The BOOK [Stick] of JUDAH

PREFACE


This record evaluates historical knowledge, as it relates to: ---- The BOOK [Stick] of JUDAH
Information gleaned from social contexts, both secular and religious, are reviewed, using
modern genealogical research specialist standards: to properly reconstruct and correctly
portray real historical lives and family pedigrees.  Cultural, religious and family tradition,
(their stated facts and viewpoints), are surveyed within given ancient contexts of
primary
and secondary record sources, as handed down for the benefit of our modern generation.

                         Family Genealogy & History
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Genealogy / Notes SEARCH This Site
 025: Judah  026: Pharez  027: Hezron  028: Ram
 029: Aminadab  030: Nahshon  031: Salmon  032: Boaz
 033: Obed  034: Jesse  035: David  036: Solomon
 037: Rehoboam  038: Abijam  039: Asa  040: Jehosophat
 041: Jehoram  042: Ahaziah  043: Jehoash  044: Amaziah
 045: Azariah  046: Jotham  047: Ahaz  048: Hezekiah
 049: Manasseh  050: Amon  051: Josiah  052: Zedekiah
 Book of Mormon: C  053: Biblical Tamar  Research & Pedigree  054: Iriel Faid
 055: Ethriel  056: Follach  057: Tigernmas  058: Enboth
 059 to 063 Pedigree  064: Dian  Irish Pedigree Notes  065 to 072 Pedigree
 073: Dui Ladrach  074: Eochu Buadach  075: Ugaine Mor  U. M. Research Notes
 076: Cobthach C. Breg  077: Meilge Molbthach  078: Irereo Fathach  079: Connla Cáem
 080: Ailill Caisfiaclach  081: Eochaid Ailtlethan  082: Óengus T. T.  Notes: Enna Aignech
 Notes: Eochu Feidlech  Notes: Medb = Tinne  083: Fiacha - 3/4 - 4/3  084: Fergus I
 085: Manius  086: Dornaldel  087: Reuthar  088: E[l]derus
 089: Conaire the Great  090: Corbred I  091: Corbred II  092: Modha Lawha
 093: Conaire II  094: Cairbre Riada  095: Eochaid[h]  096: Athirco
 097: Findochar  098: Thrinklind  099: Fincormach  100: Romaich
 101: Angus  101A: Eochaid  101B or 102 or 102A: Erc  103: Fergus Mor  104: Domangart Réti
 105: Gabrán mac D.  106: Áedán mac G.  107: Eochaid Buide  108: Domnall Brecc
 109: Domangart mac D.  110: Eochaid mac D.  111: Eochaid mac E.  112: Áed Find
 113: Eochaid mac Á. F.  114: Alpín mac E.  115: Kenneth mac A.  116: Constantín mac C.
 117: Donald II of Scot.  118: Malcolm I of Scot.  119: Kenneth II of S.  120: Malcolm the D.
 121: Bethóc  122: Duncan I of Scot.  123: Malcolm III of S.  124: Matilda of Scot.
 125: Empress Matilda  126: Henry II of Eng.  127: John of England  128: Henry III of Eng.
 129: Edward I of Eng.  130: Elizabeth of Rhud.  131: Margaret de B.  132: Marg. Courtenay
 133: Joan Cobham  134: Joan de La Pole  135: Joan Braybrooke  136: Hugh Brooke
 136/137 Thomas Brook  137: John Brook  138: Lucia Brook  139: John Toose
 140: Julian Toose  141: George Pyne  142: Humphrey Pyne  143: Valentine Pyne
 144: Rachel Pyne  145: John Hyde  146: Orriminah Hyde  147: Anna Compton
 148: Joanna Birdcell  149: William A. Thompson  150: Mary E. Thompson  151: Hazel K. Greene
 152: Thomas M. Tinney, Sr  153: Jon R.E. Tinney  154: . . .  155: . . .
 156: . . .  157: . . .  158: . . .  159: . . .

Genealogy:
A Master Number beginning with three digits is given to the direct line
descending stem.  All other descending lineages are ordered according to
where they connect into the direct line of descent as sons or daughters.
They have a dash (-) to show the connection.  The Numbers are arranged
by time of birth in the family, where possible, with the direct descendant
being placed where he or she belongs by order of birth.  In cases of long
and questionable pedigrees, the lineage is shown descending down, but
with no numbering system attached.  Added commentary is author's opinion.

The Children of 024: JACOB - ISRAEL (the son of ISAAC)
024-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 025: The BOOK [Stick] of JUDAH

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Ezekiel 37: 16-19  Moreover, thou son of man [Ezekiel], take thee one stick,
     and write upon it, For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions:
     then take another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim,
     and for all the house of Israel his companions: And join them one to another
     into one stick; and they shall become one in thine hand.  And when the children
     of thy people shall speak unto thee, saying, Wilt thou not shew us what thou
    
meanest by these?  Say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will
     take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of
     Israel his fellows, and will put them with him, even with the stick of Judah,
     and make them one stick, and they shall be one in mine hand. 
1 Nephi 13: 37-42
     And blessed are they who shall seek to bring forth my Zion at that day, for
     they shall have the gift and the power of the Holy Ghost; and if they endure
     unto the end they shall be lifted up at the last day, and shall be saved in the
     everlasting kingdom of the Lamb; and whoso shall publish peace, yea, tidings
     of great joy, how beautiful upon the mountains shall they be.  And it came to
     pass that I beheld the remnant of the seed of my brethren, and also the book
     of the Lamb of God, which had proceeded forth from the mouth of the Jew,
     that it came forth from the Gentiles unto the remnant of the seed of my brethren.
     And after it had come forth unto them I beheld other books, which came forth
     by the power of the Lamb, from the Gentiles unto them, unto the convincing
     of the Gentiles and the remnant of the seed of my brethren, and also the Jews
     who were scattered upon all the face of the earth, that the records of the prophets
     and of the twelve apostles of the Lamb are true.  And the angel spake unto me,
     saying: These last records, which thou hast seen among the Gentiles, shall
       establish the truth of the first, which are of the twelve apostles of the Lamb,
     and shall make known the plain and precious things which have been taken
     away from them; and shall make known to all kindreds, tongues, and people,
     that the Lamb of God is the Son of the Eternal Father, and the Savior of the
     world; and that all men must come unto him, or they cannot be saved.  And
     they must come according to the words which shall be established by the mouth
     of the Lamb; and the words of the Lamb shall be made known in the records of
     thy seed, as well as in the records of the twelve apostles of the Lamb; where-
     fore they both shall be established in one; for there is one God and one
       Shepherd over all the earth.  And the time cometh that he shall manifest
     himself unto all nations, both unto the Jews and also unto the Gentiles;
     and after he has manifested himself unto the Jews and also unto the Gentiles,
     then he shall manifest himself unto the Gentiles and also unto the Jews,
     and the last shall be first, and the first shall be last.

B.  The ancient Books of the Bible, compared with Mormon Archaeology,
     invalidate the documentary hypothesis theories, traditionally known as:
     J, E, P, and D; for the Torah and the Deuteronomy history, from Joshua
     to Kings.  Some modern historians incorrectly state that the Torah
     was gradually recorded as the Hebrew Bible, between the 5th century
     B.C. and the 2nd century B.C.  Clearly, internal source evidence from
     the
Pearl of Great Price, the OT - NT and the Book of Mormon, suggest
     primary source documents, or copies thereof, going back to the time of
     Adam and (Eve - the Mother of all Living), were readily available to
     
Moses, who then wrote or copied them for himself and other Israelites.
     The
list of biblical figures identified in extra-biblical sources is compelling.
     Additional validation of the Bible, as a surviving primary source document,

     is made by the Joseph Smith, Jr. Translation of the Bible.  Words added
     and corrections made, restore the original formation and sense of ancient
     scribes and prophets, including technical details from Genesis to
Revelation.
    
Joseph Smith, Jr. said, [I believe the Bible as it read when it came from the pen
     of the original writers. Ignorant translators, careless transcribers, or designing and
     corrupt priests have committed many errors. As it read, Gen. 6:6, "It repented the
     Lord that he had made man on the earth"; also, Num. 23:19, "God is not a man,
     that he should lie; neither the Son of man, that he should repent"; which I do not
     believe. But it ought to read, "It repented Noah that God made man." This I believe,
     and then the other quotation stands fair. If any man will prove to me, by one passage
     of Holy Writ, one item I believe to be false, I will renounce and disclaim it as far as I
     promulgated it..] 
Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith,
Jr., p. 327.

C. 
Modern claims of genealogical attachment to the biblical
     (
Old Testament) records are noted, with remarks.
     - Ancestor Roots Information: Israel
       - Mother's Love - Joys and Challenges
     - History of Ancient Israel and Judah
       - The Lord Jesus Christ, Jews, The House of Joseph, Gentiles and Heathens
     -
Jew, Jewish
     - Jewish Ethnic Divisions
     -
Jewish Languages
     - Judaism by Country
 
    - Kingdom of Israel (United Monarchy)
     - Kingdom of Judah
     - Kings of Judah
     - Mormonism and Judaism
     -
Oxyrhynchus Papyri
     -
People of Israel - Judah



025:   JUDA - JUDAH - JUDAS (the son of JACOB - ISRAEL)

Family of Juda - Judah - Judas:
Judah: Judah

Marriage:
Gospel Women: Studies of the Named Women in the Gospels,
by
Richard Bauckham (Amazon.com): + and the name of Judah's wife,
Betasu'el [Shuah], a Canaanite; as: {Bet (letter) House of
asu'el [Shuah], or 41:7: Bedsuel}

Genesis 38: 12  Daughter of a certain Canaanite, whose name was Shuah [Betasu'el];
[Prostitute relationship with] Tamar, by whom twin sons.  "Joseph's half-brother
Judah had three sons by a Canaanite wife named Shuah and twin sons by
Tamar, whose ancestry is unknown (Genesis 38:2–30).  Of the half-Canaanite
sons, only one (Shelah) lived long enough to have posterity, but his mtDNA
would be unlike that of his half-brothers, Pharez and Zarah, unless their mothers
were sisters (Genesis 46:12; Numbers 26:19–21).  From Pharez descended
Salmon, who married the Canaanite woman Rahab, who had been spared
with her father's household during the Israelite destruction of the city of
Jericho in Joshua's day.  Their son was Boaz, who married the Moabitess
Ruth, who became the great-grandmother of King David and, consequently,
of all the kings of Judah and of Jesus Christ himself (Ruth 4:18–22;
Matthew 1:2–16).  While most of the kings of Judah from whom Christ is
descended married women of the same tribe or of other Israelite tribes,
this is not true of all of them.  For example, Rehoboam, son of Solomon,
was born of a woman named Naamah, who was an Ammonitess (1 Kings 14:21,
31; 2 Chronicles 12:13).  Genesis 40:10 informs us that Simeon had a Canaanite
wife, but nothing is said of the other wives of Jacob's sons or their origins,
although it seems likely that they also married outside Abraham's kin group.
The children and grandchildren of Jacob who are mentioned in the biblical
account number seventy, but this does not include daughters and granddaughters.
Although nothing is specifically said on the matter, it is not unreasonable to
assume that Jacob's people included servants and their families as well.
One thing, however, seems certain: all of Jacob's grandchildren inherited
their mtDNA from their mothers, who were likely non-Israelite."
Swimming in the Gene Pool: Israelite Kinship Relations, Genes, and Genealogy

Matthew Roper - FARMS Review - Volume 15 - Issue 2


The Children of 025: Juda - Judah - Judas
025-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 026: BOOK -
Er
025-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 026: BOOK -
Onan
025-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 026: BOOK -
Shelah
025-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 026: PEREZ - PHARES - PHAREZ
025-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 026: BOOK -
Zara - Zarah - Zerah


Family Information:
Juda - Judah - Judas:
Dating Judah

geography (location):
Lived in Canaan and Ancient Egypt

life:
Judah - Judah - Judas

religion:
Juda - Judah - Judas

time period: 
Judah was born circa 1819/1759 B.C. to ____/____ B.C.

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  Jewish History Resource Center - Resource Index
     The Jewish History Resource Center is a project of the
     Dinur Center for Research in Jewish History, of the Hebrew
     University of Jerusalem.  Links to websites in various categories
     dealing with Jewish History are visited and evaluated: to index
     resources on the web that can help in the study of Jewish History.

B. 
Index of Articles Related to Jewish History
     - Lists of Jews


C. 
Genealogy of Jesus



026:   PEREZ -PHARES - PHAREZ (the son of JUDA - JUDAH- JUDAS)

Family of Perez - Phares - Pharez:
Pharez
Marriage:

The Children of 026: Perez - Phares - Pharez
026-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 027: EZRON - HEZRON
026-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 027: BOOK -
Hamul

Family Information:
Ancestor of the family of the Pharzites.
geography (location):
In Genesis 46:12 , Pharez is listed as one of the 70 Israelites
to move to Ancient Egypt, with Jacob.  And the sons of Judah;
Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er
and Onan died in the land of Canaan.  And the sons of Pharez
were Hezron and Hamul.

life:
Pharez
religion:
time period:


Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A. 
Genealogy of Jesus



027:   EZRON - HEZRON (the son of PEREZ - PHARES - PHAREZ)

Family of Ezron - Hezron:
Hezron

Marriages:
He had by his first marriage three sons: Jerahmeel; Ram,
from whom David descended; and Caleb.  When Hezron
was sixty years old, he married Gilead's sister, the daughter
of Machir - Makir,
who bore him Segub, the father of Jair.
After Hezron's death
in the town of Caleb Ephrathah,
his wife
Abijah bore Ashur (I Chron. ii. 9, 21, 24).

The Children of 027: Ezron - Hezron
027-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 028: BOOK -
Jerahmeel
027-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 028: BOOK - ARAM - RAM
027-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 028: BOOK -
Caleb - Carmi - Chelub
027-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 028: BOOK - Segub
027-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 028: BOOK - Ashur

Family Information:
Ancestor
of the Hezronite clan.

geography (location):
In
Genesis 46: 12, Hezron is listed with the youngest generation of the 70 Israelites
to move to Ancient Egypt, with Jacob.  And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and
Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan.  And
the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.

life:
Hezron

religion:
Ezron - Hezron
time period:


Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A. 
Genealogy of Jesus



028:  ARAM - RAM (the son of EZRON - HEZRON)

Family of Aram - Ram:
Aram - Ram
Marriage:

The Children of 028: Aram - Ram
028-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 029: AMINADAB - AMMINADAB

Family Information:
geography (location):
Lived when the Israelites were in Ancient Egypt.
life:
Aram - Ram
religion:
time period:

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A. 
Mesopotamia - Aram-naharaim: Aram - Aramaeans

B. 
Genealogy of Jesus



029:   AMINADAB - AMMINADAB (the son of ARAM - RAM)

Family of Aminadab - Amminadab:
Aminadab - Amminadab

Marriage:

The Children of 029: Aminadab - Amminadab
029-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 030: BOOK -
Elisheva,
                  married to 027-001: 028 Aaron,
                  the son of 027: Amram: The BOOK (Stick) of LEVI.
029-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 030: NAASHON - NAASSON - NAHSHON

Family Information:
geography (location):
Lived in Ancient Egypt.

life:
Aminadab - Amminadab

religion:
Aminadab - Amminadab

time period:
Born during the Israelite exile in Ancient Egypt.

