly state that the Torah
     was gradually recorded as the Hebrew Bible, between the 5th century
     B.C. and the 2nd century B.C.  Clearly, internal source evidence from
     the
Pearl of Great Price, the OT - NT and the Book of Mormon, suggest
     primary source documents, or copies thereof, going back to the time of
     Adam and (Eve - the Mother of all Living), were readily available to
     
Moses, who then wrote or copied them for himself and other Israelites.
     The
list of biblical figures identified in extra-biblical sources is compelling.
     Additional validation of the Bible, as a surviving primary source document,
     is made by the
Joseph Smith, Jr. Translation of the Bible.  Words added
     and corrections made, restore the original formation and sense of ancient
     scribes and prophets, including technical details from Genesis to Revelation.
     Joseph Smith, Jr. said, [I believe the Bible as it read when it came from the pen
     of the original writers. Ignorant translators, careless transcribers, or designing and
     corrupt priests have committed many errors. As it read, Gen. 6:6, "It repented the
     Lord that he had made man on the earth"; also, Num. 23:19, "God is not a man,
     that he should lie; neither the Son of man, that he should repent"; which I do not
     believe. But it ought to read, "It repented Noah that God made man." This I believe,
     and then the other quotation stands fair. If any man will prove to me, by one passage
     of Holy Writ, one item I believe to be false, I will renounce and disclaim it as far as I
     promulgated it..] 
Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr.,
p. 327.