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A. 
Genealogy of Jesus



030:   NAASHON - NAASSON - NAHSHON (the son of AMINADAB - AMMINADAB)

Family of Naashon - Naasson - Nahshon:
Naashon - Naasson - Nahshon

Marriage:

The Children of 030: Naashon - Naasson - Nahshon
030-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 031: SALMA - SALMON

Family Information:
geography (location):
Resident of
Ancient Egypt, who fled with Moses
to the Sinai Peninsula:
Stations List.

life:
Nashon - Naasson - Nahshon
Numbers 2: 3  And on the east side toward the rising of the sun
shall they of the standard of the camp of Judah pitch throughout
their armies: and Nahshon the son of Amminadab shall be captain
of the children of Judah. 
Numbers 7: 17  And for a sacrifice of peace
offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first
year: this was the offering of Nahshon the son of Amminadab.
1 Chronicles 2: 10  And Ram begat Amminadab; and Amminadab
begat Nahshon, prince of the children of Judah; . . .


religion:
Naashon - Naasson - Nahshon

time period:
According to Num i. 7, he is at least 20 years old during
the census in the Sinai, at the beginning of The Exodus.

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  Genealogy of Jesus



031:   SALMA - SALMON (the son of NAASHON - NAASSON - NAHSHON

Family of Salma - Salmon:
Salma(h) - Salmon
Marriage:
Matthew 1: 5  And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab - Rahab

The Children of 031: Salma - Salmon
031-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 032: BOAZ - BOOZ

Family Information:
geography (location):
Salmon was the first in his genealogy to cross the Jordan River, leaving
the Sinai Peninsula:
Stations of the Exodus.  After the conquest of the land
by the prophet Joshua, the Tribe of Judah became a leading part of a loose
confederation of Israelite tribes.

life:
Salma - Salmon
religion:
time period:
The Exodus - Date  Salmon was less than twenty
years of age at the beginning of The Exodus.

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A. 
Genealogy of Jesus



032:   BOAZ - BOOZ  (the son of SALMA - SALMON)

Family of Boaz - Booz:
Boaz - Booz: Boaz - Booz

Marriage:
Ruth; the widow of Mahlon.

The Children of 032: Boaz - Booz
032-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 033: OBED

Family Information:
geography (location):
Ruth 1: 22  So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter
in law, with her, which returned out of the country of Moab: and
they came to Beth-lehem in the beginning of barley harvest.

life:
Book of Ruth: Book of Ruth
And Naomi had a kinsman of her husband’s, a mighty man
of wealth, of the family of Elimelech; and his name was Boaz.

religion:
Boaz - Booz
time period:


Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A
Antiquities of the Jews - Book V - From the Death of Moses to the Death of Eli

B. 
Genealogy of Jesus



033:   OBED (the son of BOAZ - BOOZ)

Family of Obed:
Obed
Marriage:

The Children of 033: Obed
033-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 034: JESSE

Family Information:
geography (location):
Family posterity and ancestry has connections to
Bethlehem.

life:
Obed

religion:
Obed
time period:


Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A Antiquities of the Jews - Book V - From the Death of Moses to the Death of Eli

B. 
Genealogy of Jesus



034:   JESSE (the son of OBED)

Family of Jesse:
Jesse

Marriage:
Nitzevet bat Adel (Babylonian Talmud: Baba Bathra 91)
R. Hanan b. Raba further stated in the name of Rab: . . .
The mother of David was named Nizbeth the daughter of Adael.
A History of the Jews in Babylonia, Volume 3, by Jacob Neusner

The Children of 034: Jesse
034-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 035: BOOK -
Eliab
034-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 035: BOOK - Shammah/Shimeah (mei/mma)
034-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 035: BOOK -
Abinadab (2)
034-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 035: BOOK - Nethaneel (2)
034-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 035: BOOK -
Raddai
034-006:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 035: BOOK -
Ozem
034-007:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 035: BOOK - a male child
                  [
1 Samuel 16: 10-11  Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel.
                  . . . And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children?  And he said,
                  There remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep.]
                
1 Chronicles 27: 18  Elihu, one of the brethren of David
034-008:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 035: DAVID
034-009:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 035: BOOK -
Zeruiah  1 Chronicles 2: 15-16
034-010:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 035: BOOK - Abigail  
1 Chronicles 2: 15-16
 
Family Information:
Tree of Jesse
Children listed in Patriarchal order of sons first, from eldest to youngest;
daughters next, from eldest to youngest, irrespective of secular positions.
Wives are listed in order of marriage, from earliest to latest marriage;
concubines next, from earliest to latest marriage to the patriarchal head.

geography (location):
Jesse was a Bethlehemite.

life:
Jesse

religion:
Jesse

time period:
Jesse
lived during the time of the prophet:
-
Samuel: Samuel
  -
The First Book of Samuel
  - The Second Book of Samuel

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.
D&C 113: 1-6  The Stem of Jesse is Christ; the rod is a servant in the hands
     of Christ, who is partly a descendant of Jesse as well as of Ephraim, or of the
     house of Joseph, on whom there is laid much power; the root is a descendant
     of Jesse, as well as of Joseph, unto whom rightly belongs the priesthood, and
     the keys of the kingdom, for an ensign, and for the gathering of my people
     in the last days. 
D&C 85: 3-11 . . . And it shall come to pass that I, the Lord
     God, will send one mighty and strong, holding the scepter of power in his hand,
     clothed with light for a covering, whose mouth shall utter words, eternal words;
     while his bowels shall be a fountain of truth, to set in order the house of God,
     and to arrange by lot the inheritances of the saints whose names are found,
     and the names of their fathers, and of their children, enrolled in the book of
     the law of God . . . 
D&C 103: 15-20  Behold, I say unto you, the redemption
     of Zion must needs come by power; Therefore, I will raise up unto my people
     a man, who shall lead them like as Moses led the children of Israel.  For ye
     are the children of Israel, and of the seed of Abraham, and ye must needs
     be led out of bondage by power, and with a stretched-out arm.  And as your
     fathers were led at the first, even so shall the redemption of Zion be.  There-
     fore, let not your hearts faint, for I say not unto you as I said unto your fathers:
     Mine angel shall go up before you, but not my presence.  But I say unto you:
     Mine angels shall go up before you, and also my presence, and in time ye
     shall possess the goodly land.

B.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book VI - From the Death of Eli to the Death of Saul

C.  Genealogy of Jesus




035:   DAVID (the son of JESSE)

Family of [King] David:
David

Marriages:
D&C 132: 39  
David's wives and concubines were given unto him of me,
by the hand of Nathan, my servant, and others of the prophets who had the
keys of this power; and in none of these things did he sin against me save
in the case of Uriah and his wife; and, therefore he hath fallen from his
exaltation, and received his portion; and he shall not inherit them out of
the world, for I gave them unto another, saith the Lord.
A. 
Michal, the daughter of [King] Saul.
B. 
Abigail, the former wife of Nabal, with her five damsels
C. 
Ahinoam, the Jezreel(itess)
D. 
Maacah - Maachah, the daughter of [King] Talmai of Geshur
E. 
Haggith
F. 
Abital
G. 
Eglah
H. 
Bathshah - Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam - Ammiel;
     former wife of
Uriah the Hittite.
I.  Ten concubines, at least
J. 
Abishag, the Shunammite
Research Note:  God is just and true, as He gave them unto another,
saith the Lord.  Kings of the Royal Blood line of Jesus Christ have no
greater standing before the bar of Yahweh, than the poor and meek.
God is no respecter of persons.  Keeping commandments applies to all.
"David sought repentance at the hand of God carefully with tears, for the
murder of Uriah; but he could only get it through hell: he got a promise
that his soul should not be left in hell.
  Although David was a king, he
never did obtain the spirit and power of Elijah and the fullness of the
Priesthood; and the priesthood that he received, and the throne and
kingdom of David is to be taken from him and given to another by the
name of David in the last days, raised up out of his lineage." 
HC/BHR p 253

The Children of 035: [King] David
035-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK -
Amnon,
               born in Hebron, by Ahinoam
035-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK - Chileab [Chiliab] - Daniel,
               born in Hebron, by Abigail
035-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK -
Abishalom - Absalom,
               born in Hebron, by Maachah
035-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK -
Adonijah,
               born in Hebron, by Haggith
035-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK -
Shephatiah,
               born in Hebron, by Abital
035-006:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK - Ithream,
               born in Hebron, by Eglah
035-007:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK - Shammua(h) - Shimea,
               in Jerusalem, by Bathsheba
035-008:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK -
Shobab,
                in Jerusalem, by Bathsheba
035-009:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK [Stick] of NATHAN,
               in Jerusalem, by Bathsheba
035-010:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK - Infant
child,
               born in Jerusalem, by Bathsheba
035-011:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: JEDIDIAH - SOLOMON,
               born in Jerusalem, by Bathsheba
035-012:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK -
Ibhar, born in Jerusalem
035-013:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK -
Elishua, born in Jerusalem
035-014:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK -
Nepheg, born in Jerusalem
035-015:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK -
Japhia, born in Jerusalem
035-016:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK -
Elishama, born in Jerusalem
035-017:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK -
Eliada - Beeliada, born in Jerusalem
035-018:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK -
Eliphalet - Eliphelet
035-019:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 036: BOOK -
Tamar
035-020:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK - Nogah, born in Jerusalem
035-021:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK - Preacher-
Ecclesiastes;
                words of David's son
035-022:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 036: BOOK - Jerimoth
035-023:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (sons-) 036: BOOK - Sons (by concubines of David)
035-024:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (daus-) 036: BOOK - Daughters (by concubines of David)
Adopted:
Jonathan's lame (injured) son Mephibosheth,
(grandson of King
Saul); taken care of by King David.

Family Information:
David's Family

geography (location):
David was born in Bethlehem, in the territory of the Tribe of Judah
.
Archaeological Evidence of King David in Jerusalem Archaeological Park.

life:
David composed some of The Book of Psalms
1 Chronicles 29: 29
Now the acts of David the king, first and last, behold, they are written
in the book of Samuel the seer, and in the book of Nathan the prophet,
and in the book of Gad the seer . . . 
1 Chronicles 9: 1  So all Israel were
reckoned by genealogies; and, behold, they were written in the book
of the kings of Israel and Judah, who were carried away to Babylon
for their transgression. 
2 Samuel 8: 16  David's recorder of the chronicles.
[Double validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.
The book of Gad the "seer" implies that he possessed the Urim and Thummim.
Additional
records mentioned indicate further primary source data existed,
directly contradicting assumptions by some "biblical scholars", that initial
composition was created later, for the purpose of national historical fabrication.]

religion:
David:
Psalms (Psalms)

time period:
David lived during the time of the prophets:
-
Gad: Gad, the seer
- Nathan: Nathan
-
Samuel: Samuel
  -
The First Book of Samuel
  -
The Second Book of Samuel

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  Davidic Dynasty in Bible Prophecy
     - Jewish Messianism
     Davidic Line
     - Can We Prove Descent From King David?
       All we need is good evidence and records that
       go back that far and give convincing proof of our
       claim.  So far, available records cannot do it.  Some
       individuals rely on tradition and faith to back their claim.
     -
Davidic Dynasty: Family Trees and Charts - Links
       - Ashkenazi Jews
         - Baal Shem Tov
         - Judah Loew ben Bezalel
           -
Menachem Mendel Schneerson
       - Bagratid Dynasties
         -
Bagrationi Dynasty
         - Bagratuni Dynasty
       - Davidic Dynasty
       -
Exilarch
         Leaders of the Diaspora, the community of
Jews, following
         the
586 B.C. deportation of the population of Judah into
         Babylonian captivity, (after the destruction of the Kingdom
         of Judah).  The princely post was hereditary in a family
         that traced its descent from the Royal Davidic Line.
       - Haile Selassie I:
Ethiopian Emperors Family Tree
       -
Sephardi Jews: Early History of the Jews in Spain
         - Abravanel
         - Maimonides

B.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book VI - From the Death of Eli to the Death of Saul

C. 
Antiquities of the Jews - Book VII - From the Death of Saul to the Death of David

D. 
Antiquities of the Jews - Book VIII - From the Death of David to the Death of Ahab

E. 
Genealogy of Jesus



036:   JEDIDIAH - SOLOMON (the son of DAVID)

Family of [King] Jedidiah - Solomon:
Solomon

Marriages:
D&C 132: 38  David also received many wives and concubines,
and also Solomon and Moses my servants, as also many others
of my servants, from the beginning of creation until this time;
and in nothing did they sin save in those things which they received
not of me.

1 Kings 11: 1-13  But king Solomon loved many strange women,
together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites,
Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, and Hittites; . . . Solomon clave
unto these in love.  And he had seven hundred wives, princesses,
and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart.
For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, that his wives turned
away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with
the LORD his God, as was the heart of David his father. . . . And
likewise did he for all his strange wives, which burnt incense and
sacrificed unto their gods.  Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon,
Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant
and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend
the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant.

Married
Naamah an Ammonitess, mother of [King] Rehoboam - Roboam.

The Children of 036: [King] Jedidiah - Solomon
036-000:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 037: REHOBOAM - ROBOAM
036-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 037: BOOK - Basemath - Basmath; md. Ahimaaz.
036-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 037: BOOK -
Taphath; md. Ben-Abinadab.
036-003:   Unidentified children of [King] Jedidiah - Solomon may be listed
                  in the Biblical scriptures: The
Acts of Solomon, which are lost.
                  Conspicuously absent are the lack of mention of any sons or any
                  daughters of foreign wives, whose posterity might later claim
                  right to the Throne of JUDAH.  Intense scribal priesthood hostility
                  against [King] Solomon's idolatrous marital relationships, appears
                  in the lack of recorded information concerning other posterity.

Family Information:
2 Samuel 12: 24-25  [King] David sent by the hand of Nathan
the prophet; and he called Solomon's name Jedidiah,
because of the LORD. 
God save King Solomon.

geography (location):
Jedidiah - Solomon was a resident of
Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park.

life:
Jedidiah - Solomon and
proverbs of Solomon, the son of King David.
1 Kings 11: 41-43 
And the rest of the acts of Solomon, and all that he did,
and his wisdom, are they not written in the book of the acts of Solomon?
This is just one example of books noted in the Bible that are now lost.
And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty
years.  And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of
David [Jerusalem] his father: and Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 9: 29  Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, first and last, are
they not written in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the prophecy of
Ahijah the Shilonite, and in the visions of Iddo the seer against Jeroboam
the son of Nebat?  [A "
seer" implies that Iddo had the Urim and Thummim.
Multiple validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.]

religion:
Jedidiah - Solomon
built the Temple of Solomon.  The Tabernacle
in the wilderness, preceded
the construction of King Solomon's Temple.
First Temple sites, document
Har Habayit - The Temple Mount.  Current
data is available on Latter-day Saint Temples and Priesthood Ordinances.


time period:
Chronological Notes
- Jedidiah - Solomon lived during the time of the prophets:
  - Nathan: Nathan

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A
Proverbs [Book of Proverbs].  The Song of Solomon "is not inspired scripture."

B. 
As noted in
Ancient and Medieval Jewish History, edited by
     Leon A. Feldman, (1972), it cannot be denied that over the centuries,
     Palestine exported not only its excellent fruits, wine, and grapes but also
     grains.  It is known that there were large imports of manufactured articles
     and the importation of metals was a significant part of the economy.  From
     an economic standpoint, since Palestine paid for all these imports with the
     excess of its agricultural production, maximum return on the dollar
     [figuratively speaking], was also a key criteria in ancient times.  The
     population of Ancient Israel, circa 1000 B.C., has been approximated as
     Judah (450,000), Israel (1,350,000) and all of ancient Israel (1,800,000),
     with conquered peoples (3,000,000).  The City of Jerusalem was estimated
     as having a 15,000 to 20,000 total population.

C. 
"Patterns of Mobility Among Ancient Near Eastern Craftsmen", by Carlo Zaccagnini,
     of the University of Bologna, Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 42, Number 4
     (October 1983), notes the sending of specialized workers is well attested in
     the framework of the diplomatic relations of kings of the Late Bronze Age.
     The skilled workers were viewed as prestige goods, strictly bound to the
     organization of the temple and palace economic structure and are a direct
     consequence of the process of surplus accumulation.  Usually, the juridical
     status of artisans in metallurgy, etc., was of free, lifetime administrative status.
     Construction on the Temple at Jerusalem was completed circa 991 B.C.
     Phoenician lettering has been found on the bottom layer of stones, near the S.E.
     corner of the Jerusalem Temple Mount [
The Holy Temple Revisited, (1990)].

D.  The Jewish merchant class followed King Solomon's example and cemented
     local protection of their Diaspora group, by entering into marriages and having
     concubine contract agreements with local royalty and families in positions of
     authority.  King Solomon had at sea a navy of
Tharshish/Tarshish with the navy
     of
King Hiram I of Tyre, the capital of ancient Phoenicia]: once in three years
     came the navy of Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory and apes, and peacocks.

E.  David W. Tandy mentions in
Warriors into Traders, The Power of the
     Market in Early Greece, published 1997, that the tenth century [B.C.]
     relationship between Hiram and Solomon shows Hiram sending supplies
     of cedar and fir trees, gold and even laborers, and Solomon reciprocating
     with thousands of measures of wheat each year and other gifts.  This is
     corroborated by an early Egyptian historical document showing also the
     import of "forty ships of cedar logs", during the reign of Sneferu.
     When the Temple was completed, Solomon gave Hiram, King of Tyre,
     twenty "cities" in Galilee.  Hiram, though displeased, reciprocated by
     sending King Solomon six score talents of gold.  Dynastic contacts of
     Gentile Royalty with the priesthood royalty and military descendants of
     Abraham, are noted in the national history of the Jews, back to the time
     of
Balaam.  The concept of the God - Man Messiah: "there shall come
     a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel", was conveyed
     through commercial enterprise to the various Gentile Nations, the source
     from which the Greeks created their own fabulous legends: historic fiction
     handed down within Greek MythologyHerodotus re-dates the classical
     Greek connections as historical, no earlier than four hundred years prior
     to his lifetime, or circa 1000 to 900 B.C.:

     "Whence the gods severally sprang, whether or no they had
     all existed from eternity, what forms they bore- these are
     questions of which the Greeks knew nothing until the other day,
     so to speak.  For Homer and Hesiod were the first to compose
     Theogonies [
Theogony], and give the gods their epithets, to allot
     them their several offices and occupations, and describe their forms;
     and they lived but four hundred years before my time, as I believe.
     As for the poets who are thought by some to be earlier than these,
     they are, in my judgment, decidedly later writers.  In these matters
     I have the authority of the priestesses of Dodona for the former
     portion of my statements; what I have said of Homer and Hesiod
     is my own opinion." 
Thus the New Testament warning, "Neither give
     heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions,
     rather than godly edifying which is in faith: so do." 
Ephesus. Turkey

F. 
Keith Muckelroy, in Vol. 47, (Dec 1981), Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society,
     noted the witness for past trade exhibited by wreck-sites is in many respects
     superior to any other source; suggesting, in a very real sense they are
     'trade frozen in time'.  Importantly, "the evidence suggests a European-
     wide network of bronze exchange which operated separately from local
     arrangements for production and distribution."

     The long relationship between England and France is validated in Vol. III, of
    
An Economic Survey of Ancient Rome,  (1959), under the section concerning
     Roman Britain mining and minerals, the subject Tin.  It appears that west
     Cornwall [England] was well populated and in close touch with Brittany
     and Ireland, and after 1000 B.C., "they became much closer, and local finds
     demonstrate frequent imports, . . . these include objects from Gaul, the
     Pyrenees, Numidia, Greece, and Cyprus."  Irish gold ornaments, obtained
     by excavations at Gaza, on the Mediterranean Sea near the Sinai Peninsula,
     have been dated to circa 800 B.C., as well as much earlier in time period.

     Ruaidhrí Ó Flaithbheartaigh, erroneously dates the Milesian invasion
     of Ireland, circa 1000 B.C., or about the time of King Solomon.
     According to M. Salomon Reinach, a well-known French anthropologist,
     (see L'Anthropologie, Vol. X, 1899, page 397), there was in 1000 B.C.
     an overland trade in tin between the British Islands and Thrace, or
     Macedonia.  
Writing was known to many branches of the Celts.  The
     earliest archeological evidence are finds in present day Italy that date
     to the 9th century B.C.  The Sea of
Thrace: "The Thracian Bronze Age
     was similar to that of Mycenaean Greece, and the Thracians had
     developed high forms of music and poetry, but their savage warfare
     led the Greeks to consider them barbarians.  Many Greek colonies—
     e.g., Byzantium on the Hellespont and Tomi (modern Constana) on
     the Black Sea—were founded in Thrace by c. 600 B.C.  The Greeks
     exploited Thracian gold and silver mines, and they recruited Thracians
     for their infantry.  Thrace was reduced to vassalage by Persia from
     c. 512 B.C. to 479 B.C., and Persian customs were introduced."

G
Antiquities of the Jews - Book VII - From the Death of Saul to the Death of David

H
Antiquities of the Jews - Book VIII - From the Death of David to the Death of Ahab

I.   Genealogy of Jesus



037:   REHOBOAM - ROBOAM (the son of JEDIDIAH - SOLOMON)

Family of [King] Rehoboam - Roboam:
Rehoboam - Roboam

Marriages:
A. 
Mahalath, the daughter of Jerimoth
B. 
Abihail, the daughter of Jesse's son Eliab
C. 
Maacah - Michaiah  - Michaiah, the daughter of Abishalom - Absalom - Uriel
D.  Fifteen other wives
E.  Sixty concubines

The Children of 037: [King] Rehoboam - Roboam
037-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 038: BOOK -
Jeush
037-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 038: BOOK -
Shamariah - Shemariah
037-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 038: BOOK -
Zaham
037-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 038: ABIA - ABIJAH - ABIJAM
037-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 038: BOOK -
Attai
037-006:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 038: BOOK -
Ziza
037-007:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 038: BOOK -
Shelomith
037-008:   Begat twenty one unidentified sons.
037-009:   Begat sixty unidentified daughters.

Family Information:
geography (location):
Rehoboam - Roboam was a resident of Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park.

life:
Rehoboam - Roboam  1 Kings 14: 21  And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah.
Rehoboam was forty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen
years in Jerusalem, the city which the LORD did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put
his name there.  And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess. 
1 Kings 14: 29  Now
the rest of the acts of Rehoboam, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the
chronicles of the kings of Judah? 
1 Kings 14: 31  And Rehoboam slept with his fathers,
and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. 
2 Chronicles 12: 15  Now the acts
of Rehoboam, first and last, are they not written in the book of Shemaiah the prophet,
and of Iddo the seer concerning genealogies?
[Double validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.]

religion:
Rehoboam - Roboam


time period:
Chronological Dating

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A Antiquities of the Jews - Book VIII - From the Death of David to the Death of Ahab

B.  Genealogy of Jesus



038:   ABIA - ABIJAH - ABIJAM (the son of REHOBOAM - ROBOAM)

Family of [King] Abia - Abijah - Abijam:
Abia - Abijah - Abijam

Marriage:
2 Chronicles 13: 21  But Abijah waxed mighty, and married fourteen wives.

The Children of 038: [King] Abia - Abijah - Abijam
038-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 039: ASA
038-002:   Unidentified twenty-one sons.
038-003:   Unidentified sixteen daughters.

Family Information:
In I Kings, xv. 2, his mother is said to have been Maachah, daughter
of Abishalom; this is confirmed by II Chron. xi. 20 in its account of the reign
of Rehoboam.  But in II Chron. xiii. 2 she is called "Michaiah, the daughter
of Uriel of Gibeah"

geography (location):
Abia - Abijah - Abijam was a resident of Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park.

life:
Abijam  1 Kings 15: 7-8  Now the rest of the acts of Abijam, and all that he
did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
 . . . And Abijam slept with his fathers; and they buried him in the city of
David: and Asa his son reigned in his stead. 
2 Chronicles 13: 22  And the
rest of the acts of Abijah, and his ways, and his sayings, are written
in the story of the prophet
Iddo.
[Double validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.]

religion:
Abia - Abijah - Abijam (3)  From the account in I Kings, xv. 1-8, where
he is called Abijam, it would appear that he was a wicked ruler,
"who walked in all the sins of his father," and that it was only for
the sake of David, his ancestor, that the royal line was continued in him.

time period:
Chronological Notes

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A
Antiquities of the Jews - Book VIII - From the Death of David to the Death of Ahab

B. 
Genealogy of Jesus



039:   ASA (the son of ABIA - ABIJAH - ABIJAM)

Family of [King] Asa:
Asa

Marriage:
1 Kings 22: 42  Azubah the daughter of Shilhi

The Children of 039: [King] Asa
039-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 040: JEHOSHAPHAT - JOSAPHAT

Family Information:
geography (location):
Asa was a resident of Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park.

life:
Asa
  2 Chronicles 16: 11-14  And, behold, the acts of Asa, first and last, lo,
they are written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel. . . . And Asa
slept with his fathers, and died in the one and fortieth year of his reign. 
And they buried him in his own sepulchres, which he had made for himself
in the city of David, and laid him in the bed which was filled with sweet
odours and divers kinds of spices prepared by the apothecaries' art:
and they made a very great burning for him.  
1 Kings 15: 23
The rest of all the acts of Asa, and all his might, and all that he did,
and the cities which he built, are they not written in the book
of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?  Nevertheless in the time
of his old age he was diseased in his feet.
[Double validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.]

religion:
Azariah son of Oded and Hanani the Seer, both admonished Asa.
Asa was a religious reformer, putting down impure worship
with an unsparing hand (I Kings xv. 11-15).
time period:


Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A
Antiquities of the Jews - Book VIII - From the Death of David to the Death of Ahab

B. 
Genealogy of Jesus



040:   JEHOSHAPHAT - JOSAPHAT (the son of ASA)

Family of [King] Jehoshaphat - Josaphat:
Jehoshaphat - Josaphat
Marriage:

The Children of 040: [King] Jehoshaphat - Josaphat
040-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 041: JEHORAM - JORAM
040-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 041: BOOK - Azariah
040-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 041: BOOK -
Jehiel
040-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 041: BOOK -
Zechariah
040-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 041: BOOK -
Azariahu
040-006:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 041: BOOK -
Michael
040-007:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 041: BOOK - Shephatiah

Family Information:
geography (location):
Jehoshaphat - Josaphat was a resident of Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park.
Named geographically: Valley of Josaphat.

life:
Jehoshaphat
  1 Kings 22: 48  Jehoshaphat made ships of Tharshish to go to
Ophir for gold: but they went not; for the ships were broken at Ezion-geber.
2 Chronicles 17: 12  And Jehoshaphat waxed great exceedingly; and he built
in Judah castles, and cities of store. 
1 Kings 22: 41-45  Now the rest of the acts
of Jehoshaphat, and his might that he shewed, and how he warred, are they not
written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
 
2 Chronicles 20: 34
Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat, first and last, behold, they are written
in the book of Jehu the son of Hanani, who is mentioned in the book of the
kings of Israel.
[Double validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.]

religion: 
Jehoshaphat - Josaphat  2 Chronicles 19: 8  Moreover in Jerusalem
did Jehoshaphat set of the Levites, and of the priests, and of the chief
of the fathers of Israel, for the judgment of the LORD, and for controversies,
when they returned to Jerusalem.

time period:
He lived during the time of the prophets:
- Elijah: Elijah
  In Ant. 8.13.2, the drought in Israel in the days of Elijah (1 Kings 17 and 18)
  is equated, by Josephus, with a drought that
Menander of Ephesus said
  occurred in the days of Ethbaal (Ithobaal I, 878-847 BC), king of the Tyrians.
 
2 Kings 1:8 
And they answered him, [He was] an hairy man, and girt with a girdle
  of leather about his loins.  And he said, it [is] Elijah the Tishbite.
  In Hebrews 11: 37-40,
  mention is made by Paul that "God having provided some better thing for us, that they
  without us should not be made perfect."  This is a reference to the mission of Elijah,
  concerning temple ordinance work; or, in other words, acknowledgement of the need
  for Baptism for the Dead.  Paul further states in
1 Corinthians 15:29  "Else what shall they
  do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized
  for the dead?" 
Revelation 20: 12-15  And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before
  God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book
  of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books,
  according to their works.  Baptism for the dead is required of all mankind, to be placed
  in the Book of Life: (celestial, terrestrial, and telestial kingdoms, of which the sun, moon,
  and stars are
typical). . . . And whosoever was not found written in the book of life
  was cast into the lake of fire.
- Elisha: Elisha
- Jehu (Jehu son of Hanani), the son of
Hanani

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  The Power of Elijah:
Elijah - Elijah (Birth: Elijah's Chair - Godfather
)
     - Elijah and the Restoration of the Sealing Keys
     - Elijah's Mission
       His keys, powers and blessings from the Old Testament to the Latter Days.
     - Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine, Vols. 10-12, pg. 11 - Google™ Books

B. 
Antiquities of the Jews - Book VIII - From the Death of David to the Death of Ahab

C.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book IX
     From the Death of Ahab to the Captivity of the Ten Tribes

D. 
Genealogy of Jesus




041:   JEHORAM - JORAM (the son of JEHOSOPHAT - JOSAPHAT)

Family of [King] Jehoram - Joram:
Jehoram - Joram

Marriage:
Athaliah, was the daughter of (King)
Ahab and [his wife Jezebel,
who was the daughter of Ethbaal, King of Tyre (Phoenicia), and
the sister of Baal-Eser II, a King of Tyre, who was then succeeded
by his son Matgenus (
Mattan I) (840-832 BC)], who was the father
of Pygmalion (also known as Pu'mayyaton), king of
Tyre from 831
to 785 BC. 
Pygmalion had a sister named Dido, the wife of Sychaeus;
she the traditional founder and the first Queen of
Carthage.
In
Josephus's Against Apion, i.18. Josephus ends his quotation
of Menander with the sentence “Now, in the seventh year of his
[Pygmalion’s] reign, his sister fled away from him and built the
city of Carthage in Libya.” 
Pedigree: Ancient Milesius Ancestry
List of Kings of Tyre - Kings of the Sidonians (990 BC to 785 BC).
Athaliah should be listed as the grand-daughter of [King]
Omri.
The Atlas of the Ancient World, by Margaret Oliphant,  published
1992, page 30, relates that Phoenician ivory carvings decorated
the palace built by Omri, at his capital at Samaria.