F.  GENEALOGIES: Genealogical Tables of the Sovereigns of the World,
     from the earliest to the present period; exhibiting in each table their immediate
     successors, collateral branches, and the duration of their respective reigns;
     so constructed as to form a series of chronology; and including the genealogy
     of many other personages and families distinguished in scared and profane history;
     particularly all the nobility of these kingdoms descended from princes.
     [The editor would have gladly quoted the various authorities which have assisted him
     in the execution of his work, under the heads upon which they were consulted, if it
     could have been done without crouding (sic) the Tables, and thereby depriving them
     of their principal advantages--perspicuity, beauty, and uniformity. He must, therefore,
     content himself with mentioning those to whom he is most indebted, which are,
     The Bible, The Universal History, with many particular histories of different kingdoms,
     the Classic authors, Anderson's Genealogies,
Rollin, Sandford, Rapin, Guthrie, Collins,
     Crawford, Lodge, and other Peerages. His chief guides in Chronology were
Newton
     (
Newton['s] Revised History of Ancient Kingdoms) /
     (The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended)
     and
Blair (Blair’s Chronology: Sewing Up a Timeline) /
     (The Chronology and History of the World: From the Creation to the Year of Christ 1753,
     Illustrated in LVI tables; of Which IV are Introductory & Include the Centurys
     Prior to the Ist Olympiad, and Each of the Remaining LII Contain in One Expanded View,
     50 Years or Half a Century - Wythepedia: The George Wythe Encyclopedia)]
     An Arrangement of the Genealogies in the Old Testament and Apocrypha (
copy) (pdf)
     To which are Added, from the Same Authorities, a Selection of Single Names,
     and Chronological Tables of the Kings of Egypt, Syria, and Assyria : with Notes Critical,
     Philological, and Explanatory; and Copious Indexes, in Two Volumes - Volume 1
     An Arrangement of the Genealogies in the Old Testament and Apocrypha (
copy) (pdf)
     To which are Added, from the Same Authorities, a Selection of Single Names,
     and Chronological Tables of the Kings of Egypt, Syria, and Assyria : with Notes Critical,
     Philological, and Explanatory; and Copious Indexes, in Two Volumes - Vol. 2 (
copy).
     [Research Note: The Explanation of the Tables is at the beginning of Volume 2,
     which mentions, for example, that II. The Italic letters refer to the Notes in Vol. I (
copy).
     However, the PEDIGREE TABLES are actually listed at end of Volume 2. Use TWO PAGE
     view button for full displays. Use PREVIOUS <  > NEXT PAGE arrows to view all TABLES.]
     ===================================================================
  SAMPLE LIST OF REFERENCE SOURCES:
  - Abulfaragius writes the name, Klimia.
    - Bar Hebraeus / Gregory Bar Hebraeus / Barebraya / Barebroyo , Abu'l-Faraj
      Latinized name Abulpharagius
    - Historia Compendiosa Dynastarium : Gregorius Abu al-Farag Barhebraeus
  - Alberti on Hesych:
    -
Hesychii Alexandrini Lexicon (Ioannem Albertum)
    - Hesychios. Hesychii alexandrini Lexicon post... | HathiTrust Digital Library
    - OCR Results for: Hesychius (of Alexandria) (1858). Lexicon post Ioannem Albertum
  - Aldine Bible
  - Alexandrinus: Clemens Alexandrinus in Strom. B. i. p. 129,
    - Documento1 - Clemens Alessandrinus - Stromata (The stromata, or miscellanies)
  - Aquila: Greek version by Aquila,
    -
Aquila of Sinope
  - Artapanus; Artapanus of Alexandria
  - Austin: St. Austin contra Faust. B. ii. c. xxxv.,
    and Junius and others, in their comments . . .;
    St. Austin's supposition in his Book de Civit. Dei. L. xviii. c. 27,
    -
Augustine of Hippo
    - St. Austin | HolyFamilyOnline.com (Augustine of Canterbury)
    -
The City of God
    - Who Was St Augustine? | English Heritage
  - Barrington: Markland and Bp. Barrington on the same place
  -
Barthélemy d'Herbelot [Barthélemy d'Herbelot de Molainville (14 Dec 1625-08 Dec 1695),
    French Orientalist; Bibliothèque orientale, ou dictionnaire universel contenant
    tout ce qui regarde la connoissance des peuples de l'Orient]
    - Bibliotheque Orientale, Ou Dictionnaire Universel . . . (a) Gomer. D"Herbelot,
      in his Bibl. Orient. v. Sin, informs us, that the Arabians make Sin, whom the Persians
      and others call Tchin, the eldest son of Japheth, and say, that from him Sin or CHINA
      derives its name. In the same place the same author further informs us, that the eldest
      son of Sin was Matchin; part of the Islamic tradition that Japheth's beautiful posterity
      extended outward to Europe, and northeast CHINA; through secure trade relationships;
      those having been established prior to the division of the Earth, in the days of Peleg.
      Genealogical origins of Middle Eastern and Asiatic peoples are copiously discussed.
  - Bartolocci Bibl. Mag. Rabbin. Tom. i. p. 248, 351, Tom, iii. p. 629, 631,
    -
Giulio Bartolocci
    - Highlights: Bartolocci’s Bibliotheca Magna Rabbinica (1675-1693)
      Hebrew and Jewish Studies Resources at Oxford
  - Basnage Histoire des Juifs Tom. iv. L. vi. c. 16, 17.
    -
Jacques Basnage de Beauval
    - Jacques Basnage de Beauval's "l'Histoire des Juifs"
      Christian Historiographical Perception of Jewry and Judaism
      on the Eve of the Enlightenment on JSTOR
  - Bedford in his Forty-fourth Table of his Scripture Chronol.
    - Arthur Bedford (writer) (1668-1745)
      . . . Scripture Chronology Demonstrated by Astronomical Considerations
      - The Scripture chronology demonstrated by astronomical calculations,
         and also by the year of jubilee, and the sabbatical year among the Jews:
        or, an account of time from the creation of the world,
        to the destruction of Jerusalem;:
        Bedford, Arthur: 9781170172223: Amazon.com: Books
        - The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended
          Written by Sir Isaac Newton, first published posthumously in 1728.
          -
The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Ammended (London: 1728)
    - Concerning Astronomical References Found in the Scriptures:
Astronomy
    -
Search for Astronomy | The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
    - The Bible: The World’s Greatest Book on Astronomy | ArmstrongInstitute.org
    - The Joseph Smith Papers: Search for Astronomy
  - Berkel: Whitby's Annot. on Luke xxiv. 1; and Berkel. on Step. Byzant.
  - Bernard's Note on Josephus. 1. c.;
Edward Bernard (1638-1697)
    - ‘Great Expectation Among the Learned’:
      Edward Bernard’s Josephus in Restoration Oxford
  - Beza: Beza on Acts of the Apostles vii. 16, edit. Cantab., p. 316;
    -
Theodore Beza . . . (Théodore de Bèze (1519-1605) / 699 titles, 905 vols. | PRDL)
  - Bibl. Soncin.
  - Bible translations into Greek:
Koine Greek
  - Blayney: Pr. Blayney's Translation of Jeremiah, p. 216; Benjamin Blayney
    - Commentary on Jeremiah and Lamentations - Volume 3
    -
Jeremiah and Lamentations
    -
King James Version (of the Bible)
  - Bochart in his Geographia Sacra, Lib. ii. cap. xiii. Tom. iii. col. 90, 91, Edit.
    Lugd. Batav. 1692,; Sam. Bochartus, Geogr. Sacr.; Samuel Bochart;
    -
Geographia Sacra seu Phaleg et Canaan
    - Samuel Bochart (1599-1667) / 42 titles, 66 vols. | PRDL
  - Bomberg: Bibl. Bomberg
    - Daniel Bomberg
    -
Great Bibles - Judaic Treasures
  - Bos's Ellips. Gr. p. 238, edit. Glasg.; but see also Schaeffer in loc. Steph. Byzant. . .
    - Lambert Bos:
Ellipses Graecae; Godofredvs Henricvs Schaefer
    - Stephanus of Byzantium
  - Bowyer: Hammond 1. c. and Dr. Owen on Mark ii. 26,
    in Bowyer's Conject. on New Test.
  - Brugensis, Lucas; Franciscus Lucas Brugensis
  - Brunick: Brunck on Apollon.
  - Burrington:
[Gilbert Burrington (author)] (1753 -    )
  - Buxtorf, in his answer to Cappell; Buxtorf's Thes. Cram. Hebr.
    Lib. ii. c. v. p. 386, Edit. 1651, and Glassii Philolog. Sacr. Lib. iv.
    Observat. vii. p. 607, Edit. 1711.
    -
Johannes Buxtorf II and Louis Cappel
    -
Perspicue et fideliter conversus: Johannes Buxtorf the Younger’s
      Translation of the Guide of the Perplexed
    - The Vowel-Points Controversy in the XVI. and XVII. Centuries on JSTOR
  - Bythner's Lyra Prophet. Ps. cv. 9, Parkhurst in his Hebr. Lex. vv.,
    and Newcome on Amos vii. 9.; Lyra prophetica Davidis
    -
An Hebrew and English Lexicon Without Points
    -
John Parkhurst (lexicographer)
    -
Victorinus Bythner - Lyra Prophetica Davidis Regis (London, 1650),
      a grammatical analysis of the vocabulary of the Hebrew psalms.
  - Calmet's Dictionary by D'Oyly and Colson, Art. Heber;
    - An Historical, Critical, Geographical, Chronological, and Etymological Dictionary
      of the Holy Bible . . . To which is annexed, Bibliotheca sacra, or a copious catalogue
      of the best editions and versions of the Bible . . . an ample Chronological Table . . .
      a Jewish Calendar, Tables of all the Hebrew Coins . . . a Dissertation upon Jewish
      Coins and Medals; another upon the Tacticks of the ancient Hebrews,
      by Chevalier Folard . . . Translated into English . . . with . . . remarks,
      by Samuel D'oyly . . . and John Colson
    -
Antoine Augustin Calmet
    - Calmet [Antoine Augustin] - Google™ Search
    -
Calmet [Antoine Augustin] - Samuel Johnson Dictionary Sources
    - Calmet's Dictionary of the Holy Bible
    - Masius, Calmet, and others, suppose the people,
  -
Cappel: Kimchi, Jarchi, and the author of the Small Masora
    (as quoted by Cappell in his Critic. sacr. p. 25, 200) . . .
    - Louis Cappel | Reformation Scholar, Biblical Critic & Hebraist | Britannica
  - Casaubon: that from Casaubon's collations it appears that a MS.
    in the Royal Library at Paris reads in Josephus
    -
Isaac Casaubon
    - Isaac Casaubon, 1559-1614
  - Castell: Castell's Lex. col. 523, Root . . .
  - Cedrenus: George Cedrenus - Oxford Reference:
    George Kedrenos - George Kedrenos Biography
    11th century Byzantine historian | Pantheon
    - Compendium historiaru1a.doc
  - Chaim: Heb. Bible, published by Rabbi J. Ben Chaim 1526
    -
Biblia Rabbinica (DFG)
    - Jacob ben Chayyim
    -
Mikraot Gedolot
    -
Rabbinic literature
    - The Second Rabbinic Bible, Venice, 1525
    - "The Strange Career of the Biblia Rabbinica among Christian Hebraists",
      by Stephen G. Burnett
  - Chrisostom, Homil. xxxviii. in Gen., supposes her to be one of the slaves
    given to Abraham by Pharaoh.;
John Chrysostom
    - John Chrysostom Homilies on Genesis - Patristic Bible Commentary
      - Collected Homilies of St. John Chrysostom (15 vols.) | Logos Bible Software
  - Clerc: Bibl. Reg. among Sam. Clerc's Var. Lect.; Le Clerc;
    Clerc's Var. Lect. et Observat. in Chald. Paraph. Lond. Pol. Tom. VI. p. 45, c. 2.
  - Colson: John Colson; Rev. John Colston / Colson, F.R.S., vicar of Chalk
    -
John Colson
  - Dathius: Rosenmüller: E. F. C. Rosenmüller in his Notes on Gen. iv. 22,
    and with whom Dathius agrees.
  - De-Rossi, Var. lect. Vet. Test. i. Chron. i. 7.;
Giovanni Bernardo De Rossi;
    De Rossi (Varia Lectiones, Vet. Test., pp. xcvii ff.)
    - Full text of "Variae lectiones Veteris Testamenti. De Rossi",
      by Giovanni Bernardo De Rossi - Wikiwand
  - D'Oyly: Samuel D'Oyly
    -
Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900 / D'Oyly, Samuel
  - Durell on the Parallel Proph. of Jacob and Moses, p. 116-119:
    - The Hebrew Text of the Parallel Prophecies of Jacob and Moses
      Relating to The Twelve Tribes, with a Translation and Notes
      and the Various Lections of Near Forty Mss. . . .;
      by David Durell, B. D. Principal of Hertford College.
      -
David Durell: Durell_David: Brief biography
  - Eastern christians call her
  - Eusebius in his Chron. p. 65, 170;
Eusebius; Eusebius of Caesarea
    - 0265-0339- Eusebius Caesariensis, Sanctus\ -
      Operum Omnium Conspectus seu 'Index of available Writings'
  -
Eutychius of Alexandria
    - Eutychius, “Annals” – my posts containing the translation – Roger Pearse
  - Ewald's rendering of it, (subtillia, minuta)
  - Fabricus: Johann Albert Fabricius:
Bibliotheca Graeca (Volume 14)
  - Faxard Marquis of Valez (sic) Velez collated sixteen manuscripts,
    eight of which he borrowed from the King of Spain's library.
  - Glassius: Glassii Philolog. Sacr. Lib. iv.; Observat. vii. p. 607, Edit. 1711.;
    Glassius in his Philol. sacr. L. iv. Tract. ii. Observat. xii.,
    - 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica / Glassius, Salomo (1593-1656)
      His principal work, Philologia sacra (1623)
  - Glycas: Michael Glycas in his Annals
    - Annales
    - Glycas, Michael
    - Michael Glykas (or Glycas)
  - Grabe's Prol. c. ii.; Grabe observes on this place of i. Esdras, Prol. c. ii.;
    Grabe's edit. of the Alexandr. MS. . . .
    - Codex Alexandrinus
      The Old Testament was edited by Emst Grabe in 1707-1720,
      and the New Testament by Carl Gottfried Woide in 1786
  - Grotius . . .; Hugo Grotius; Grotius, Hugo | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  - Hallett in Vol. II. of Notes and Discourses p. 19;
    - A Second Volume of Notes and Discourses
    - A Second Volume Of Notes And Discourses (1732)
      Hallet Jr, Joseph: 9781166478353: Amazon.com: Books
    - Joseph Hallett II (1656-1722)
    - Joseph Hallett III (c1691-1744)
  - Hammond 1. c. and Dr. Owen on Mark ii. 26, in Bowyer's Conject. on New Test.
  - Haverkamp: Havercamp's edition of Josephus, Vol. I. p. 445,
    -
Portrait of Siwart Haverkamp (1684 - 1742) - The Online Portrait Gallery
    -
Siwart Haverkamp
  - Herodotus, B. iv. c. xi. xii.,; Herodotus;
    - The Internet Classics Archive | The History of Herodotus by Herodotus
  - Holmes: Dr. Holmes in his Collat. of Gen. iv. 18.;
    Holmes's MSS.; Prol. to Grahe's Edit. . . .; Holmes's collations in Nehemiah
    Dr. Holmes's Collation; Dr. Holmes's Collation of Vet. Test. Craec. 1. c.
  - Horsley, Samuel: Bp. Horsley, Bibl. Critic. Vol. iv. p. 480-489.
    - Biblical Criticism on the First Fourteen Historical Books of the Old Testament;
      also on the First Nine Prophetical Books. by Samuel Horsley, L.L.D. F.R.S. F.A.S.,
      Late Lord Bishop of St. Asaph.; Volume 4 - Internet Archive
  - Hottinger's Thesaur. Philolog. p. 85, 86;
Johann Heinrich Hottinger
  - Houbigant on Gen. ix. 18; x. 21.; Charles François Houbigant
    - Houbigant, Charles FrançoIs - Biblical Cyclopedia
  - Hudson's Note on Josephus, 1. c.
    - The Antiquities of the Jews, by Flavius Josephus
      (search for Dr. Hudson and Hudson)
  - Jerome: St. Jerom. in Quaest. seu trad. Hebr. Arachaeus, qui Arcas condidit oppidum . . .|
    - Biography of St. Jerome the Translator of Latin Vulgate Bible
    -
Catholic Encyclopedia: St. Jerome
    - Vulgate: Vulgate Latin Bible With English Translation
  - Jones: Sir William Jones on Asiatic Poetry chap. ix.,
    and his Discourse on the Mystical Poetry of the Persians and Hindus
    - Jones, William – Encyclopaedia Iranica
    -
The Works of Sir William Jones
    -
William Jones and the Study of Hinduism
    - William Jones (philologist)
  - Junius:
Franciscus Junius, A Treatise on True Theology
    Junius Institute Digital Companions
  - Junius and Tremellius
    -
Franciscus Junius (the elder)
    - Immanuel Tremellius
  - Jonathan ben Uziel, in his Targum on Gen. x. 4.; Jonathan ben Uzziel
  - Josephus: Flavius Josephus - Complete Works and Writings
  - Kennicott: Dr. Kennicott; See Kennicott's Dissertat. Gen. p. 79.; Kennicott Dissertation;
    - Benjamin Kennicott:
    - Hebrew Biblical manuscripts of Benjamin Kennicott - Archives Hub
    -
Kennicott - Biblical Manuscripts in Hebrew, Syriac and Arabic,
      collected by Benjamin Kennicott (1718-83)
  - Leusden in his Onomast. p. 111.;
    [
Leusden (in the Onomast Sac., Leyden, 1650; s. r. "Kadesh-barnea")]
    -
Johann Leusden (1624-1699)
    -
Leusden, Johann - Biblical Cyclopedia
  - Lightfoot: Dr. Lightfoot interprets the words;
John Lightfoot
    - All the Works of John Lightfoot Doctor in Divinity, . . .
    - Complete Works of Rev John Lightfoot on-line - Biblical Studies
  - Lowth: Bp. Lowth, on ver. 15 of that chapter,
    -
Lowth, Robert - Biblical Cyclopedia
    - Robert Lowth
  - Malvenda:
Tomaso Malvenda: Malvenda, Thomas - Biblical Cyclopedia
  - Manctho
  - Manutius: Aldine Bible
    - Aldus Pius Manutius (Aldus Manutius the Elder)
  - Marianna
  - Markland and Bp. Barrington on the same place
  - Marsh: Bp. Marsh's Notes on Michaelis's Lect. on New Test. Vol. II. Part II. p. 817.
    -
Herbert Marsh (1757-1839); Herbert Marsh
    - History of the College of St. John the Evangelist, Cambridge; pages 735-778.
      Extensive data on Herbert Marsh, his family, along with his accomplishments.
  - Matthew:
Matthew Bible (Thomas Matthew)