 
2 Kings 9: 22
 And it came to pass, when Joram saw Jehu, that
he said, Is it peace, Jehu?  And he answered, What peace, so
long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts
are so many?

The Children of 041: [King] Jehoram - Joram
041-001:   Unidentified sons:
2 Chronicles 22: 1  And the inhabitants of
                  Jerusalem made Ahaziah his youngest son king in his
                  stead: for the band of men that came with the Arabians
                  to the camp had slain all the eldest.
041-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 042:
                  BOOK -
Jehoshabeath or Jehosheba [married Jehoiada]
041-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 042: AHAZIAH - AZARIAH - JEHOAHAZ

Family Information:
geography (location):
Jehoram - Joram was a resident of Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park.

life:
Jehoram - Joram  2 Kings 8: 16-24  And the rest of the acts of Joram, and all
that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of
Judah?  And Joram slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in
the city of David: and Ahaziah his son reigned in his stead.
[Validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.]

religion:
Jehoram - Joram 
2 Chronicles 21: 12  And there came a writing to him
from Elijah the prophet, saying, Thus saith the LORD God of David
thy father, Because thou hast not walked in the ways of Jehoshaphat
thy father, nor in the ways of Asa . . .

time period:
He lived during the time of the prophets:
-
Elijah: Elijah
  In Ant. 8.13.2, the drought in Israel in the days of Elijah (1 Kings 17 and 18)
  is equated, by Josephus, with a drought that
Menander of Ephesus said
  occurred in the days of Ethbaal (Ithobaal I, 878-847 BC), king of the Tyrians.
 
2 Kings 1:8 
And they answered him, [He was] an hairy man, and girt with a girdle
  of leather about his loins.  And he said, it [is] Elijah the Tishbite.
  In Hebrews 11: 37-40,
  mention is made by Paul that "God having provided some better thing for us, that they
  without us should not be made perfect."  This is a reference to the mission of Elijah,
  concerning temple ordinance work; or, in other words, acknowledgement of the need
  for Baptism for the Dead.  Paul further states in
1 Corinthians 15:29  "Else what shall they
  do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized
  for the dead?" 
Revelation 20: 12-15  And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before
  God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book
  of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books,
  according to their works.  Baptism for the dead is required of all mankind, to be placed
  in the Book of Life: (celestial, terrestrial, and telestial kingdoms, of which the sun, moon,
  and stars are
typical). . . . And whosoever was not found written in the book of life
  was cast into the lake of fire.
  - Elisha:
Elisha

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  The Power of Elijah:
Elijah - Elijah (Birth: Elijah's Chair - Godfather)
     - Elijah and the Restoration of the Sealing Keys
     - Elijah's Mission
       His keys, powers and blessings from the Old Testament to the latter days.
     - Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine, Vols. 10-12, pg. 11 - Google™ Books

B
Antiquities of the Jews - Book VIII - From the Death of David to the Death of Ahab

C. 
Antiquities of the Jews - Book IX
     From the Death of Ahab to the Captivity of the Ten Tribes

D. 
Genealogy of Jesus



042:   AHAZIAH - AZARIAH - JEHOAHAZ (the son of JEHORAM - JORAM)

Family of [King] Ahaziah -Azariah - Jehoahaz:
Ahaziah - Azariah - Jehoahaz
Marriage:
Zibiah of Beer-sheba

The Children of 042: [King] Ahaziah - Azariah - Jehoahaz
042-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 043: JEHOASH - JOASH

Family Information:
geography (location):
Ahaziah - Azariah - Jehoahaz was a resident of Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park;
wounded in Samaria, died at Megiddo and buried at Jerusalem.

life:
Ahaziah - Azariah - Jehoahaz  2 Kings 8: 25-29 and 2 Kings 9: 16-29
religion:
Ahaziah - Azariah - Jehoahaz

time period:


Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  The "
Black Obelisk" of Shalmaneser III (reigned 858-824 B.C.),
     mentions information about Jehu, King of Israel, concerning tribute,
     circa 841 BCE.  "The tribute of Jehu, son of Omri: I received from
     him silver, gold, a golden bowl, a golden vase with pointed bottom,
     golden tumblers, golden buckets, tin, a staff for a king [and] spears."
     Jehu caused the death of Ahaziah. 
2 Kings 9: 27  But when Ahaziah
     the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. 
     And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot.  
    
And they did so at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam.   And he
     fled to Megiddo, and died there.

B.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book IX
     From the Death of Ahab to the Captivity of the Ten Tribes

C. 
Genealogy of Jesus [missing link in pedigree]



043:   JEHOASH - JOASH (the son of AHAZIAH - AZARIAH - JEHOAHAZ)

Family of [King] Jehoash - Joash:
Jehoash - Joash
Marriages:
1. 
2 Kings 14: 2  Jehoaddan of Jerusalem
2. 
2 Chronicles 24: 3 And Jehoiada took for him two wives . . .

The Children of 043: [King] Jehoash - Joash
043-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 044: AMAZIAH
043-002:  
2 Chronicles 24: 27  Unidentified sons.
043-003:   
2 Chronicles 24: 3    Unidentified daughters.

Family Information:
geography (location):
Jehoash - Joash was a resident of Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park.

life:
Joash  2 Chronicles 24   Joash was seven years old when he began to reign,
and he reigned forty years in Jerusalem. . . . Now concerning his sons, and
the greatness of the burdens laid upon him, and the repairing of the house
of God, behold, they are written in the story of the book of the kings.
2 Kings 12: 19  And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, are
they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

[Double validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.]
religion:
Jehoash - Joash
time period:


Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book IX
     From the Death of Ahab to the Captivity of the Ten Tribes

B. 
Genealogy of Jesus [missing link in pedigree]



044:   AMAZIAH (the son of JEHOASH - JOASH)

Family of [King] Amaziah:
Amaziah

Marriage:
Jecholiah - Jecoliah of Jerusalem.

The Children of 044: [King] Amaziah
044-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 045: AZARIAH - OZIAS - UZZIAH

Family Information:
geography (location):
Amaziah was a resident of Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park.

life:
Amaziah  2 Kings 14: 18  And the rest of the acts of Amaziah, are they not
written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? 
2 Chronicles 25: 26
Now the rest of the acts of Amaziah, first and last, behold, are they not
written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel?

[Double validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.]
religion:
Amaziah

time period:


Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book IX
     From the Death of Ahab to the Captivity of the Ten Tribes

B. 
Genealogy of Jesus [missing link in pedigree]



045:   AZARIAH - OZIAS - UZZIAH (the son of AMAZIAH)

Family of [King] Azariah - Ozias - Uzziah:
Azariah - Ozias - Uzziah

Marriage:
Jerusha - Jerushah , the daughter of Zadok.

The Children of 045: [King] Azariah - Ozias - Uzziah
045-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 046: JOATHAM - JOTHAM

Family Information:
geography (location):
Azariah - Ozias - Uzziah was a resident of Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park.

life:
Azariah  2 Kings 15: 1  In the twenty and seventh year of Jeroboam
king of Israel began Azariah son of Amaziah king of Judah to reign.
2 Kings 15: 6
  And the rest of the acts of Azariah, and all that he did,
are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
[Validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.]

religion:
Azariah - Ozias - Uzziah

time period:
Azariah - Ozias - Uzziah lived during the time of the prophets:
-
Amos: Amos
  -
Book of Amos: Book of Amos
-
Hosea Hosea
  - Book of Hosea:
Book of Hosea

-
Isaiah: Isaiah (Isaiah)
  -
Book of Isaiah: Book of Isaiah
    -
Book of Mormon and the King James Bible
      Validates that only one prophet Isaiah
       wrote all of the Book of Isaiah.

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book IX
     From the Death of Ahab to the Captivity of the Ten Tribes

B. 
Genealogy of Jesus



046:   JOATHAM - JOTHAM (the son of
AZARIAH - OZIAS - UZZIAH)

Family of [King] Joatham - Jotham:
Joatham - Jotham
Marriage:

The Children of 046: [King] Joatham - Jotham
046-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 047: ACHAZ - AHAZ

Family Information:
geography (location):
Joatham - Jotham was a resident of Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park.

life:
Jotham  2 Chronicles 27: 1-9  Jotham was twenty and five years old when
he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. . . . Now the
rest of the acts of Jotham, and all his wars, and his ways, lo, they are
written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah. . . . And Jotham slept
with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David: . . .
2 Kings 15: 36
 
Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, and all that he did, are they not
written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
[Double validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.]

religion:
Joatham - Jotham

time period:
Joatham - Jotham lived during the time of the prophets:
-
Hosea Hosea
  - Book of Hosea:
Book of Hosea

-
Isaiah: Isaiah (Isaiah)
  -
Book of Isaiah: Book of Isaiah
    -
Book of Mormon and the King James Bible
      Validates that only one prophet Isaiah
       wrote all of the Book of Isaiah.
-
Micah: Micah
   - Book of Micah: Book of Micah
    
Bethlehem noted as the place of the anticipated Messiah’s birth.

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book IX
     From the Death of Ahab to the Captivity of the Ten Tribes

B. 
Genealogy of Jesus



047:   ACHAZ - AHAZ (the son of JOATHAM - JOTHAM)

Family of [King] Achaz - Ahaz
Achaz - Ahaz

Marriage:
2 Kings 18:2  Abi - Abijah, the daughter of Zachariah.

The Children of 047: [King] Achaz - Ahaz
047-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 048: EZEKIAS - HEZEKIAH
047-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 048: BOOK - Maaseiah

                 
2 Chronicles 28: 7  . . . slew Maaseiah, the king's son.
047-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (chldn) 048: BOOK -
                  Unidentified children, murdered by their own father.
                 
2 Chronicles 28: 1-3  Ahaz . . . burnt his children in the fire,
                  after the abominations of the heathen.

Family Information:
geography (location):
Ahaz was a resident of Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park.

life:
Achaz - Ahaz
Ahaz  2 Chronicles 28  . . . Now the rest of his acts and of all his ways, first and
last, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel. 
And Ahaz slept with his fathers, and they buried him in . . . Jerusalem . . .
2 Kings 16: 19  Now the rest of the acts of Ahaz which he did, are they
not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
[Double validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.]

religion:
Achaz - Ahaz


time period:
Achaz - Ahaz lived during the time of the prophets:
-
Hosea Hosea
  - Book of Hosea:
Book of Hosea

-
Isaiah: Isaiah (Isaiah)
  -
Book of Isaiah: Book of Isaiah
    -
Book of Mormon and the King James Bible
      Validates that only one prophet Isaiah
       wrote all of the Book of Isaiah.
-
Micah: Micah
   - Book of Micah: Book of Micah
    
Bethlehem noted as the place of the anticipated Messiah’s birth.

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A. 
King Ahaz’s Seal

B.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book IX
     From the Death of Ahab to the Captivity of the Ten Tribes

C. 
Genealogy of Jesus




048:   EZEKIAS - HEZEKIAH (the son of ACHAZ - AHAZ)

Family of [King] Ezekias - Hezekiah:
Ezekias - Hezekiah

Marriage:
Hephzibah

The Children of 048: [King] Ezekias - Hezekiah
048-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 049: MANASSEH - MANASSES

Family Information:
Hezekiah

geography (location):
Hezekiah was a resident of Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park.
- Archaeological Evidence: Hezekiah's Tunnel (Hezekiah’s Tunnel)

life:
Hezekiah  2 Kings 20: 20  And the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, and all his
might, and how he made a pool, and a conduit, and brought water into
the city, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of
Judah? 
2 Chronicles 32: 32  Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, and his
goodness, behold, they are written in the vision of Isaiah the prophet,
the son of Amoz, and in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel.
[Double validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.]

religion:
Hezekiah

time period:
Hezekiah (
LMLK Seal) lived during the time of the prophets (chronological notes):
-
Hosea Hosea
  - Book of Hosea:
Book of Hosea

-
Isaiah: Isaiah (Isaiah)
  -
Book of Isaiah: Book of Isaiah
    -
Book of Mormon and the King James Bible
      Validates that only one prophet Isaiah
       wrote all of the Book of Isaiah.
-
Micah: Micah
   - Book of Micah: Book of Micah
    
Bethlehem noted as the place of the anticipated Messiah’s birth.

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book IX
     From the Death of Ahab to the Captivity of the Ten Tribes

B. 
Antiquities of the Jews - Book X
     From the Captivity of the Ten Tribes to the First Year of Cyrus

C. 
Genealogy of Jesus




049:   MANASSEH - MANASSES (the son of EZEKIAS - HEZEKIAH)

Family of [King] Manasseh - Manasses:
Manasseh of Judah

Marriage:
Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah.

The Children of 049: [King] Manasseh - Manasses
049-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 050: AMON

Family Information:
geography (location):
Manasseh - Manasses was a resident of Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park.

life:
Manasseh - Manasses (2) King of Judah  2 Kings 21: 17  Now the rest
of the acts of Manasseh, and all that he did, and his sin that he sinned,
are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
2 Chronicles 33: 18  Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh, and his prayer
unto his God, and the words of the seers that spake to him in the name of the
LORD God of Israel, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel.
[Double validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.]

religion:
Manasseh - Manasses (#3)

time period:
Manasseh - Manasses lived about the time of the prophet:
-
Nahum: Nahum

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book X
     From the Captivity of the Ten Tribes to the First Year of Cyrus

B. 
Genealogy of Jesus




050:   AMON (the son of MANASSEH -MANASSES)

Family of [King] Amon:
Amon of Judah

Marriage:
Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah of Boscath.

The Children of 050: [King] Amon
050-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 051: JOSIAH - JOSIAS

Family Information:
geography (location):
Amon was a resident of Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park.

life:
Amon  2 Kings 21: 25  Now the rest of the acts of Amon which he did,
are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
[Validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.]

religion:
Amon
time period:
Amon lived about the time of the prophet:
-
Nahum: Nahum

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book X
     From the Captivity of the Ten Tribes to the First Year of Cyrus

B.  Genealogy of Jesus



051:   JOSIAH - JOSIAS (the son of AMON)

Family of [King] Josiah - Josias:
Josiah - Josias

Marriages:
Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of
Libnah.
Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah

The Children of 051: [King] Josiah - Josias
051-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 052: BOOK -
Johanan
051-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 052: BOOK -
Eliakim - Jehoiakim:
                married Nehushta; daughter of Elnathan ben Achbor of Jerusalem
                They had posterity. |
Genealogy of Jesus |
                - Jehoiachin's Rations Tablets mention Jeconiah ("Ia-'-ú-kinu");
                  five of his sons were recipients of food ration in Babylon.
                  King Jeconiah reigned three months and ten days,
                  from 09 Dec 598 to 15/16 Mar 597 BC; married _____ _____
                  They had posterity.
                  - Shealtiel [NOTE: Neri, if valid, is either the name of a wife
                    of Shealtiel, or another name used to identify Shealtiel.
                    Neri is connectively related at: 036: BOOK [Stick] of NATHAN,];
                    married _____ _____
                    They had posterity.
                    -
Zerubbabel | Genealogy of Jesus |; married _____ _____
                      They had posterity.
                      - Genealogy of Jesus - according to Luke
                        DESCENDING: Rhesa - Joanan - Joda - Josech - Semein - Mattathias -
                        Mahath - Naggai - Hesli - Nahum - Amos - Mattathias - Joseph - Jannai -
                        Melchi - Levi - Matthat - Heli - Joseph
                      - Genealogy of Jesus - according to Matthew
                        DESCENDING: Abiud - Eliakim - Azor - Zadok - Achim - Eliud -
                        Eleazar - Matthan - Jacob - [Joseph and Mary]
                        [Research Note:  Tremendous disparity between these two pedigrees,
                        19 versus 10 generations, suggests Matthew's account is a severely
                        compromised pedigree, noting the prior King list already is missing
                        four known rulers in the direct ancestral lineage. The variation in names
                        presented in the New Testament pedigree of Joseph, the civil husband
                        of Mary, the mortal mother of Jesus Christ, follows a traditional, historical
                        pattern in Jewish naming practices, especially in occupied countries.
                        It is commonly noted in Jewish genealogy sources that two or more names
                        were used by individual Jews to avoid persecution and prevent complete
                        identification by groups outside the family or the religious circle of friends.
                        In many instances, one or more given name(s) was/were used for secular,
                        or civil purposes and one for internal synagogue or religious use.
                        Without recourse to original documents in the era described, it is not
                        possible to verify the actual identity of persons, with differing names,
                        presented on the pedigree, in the same time period in the line of descent.
                        Royalty marriage practices over time show limited exclusive connections
                        to similar dynastic families. The presentation of the Royal Davidic pedigree
                        of Joseph, within the framework of the Jewish patriarchal society, suggests
                        the Davidic ancestry of Mary. Some consideration also should be given to
                        the variations in the pedigrees presented for Jesus Christ, as possible
                        differences created by one of the pedigrees following the biological
                        matriarchal lineage of Mary, the temporal mother of Jesus Christ;
                        and the other, being the patriarchal lineage of the civil husband,
                        Joseph, the step-father of Jesus Christ, the Messiah.]
                  - Malkiram
                  - Pedaiah
                  - Shenazzar
                  - Jekamiah
                  - Hoshama
                  - Nedabiah

051-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 052: MATTANIAH - ZEDEKIAH
051-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 052: BOOK -
Jehoahaz - Shallum of Judah

Family Information:
geography (location):
Josiah - Josias was a resident of Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park.

life:
Josiah  2 Kings 22: 1  Josiah was eight years old when he began to
reign, and he reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem.  
2 Kings 22: 8
And
Hilkiah the high priest said unto Shaphan the scribe, I have found
the book of the law in the house of the LORD.  And Hilkiah gave the
book to Shaphan, and he read it. 
2 Kings 23: 28  Now the rest of the
acts of Josiah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of
the chronicles of the kings of Judah? 
2 Chronicles 35: 25-27  . . . And
his deeds, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of the kings
of Israel and Judah.
[Double validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.]

religion:
Josiah - Josias 
2 Kings 23: 25  And like unto him was there no king
before him, that turned to the LORD with all his heart, and with all
his soul, and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses;
neither after him arose there any like him.

time period:
Considerable archaeological evidence exists, including a number
of "scroll-style" stamps which date to the reign of Josiah - Josias.
Josiah's reign validates that Israel, at that time, had in its actual
possession, the legislation of the Book of Leviticus, that established
the Sabbatical and Jubilee cycles.
 
Josiah - Josias lived during the
time of the prophets:
-
Jeremiah: Jeremiah - Jeremiah
  - Baruch ben Neriah (Scribe of Jeremiah)
    - Book of Baruch
      -
Letter of Jeremiah

  -
Book of Jeremiah
  -
Lamentations of Jeremiah
-
Nahum: Nahum
- Zephaniah: Zephaniah
  -
Book of Zephaniah

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A. 
Chronicle Concerning the Early Years of Nebuchadnezzar II

B.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book X
     From the Captivity of the Ten Tribes to the First Year of Cyrus

C. 
Genealogy of Jesus




052:   MATTANIAH - ZEDEKIAH
(the son of JOSIAH - JOSIAS)

Family of [King] Mattaniah - Zedekiah:
Zedekiah

Marriage:

The Children of 052: [King] Mattaniah - Zedekiah
052-001:  
DIRECT DESCENDANT (sons-) 053: BOOK - All of [King] Zedekiah's sons slain,
                  except
Mulek 2 Kings 25: 7
052-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 053: BOOK -
Mulek
                  In the
Book of Mormon, (another Testament of Jesus Christ),
                 
Mulek arrived from Jerusalem, circa 600 B.C., with his later
                  posterity living within the Western Hemisphere.  The City of Mulek
                  was located on the east borders by the seashore, or Gulf of Mexico,
                  in the Central American region.
052-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (daus-) 053: DAUGHTERS [
The Biblical TAMAR]
                 
Jeremiah 43: 5-11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . and the king’s daughters,
                  and every person that Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard had left
                  with Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Jeremiah
                  the prophet, and Baruch the son of Neriah.  So they came into
                  the land of Egypt: for they obeyed not the voice of the LORD: thus
                  came they even to Tahpanhes. 
Jeremiah 44: 14, 28  So that none
                  of the remnant of Judah, which are gone into the land of Egypt to
                  sojourn there, shall escape or remain, that they should return into
                  the land of Judah, to the which they have a desire to return to dwell
                  there: for none shall return but such as shall escape.  Yet a small
                  number that escape the sword shall return out of the land of Egypt
                  into the land of Judah, and all the remnant of Judah, that are gone
                  into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall know whose words
                  shall stand, mine, or theirs.  The small remnant of Judah in Egypt,
                 
Ezekiel 6:8  were scattered like Israel:  Yet will I leave a remnant,
                  that ye may have some that shall escape the sword among the
                  nations, when ye shall be scattered through the countries.

Family Information:
Zedekiah's only surviving son
Mulek, escaped from Jerusalem and became the
founder of the City of Mulek, located on the eastern side of the Continental Divide
watershed, that runs from the Seward Peninsula in Alaska, down to the tip of
South America.  It is crossed at the narrow neck of land by the Panama Canal.
The Hemispheric Geography Model of the Book of Mormon, assigns to the isthmus
of Panama, the designation of the "narrow neck of land".  The "land northward"
is indicated as being North America and the "land southward" being South America.
Consider the
underwater extension of the coastal plain, called the continental
shelf.  Within the Book of Mormon record is testimony of catastrophic alterations
of land and sea locations, during the approximate three hour time period designated
as occurring during the death of Jesus Christ.  The
continental shelf is an underwater
extension of the coastal plain, which would have been involved in the burial of cities
in water; also, mountains and hills and other land deformities occurred, simultaneously.
Using the
current extensions of the Central and South American continental shelf,
(as part of the depressed areas of surface land masses occurring at the death of Jesus;
those areas which swallowed up cities), would anciently position the narrow neck of
land, up a little farther north into Central America.  Northern South America, Central
America, and the Gulf of Mexico coasts must have been more gentle in slope, land
surface and height, with apparent larger coastal plains that extended farther into
the Gulf of Mexico, at the coming of Mulek.  Furthermore, at the coming of Christ
to the American Continent, the Book of Mormon testifies that chosen witnesses
lived to old age ("after we have lived unto the age of man": 72 years)
and the population as a whole was healed; thus, in top medical condition. 
Evidence is given stating a continuation of a superior unified society that lasted
for hundreds of years, beginning with an initial surviving group of many thousands. 
With such ideal conditions, including constant capacity to maintain ideal health
conditions [the Three Nephites], as well as the maximum coupling of all posterity
(low to zero infant mortality) and extended life cycles, the population growth
of this Christian Nation magnifies into mega millions of individuals, out
migrating far beyond local geographic Mesoamerica, and northwestern
South America, into all regions of South America, Central America,
and North America: the land of Zion. [This would include the full
exploration and commercial trafficking throughout all of North America;
which location had been populated earlier by the Jaredite nation,
and whose extensive cross continental ruins survived down to the time
of the later Book of Mormon migrations, thus being an effective means
of leaving a pattern of a former civilization, (that would have obviously
helped in the redirecting of restoration in formerly developed centers,
then abandoned, and to the full repossession of the land northward).
The Jaredites also "built a great city by the narrow neck of land, by the place
where the sea divides the land. And they did preserve the land southward
for a wilderness , to get game. And the whole face of the land northward
was covered with inhabitants. And they were exceedingly industrious,
and they did buy and sell and traffic one with another, that they might get gain." . . .]

Why Dowries? (pdf):  In ancient Near Eastern civilizations, ancient Greece,
thirteenth-century Byzantium, medieval western Europe, Arab Islam,
Japan from the Edo period, among the Germanic tribes in the high
Middle Ages, and among the Jews daughters could not receive
bequests unless there were no surviving brothers in their natal
households (BS, Section 2).  This exactly applies to the Milesians
taking of Ireland, within the time frame determined from the records
themselves, using no preconditioned biases, re: the daughters of the
King of Judah.  According to early Irish law, "a daughter with brothers
would not normally receive a portion of the inheritance in land, she
would inherit movable property.  However, should there be no sons,
some of the law tracts allow the daughter to inherit a limited portion.
However, unless her husband was a foreigner to the túath and had no
land of his own, the land would not descend to her sons, but instead
return to the other members of her agnatic kin group.  However, there
was apparently pressure for a woman with land to marry a relative to
keep the land within the kin group."  Social and commercial relations
between the peoples of the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula and
those of Brittany and the British Islands date back to very remote times.
Celtic Legacy in Galicia notes trade in tin between Ireland and Galicia
was already established.

Biblical Tamar =
Heremon [Eochaidh I, King in Ireland, the Heremon -
[
Érimón]].  [The Roll of the Kings: "Prince Erimon the youthful warrior,
his tomb was dug after a time of death in the silvery land of Ros Airget,
on Mag Cetne of charioteers."
]  Geographical connectedness found in:
{taw-mawr'} is from an unused root meaning to be erect; TWOT - 2523;
n m AV - palm tree 12; 12.  In relation to Irish genealogies is
Biblical
Tarah [Tarih] to geographical Teamhair (Tara), as well as to Nahor's
daughter Tipa with Tephi or Tea, as in
Biblical Tiphsah or Thapsacus.
Thus,
Biblical Tamar of Tahpanhes [Daphnae - "Castle of the Jew's
Daughter"], transformed into Irish records, is Tamar Tephi: an erect
stone over the grave of Tea; Temair is Tea Mur, "the Wall of Tea".
The Book of Invasions: Lebor Gabála Érenn.  Irish commentary relates
to the historical evidence about the allies of Egyptian Pharaoh
Necho II,
the Carians, described by Herodotos as being of Minoan descent.  Carians
were highly trusted security, anciently protecting the child king Joash:
[In the seventh year of Athaliah's reign, Jehoiada the priest summoned
the commanders, the Carite mercenaries, and the guards to come to
the Temple of the Lord.] 
Psamtik I, had his daughter Nitocris I adopted;
he was the father of Necho II.  Psamtik I established a garrison of foreign
mercenaries at Daphnae, mostly Carians and Ionian Greeks (
Herodotus
ii. 154).  These elite guards would later be able to protect the "Castle
of the Jew's Daughter"; i.e., the daughters of Zedekiah, who were also,
by Irish record sources, connected to, or "adopted" into Egyptian Royalty.
Necho II was father of
Psamtik II; grandfather of Apries, who had a  sister
Ankhnesneferibre, a political
adoption as the new God's Wife of Amun.

The Irish Mil genealogies are military, ship census and family
data, connected by historical time period after the Battle of Carchemish,
circa 605 B.C., when Tyre was forced to submit to the rule of Babylonia.
The various curses placed against the sons of Mil so that they could
not find Ireland again, are similar to "the curses leveled against Tyre
should it abrogate its treaty obligations"; i.e., the early data on Ireland
contacts reveal treaty and trade relationships.  Just as in the triad of
three Kings in Ireland, [Mac Cuill, Mac Cecht, and Mac Greine]: "May
Baal Shamaim, Baal Malagec and Baal Saphon raise an evil wind
against your ships to undo their moorings and tear out their mooring
pole, may a strong wave sink them in the sea and a violent tide [rise]
against you".

This curse, taken from Neo-Assyrian Treaties and Loyalty Oaths, c. 1988,
[as reviewed in Tyre "In the Heart of the Seas"] shows a cultural link
to Irish Texts, #394, "The druids of Ireland and the poets sang spells
behind them, so that they were carried far from Ireland, and were
in distress by reason of the sea."

Alyattes of Lydia, fourth king of the Mermnad dynasty.  His reign lasted from
circa 600 to 560; his father before him also fought with the Milesians.  Alyattes'
custom each year was to invade Milesian territory when the crops were ripe,
marching in to the music of pipes, harps, and treble and tenor oboes.  On arrival
he never destroyed or burned the houses  of the country, or pulled their doors off,
but left them unmolested.  He would merely destroy the trees and [seize the] crops,
and then retire. The reason for this was the Milesian command of the sea, which
made it useless for his army to attempt a regular siege; and he refrained from
demolishing houses in order that the Milesians, having somewhere to live, might
continue to work the land and sow their seed, with the result that he himself would
have something to plunder each time he invaded the country.  He employed this
strategy for eleven consecutive years, during which the Milesians suffered two
serious defeats, one in the neighborhood of the harbor district in their own country,
the other in the plain of the Meander.


geography (location):
Mattaniah - Zedekiah, resident of Jerusalem: Jerusalem Archaeological Park;
taken into
Babylonian captivity (died blind in Babylon).  The Babylonian epoch
dates formally from the accession of Nabopolassar in 626 B.C.E., but effectively,
as far as Judah was concerned, it ran from the Egyptian defeat at Carchemish
in 605 B.C.E. to the fall of Babylon in 539 B.C.E.