    Matthew's Bible - 1537 Facsimile Elmo Brown Leather - Biblical Heritage Exhibit
    John Rogers used the pseudonym "Thomas Matthew", a name used by William
    Tyndale on occasion, to avoid persecution and prosecution by the authorities
    who continued to forbid under penalty of death, the printing of the scriptures
    in the English language. The Matthew's Bible was printed in 1537 in Paris
    and Antwerp by Sir Jacobus van Metered the uncle of Roger's wife, Adriana.
  - Maundrell quoted by the editors of Calmet's Dict.
    - Full text of "Calmet's Dictionary of the Holy Bible :
      as published by the late Mr. Charles Taylor, with the fragments incorporated.
      The whole condensed and arranged in alphabetical order"
  -
Menahem de Lonzano / Menachem di Lonzano | Texts & Source Sheets
    from Torah, Talmud and Sefaria's library of Jewish sources.
  - Michaelis and Dathius; Michaelis in
Spicileg. P. ii. p. 161; eminent Biblical Critic
    J. D. Michaelis, in Spicil. P. i. p. 19, &c.; Johann David Michaelis
    -
Ioannis Davidis Michaelis Spicilegium geographiae Hebraeorum
      exterae post Bochartum [microform] : Michaelis, Johann David, 1717-1791
    - Johann David Michaelis - Encyclopedia
  - Mill and Wetstein on Matth. i. 4.,
  - Mohammedan authors also say / Mohammedan writers
  - Morinus; Variat. MSS. published by Morinus; Jo. Morinus
    - Manuscripts, Hebrew - Biblical Cyclopedia . . . These variations were first collected
      by ben-Chayim in the Rabbinic Bible (Venice, 1526), . . . Chayim does not give the
      source from which he took these variations, but Morinus (Exercitt. Biblic. page 409,
      Paris, 1669 fol.) testifies that he saw a list of these variations in some MSS; i.e., As
      to the Eastern and Western codices; from academies in Palestine and Babylonia.
  - Munster informs us, 1. c., consider
  - Newcome: Newcome on Amos vii. 9.; Archbp. Newcome on Hosea 1. c.
    - William Newcome (1729-1800)
  - Nicephorus in his Chronogr.
    - Database: Clavis Historicorum Antiquitatis Posterioris (CHAP)
      Late Antique Historiography
    -
Stichometry of Nicephorus
    - The Development of the Canon of the New Testament
  - Nobilius: Flam. Nobilius in his Var. Lect. of LXX; Flam. Nobil. in Vers. Graec
  - Orientals believe . . . Oriental writers
  - Owen: Hammond 1. c. and Dr. Owen on Mark ii. 26, in Bowyer's Conject. on New Test.
  - Palmer in Exercit. ad Strah. p. 289,
  - Patrick: Bp. Patrick on Ezra i. 8.; Patrick's Commentary, Vol. II. p. 632, edit. fol.
  - Philo in Life of Moses, Tom. ii. p. 83.
    - Philo: On the Life of Moses, I
    - Philo: On the Life of Moses, II
  - Pilkington in his Remarks,; Remarks upon several passages of scripture:
    rectifying some errors in the printed Hebrew text; Pointing out Several Mistakes
    in the Versions; and Shewing The Benefit and Expediency of a more correct
    and intelligible Translation of the Bible.
    By Matthew Pilkington, LL.B. Prebendary of Lichfield. | Wellcome Collection
  - Pirkei De-Rabbi Eliezer
  - Piscator think.; Johannes Piscator
  - Pliny in his Nat. Hist. B. vi. c. 20.
    - Pliny the Elder, The Natural History
  - Pococke: Dr. Pococke; Pococke's Collat. in vi. Vol. of Lond. Polygl, p. 30 . . .
    - Edward Pococke 1604-1691)
    - Edward Pococke (1604–1691), Comparative Arabic-Hebrew Philology, and the Bible
      Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies | Duke University Press
  - Poole: Malvenda, as quoted by Poole in his Synopsis, 1. c., suspects that . . .;
    Tyrinus, quoted by Poole, in his Synopsis on Ezra ii. 3,
  - Prideaux, (Dean), in his Connect. Hist. Old and New Test. Part ii. B. vi. Vol. 2, p. 289
    -
Humphrey Prideaux
    - The Old and New Testaments Connected in the History of the Jews
      and Neighboring Nations from the Declensions of the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah
      to the Time of Christ, by Humphrey Prideaux, D.D., Dean of Norwich.
  - Ptolemy, the Geographer, in B. vi. c. i., places a province in the North of Assyria
    called Arrapachitis, which Bochart, Phaleg Lib. ii. c. 4, and others believe . . .;
    Ptolemy's Canon, makes Xerxes to reign twenty-one years,
    -
Ptolemy: Geography (Ptolemy)
  - Reland's Palaestin, p. 47.; Reland in his Palaestina B. i. c. xi. p. 63, &c.,
    -
Reland, Adrian°; Adriaan Reland; Palaestina ex monumentis veteribus illustrata
  - Reiske: Johann Jakob Reiske
  - Rosenmüller: E. F. C. Rosenmüller in his Notes on Gen. iv. 22,
    and with whom Dathius agrees.
    - Ernst Friedrich Karl Rosenmüller
    - The Biblical geography of Asia Minor, Phœnicia, and Arabia. | Library of Congress
      (Name spelled in some publications as: Ern. Frid. Car. Rosenmüller)
  - Rosenmüller: Rosenmüller's Schol. in Vet. Test. P. i. p. 259;
    Dr. D. Jo. George Rosenmüller;
    Scholia In Novum Testamentum book by Johann Georg Rosenmüller
    - Johann Georg Rosenmüller (
Johann Georg Rosenmüller)
  - Rutherforh (sic) Rutherford: Dr. Rutherforh's Letter to Dr. Kennicott p. 12--14
    -
Rutherford (Thomas) Letter to Dr. Kennicott on the Samaritan Peniteuch
    - Thomas Rutherforth - Rutherford (1712-1771)
  - Sale: George Sale (Sale's Transl. Koran)
    - George Sale (1697–1736) | Quran Translation
    - Internet Archive: Digital Library & Wayback Machine for George Sale.
  - Scaliger: Joseph Justus Scaliger
    He succeeded in reconstructing the lost Chronicle of Eusebius: Chronicon (Eusebius)
    - Abraham and Melchizedek in: The Book of Genesis in Late Antiquity
  - Schultens: Albert Schultens
  - Sefaria: a Living Library of Jewish Texts Online: Explore Jewish Texts by Topic
    -
Masoretic text | Hebrew Bible, Tanakh, Rabbinic Commentary | Britannica
    - Masoretic Text - The Society for Old Testament Study
      -
The SOTS Wiki - The Society for Old Testament Study
    -
Minchat Shai on Torah | Sefaria (Minchath Shai)
    - Seder Olam Rabbah | Sefaria, or The Great Order of the World
      2nd-century chronicle detailing the dates of biblical events
      from creation to Alexander the Great's conquest of Persia.
      It adds no stories beyond what is in the biblical text.
    - Seder Olam Zutta | Sefaria, or The Small Order of the World
      Based in part on the Seder Olam Rabbah, the work continues the project
      of providing dates fro historical events, beginning with Adam and continuing
      to the talmudic period. Talmudic Figures
  - Selden has long since corrected in his Treatise De Success, in Pontif. Ebraeor. L. i. c. v.
    - John Selden; records listed in Internet Archive: Digital Library & Wayback Machine
  - Septuagint: Read the Septuagint Bible w/ Apocrypha Free Online
    -
A Brief History of the Septuagint
    - Roman Septuagint
    -
The Septuagint: LXX
  - Several writers, both Arabic and Turkish, expressly say, that Azar, or Azer,
    and Terah, were the same person, under different names; thus making
    their Genealogy to coincide with that given in Scripture. . . . Abraham's Father,
    as we learn from Sale 1. c., is called Zarah in the Talmud, and Athar by Eusebius,
  - Shaw: Dr. Shaw in his Travels, Vol. ii. p. 24, edit. 1808, observes,
    - Shaw, Thomas, 1694-1751 | The Online Books Page
      - Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900 / Shaw, Thomas (1694-1751)
      - Travels or observations relating to several... | HathiTrust Digital Library
  - SHEM: The Jerusalem Targum, and Jonathan ben Uziel in his Targum, and several
    other Jewish writers, suppose Melchizedek to be the same with Shem, the son of Noah;
    and this supposition has been ingeniously supported by the editors of Calmet's Dict.
    in their Enquiries and Discuss. Vol. III. . . . The Arabic version, in Gen. xiv. 18, renders
    . . . Malko Aladal, considering the word as an appellative rather than a Proper name.
    Probably the Arabic translator might be influenced by the customary name given to
    royalty in his country; for . . . many of the Mohammedan princes were, as a token of
    respect, distinguished by this appellation . . . Malck al Afdhal. It may not be improper
    here to observe, that the Salem above mentioned, was, most probably, Jerusalem,
    antiently (sic) known by the name of Salem--See Ps. lxxxvi. 2. And thus the writers
    of the Targums call Melchizedek . . . King of Jerusalem. . . . Porro Salem [read
    Melchizedek] rex Hierusalem dicitur, quae prius Salem appellabatur.
    -
LDS Studies: The Connection between Melchizedek and Shem
    - Letter to James Arlington Bennet, 13 November 1843, Page 4b
      Joseph Smith, Jr. says: Shall I, who hold the keys of the last kingdom, in which is the
      dispensation of the fulness of all things spoken by the mouths of all the holy prophets
      since the world began; under the sealing power of the Melchizedek priesthood,
      shall I stoop from the sublime authority of Almighty God, to be handled as a monkey's
      cat's paw, -- and pettify myself into a clown to act the farce of political demagoguery?
      No, no verily; no! . . . I solve mathematical problems of Universities; with truth . . .
    -
Search for Melchizedek | The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
    - The Joseph Smith Papers: 50 Results Search for Melchizedek
      . . . Abraham received the Priesthood from Melchesedec (sic) . . . and it was this
      same Melchizedek to whom Abraham paid tithes; yea, even our father Abraham
      paid tithes of one tenth part of all he possessed . . . [9] By this time, Melchizedek
      was already associated with the high priesthood in the theology articulated by JS.
      . . . vision of the afterlife that individuals who inherited the celestial kingdom
      (the highest degree of heavenly glory) were "priests of the most high after the order
      of Melchesadeck (sic) which was after the order of Enoch which was after the order
      of . . . the only begotten son." (Jesus Christ) . . . endowed with the same power
      as the ancient apostles were. [Research Note: Since the Patriarchal Priesthood
      was the former, and only Priesthood Order of the ancient Church of Jesus Christ,
      that was upon the earth, in the days of Abraham, then it is necessarily self evident
      that Melchizedek was one of the ancient ancestors of our Father Abraham.] . . .
      Then God bestow'd upon the meek, The Priesthood of Melchizedek. 2. By help
      of this their faith increas'd, Till they with God spoke face to face:
      An Enoch, he would walk with God; A Noah ride safe o'er the flood. . . .
      By October 1831 JS taught that "the order of the High priesthood is that
      they have power given them to seal up the Saints unto eternal life."
  - Shuckford on the Creation and Fall of Man, Pref. p. lxii.;
Samuel Shuckford
    - The Creation and Fall of Man: The Creation and Fall of Man
  - Shullam: Rabbi Samuel Shullam, or Samuel Shallum, who in his observations
    on the Hebrew book Sepher Juchasin, written by Rabbi Abraham ben Samuel Zacuth
    -
Samuel Shullam
  - Simon: Father Simon, in his Critical Hist. of the Old Test. B. i. c. xxiii.,
    speaks of an antient (sic) copy of the Hebrew Bible,
    in which it is noted in the Margin
  - Spanheim:
Historia Job - Historia Job by Friedrich Spanheim;
    Jobab, who is called Job; The reader will meet with the same Genealogy of Job,
    though not in so diffuse a manner, at the end of the Arabic Version of Job, . . .
  - Strabo . . .; Strabo
  - Syncellus: George Syncellus
    - The chronography of George Synkellos :
      a Byzantine chronicle of universal history from the creation | WorldCat.org
  - Syriac versions of the Bible
  -
Targum - Biblical Cyclopedia: The Chaldee Paraphrase on the Prophet Isaiah
    -
Targum shel Divrei ha-Yamim Rishonim va-Aharonim
      yisdo Rabi Yosef rosh yeshivah be-Surya: Paraphrasis
      chaldaica in Librum Priorem et Posteriorum Chronicorum
      Aramaic Paraphrase of the Biblical Books of Chronicles by Joseph ben Hiyya
      - David Wilkins (orientalist)
      - The Targum of Onkelos in Gen., and the Syriac version in Gen. and . . .
        - targum of onkelos
  - The Arabians say that Ishmael had a son called Thor, or Thour.
  - The authour of the Book entitled The Small Genesis,
    as quoted by Epiphanius Adv. Haer. B. i. p. 287, as noted in record:
    (
Jubilees, Book of – Encyclopedic Dictionary of Bible and Theology);
    i.e., the small Genesis, compendium of Genesis, because it only selects
    certain portions of Genesis, although through its lengthy comments upon
    these points it is actually longer than this canonical book (comp. Epiphanius,
    Adv. Hoer. lib. 1, tom. 3, cap. 6, edit. Petav.; G. Syncellus, p. 8); or, according
    to Ewald's rendering of it, (subtillia, minuta) because it divides the history
    upon which it treats into very minute and small periods . . .
  - The Complutensian Bible
    Special Collections Blog | L. Tom Perry Special Collections | HBLL
  - Theodotion's Version; some Fragments of . . . which are still preserved.;
Theodotion
    -
Theodotion | Hellenistic Judaism, Septuagint, Bible Translation | Britannica
  - Thorndike's Collat. Var. Lect. Syr. on Gen. x. 11.; Thorndike's Collat. of Syr. MSS.
  - Townsend: Rev. Geo. Townsend, in his excellent publication,
    entitled the Old Test. arranged, &c., Vol. II. p. 427, edit. 2nd.
  - Tremellius: Immanuel Tremellius
  - Tyrinus: Tyrinus, quoted by Poole
  - Tyrwhitt: Tyrwhitt on Orpheus De Lapid.
  - Universal History Ant. part, Vol. i. p. 150, Note I. Edit. 8vo.; Antient Universal History
  - Usher's MS: James Ussher | Ussher Chronology
    - Chronology of the Bible
  - Vatable / Vatablus: François Vatable / Franciscus Vatablus
    -
Medieval and Early Modern Greek Manuscripts : Act and Epistles book
  - VARIOUS NAMES: Gloss. Gr.; Rhod. Argonaut.; Prophet. Soncin. printed in 1486,;
    David Kimchi;
  - Villoison's Animad. ad Long. Past. L. iv. p. 108.
  - Vitringa: Vitringa, Bp. Lowth, and Houbigant, on Isai. xxii. 15,
    -
Campegius Vitringa (1659-1722)
    - Campegius Vitringa, Sr (1659-1722) / 166 titles, 242 vols. | PRDL
    - Full text of "An attempt towards an improved version, a metrical arrangement,
      and an explanation of the twelve Minor Prophets" [Search for Vitringa]
  - Wall's Crit. Notes on Old Test. . . .
    - Critical Notes on the Old Testament, By the late learned William Wall, D. D.;
      Author of the History of Infant Baptism.
      - An Abridgment of Wall's History of Infant Baptism by William Wall (D.D.),
        Rev. William Henry Spencer - Books on Google Play.
      - Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900 / Wall, William (1647-1728)
  - Walton's Polyglott p. 65, and De-Rossi on i. Chron. i. 17.; Brian Walton (bishop)
    - Brian Walton (1600-1661) / 18 titles, 23 vols. | PRDL (London Polyglot Bible)
    - From the Lowy Room: the magnificent 1657 Walton Polyglot Bible
      Library and Archives Canada Blog
  - Wetstein on Matthew viii, 28,
  - Whiston, William; William Whiston (
LibriVox); Internet Archive: Digital Library
  - Whitby's Annot. on Luke xxiv. 1; and Berkel. on Step. Byzant.;
SDA
    - Daniel Whitby;
Daniel Whitby; #9 - Additional annotations to the New Testament; . . .
  - Wilkins on Chron.; Chaldee paraphrase, published by Wilkins,
  - Wintle: Thomas Wintle, E. D.; Wintle's Dissert. on Daniel p. xxviii, and Notes p. 167.
    - Daniel, an Improved Version Attempted; with a Preliminary Dissertation,
      and Notes Critical, Historical, and Explanatory.
  - Woide: Dr. Woide.
    - Carl Gottfried Woide, Fellow of the Royal Society (F.R.S.)
  - Wolfü: Chr. Wolfü Bibl. Heb. Part. i.p. 492, &c. and p. 497, &c.
  - Xenophon: Saocoras, is by Xenophon in his Anab. B. i. called Maska.
    - Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), MESOPOTA´MIA
    - Xenophon"s Anabasis and the Origin's of Military Autobiography
  - Yates, Mr. T., reads in Gen. xxv. 15; and thus the Malabaric Pentateuch collated by
  - Zacuth / Zacuto: Hebrew book Sepher Juchasin,
    written by Rabbi Abraham ben Samuel Zacuth
    - Abraham Ben Samuel Zacuto - Society for Crypto-Judaic Studies
    - Book of Genealogies - “Sefer Yuhasin” (Heb. ספר יוחסין) by Abraham Zacuto
      Some of the Jewish writers say, also, that Noah had a fourth son named Yoniko.
      See Abraham ben Samuel Zacuth, in Sepher Juchasin, p. 135.
    - English Translation of Sefer Yahassin:
Sefer Yuḥasin
      Abraham Zacuto is renowned as an astronomer; tables were used by Columbus.
      Genealogies intended to outline the historical development of the Oral Law
      and to establish the chronology of the sages who had transmitted it.
    -
Rabbi Abraham Zacuto - (1450-1515; 5210-5275) - Chabad.org
    - Zacuto, Abraham ben Samuel - JewishEncyclopedia.com
     ===================================================================
     Berry: William Berry (genealogist):
     -
Genealogica Sacra, or Scripture Tables (Biblical Canon)
     Betham, William, 1749-1839 (William Betham. 1749–1839)
    