JUDEAN - IRISH CONNECTIONS: THE HISTORICAL FRAMEWORK
IR: The sons of Benjamin: . . . There was "an international conference
     held at the University of Tel Aviv, Israel", May 29-31, 2001, on:
    
Judah and the Judeans in the Neo-Babylonian Period .  The volume
     was copyrighted in 2003 by Eisenbrauns; edited by Oded Lipschits
     and Joseph Blenkinsopp.
     - Page 14 . . . Archaeological excavations support the continued existence
       of a considerable Israelite material culture in the Negev beyond doubt,
       particularly in the area of Benjamin, . . .
     - Page 66 . . . but based on analysis of the biblical texts--that the Babylonians
       did not devastate the northern part of the kingdom of Judah, that is, the
       territorial area of Benjamin . . . The Babylonians spared the area of Benjamin. 
       This is why many Judeans fled to Benjamin, and perhaps to the province of
       Samaria, including privileged families such as Gedaliah and Yaazaniah,
       priests, and many vinedressers, as we learn from the wine production in
       Gibeon and Mozah. . . .
     - Page 67 . . . The situation in Benjamin (or Transjordan) could not be analogous
       in any way to the situation in Judah proper . . .
     - Page 71 . . . Judah proper was a land with no state or capital, . . . no significant
       economic activities or trade (except in Benjamin) . . .
     - Page 158 . . .  Greek presence in the Cisjordan, via both trade and physical
       presence, began during the second half of the seventh century B.C.E.  Evidence
       of trade is provided by imported Corinthian and east Greek pottery . . .
     - Page 159 . . . Evidence for the continued presence of Greek trading ventures
       in the western Levant during the sixth century is supplied by . . .  The Babylonian
       extermination of the Philistines ended Greek imports into Cisjordan proper via
       Philistine contacts but appears to have left trade intact within the empire at
       large, including Cisjordan, via the Egyptians and Phoenicians. {2}
     - Page 310 . . . Archaeological evidence for the Neo-Babylonian period . . .
       Excavations show most of the settlement in the area of the former tribal
       territory of Benjamin, north of Jerusalem. . . .
     - Page 333 . . . As long as the city [Jerusalem] had not recovered, there was no
       economic basis for villages and farms in Jerusalem's immediate environs; the
       villages and farms that were maintained were located in the Benjamin region,
       north of the city, and in the Bethlehem district in the south.
     - Page 346 . . . the region of Benjamin . . . according to the biblical accounts,
       was the center of Judah in the period following the destruction of Jerusalem.
       . . . had four important, central settlements that were not destroyed by the
       Babylonians and, indeed, even flourished during the sixth century B.C.E.
     - Page 347 . . . at the beginning of the sixth century B.C.E. . . . Mizpah . . .
       had become a governmental and administrative center, noteworthy for its
       storehouses and the number of relatively large residential buildings . . .
     - Page 350 . . . The gradual impoverishment of the settlement in the region
       of Benjamin took place at the end of the sixth and the beginning of the fifth
       centuries B.C.E. . . .
     - Page 351 . . . In the northern part of the Judean Hills, the settlement and
       historical processes between the seventh and fifth centuries B.C.E., were
       similar to those of the region of Benjamin.
     - Page 364 . . . From Table 3.  Estimate of Total Population of Judah at the
       End of the Iron Age and in the Persian Period, by Regional Distribution,
       for Benjamin, went from 28,750 at the end of the Iron Age to 12,500 in the
       Persian period, a difference of 16,250 people. . . . There "is no evidence
       of a deportation from either the region of Benjamin or the northern Judean
       Hills", suggesting that major colonization did occur through economic trade
       contacts, in this time period, for those elite groups, who were not interested
       in becoming second class status citizens to the new centralized leadership
       in the resettlement of Jerusalem.
     - Page 365 . . . Parallel to this, with the shift of the political and religious hub to
       Jerusalem, a rapid dwindling in population took place in the Benjaminite region.
       Apparently, part of the region's inhabitants migrated out of the province . . .
       [I again note: Jewish foreign contact [IN IRELAND], is found in the Hebrew
       word "Ir", meaning "city" [Irish Texts Society Vol. XLIV - Ir] or "town" as
       presented in the word structure of #428, wherein Ir s. Mil, . . . of his progeny
       are Fergus s. Roig with his numerous COMMUNITIES, and Conall Cernach
       with his numerous COMMUNITIES.]
     - Page 438 . . . the Babylonians seem to have left the area of Benjamin relatively
       undisturbed . . . it was to their advantage to spare this area, if only to exploit it
       as a source of supplies during a siege of uncertain duration. . . .
     - Page 483 . . . Mixed marriages between the long-established and culturally
       influential Babylonian urbanites and foreigners were in one direction: the
       Babylonians would marry alien wives, but they did not give their daughters
       in marriage to non-Babylonians.  We would expect Babylonians, who were
       the influential group in their country, to marry accultured foreign wives, but
       we would hardly expect urbanite Babylonians to give their own daughters
       in marriage to foreign commoners.  [IR to IRELAND suggests a similar pattern
       of an acculturated Jewish marriage into the influential established Irish Royalty.]


Handbook of Greek Archaeology, Chapter II, pages 47 - 52, notes the Carians
had been the inventors of armour, and that they introduced handles to their
shields, which previously had been carried by means of leather thongs round
the neck and left shoulder.  The Carians were a fighting race; we know them
as mercenaries in Egypt assisting Psarnrnetichos in the latter half of the 7th
century B.C. 
An Account of Egypt notes certain Ionians and Carians who had
sailed forth for plunder were compelled to come to shore in Egypt, and they
having landed and being clad in bronze armour, one of the Egyptians, not
having before seen men clad in bronze armour, came to the fen-land and
brought a report to Psammetichos that bronze men had come from the sea
and were plundering the plain.  So he, perceiving that the saying of the
Oracle was coming to pass, dealt in a friendly manner with the Ionians
and Carians, and with large promises he persuaded them to take his part.

Then when he had persuaded them, with the help of those Egyptians who
favoured his cause and of these foreign mercenaries, he overthrew the kings.
Having thus got power over all Egypt, Psammetichos made for Hephaistos
that gateway of the temple at Memphis which is turned towards the South Wind;
and he built a court for Apis, in which Apis is kept when he appears, opposite
to the gateway of the temple, surrounded all with pillars and covered with
figures; and instead of columns there stand to support the roof of the court
colossal statues twelve cubits high.  Now Apis is in the tongue of the Hellenes
Epaphos.  To the Ionians and to the Carians who had helped him Psammetichos
granted portions of land to dwell in, opposite to one another with the river Nile
between, and these were called “Encampments”; these portions of land he
gave them, and he paid them besides all that he had promised: moreover
he placed with them Egyptian boys to have them taught the Hellenic tongue;
and from these, who learnt the language thoroughly, are descended the present
class of interpreters in Egypt.  Now the Ionians and Carians occupied these
portions of land for a long time, and they are towards the sea a little below
the city of Bubastis, on that which is called the Pelusian mouth of the Nile.

These men king Amasis afterwards removed from thence and established
them at Memphis, making them into a guard for himself against the Egyptians:
and they being settled in Egypt, we who are Hellenes know by intercourse
with them the certainty of all that which happened in Egypt beginning from
king Psammetichos and afterwards; for these were the first men of foreign
tongue who settled in Egypt: and in the land from which they were removed
there still remained down to my time the sheds where their ships were
drawn up and the ruins of their houses.  [Encamp gives the idea of an enclosure,
or protection, as within the canopy of marriage obligations; thus, they were given
land, not wives, which assures the said royalty link is biblical Hebrew ancestry,
not Egyptian; i.e., Scota, the daughter of Pharaoh, etc., are historical grants of
enclosed lands called “Encampments".  They "came to the fen-land", as in
"Fenechas", the law of the Feni, or the freemen of Ireland.]  [The name of
Scotland is later derived from the Latin Scoti, the term applied to Gaels
Its
origins are found in Herodotus
, The Fourth Book, Entitled Melpomene. 
From
Leipoxais sprang the Scythians of the race called Auchatae; from Arpoxais,
the middle brother, those known as the Catiari and Traspians; from Colaxais,
the youngest, the Royal Scythians, or Paralatae.  All together they are named
Scoloti, (Skodiai, Scotti, Skoloti) after one of their kings: the Greeks, however,
call them Scythians.]

One important word in the
Carian language is gela, translated king.
Ancient Languages of Asia Minor notes "The largest number of Carian
texts consist of tomb inscriptions and graffiti left by Carian mercenaries
in Egypt, dating from the seventh to the fifth centuries BC. " Indication of
Hebrew influence is found in right to left writings in Egypt and left to right
in Caria, proper.  Hebrew Royalty [biblical] and Carians connected in both
ancient Israel and in Egypt. Local Turkish Caria: Geyre
Míl Espáine, his
given name was Golam or Galamh.  The Tyrrhenian [Tirrén] Sea is part
of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy.  It is bounded by
Corsica and Sardinia (west), Tuscany, Lazio, Campania, and Calabria (east),
and Sicily (south).  Gela (Sicily) founded around 688 BC by colonists from
Rhodes and Crete.  Noting another important word in the Carian language
is banda, translated victory.  eDIL Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
translates banda as womanly. 
Ireland itself was known in ancient times as
'the island of Banda of the women' (Condren, 1989).  Rivers were also identified
with Ireland's goddess culture
.  Stevens, L. and Maclaran, P. ‘Exploring the Celtic
Narrative in Advertising:
Goddess Culture and the Lexicon of Perfumery',
Journal of Strategic Marketing, February, 2007, pp. 29-39.

life:

Mattaniah - Zedekiah  1 Chronicles 9: 1  So all Israel were reckoned by
genealogies; and, behold, they were written in the book of the kings of
Israel and Judah, who were carried away to Babylon for their transgression.

[Double validation of primary source documentation for genealogy records.]

[It was the Hebrews that adopted the Egyptian religion: Jeremiah 44 - 46.
Then all the men which knew that their wives had burned incense unto
other gods, and all the women that stood by, a great multitude, even all
the people that dwelt in the land of Egypt, in Pathros, answered Jeremiah,
saying, As for the word that thou hast spoken unto us in the name of the Lord,
we will not hearken unto thee.  But we will certainly do whatsoever thing
goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven,
and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers,
our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem:
for then had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil.  But since we
left off to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings
unto her, we have wanted all things, and have been consumed by the sword
and by the famine.  And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven,
and poured out drink offerings unto her, did we make her cakes to worship her,
and pour out drink offerings unto her, without our men?   Tara was the center
of the high kings of Ireland, where elaborate rites occurred between future high
kings of Tara and the goddess Medb.  Lia Fáil was thought to be magical: when
the rightful High King of Ireland put his feet on it, the stone was said to roar in joy.
The stone is also credited with the power to rejuvenate the king and also to endow
him with a long reign.  This shows knowledge of drugs and Egyptian burial ideology
conveyed to Ireland.  "There are many hints and suggestions in the fragments of
ancient Irish history that have come down to us of the former existence of a matriarchate
throughout the country; indeed it is evident that the early historians were much puzzled
by what seemed to them an anomaly, and laboured to invent explanations of some of
the relevant facts which they recorded.  It is noteworthy that all the famous assembly-
places and palaces of Ireland -- such as Tara, Emain Macha, Tlachtga, Tailltiu, etc.
-- had traditions attaching to them ascribing their foundation or inauguration to women."

Note carefully that women were making offerings without "our men".  In other
words, the Hebrews in Egypt, many who had lost their husbands in war, had
become core pagan, (as pagan as the records in Ireland show), declaring allegiance
as the "daughter of Pharaoh"; even though the Hebrew and Egyptian records validate
their physical ancestry was Hebrew.  Egyptian links in
Strabo on the Land of the Jews.
"O thou daughter dwelling in Egypt, furnish thyself to go into captivity: for Noph shall be
waste and desolate without an inhabitant.  The daughter of Egypt shall be confounded;
she shall be delivered into the hand of the people of the north."  This does not suggest
that Jeremiah went to Ireland, or was involved in any way with the pagan Hebrew
women, after they rejected his suggestions on how to conduct themselves; becoming
(adopted) pagan daughters of the queen of heaven.  Thus Biblical Tamar of Tahpanhes
[Daphnae - "Castle of the Jew's Daughter"], transformed into Irish records, is Tamar Tephi:
an erect stone over the grave of Tea; Temair is Tea Mur, "the Wall of Tea".] 
Ezekiel 30: 18
. . . At Tehaphnehes also the day shall be darkened, when I shall break there the yokes
of Egypt: and the pomp of her strength shall cease in her: as for her, a cloud shall cover
her, and her daughters shall go into captivity. . . . And I will scatter the Egyptians among
the nations, and will disperse them through the countries. [Daughters: blood or allegiance.]

The Carians in Egypt were cut off from their homeland and the Hebrew women,
having become the "daughters of Egypt", were also cut off from their homeland.
The Carians, with connections via Carthage to the North Sea, were driven out of
North Africa; first into the Iberian region; from which, as mercenaries, they took
over Ireland from local kings who had broken key trade arrangements, by murder
and warfare.

[Carthaginian commerce was by sea throughout the Mediterranean and far into
the Atlantic and by land across the Sahara desert.  According to Aristotle, the
Carthaginians and others had treaties of commerce to regulate their exports
and imports.  The empire of Carthage depended heavily on its trade with
Tartessos and other cities of the Iberian peninsula, from which it obtained
vast quantities of silver, lead, and, even more importantly, tin ore, which
was essential to the manufacture of bronze objects by the civilizations of
antiquity.  Its trade relations with the Iberians and the naval might that
enforced Carthage's monopoly on trade with tin-rich Britain and the
Canary Islands allowed it to be the sole significant broker of tin and
maker of bronze.  Maintaining this monopoly was one of the major
sources of power and prosperity for Carthage, and a Carthaginian
merchant would rather crash his ship upon the rocky shores of Britain
than reveal to any rival how it could be safely approached.]


religion:
Mattaniah - Zedekiah (#3)
The Stone of Scone also commonly known as the Stone of Destiny or the Coronation
Stone is an oblong block of red sandstone, about 26 inches by 16 inches by 10.5 inches
in size and weighing approximately 336 pounds.  The top bears chisel-marks.
At each end of the stone is an iron ring, apparently intended to make transport easier.
Research geologists mapping the ancient Egyptian stone quarries have identified
a seven-and-half-mile stretch of road covered with slabs of sandstone and limestone
and even some logs of petrified wood.  The pavement, they concluded, facilitated
the movement of human-drawn sleds loaded with basalt stone from a nearby quarry
to a quay for shipment by barge across the lake and on the Nile to construction sites. 
There is absolutely no evidence Jeremiah ever went to Ireland; nevertheless,
Jeremiah 45: 5
  Baruch had a guarantee from God that his life would be protected.
Baruch was a "prize of war" in every place where he went because of his scribal
and reading capacities.  The Jewish pattern in the Irish royalty reveals a connective
relationship, in the keeping of the number of ships, as well as names of "chieftains"
and "servitors", outside family pedigree.  Ramses II, Nebuchadnezzar and Jeremiah


The reasonable explanation for the Stone of Destiny relates [to Jeremiah
and his famous prophecy - to that day when he took "great stones in his hand,
and placed them with mortar in the brick-work which was at the entry of the
Pharoah's House in Tahpahnes.]  [This 'brickwork, or pavement' at the entry
of Pharoah's House has always been a puzzle to translators; but as soon as
we began to uncover the plan of the palace, the exactness of the description
was manifest; for here, outside the buildings adjoining the central tower, I
found by repeated trenchings an area of continuous brickwork resting on sand,
and measuring about 100 feet by 60 feet, facing the entrance to the buildings
of the east corner.  The roadway ran up a recess between the buildings,
and this platform, which has no traces of superstructures, was evidently
an open-air place for loading and unloading goods. . . ]  Historical evidence
suggests that any stone taken to Ireland, was for loading and unloading
goods from ships; i.e., a shore anchor for ships to quickly tie onto, taken
to foreign beaches, for attacking from obscure points in enemy territory.


time period:
Mattaniah - Zedekiah is found in the official
records of Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II.
- Chronicle C
oncerning the Early Years of Nebuchadnezzar II
Mattaniah - Zedekiah lived during the time of the prophets:
-
Daniel: Daniel - Daniel
  - Book of Daniel:
Book of Daniel
    - Cylinder of Nabonidus
-
Ezekiel: Ezekiel
  - Book of Ezekiel
-
Jeremiah: Jeremiah - Jeremiah
  - Baruch ben Neriah (Scribe of Jeremiah)
    - Book of Baruch
      -
Letter of Jeremiah

  -
Book of Jeremiah
  -
Lamentations of Jeremiah
-
Lehi: Lehi
  -
Book of Lehi

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  BOOK of MORMON and the BIBLE:
     -
Book of Mormon and the King James Bible
       Validation that only one prophet Isaiah wrote all of the Book of Isaiah.
       - Timeline of Book of Mormon Chronology: Jerusalem and Environs
     - Journal of the Book of Mormon & Other Restoration Scripture
       - Hebrew Origin of Some Book of Mormon Place Names
         Stephen D. Ricks, and John A. Tvedtnes - Volume 6 - Issue 2
       -
Lehi in the Samaria Papyri and on an Ostracon from the Shore of the Red Sea
         Jeffrey R. Chadwick - Volume 19 - Issue 1

     - LDS.org: Ensign - Ensign and New Era Magazines
       - Victor L. Ludlow, "Jewish Migrations,"; May 1972, pg. 18
       - Hugh Nibley, "The Lachish Letters: Documents from Lehi’s Day"; Dec. 1981, pg. 48
       - Keith Meservy, "Ezekiel’s Sticks and the Gathering of Israel"; Feb. 1987, pg. 4
       - Garth A. Wilson, "The Mulekites,"; Mar. 1987, pg. 60
       - "Recent Studies on the Book of Mormon,"; June 1989, pg. 50

     - List of Book of Mormon People
       -
Hebrew Names in the Book of Mormon (pdf)
       -
Lehi: Lehi
         -
Book of Lehi: Lost 116 Pages
         - Lehi’s Family Tree
           In the Book of Mormon, (another Testament of Jesus Christ), the
           family of Lehi and his associates came from Jerusalem circa 600 B.C.,
           taking a route near the seacoasts, down the area of the Red or Arabian
          
Sea.  Anciently, there were spice routes running parallel to both sides
           of the Red Sea, by which way merchants brought their products to Egypt
           for use in the art of embalming their dead
and for burning in ritual and
           domestic contexts.  [
Oxford Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 13, No. 2,
           July 1994, "
Incense, Camels and Collared Rim Jars: Desert Trade
           Routes and Maritime Outlets in the Second Millennium, pages 121-148,
           with the
proposed incense trade routes shown in Figure 11, page 132.]
           The prophet
Lehi and his group, in particular his son
Nephi [Nephi],
           built boats and traveled across the Pacific Ocean.

           Lehi belonged to an elite Jewish merchant class.  He possessed gold,
           silver, tents and other precious things, suggesting commercial knowledge
           in the transportation of goods and services.  Lehi was of the House of Joseph
           in Egypt, as was
Laban [Laban].  Laban had in his possession, the record
           of the Jews and the genealogy of the forefathers written upon brass plates.
           Laban
was a mighty man [high military officer of the Jerusalem region],
           who commanded fifty servants [soldiers] on a regular basis.  He could be
           called upon in time of emergency to lead tens of thousands in military
           combat ("Laban and his fifty, yea, or even than his tens of thousands"). 
           Laban associated with the elite leaders of Jerusalem, personally eating
           and drinking with the Elders of the City.

           T
he untimely demise of this chief military leader and record keeper was
           discovered
under
suspicious circumstances: the finding of the family
           property of Lehi in Laban's
household possessions, as well as the complete
           disappearance of two prominent Jerusalem
families.  An alert would have
           gone out to every
possible location, from the highest quarters of Jerusalem,
           to recover the Jewish national heritage:
The Brass Plates of Laban.  The
           Plates contained the five books of Moses in the
original, giving an account
           of the creation of
the world, and also of
Adam and Eve.  There was also a
           record of the Jews from the
beginning to the commencement of the
reign
           of Zedekiah, King of Judah.
  Lehi could not go due west from Jerusalem,
           as there were numerous Jewish colonists in the North African region, part
           of Eretz Israel [The Babylonian Talmud, Vol. 8, Seder Nashim, Chapter I,
           Gittin, pages 1, 26-27].  Lehi came from Jerusalem, taking a wilderness
           escape route, near the Arabian seacoasts, down by the area of the Red Sea.
           [
Lehi went down by the Red Sea to the great Southern Ocean, and crossed
           over to this land, and landed a little south of the Isthmus of Darien, and
           improved the country according to the word of the Lord, as a branch of
           the house of Israel.  Joseph Smith, Jr. - Teachings . . .]


B
Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship

C
Reformed Egyptian
     Peter Martyr d'Anghiera (1456/7-1526), Medieval eyewitness, wrote
     De Orbe Novo Decades, of which the Fourth Decade is addressed to
     Pope Leo X; included in The Decipherment of Ancient Maya Writings,
     c 2001.  Peter Martyr d'Anghiera was of noble descent who, at court,
     "served as a preceptor for noble children . . . [in] the Spanish monarchy
     . . . and royal chronicler in 1520 . . ."   In the province of Yucatan,
     "A large number of this manner of books or notebooks were found by
     the conquerors when they entered that province; and certain priests
     that entered to preach the holy gospel when that province had just
     been conquered burned all or most, . . ."  [Clearly, many early Christian
     missionaries destroyed Indian manuscripts in Yucatan and elsewhere.]

     "We have said that these people have books, . . . they write upon are
     some sheets of a certain thin inner tree bark . . .there is a hard cloth
     that separates the outer layers, like nets with holes and narrow mesh,
     and they besmear them with a strong pitch.  . . . From little tablets of
     fig wood are made the books that the administrators of the great houses
     carry with them to the markets, and with a metal bodkin they jot down
     what they buy, to erase it when they have transferred it to their account
     books. . . ."

     "The characters are very different from ours: . . . they greatly resemble
     Egyptian forms.
 Between the lines are marked out figures of men and
     animals, principally of kings and magnates, by which one can believe
     that there are there written the deeds of each king's ancestors, as we
     see done in our own time, that often in general histories and in fabulous
     codices the printers insert figures of those who did what is being recounted,
     to stimulate those who might want to buy them."


     "Also, the upper tablets are agreeably arranged with wood; when these
     books are closed, it appears that they are no different from ours.  Also, it is
     believed that they write in their books the laws, sacrifices, ceremonies, rites,
     astronomical annotations, and certain computations, and manners and times
     of planting."

     Tomas Lopez Medel (1509-82), wrote ca. 1565 "And this manner of letters
     and writing was not understood unless learned, and it was known only . . .
     the priests and some caciques."

     Similar to  the Jews, "They [the priests] taught the sons of other priests,
     and the second sons of the lords, who took them for this purpose from childhood,
     if they noticed they had an inclination for this profession."   Diego de Landa
     "believed that Native American books were tainted by superstition, and he
     readily tells how (written ca. 1566) they were burned."

D.
Oxyrhynchus Papyri

E. 
DOI: Documents of Ireland - CELT

F. 
Sons and Descendants:
     A Social History of Kin Groups and Family Names in the Early Neo-Babylonian Period

G.  Antiquities of the Jews - Book X
     From the Captivity of the Ten Tribes to the First Year of Cyrus




053:   DAUGHTERS [The Biblical TAMAR] (daughters of MATTANIAH - ZEDEKIAH)

Family of the Unidentified - Possible daughters
of [King] Mattaniah - Zedekiah
[The Biblical Tamar]:
Jewish Biblical patterns within the Irish pedigrees are found
in the data concerning Tamar Tephi.  Worship of the Jewish
One God concept turns into Celtic Idol Worship.  Zedekiah,
last King of Judah (597-586 B.C.), means "my justice is Yahweh",
or "The Lord (is) righteousness".  [Mattaniah].  Irish Tea, is listed
as the daughter of Lughaidh [LIGHT or RADIANCE], the son of
Ioth, son of Breoghan, a son of Bratha [judgment, gu bràth, for ever
(pron. gu bràch) "till Judgment", so Irish, Old Irish bráth, judgment,
Welsh brawd, Middle Breton breut, Gaulish bratu-, *brâtu-; *brâ,
*bera, judge, decide . . .]
[Jeremiah 43: 6-7  Even men, and
women, and children, and the king’s daughters, and every person
that Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard had left with Gedaliah
the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Jeremiah the prophet,
and Baruch the son of Neriah.  So they came into the land of Egypt:
for they obeyed not the voice of the Lord: thus came they even
to Tahpanhes.] 
Chapter 2: The Buried Cities of Ancient Egypt

from Pharaohs Fellahs and Explorers. by Amelia Edwards.

Cin Drom Snechta
Historians say that there were exiles of Hebrew
women in Erinn at the coming of the sons of Milesius, who had been
driven by a sea tempest into the ocean by the Tirrén Sea.  They were
in Erinn before the sons of Milesius.  They said, however, to the sons
of Milesius [who, it would appear, pressed marriage on them], that
they preferred their own country, and that they would not abandon
it without receiving dowry for alliance with them.  It is from this
circumstance that it is the men that purchase wives in Erinn for ever,
whilst it is the husbands that are purchased by the wives throughout
the world besides.  Change of political power and out migration to other
areas occurs when Apries attempted to protect Libya from incursions by
Dorian Greek invaders.  His efforts here backfired spectacularly as his
forces were mauled by the Greek invaders.  When the defeated army
returned home, a civil war broke out between the indigenous Egyptian
army troops and foreign mercenaries in the Egyptian army.


Marriage:
"Tea, daughter of Lughaidh, son of Ith, whom Eremhon married
in Spain, to the repudiation of Odhbha, was the Tea who requested
of Eremhon a choice hill, as her dower, in whatever place she should
select it, that she might be interred therein, and that her mound and
her gravestone might be thereon raised, and where every prince ever
to be born of her race should dwell.  The guarantees who undertook
to execute this for her were Amhergin Gluingeal and Emhear Finn.
The hill she selected was Druim Caein, i.e. Teamhair.  It is from her
it was called, and in it was she interred."

This pattern of thought, in Middle Eastern historical tradition, is reflected
by
Dido - Elissa (Queen of Carthage).  Elissa asked the local inhabitants
for a small bit of land for a temporary refuge until she could continue
her journeying, only as much land as could be encompassed by an oxhide.
They agreed.  Elissa cut the oxhide into fine strips so that she had enough
to encircle an entire nearby hill, which was therefore afterwards named
Byrsa "hide".  Jewish marriage to outside royalty connections is reflected
in the
Book of Esther, in the third year of Ahasuerus [Xerxes I], who ruled
from 486 to 465 B.C.  Xerxes was the son of
Darius I of Persia, a direct line

descendant of Teispes of Anshan; listed on the family tree as the great-
grandfather of
Cyrus the Great.  The genealogy of Mordecai, who was
the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite, attests to
the fact that the Tribe of Benjamin had obtained influence over time,
within the courts of the Persian Empire; yet hiding their heritage identity.
The Targum Sheni gives Mordecai's genealogy in more detail, as follows:
"Mordechai, son of Ya'ir, son of Shim'i, son of Shmida, son of Baana,
son of Eila, son of Micah, son of Mephibosheth, son of
Jonathan, son
of Saul, son of
Kish, son of Aviel, son of Tzror, son of Bechorath, son
of Aphiah, son of Sh'charim, son of Uziah, son of Sheshak, son of
Michael, son of Elyael, son of Amihud, son of Shephatya, son of Psuel,
son of Pison, son of Malikh, son of Jerubaal, son of Yerucham, son of
Chananya, son of Zavdi, son of Elpo'al, son of Shimri, son of Zecharya,
son of Merimoth, son of Hushim, son of Sh'chora, son of 'Azza, son of
Gera, son of Benjamin, son of Jacob the firstborn, whose name is
called Israel."  "And he brought up Hadassah, that is, Esther, his uncle's
daughter: for she had neither father nor mother, and the maid was fair
and beautiful; whom Mordecai, when her father and mother were dead,
took for his own daughter." [
Antiquities of the Jews - Book XI]


The Children of 053: Daughters
[The Biblical Tamar] of Mattaniah - Zedekiah:

053-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son ) 054 IRIA[E]L FAID[H] - [Íriel Fáid]
                 Tamar Tephi's son Iria[e]l Faid[h], is noted as "prophet"; his son:
                 E[i]thria[e]l[l]
is a learned king who writes a history and clears seven
                 large woods and much advance made in the practice of agriculture.
                 He is killed.  This shows a pattern between Hebrew religious non
                 veneration of groves and trees and replacement (killed) by Conmaol.
                 Foll[a][i]ch] - Follain, the direct line heir, is kept out of the Monarchy
                 by Conmaol.  Tighernmas -
Tigernmas, son of Foll[a][i]ch] - Follain,
                 restores ancient Irish pagan tradition, returning to idols and sun worship.

                Family Information Continued



Family Information - Pedigree of Husband: (of the Biblical Tamar)
Though Solomon and his associates were religious in nature, they were not
identified as prophets.  The journey to Ireland parallels Elissa, circa 800 B.C.
Ancient Milesius Ancestry notes that
"Under the leadership of Lamhfionnxe
"Lamhfionn" the family removed from Scythia to a place in Libya near Carthage.
Scythians are known to have invaded Syria and Judea and sacked Nineveh and
Babylon.  At the Museums:  All that Glitters is Scythian.  Objects include bronze
weapons and sculptures, silver and bone ornaments, Scythian and Greek ceramics,
massive stone sculptures, and, of course, gold.  See warrior's equipment and horses.

After remaining in Lybia for eight (8) generations, they removed to Brigansa
in
Portugal."  The History of Carthage notes
King Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon
was conducting the 13 year siege of Tyre starting from 585 B.C.  Carthage became
independent of her mother city in political matters about this time.  Historically,
Carthage stationed troops and some type of central administration in Sardinia
and Spain to control her domain. The cities, in return for surrendering these
privileges, obtained Carthaginian protection, which provided the fleet to
combat piracy and fought wars needed to protect these cities from external
threats.  Milesians (Irish) migration, after eight generations, from the area
of Carthage, follows the colonist trading expansion pattern, established
by Carthage.  Additionally, the Milesian invasion, within its proper context,
relates to Carians, associated with the Sythians, who spread south to ancient
Israel and east to Italy (Sicily), associated with Greece; from the area of modern
Turkey, down to Egypt; with ancient Hebrew - Egyptian connections, at Tahpanhes,
with the Royal daughters of the King of Judah, that are attested to within Irish
written historical records, kept before the 6th century, handed down and filtered.