Complete Bible Genealogy - Jesus Family Tree - Kings of Judah and Israel
     Inspired Version of the Holy Scriptures on Centerplace.org
     - Bible Search | The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
       -
Archive Bible Search | The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
     - JewishEncyclopedia.com
     - Joseph Smith, Jr. Papers: Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr.
       Comprehensive digital collection of the papers of Joseph Smith, Jr.
     - Scriptures: LDS Church Magazines and LDS Information
     Journal of Ancient Judaism | Brill
     - Genealogy versus Merit? On the Role of Lineage in Ancient Judaism.
       Introduction in: Journal of Ancient Judaism Volume 11 Issue 1 (2020)
       The articles gathered in this theme issue explore the dynamics of genealogy
       and merit in Jewish texts from the Hellenistic and Roman periods,
       in relation to individual family, and ethnic self-definitions, as well as individual
       and group strategies meant to establish legitimacy, prestige,
       or control over other segments of society.
     Royal Genealogies : Or, the Genealogical Tables of Emperors, Kings and Princes,
     From Adam to these Times. James Anderson (Freemason), D. D.
     PART I. Begins with a Chronological History of the World,
     from the Beginning of Time to the Christian Era, and then the Genealogies
     of the earliest great Families and most ancient Sovereigns of Alia, Europe,
     Africa and America, down to Charlemain, and many of 'em down to these Times.
     PART II.  Begins with the Grand Revolution of Charlemain, and carries on the Royal
     and Princely Genealogies of Europe down to these Times, concluding with those
     of the Britannic Isles. See a more particular Account in the Preface
     and in the Contents of the Tables. [Research Note: The Royal Genealogies
     by James Anderson can be best read by switching to view as plain text,
     using the "More actions menu" at the top left side of the front book page.
     Genealogical Tables: Tab. II., or Table Two (2), mention is made of Antediluvian
     Patriarchs, according to Profane History. It should be clearly noted from a Biblical
     perspective, that after the Tower of Babel, naming patterns were distorted globally,
     when the Language of Adam was lost, in its purity, except in peculiar cases; such
     as the
Jaredites, the greatest nation upon the earth; until destroyed by internal, open
     civil warfare, waged across the
length and breadth of the North American Continent.
     Table III. shows Chaldean Kings before the Flood, from
Berosus. Table IV. mentions
     The Egyptians have also a Series of Kings, who, as they pretend, reigned before
     the Flood; and their Account begins the same Year with that of
Berossus. The naming
     of the Gods, and Demigods, who are supposed to have reigned in Egypt, clearly do
     show the transliteration of God the Father, or Ahman, and Jesus Christ, also known
     as Son Ahman, into Hephsestion /
Hephaestus, or Vulcan; as well as Helios, or the Sun.
     Ancient Patriarchs and their Priesthood powers were transmogrified into planetary
     designations; originally revealed by the words of Abraham, via Urim and Thummim.]
     The Plates within the Plates: Ether [Research Note: What was the faith of the Brother
     of Jared; also know as Mahonri Moriancumer? Answer: "And when the Lord had said
     these words, he showed unto the brother of Jared all the inhabitants of the earth which
     had been, and also all that would be; and he withheld them not from his sight, even
     unto the ends of the earth. For he had said unto him in times before, that if he would
     believe in him that he could show unto him all things--it should be shown unto him;
     therefore the Lord could not withhold anything from him, for he knew that the Lord
     could show him all things
." . . . "They shall not go forth unto the Gentiles until the day
     that they shall repent of their iniquity, and become clean before the Lord. And in that
     day that they shall exercise faith in me, saith the Lord, even as the brother of Jared did,
     (also known as Mahonri Moriancumer), that they may become sanctified in me, then will
     I manifest unto them the things which the brother of Jared (Mahonri Moriancumer) saw,
     even to the unfolding unto them all my revelations, saith Jesus Christ, the Son of God,
     the Father of the heavens and of the earth, and all things that in them are."]
    
Ussher Chronology by James Ussher; James Ussher - Internet Archive: Digital Library

G.  Witness Evidence: The Book of Mormon: A Guide for the Old Testament
    
The Book of Mormon As a Witness of the Old Testament
     Ether 1 . . . twenty and four plates . . . called the Book of Ether
     . . . (I, Moroni) suppose that the first part of this record, which speaks concerning
     the creation of the world, and also of Adam, and an account from that time even
     to the great tower (
Tower of Babel), and whatsoever things transpired among the
     children of men until that time, is had among the Jews-- Therefore I do not write
     those things which transpired from the days of Adam until that time; but they are
     had upon the plates; and whoso findeth them, the same will have power that he
     may get the full account. But behold, I give not the full account, but a part of the
     account I give, from the tower down until they were destroyed. . . .
     Appendix 4: Testimony of Three Witnesses, Late June 1829, P. 589 . . . Historical
     Introduction . . . Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer, and Martin Harris testified . . .
     Decades later, David Whitmer added, "We not only saw the plates of the B[ook]
     of M[ormon] but also the Brass plates, the Plates of the Book of ether, the Plates
     containing the Record of the wickedness of the people of the world, and many
     other plates." The Joseph Smith Papers: Search for the "Brass Plates of Laban"
     . . . and thus my father lehi did discover the genealogy of his fathers and Laban
     also was a desendant of joseph (Of the land of egypt) wherefore he and his fathers
     had kept the records . . . that these plate of brass Should go forth unto all nations
     kindreds tongues and people Which ware of his seed wherefore he said that these
     plate of brass should never perish neither should they be dimd Any more by time
     The Plates of Brass: A Witness of Christ (The Joseph Smith Papers: Search for "Plates")
     The Savior’s Use of the Old Testament "This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears."




025:   LEVI (the son of JACOB - ISRAEL)

Family of Levi:
Levi (Genesis - Inspired Version) Chart / House of Israel /
Marriage:
Gospel Women - Studies of the Named Women in the Gospels,
by
Richard Bauckham (Amazon.com): + and the name of Levi's
wife is Melka, of the daughters of
Aram, of the seed of the sons of Terah;
(
The Book of Jubilees 34:20).

The Children of 025: Levi
025-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 026: BOOK -
Gershon (Gershonite)
025-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 026: KOHATH
025-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 026: BOOK -
Merari (Merarites
)
025-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 026: BOOK - Jochebed

Family Information:
Old Testament Student Manual Genesis-2 Samuel (pdf)
Levite

geography (location):
Levi was born in
Paddan Aram, while his father Jacob
was working for his uncle and father-in-law
Laban.
Lived in Canaan and Ancient Egypt.

life:
Levi  Exodus 6: 16  The years of the life of Levi
were an hundred thirty and seven years.

religion:
Levi: Levite - Levites

time period:
Numbers 1: 48-54  The Book of Leviticus was written by
the prophet Moses, dealing with the priestly duties in Israel.

Research Notes (Sources):
↑ upΛ
A. 
Jewish History Resource Center - Dinur
     The Jewish History Resource Center is a project of the
     Dinur Center for Research in Jewish History, of the Hebrew
     University of Jerusalem.  Links to websites in various categories
     dealing with Jewish History are visited and evaluated: to index
     resources on the web that can help in the study of Jewish History.

B. 
Levitical Priesthood - The Encyclopedia of Mormonism

C. 
Book of Jasher 63

D. 
The History of the Tribe of Levi Considered (Internet Archive)

E. Bible Outlines - 1 Chronicles 6:1-81 - The Levites: Both Priestly and Non-Priestly

F. 
THE LEVITES: A TRIBE FOR ALL SEASONS. - Document - Gale Academic OneFile

G.  Witness Evidence: The Book of Mormon: A Guide for the Old Testament
    
The Book of Mormon As a Witness of the Old Testament
     Ether 1 . . . twenty and four plates . . . called the Book of Ether
     . . . (I, Moroni) suppose that the first part of this record, which speaks concerning
     the creation of the world, and also of Adam, and an account from that time even
     to the great tower (
Tower of Babel), and whatsoever things transpired among the
     children of men until that time, is had among the Jews-- Therefore I do not write
     those things which transpired from the days of Adam until that time; but they are
     had upon the plates; and whoso findeth them, the same will have power that he
     may get the full account. But behold, I give not the full account, but a part of the
     account I give, from the tower down until they were destroyed. . . .
     Appendix 4: Testimony of Three Witnesses, Late June 1829, P. 589 . . . Historical
     Introduction . . . Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer, and Martin Harris testified . . .
     Decades later, David Whitmer added, "We not only saw the plates of the B[ook]
     of M[ormon] but also the Brass plates, the Plates of the Book of ether, the Plates
     containing the Record of the wickedness of the people of the world, and many
     other plates." The Joseph Smith Papers: Search for the "Brass Plates of Laban"
     . . . and thus my father lehi did discover the genealogy of his fathers and Laban
     also was a desendant of joseph (Of the land of egypt) wherefore he and his fathers
     had kept the records . . . that these plate of brass Should go forth unto all nations
     kindreds tongues and people Which ware of his seed wherefore he said that these
     plate of brass should never perish neither should they be dimd Any more by time
     The Plates of Brass: A Witness of Christ (The Joseph Smith Papers: Search for "Plates")
     The Savior’s Use of the Old Testament "This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears."




026:   KOHATH (the son of LEVI)

Family of Kohath:
Kohath: (
Kohathites)
Marriage:

The Children of 026: Kohath
026-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 027: AMRAM
026-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 027: BOOK - 
                  Izehar - Izhar (Izeharites) - Amminadab
1 Chronicles 6: 22
026-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 027: BOOK -
Hebron (Hebronites)
026-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 027: BOOK -
Uzziel (Uzzielites),
                  the father of
Mishael, Elzaphan and Zithri

Family Information:
Old Testament Student Manual Genesis-2 Samuel (pdf)
Moved to Goshen in Egypt, by his father Levi (Genesis 46:11).

geography (location):
Lived in Canaan and Ancient Egypt.
life:
Kohath
religion:
Kohath
time period:
Exodus 6: 18  The years of the life of Kohath
were an hundred thirty and three years.

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  Book of Jasher 84 At that time Korah the son of Jetzer the son of Kehath
     the son of Levi, took many men of the children of Israel, and they rose up
     and quarreled with Moses and Aaron and the whole congregation.

B.  Witness Evidence: The Book of Mormon: A Guide for the Old Testament
    
The Book of Mormon As a Witness of the Old Testament
     Ether 1 . . . twenty and four plates . . . called the Book of Ether
     . . . (I, Moroni) suppose that the first part of this record, which speaks concerning
     the creation of the world, and also of Adam, and an account from that time even
     to the great tower (
Tower of Babel), and whatsoever things transpired among the
     children of men until that time, is had among the Jews-- Therefore I do not write
     those things which transpired from the days of Adam until that time; but they are
     had upon the plates; and whoso findeth them, the same will have power that he
     may get the full account. But behold, I give not the full account, but a part of the
     account I give, from the tower down until they were destroyed. . . .
     Appendix 4: Testimony of Three Witnesses, Late June 1829, P. 589 . . . Historical
     Introduction . . . Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer, and Martin Harris testified . . .
     Decades later, David Whitmer added, "We not only saw the plates of the B[ook]
     of M[ormon] but also the Brass plates, the Plates of the Book of ether, the Plates
     containing the Record of the wickedness of the people of the world, and many
     other plates." The Joseph Smith Papers: Search for the "Brass Plates of Laban"
     . . . and thus my father lehi did discover the genealogy of his fathers and Laban
     also was a desendant of joseph (Of the land of egypt) wherefore he and his fathers
     had kept the records . . . that these plate of brass Should go forth unto all nations
     kindreds tongues and people Which ware of his seed wherefore he said that these
     plate of brass should never perish neither should they be dimd Any more by time
     The Plates of Brass: A Witness of Christ (The Joseph Smith Papers: Search for "Plates")
     The Savior’s Use of the Old Testament "This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears."



027:   AMRAM (the son of KOHATH)

Family of Amram:
Amram

Marriage:

Amram took him Jochebed his father's sister to wife.

The Children of 027: Amram
027-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 028: BOOK -
Aaron
                  Aaron was married to Elisheva, daughter of 029:
                  Aminadab - Amminadab
1 Chronicles 23: 13
                  Aaron was separated, that he should sanctify
                  the most holy things, he [
Aaron] and his sons
                  for ever, to burn incense before the LORD, to
                  minister unto him, and to bless in his name for
                  ever: Aaronic Priesthood - Aaronic Priesthood.

                  Kohen (
Cohen) families claim direct lineage
                  connections to Aaron, along with other modern
                  Jewish families bearing
Kohenitic surnames.
027-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 028: MOSES
027-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 028: BOOK - Miriam

Family Information:
Old Testament Student Manual Genesis-2 Samuel (pdf)
The family of the Amramites.

geography (location):
Lived in Ancient Egypt.

life:
Amram
religion:
Amram

time period:
Exodus 6: 20  The years of the life of Amram
were an hundred and thirty and seven years.

Research Notes: (Priesthood):
Aaronic Priesthood / Aaronic Priesthood  ↑ upΛ
A.  [Aaronic] High Priests of Israel  "The description of the clothing of
     the Jewish high priest in the Book of Exodus portrays the Urim and
     Thummim as being put into the sacred breastplate, worn by the high
     priest over the Ephod",
which "was woven out of gold, blue, purple,
     and
scarlet threads, was made of fine linen, and was embroidered
     'with skillful work' in gold thread
".  The high priests, like all Jewish
     priests, belonged to the Aaronic line, which priesthood is currently
     administered by
Bishops in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day
     Saints, who are today also entitled to have a Urim and Thummim,
     (to obtain answers from the LORD concerning temporal matters); to
     "set in order the house of God" and arrange for all the "inheritances
     of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints"; by a
     future Presiding Bishop, under the authority of the First Presidency;
     those who have had their family unit calling and election made sure.
     {"When the Lord has thoroughly proved [a person], and finds that the
     [person] is determined to serve Him at all hazards, then the [person]
     will find his[/her] calling and election made sure".  Joseph Smith, Jr.}
     -
D&C 68: 15-21

       -
Aaronic Priesthood.  And if they be literal descendants of Aaron
         they have a legal right to the bishopric, if they are the firstborn
         among the sons of Aaron; For the firstborn holds the right of the
         presidency over this priesthood, and the keys or authority of the
         same.  No man has a legal right to this office, to hold the keys of
         this priesthood, except he be a literal descendant and the firstborn
         of Aaron. . . . And a literal descendant of Aaron, also, must be
         designated by this Presidency, and found worthy, and anointed,
         and ordained under the hands of this Presidency, otherwise they
         are not legally authorized to officiate in their priesthood.   But, by
         virtue of the decree concerning their right of the priesthood descending
         from father to son, they may claim their anointing if at any time
         they can prove their lineage, or do ascertain it by revelation from
         the Lord under the hands of the above named Presidency.

     -
Literal Descendants of Aharon
       Jewish tradition, based on the Torah, is that all Kohanim
       are direct descendants of Aharon, the original Kohen.
       -
Cohanim - DNA Connection

       -
Jewish Genetics: Abstracts and Summaries
         Collection of abstracts and reviews of books, articles and genetic studies.
       - Judaism - Torah, Monotheism, Covenant | Britannica
         Cohen, also spelled kohen (Hebrew: "priest"). plural cohanim, or cohens,
         Jewish priest, one who is a descendant of Zadok, founder of the priesthood
         of Jerusalem when the First Temple was built by Solomon (10th century BC)
         and through Zadok related to Aaron, the first Jewish priest,
         who was appointed to that office by his younger brother, Moses.
         -
Cohen and Levi. Priests and Sadducees – Ran Silberman
       - Levites and the Kohens:
Levite - New World Encyclopedia
         Patriarchal High Priests of Judaism | Ancient Origins®.
       - Multiple Origins of Ashkenazi Levites: Y Chromosome Evidence
         for Both Near Eastern and European Ancestries - PMC - NIH.
       - Y-Chromosomal Aaron
         Modern Kohens claim descent from a biblical person,
         Aaron, brother of Moses, in the direct lineage from Levi,
         the patriarch of the Tribe of Levi, great grandson of Abraham,
         according to the tradition codified in the Tanakh.
     - The Tribes Today - Kohens, Levis & Yisraels
       - At First Kohen-levi Parley in 2,000 Years
         Participants Plan for Third Holy Temple - Jewish Telegraphic Agency.
       - Finding My Tribe | Families
       -
Rabbis, Priests, and Other Religious Functionaries - Judaism 101 (JewFAQ)
       - Raise Your Hand If You’re A Kohen - Chabad.org
         -
Kohanim and Leviim - Chabad.org
       -
Who are the Kohanim: The Story of the Jewish Priests - Breaking Matzo

B.  In the days of Herod, the King of Judaea, a certain priest
     named Zacharias, of the course of Abia, had a wife named
     Elisabeth, who was of the daughters of Aaron.  They were the
     parents of a special  son, known as 
John the Baptist.  Zacharias,
    
according to the custom of the priest’s office, burnt incense when
     he went into the temple of the Lord.   The course of
Abia, descended
     from
Abijah or Abiah, meaning "My father is Yahweh", in Hebrew.

     Abijah was the name of the head of the eighth of the twenty-four courses,
     a descendant of Eleazar, the son of Aaron, into which King David had
     divided the priests, living in his day. 
Later, in Jerusalem, there was
     at the Temple Mount, the
Avtinus
Chamber Room, where incense was
     compounded for use in the offerings upon the Golden Altar.

     Beth Ab was the name for the Father's House, the Temple at Jerusalem.
     This holy chamber [Av (father) + tinus; Ab is a variant of Av, part of Aramaic
     abba, father], was named after the Jewish aristocratic
Avtinus
family,
     merchants and spice makers.  According to The Babylonian Talmud, [
Talmud]
     Vol. 12, Seder Mo'ed, (Vol. IV), Shekalim, Chapter V, page 19:
     the House of Abtinas [was] over the preparing of the frankincense.

     The
wise men from the east who came into the house where Jesus Christ
     lived as a young child (
St. Matthew, 2:1-11), saw Him with Mary his mother,
     and fell down, and worshipped Him: and when they had opened their treasures,
     they presented unto Him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh.  Gold was sent
     annually to the Temple at Jerusalem, from communal contributions, suggesting
     the
wise men
from the east came as legal and lawful representatives from Syria,
     Arabia, India or beyond.  The presentation of the gift of frankincense, used as part
     of the exclusive Jewish priesthood Temple rite of sacrifice, at Jerusalem, was a
     symbolic recognition of the holy priesthood authority of Jesus Christ, as Lord
     and Royal Master, even as a little child.

    
The sayings of Jesus Christ concerning the destruction of the House of the Lord,
     were known within the Abtinas family, as noted by statements of their posterity,
     recorded in
The Babylonian Talmud.  [See also: the Holy Temple Revisited, (1993)].
     The righteous tannaim were living libraries of knowledge, having memorized
     tannaitic statements.  They were wells of living water, as in the Temple Teni priests,
     even baskets full of books, centered in the supreme sacrifice of the Chosen One of
     Israel, the Messiah Jesus Christ.  It is mentioned in The Babylonian Talmud, Vol. 6,
     Seder Nashim, (Vol. II), Kethuboth, Chapter XIII, pages 681-682, that "the house
     of Abtinas" (a priestly family) [who were in charge] of the preparation of the
     incense, received their wages from the Temple funds.

    
The Babylonian Talmud, Vol. 11, Seder Mo'ed, (Vol. III), Yoma, Chapter III,
     pages 176-178, mentions "They of the House of Abtinas" would not teach
     anything about the preparation of the incense, of which they were expert.
     Their smoke ascended [as straight] as a stick.  When the Sages asked why
     they, the House of Abtinas, would not teach their art, the reply was "They
     knew in our father's house that this House is going to be destroyed and
     they said: Perhaps an unworthy man will learn [this art] and will serve an
     idol therewith. --- And for the following reason was their memory kept in
     honour: Never did a bride of their house go forth perfumed, and when they
     married a woman from elsewhere they expressly forbade her to do so lest
     people say: From [the preparation of] the incense they are perfuming
     themselves.  [They did so] to fulfill the command: 'Ye shall be clear
     before
the Lord and before Israel.' "

C.  Witness Evidence: The Book of Mormon: A Guide for the Old Testament
    
The Book of Mormon As a Witness of the Old Testament
     Ether 1 . . . twenty and four plates . . . called the Book of Ether
     . . . (I, Moroni) suppose that the first part of this record, which speaks concerning
     the creation of the world, and also of Adam, and an account from that time even
     to the great tower (
Tower of Babel), and whatsoever things transpired among the
     children of men until that time, is had among the Jews-- Therefore I do not write
     those things which transpired from the days of Adam until that time; but they are
     had upon the plates; and whoso findeth them, the same will have power that he
     may get the full account. But behold, I give not the full account, but a part of the
     account I give, from the tower down until they were destroyed. . . .
     Appendix 4: Testimony of Three Witnesses, Late June 1829, P. 589 . . . Historical
     Introduction . . . Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer, and Martin Harris testified . . .
     Decades later, David Whitmer added, "We not only saw the plates of the B[ook]
     of M[ormon] but also the Brass plates, the Plates of the Book of ether, the Plates
     containing the Record of the wickedness of the people of the world, and many
     other plates." The Joseph Smith Papers: Search for the "Brass Plates of Laban"
     . . . and thus my father lehi did discover the genealogy of his fathers and Laban
     also was a desendant of joseph (Of the land of egypt) wherefore he and his fathers
     had kept the records . . . that these plate of brass Should go forth unto all nations
     kindreds tongues and people Which ware of his seed wherefore he said that these
     plate of brass should never perish neither should they be dimd Any more by time
     The Plates of Brass: A Witness of Christ (The Joseph Smith Papers: Search for "Plates")
     The Savior’s Use of the Old Testament "This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears."




028:   MOSES (the son of AMRAM)

Family of Moses:
Moses
(Exodus - Inspired Version) / Chart / Moses /
Marriages:
Exodus 2: 18-22  Zipporah, a daughter of Reuel [Jethro],
Exodus 18: 1  High Priest of Midian.  Numbers 12: 1 And Miriam
and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman
whom he had married: for he had married an Ethiopian woman.

D&C 132: 38  David also received many wives and concubines,
and also Solomon and Moses my servants, as also many others
of my servants, from the beginning of creation until this time;
and in nothing did they sin save in those things which they received
not of me.

The Children of 028: Moses
028-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son---/descendant) 029: GERSHOM
028-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 029: BOOK -
Eliezer

Family Information:
Old Testament Student Manual Genesis-2 Samuel (pdf)
geography (location):
Moses was born and lived as heir royalty in
Ancient Egypt.
He escaped into
Midian; then returned unto his brother Aaron,
back to
Ancient Egypt.  Moses then led the children of Israel
out of Ancient Egypt, through the
Red Sea, leading them thereafter
throughout the
Sinai Peninsula: Stations of the Exodus, until he was
translated, prior to Joshua passing over the Jordan River, into Canaan.

life:
Moses

religion:
Moses wrote the Book of Moses, part of the Pearl of Great Price.
Moses obtained two sets of tablets (tables of stone), written upon
by JEHOVAH (Jesus Christ): the first being the laws of His
Holy
Order (and the ordinances thereof); the second tables being the
set of lesser laws, known as the Ten Commandments.  Jesus Christ
wrote records in heaven, as well as upon earth, showing by His wise
example, the way back to the presence of His Father: the great Eloheim.

Moses received the Melchizedek Priesthood under the hand of his
father-in-law Jethro. 
D&C 84: 6-14  And Jethro received it under
the hand of Caleb; And Caleb received it under the hand of Elihu;
And Elihu under the hand of Jeremy; And Jeremy under the hand
of Gad; And Gad under the hand of Esaias; And Esaias received it
under the hand of God. 
JST Genesis 14: 25-40  And this Melchizedek,
having thus established righteousness, was called the King of Heaven
[GOD] by his people, or, in other words, the King of Peace.  [GOD]
Esaias also lived in the days of Abraham, and was blessed of him--
Which Abraham [also] received the priesthood from Melchizedek,
who was 013: The great High Priest Shem, the son of Noah.

time period:


Research Notes (Historical):
↑ upΛ
A. 
Egyptian Links in Strabo on the Land of the Jews (22 ce). (AD 22)
Strabo
, living from 63/64 BC to circa AD 24, was a Greek historian,
geographer and philosopher.
  Looking at Jerusalem from a "gentile"
perspective, he says:


These districts (of Jerusalem and Joppa) lie towards the north; they
are inhabited generally, and each place in particular, by mixed tribes
of Egyptians, Arabians, and Phoenicians.  Of this description are the
inhabitants of Galilee, of the plain of Jericho, and of the territories
of Philadelphia and Samaria, surnamed Sebaste by Herod; but though
there is such a mixture of inhabitants, the report most credited, among
many things believed respecting the temple and the inhabitants of
Jerusalem, is that the Egyptians were the ancestors of the present Jews.
[
Paulus or Paullus; (Saul of Tarsus), circa 5 BC to circa 67 AD, a Hellenistic
Jew, is a genealogical primary source validation of Strabo's report, when
Paul himself, is confused in Jerusalem as being of the race of Egyptians.
]
An Egyptian priest named Moses, who possessed a portion of the country
called Lower Egypt, being dissatisfied with the established institutions
there, left it and came to Judea with a large body of people who worshiped
the Divinity.
  From the Biblical standpoint, Moses had a problem with handling
snakes in Egypt (staff of Moses transformed into a snake and then back into a staff)
and later Nehushtan

Interesting Incantations | Ketuvim: the Writings of James R. Getz Jr.
Ancient Semitic Snake Spells Deciphered in Egyptian Pyramid. [
History News Network]
Phoenicia: Byblos Priests Write Spells to Protect Pharaoh's Mummy
"The passages, inscribed on the subterranean walls of the pyramid of King Unas
at Saqqara, reveal that the Egyptians enlisted the magical assistance of Semitic
Canaanites from the ancient city of Byblos; [Egyptians imported timber and resin for
building and mummification (cedar sawdust for mummification and the resin, known
as Cedria, for embalming.)]  "This is a discovery of utmost importance," Bar-Asher said.
"Almost all the words found [in these texts] are also found in the Bible."  "It's not as
different from biblical Hebrew as some people might have expected," Yeshiva University's
Steiner added.  "A lot of the characteristics of Hebrew that we know from the Bible are
already present in these texts."  Continuing, [The language of the newly deciphered spells
is so similar to biblical Hebrew, in fact, that Steiner was able to solve a long-standing
dispute over the meaning of the word "pot."  Isaiah 3:17 reads, in regard to the daughters
of Zion, "the Lord will uncover their pot."  By the Middle Ages there was already a dispute
among biblical scholars over whether the word referred to the females' genitalia or to a
part of their heads, Steiner said in his lecture.  But the use of this rare word in one of
the Canaanite spells appears to settle the question.  "From this text it is now clear
the Hebrew term used  by
Isaiah refers to the female genitalia,"
Bar-Asher, of the Hebrew University, said.]


He [Moses] declared and taught that the Egyptians and Africans entertained
erroneous sentiments, in representing, the Divinity under the likeness
of wild beasts and cattle of the field; that the Greeks also were error
in making images of their gods after the human form. For God, said he,
may be this one thing which encompasses us all, land and sea, which we
call heaven, or the universe, or the nature of things.  Who, then, of any
understanding would venture to form an image of this Deity, resembling
anything with which we are conversant?  On the contrary, we ought not
to carve any images, but to set apart some sacred ground as a shrine
worthy of the Deity, and to worship Him without any similitude.  He taught
that those who made fortunate dreams were to be permitted to sleep in the
temple, where they might dream both for themselves and others; that those
who practiced temperance and justice, and none else, might expect good,
or some gift or sign from the God, from time to time.  By such doctrine
Moses persuaded a large body of right-minded persons to accompany
him to the place where Jerusalem now stands.  He easily obtained possession
of it as the spot was not such as to excite jealousy, nor for which there could
be any fierce contention; for it is rocky, and, although well supplied with water,
it is surrounded by a barren and waterless territory.  The space within the city is
60 stadia in circumference, with rock underneath the surface.  Instead of arms,
he taught that their defense was in their sacred things and the Divinity, for whom
he was desirous of finding a settled place, promising to the people to deliver
such a kind of worship and religion as should not burden those who adopted
it with great expense, nor molest them with so-called divine possessions, nor
other absurd practices. Moses thus obtained their good opinion, and established
no ordinary kind of government.  All the nations around willingly united themselves
to him, allured by his discourses and promises.  [In the time of Joshua, Jerusalem
was in territory allocated to the tribe of Benjamin (
Joshua 18:28) but it continued
to be under the independent control of the Jebusites until it was conquered by David
and made into the capital of the united Kingdom of Israel (circa 1000 BC).  Recent
excavations of a large stone structure are interpreted by some archaeologists
as lending credence to the biblical narrative.]

[The Bible states that “Moses the servant of the Lord died” and was buried by the Lord
(Deuteronomy 34:5-6).  But from the evidence of Alma 45, cited above, there seems to
have been a tradition that
he had been translated or taken away.  This may be suggested
in D&C 84:25, where we read that the Lord “took Moses out of their midst.” Only one text
known in Joseph Smith’s day suggested that Moses had not died.  It is found in Josephus,
Antiquities of the Jews 4.8.48.  Josephus is not the only Jewish source for the translation
of Moses.  The Babylonian Talmud (Sotah 13b) indicates that some said Moses had never
died but was alive and serving on high -- an idea repeated in other texts such as Midrash
ha-Gadol, Zot habberakhah 4:5, Sifre to Deuteronomy 357, Memar Marqah, and Midrash
Leqah Tob.  The medieval Zohar reflects the same tradition.]  His successors continued
for some time to observe the same conduct, doing justly, and worshipping God with
sincerity.  Afterwards superstitious persons were appointed to the priesthood, and then
tyrants.  From superstition arose abstinence from flesh, from the eating of which it is now
the custom to refrain, circumcision, cliterodectomy, and other practices which the people
observe.  The tyrannical government produced robbery; for the rebels plundered both their
own and the neighboring countries.  Those also who shared in the government seized upon
the property of others, and ravaged a large part of Syria and of Phoenicia.  Respect,
however, was paid to the Acropolis [Zion, or the Temple Mount in Jerusalem]; it was
not abhorred as the seat of tyranny, but honoured and venerated as a temple. . . .
Such was Moses and his successors; their beginning was good, but they degenerated.

This is also further reinforced by the Petition to
Authorize Elephantine Temple
Reconstruction.  Mentioned: Darius II, Persian emperor from 425/4 to 405/4 BC,
"To our lord, Bagohi, governor of Yehud,"
(1)  Bagohi is one of the names in the lists of Judahites who returned
from Babylon (The Return To Zion, see, e.g., Ezra 2:2; Neh 7:7).  In the
Bible the name is spelled "Bigvai," or in Greek "Bagoas" (e.g., Judith 12:11).
Jews returned to the Land of Israel from the Babylonian exile following
the decree by the Persian King Cyrus, the conqueror of the Babylonian
empire in 538 BC, also known as Cyrus's Declaration.

(2)  The name Yehud was used for Judah while it was a Persian province.
[Yebamoth: (יבמות, "Levirate marriage"); (or Yebamot or Yevamot), referring
to the mandated marriage of a widow to her brother-in-law, deals with the
Jewish law of levirate marriage (Deut. 25:5-10) and other topics, such as the
status of minors. It consists of 16 chapters.] . . . Now, our ancestors built this
temple in the fortress of Yeb in the days of the kingdom of Egypt; and when
Cambyses II came to Egypt he found it (already) constructed.  Cambyses invaded
Egypt in 525 BC.  "According to Herodotus (484-425 B.C.), Cambyses, the son of
Cyrus the Great, sent 50,000 soldiers from Thebes to attack the Oasis of Siwa
and destroy the oracle at the Temple of Amun after the priests there refused
to legitimize his claim to Egypt."  . . . Now, our ancestors built this temple in
the fortress of Yeb in the days of the kingdom of Egypt; and when Cambyses
came to Egypt he found it (already) constructed.  That means that much before
525 BC, there was an affluent Hebrew community, that had both military and
government status, dealing in trade relations that could amass sufficient wealth
to build a local temple to the true god [Yahu is one form of the divine name of
Yahweh, the Israelite god (also: Yo and Yah, as in the names "Yonatan" [1 Sam 14:1]
and "Hodiyah" [1 Chron 4:19]).].  . . . "they entered the temple and burned it to
the ground.  They smashed the stone pillars that were there.  They demolished
five great gateways constructed of hewn blocks of stone which were in the temple;
but their doors (are still standing), and the hinges of those doors are made of bronze.
And the roof of cedar in its entirety, with the . . . and whatever else was there, were
all burned with fire.  As for the basins of gold and silver and other articles that were
in the temple, they carried all of them off and took them as personal possessions."

(3) 
Judean Auxiliaries in Egypt's War Against Kush | Dan'el Kahn - Academia.edu (pdf)
"During the Twenty-Sixth Dynasty, mercenaries and foreign soldiers served
as combatants in the Egyptian army.  They were first attested during the reign
of Psammetichus I and their presence increased constantly.  They came from
mainland Greece, the Aegean Islands, Caria, Lydia, Libya, Kush, Phoenicia,
Aram, Israel, and Judah.  They are mentioned on private stelae, and in
administrative and legal papyri, biblical books, classical sources, Egyptian
and Assyrian royal inscriptions, and their presence is also demonstrated
by archaeological finds." 
The Semitic Influence in Ancient Egypt:
"Daphnae was supposed to have been built in the time of the 26th dynasty
in about 664 BC and existed until about 565 BC."
  When King Psammetichus
(ie. Psamtik II) came to Elephantine, this was written by those who sailed
with Psammetichus the son of Theocles, and they came beyond Kerkis
as far as the river permits.  Those who spoke foreign tongues
(Greek and Carians who also scratched their names on the monument) were
led by Potasimto, the Egyptians by Amasis.   Later, in 591 BC, during the fourth
year of his reign, Psamtik II launched an expedition into Palestine "to foment a
general Levantine revolt against the Babylonians" that involved, among other,
Zedekiah of the Kingdom of Judah.  
"The treaty's provision dealt with an actual
situation.  It casts additional light on the story of martyrdom as told in the Bible:
the story of mutilated prisoners, slaughtered children, and deportations; and the
story of these few who escaped from the horrors of torture, of their flight to Egypt,
and of the long arm that reached out for the refugees into the land of their asylum.

B.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book II - From the Death of Isaac to the Exodus out of Egypt

C.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book III - Exodus (Two Years)

D. 
Antiquities of the Jews - Book IV - To the Death of Moses

E. 
Antiquities of the Jews - Book V - From the Death of Moses to the Death of Eli

F. 
Book of Jasher 65; Book of Jasher 66; Book of Jasher 67; Book of Jasher 68;
    
Book of Jasher 69; Book of Jasher 70; Book of Jasher 71; Book of Jasher 72
     Book of Jasher 73; Book of Jasher 74; Book of Jasher 76; Book of Jasher 77
     Book of Jasher 78; Book of Jasher 79; Book of Jasher 80; Book of Jasher 81
     Book of Jasher 82; Book of Jasher 83; Book of Jasher 84; Book of Jasher 85
     Book of Jasher 86; Book of Jasher 87

G.  Witness Evidence: The Book of Mormon: A Guide for the Old Testament
    
The Book of Mormon As a Witness of the Old Testament
     Ether 1 . . . twenty and four plates . . . called the Book of Ether
     . . . (I, Moroni) suppose that the first part of this record, which speaks concerning
     the creation of the world, and also of Adam, and an account from that time even
     to the great tower (
Tower of Babel), and whatsoever things transpired among the
     children of men until that time, is had among the Jews-- Therefore I do not write
     those things which transpired from the days of Adam until that time; but they are
     had upon the plates; and whoso findeth them, the same will have power that he
     may get the full account. But behold, I give not the full account, but a part of the
     account I give, from the tower down until they were destroyed. . . .
     Appendix 4: Testimony of Three Witnesses, Late June 1829, P. 589 . . . Historical
     Introduction . . . Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer, and Martin Harris testified . . .
     Decades later, David Whitmer added, "We not only saw the plates of the B[ook]
     of M[ormon] but also the Brass plates, the Plates of the Book of ether, the Plates
     containing the Record of the wickedness of the people of the world, and many
     other plates." The Joseph Smith Papers: Search for the "Brass Plates of Laban"
     . . . and thus my father lehi did discover the genealogy of his fathers and Laban
     also was a desendant of joseph (Of the land of egypt) wherefore he and his fathers
     had kept the records . . . that these plate of brass Should go forth unto all nations
     kindreds tongues and people Which ware of his seed wherefore he said that these
     plate of brass should never perish neither should they be dimd Any more by time
     The Plates of Brass: A Witness of Christ (The Joseph Smith Papers: Search for "Plates")
     The Savior’s Use of the Old Testament "This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears."




029:   GERSHOM (the son of MOSES)

Family of Gershom:
Gershom
Marriage:

The Children of 029: Gershom
029-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son---/descendant) 030: Shebuel - Shubael

Family Information:
geography (location):
Born at
Midian.
life:
Gershom
religion:
Gershom
time period:

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A. 
Jonathan - Jehonathan, son or descendant of Gershom.

B.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book II - From the Death of Isaac to the Exodus out of Egypt

C.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book III - Exodus (Two Years)

D. 
Antiquities of the Jews - Book IV - To the Death of Moses

E. 
Antiquities of the Jews - Book V - From the Death of Moses to the Death of Eli

F.  Witness Evidence: The Book of Mormon: A Guide for the Old Testament
    
The Book of Mormon As a Witness of the Old Testament
     Ether 1 . . . twenty and four plates . . . called the Book of Ether
     . . . (I, Moroni) suppose that the first part of this record, which speaks concerning
     the creation of the world, and also of Adam, and an account from that time even
     to the great tower (
Tower of Babel), and whatsoever things transpired among the
     children of men until that time, is had among the Jews-- Therefore I do not write
     those things which transpired from the days of Adam until that time; but they are
     had upon the plates; and whoso findeth them, the same will have power that he
     may get the full account. But behold, I give not the full account, but a part of the
     account I give, from the tower down until they were destroyed. . . .
     Appendix 4: Testimony of Three Witnesses, Late June 1829, P. 589 . . . Historical
     Introduction . . . Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer, and Martin Harris testified . . .
     Decades later, David Whitmer added, "We not only saw the plates of the B[ook]
     of M[ormon] but also the Brass plates, the Plates of the Book of ether, the Plates
     containing the Record of the wickedness of the people of the world, and many
     other plates." The Joseph Smith Papers: Search for the "Brass Plates of Laban"
     . . . and thus my father lehi did discover the genealogy of his fathers and Laban
     also was a desendant of joseph (Of the land of egypt) wherefore he and his fathers
     had kept the records . . . that these plate of brass Should go forth unto all nations
     kindreds tongues and people Which ware of his seed wherefore he said that these
     plate of brass should never perish neither should they be dimd Any more by time
     The Plates of Brass: A Witness of Christ (The Joseph Smith Papers: Search for "Plates")
     The Savior’s Use of the Old Testament "This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears."



The BOOK [Stick] of LEVI ↑ upΛ
Copyright © 1997-2024
By: V. Chris & Thomas M. Tinney, Sr.
All rights reserved.  Email: vctinney@sbcglobal.net



Return To:  Alphabetic History of Civilization: Ancient and Modern Genealogies