LAMHFIONN, born circa 955 B.C.;
 
died near where Carthage was built.  Philistos of Syracuse dates founding
  of Carthage to c. 1215 B.C
.  This tradition makes the family native to the area,
  prior to and coextensive with the coming of Queen Dido, ca. 814/813; 825 B.C.
  Listed as father of:

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  041  JEHORAM - JORAM (the son of JEHOSOPHAT - JOSAPHAT)
     Athaliah, was the daughter of (King)
Ahab and [his wife Jezebel, who
     was the daughter of Ethbaal, King of Tyre (reign 878 – 847 BC), and
     the sister of Baal-Eser II, a King of Tyre, who was then succeeded
     by his son Matgenus (
Mattan I) (840-832 BC)], who was the father
     of Pygmalion (also known as Pu'mayyaton), king of Tyre from 831
     to 785 BC. 
Pygmalion had a sister named Dido, the wife of Sychaeus;
     she is noted as the traditional founder and the first Queen of
Carthage.
     In
Josephus's Against Apion, i.18. Josephus ends his quotation of
     Menander with the sentence “Now, in the seventh year of his
     [Pygmalion’s] reign, his sister fled away from him and built the
     city of Carthage in Libya.”  According to these fragmentary records,
     Hebrew influence was part of the pedigree connections, shown by:
     "
Heber Glunfionn, son of Lamhfionn, b. Getulia (Lybia); d. Getulia (Lybia).
     His descendants were kings or chief rulers there for eight generations."

Heber GLUNFIONN, born circa 930 B.C.
[Coextensive with
Ethbaal, King of Tyre, born 915 BC.  He made all of Phoenicia
its territory as far north as Beirut, including Sidon, and even a part of the island of
Cyprus.  At the same time, Tyre also built new overseas colonies: Botrys (now
Batroun)
near Byblos, and Auza in Libya.
  Eth-baal: Bible Names, listed as a king of Sidon, during
an earlier period of (B.C. 940-908), the father of Jezebel, who was the wife of Ahab
.
Name affiliation suggests Hebrew family connections at more than one point
in the pedigrees;
also noted Kings Solomon & David:
List of Kings of Tyre - Kings of the Sidonians (990-785 BC).
]
  Listed as father of:

Agnan FIONN, born circa 905 B.C.
  Listed as father of:

Febric GLAS, born circa 870 B.C.
  Listed as father of:

NENUALL, born circa 845 B.C.
  Listed as father of:

NUADADH - NUADHAD, born circa 820 B.C.
  [Carthage founded ca. 814/813 B.C.;
  approximates "His posterity continued
  there to the eighth generation; and
  were kings or chief rulers there
  for one hundred and fifty years"]
  Listed as father of:

ALLADH, born circa 795 B.C.
  Listed as father of:

ARCADH - AREADH, born circa 770 B.C.
  Listed as father of:

DEAG[H], born circa 745 B.C.
  Listed as father of:

BRATH, born circa 720 B.C.
[
As in Brait, a rough diamond - Origin: Cf. W. Braith variegated,
Ir. Breath, breagh, fine, comely; a variation: Brath.  The name
diamond is derived from the ancient  Greek adámas, "proper",
"unalterable", "unbreakable, untamed", from (a-), "un-" + (damáō),
"I overpower, I tame", a characteristic of Carian - Scythian warriors.
]
  Listed as father of:

BRIGUS - BREOGHAN, born circa 695 B.C.
  Listed as father of:

BILE, born circa 670 B.C.
  Listed as father of:

MILESIUS - GALAMH - [
Míl Espáine], born circa 645 B.C.  [Born with the name Golam or
Galam, Míl (born of the kings of the city of Miletus) remembers druid Caicer's prophecy
that he and his people would settle in Ireland.  This corresponds to Psammetichos
,
when he had sent to the Oracle of Leto in the city of Buto, where the Egyptians
have their most truthful Oracle, there was given to him the reply that vengeance
would come when men of bronze appeared from the sea.  And he was strongly
disposed not to believe that bronze men would come to help him; but after no
long time had passed, certain Ionians and Carians who had sailed forth for plunder
were compelled to come to shore in Egypt, and they having landed and being clad
in bronze armour, one of the Egyptians, not having before seen men clad in bronze
armour, came to the fen-land and brought a report to Psammetichos (
Psamtik I)
that bronze men had come from the sea and were plundering the plain.  "Upon
his arrival in Egypt , Pharaoh Nectonibus, after learning of his great valor, wisdom
and conduct in arms, made him General of his forces against the king of Ethiopia.
At this time the Ethiopian’s were invading Egypt.  Milesius once again was victorious,
(Carian: Banda or Victory). . ." Pharaoh Nectonibus appears as a corruption of Psamtik I
(also spelled Psammeticus or Psammetichus) with his known and given daughter Nitocris I
(alt. Nitiqret, Nitokris I) or Nito - metichus (Necto - nibus); (prenomen: Nebetneferumut)
]
He was the father of: HEREMON [Érimón], born circa 620 B.C. = [The Biblical TAMAR]

"The fleet of the sone of Milidh came to Ireland . . . , to take it from
the Tuatha De Dananns; and they fought the battle of Sliabh Mis with
them on the third day after landing.  In this battle fell Scota, the daughter
of Pharaoh, wife of Milidh; and the grave of Scota is to be seen between
Sliabh Mis and the sea."  [
Mummies Found in Outer Hebrides (Scotland)
"Analysis showed . . . bodies had been preserved using naturally occurring
acids and peat bogs."  
The Annals of the Four Masters provides added
written evidence of an ancient Egyptian practice.  M3959.1
"The seventeenth year of Slanoll in the sovereignty; [Slanoll son of
Ollamh Fodla, son of Fiachaidh Fionscothach, son of Seadna, son
of Art, son of Airtre, son of Eibric, son of Eibhear, son of Ir, son of Milidh]
and he died, at the end of that time, at Teamhair Tara, and it is not known
what disease carried him off; he was found dead, but his colour did not
change.  He was afterwards buried; and after his body had been forty
years in the grave, it was taken up by his son, i.e. Oilioll mac Slanuill,
and the body had remained without rotting or decomposing during this
period.  This thing was a great wonder and surprise to the men of Ireland."

Indication of conveyed knowledge, adjusted to local conditions, preservation
process and climate.


Cannibalism is related to the practice of headhunting and European Celts
nailed heads of personal enemies to walls, etc.  The practice continued
approximately to the end of the Middle Ages in Ireland and the Scottish
marches. The head housed a person's soul.  Local efforts were made to
preserve bodies by the process of bogs and tree products.  Veneration
of trees is validated by Ogham; referred to as the "Celtic Tree Alphabet",
based on a High Medieval Bríatharogam tradition ascribing names of trees
to the individual letters.  Trees provided bark for writing, other products
(resin) for body preservation, tools and human comforts.  Sometimes, a
"biological body" genealogy appears to have been created, composed
of various family relatives.  Bodies were preserved using naturally
occurring acids and peat bogs, not eaten; they did not devour them.

Later statements on "Cannibalism" in Ireland appear as misunderstanding
of the burial customs; i.e. Strabo (63/64 BC – ca. AD 24)  relates how
the inhabitants of Ireland are even more savage (agrioteroi) than those
of Britain 'since they are man-eaters (anthropophagoi) . . . and since they
count it an honourable thing when their fathers die, to devour (katesthiein)
them' (4.5.4).  This does confirm the historical fact in Ireland of a male
dominated hereditary society:  High King and sub kings; mummy being
used in display as a figure for hereditary authority descent, even as the
Egyptian Pharaoh was both religious and political leader, the bridge
between life and death.  To eat, drink; figuratively, the word means
to enjoy or sometimes table fellowship.  Thus, Celtic or Gaels table
convocations: "the body had remained without rotting or decomposing
during this period.  This thing was a great wonder and surprise to the
men of Ireland."  The Hebrew term (usually katesthiein in the LXX)
can denote consuming by the sword, fire, heat, hunger and sickness,
and divine wrath.  In warning or laments, we also find "to destroy".


One of the Bog Men used hair gel, made of vegetable plant oil mixed
with resin from pine trees found in Spain and southwest France.  Prior
to this time, Egyptians imported timber and resin from the city of Byblos,
for building and mummification (cedar sawdust for mummification and
the resin, known as Cedria, for embalming.)
  London Medical Dictionary
notes cedria is the pitch, or resin, that distils from the cedar tree; and the
cedrelaeum is an oil obtained from the pitch or resin, and which swims
above it in boiling, and is collected with wool. 
Pedanius Dioscorides
remarks, that the best cedria is thick, pellucid, and of a nauseous smell;
when poured out it does not spread, but collects in drops, and preserves
dead
bodies from putrefaction. 
Before the advent of anesthesia, medical
surgery was a terrifying prospect.  Its victims could suffer indescribable
agony. 
Herodotus
describes how the Scythians inhaled hemp vapours
to induce insensibility.  Hemp was first cultivated and then burned like
incense in closed rooms.  The effect was intoxication and then oblivion.
[4.75] The Scythians, as I said, take some of this hemp-seed, and, creeping
under the felt coverings, throw it upon the red-hot stones; immediately it
smokes, and gives out such a vapour as no Grecian vapour-bath can
exceed; the Scyths, delighted, shout for joy, . . .(Eight sons of Galamh
of the shouts, who was called Milidh of Spain).  Their women make
a mixture of cypress, cedar, and frankincense wood, which they pound
into a paste upon a rough piece of stone, adding a little water to it.
With this substance, which is of a thick consistency, they plaster their
faces all over, and indeed their whole bodies.  A sweet odour is thereby
imparted to them, and when they take off the plaster on the day following,
their skin is clean and glossy.


Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  The Roll of the Kings mentions in The Kings After Érimón:
     And his three sons took the kingship of Ireland, namely Muimne, Luigne, and Laigne;
     and they divided Ireland into three parts. Muimne died of plague in Gruachu. Luigne
     and Laigne fell in the battle of Árd Ladrann at the hands of the sons of Éber, Ér,
     Orba, Ferón, Fergna, in the third year of their reign.  Eber and Er (Ir) are defined
     as part of the Hebrew language vocabulary. 
Ér, Orba, Ferón, Fergna, A season
     had they in the kingship, till they fell at the hands of Íriel Fáid son of Érimón.

B. 
DOI: Documents of Ireland
- CELT



Family Information ContinuedFamily of the Unidentified - Possible Daughters
Record keeping in antiquity; in an era where the word was the law.  "In the
beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God"
is a statement right out of ancient history.  This is why it was so tremendously
important for medieval church scribes to attach ancient pagan documents to
earlier biblical text.  It was life or death.  In the ancient country of Ireland,
medieval church scribes willfully injected fabrications into official pagan
documents, so that they would look distorted and unreliably corrupted,
even though connected to the biblical origins (gentile, not semitic); when
compared to the more enlightened religious Christian philosophy, as it
was being expounded within the transmission process from a druid
dominated, to priestly directed high king, sub kings hierarchy.

geography (location):
Ora Maritima, written in the fourth century A.D. by the Roman
Avienus incorporated information from the sixth century B.C.
sailing manual called the Massaliote Periplus.  Sea journeys
were made by Tartessan and Carthaginian merchant venturers
from southern Iberia, northwards to Brittany, Albion [Britain]
and Ireland in order to trade with the natives.  "From here it is
a two-day voyage to the Sacred Isle, for by this name the ancients
called the island.  It lies rich in turf among the waves, thickly
populated by the Hierni.  Nearby lies the island of the Albiones.
The Tartessians were accustomed to trade even to the edge of
the Oestrymnides.  The Carthaginian colonists and people around
the Pillars of Hercules frequented these waters.  Four months
scarcely is enough for the voyage, as Himilco the Carthaginian
proved by sailing there and back himself."  Rufius Festus Avienus
claims he is revealing information recorded by Himilco in the annals
of the Carthaginians.

The Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. XVI, (January-October 1957),
has the article: "
The Problem of Ancient Oriental Shipping on the North Sea",
by Bertil Lundman. He states that on all the Frisian Islands [See: Frisian and Free,
Study of an ethnic minority of The Netherlands, by
Cynthia Keppley Mahmood, 1989],
quite a number of people with huge curved noses and darker coloring are found.
There are also instances of a similar type found in the coastal areas of the British Isles.
These darker skin colored people, with slightly thick lips, have almost "Jewish" noses,
and convex "Iberian, nay Assyrian profiles". This is similar to the population of
Cornwall, England with Semitic traces of the Jewish-Armenoid type.  Significantly,
as noted by Fig. 4- Ancient sea routes between Asia Minor and the North, include
connections to Cyprus, the Etruscans, southern Spain, northwest France, western
Ireland, south and west England, including both the passage through the English
Channel and that around the north of Scotland. "Mixed Armenoid types similar to
those found in western Europe exist in an area from southwestern Arabia" and
along the Persian Gulf, thence east and southwards along the western and south-
western coast of India.  This continues on down to Ceylon and even a little way
along the southernmost part of the eastern coast, in Tinnevelly. [The name of an
ancient non-Aryan, Tamil Kingdom at the extreme southern tip of the Indian
peninsula, as mentioned in The Hindu World, Vol. 2, pages 180-181.]

life:
Kinship is the foundation of Ancient Brehon Laws of Ireland, that is similar
to Jewish land holding regulations that required a land grant to a servant
to be retained only until the servant's year of liberty; then it reverted back
to the family of the prince.  Animals were critical to the survival of the clan,
in Ireland and ancient Israel.  Brehon law has linguistic foundations going
back to 1000 B.C.: Affinity Between the Hebrew Language and the Celtic.

"The laws were originally written in the Bearla Feini, the Fenian dialect
of Gaelic." 
Irish Kingship includes regulations going back in time to holders
of the office of Aaronic High Priest in ancient Israel, whose lineage is given
in the Book [Stick] of Levi.  In the eyes of the law, an Irish King must be
beyond reproach (innraic), nor could he be guilty of theft, nor could he
have any physical blemish. 
In biblical and Temple times, when a Kohen
became physically infirm, he could no longer serve During the period
of the Holy Temple, Kohanim were required to abstain from wine and all
strong drink while performing their priestly duties
Críth Gablach notes
how the king spends his week: Sunday is for drinking ale, Monday is for
judging, Tuesday is for playing fidchell, Wednesday is for watching hounds
hunt, Thursday is for sexual union, Friday is for racing horses, and Saturday
is for judging".
  An example from one commentator: ["Sencha MacColl Cluin
was not wont to pass judgment until he had pondered upon it in his breast
the night before."  This probably refers to a judgment in a grave case involving
human life.  Judges of the Hebrew nation in early times were accustomed
to fast the night and morning before passing a death sentence.]


religion:
Isaiah was a prophet in the 8th-century BC Kingdom of Judah. His prediction
concerning female mutilation is time period relevant. 
 Isaiah 3:17 reads,
in regard to the daughters of Zion, "the Lord will uncover their pot."  Strabo
notes the successors of Moses, from superstition arose cliterodectomy; this
debilitating practice formerly introduced within ancient Egyptian conquests.
Thus, compelling evidence from Egyptian practices, that Hebrew women fled
to Ireland under Carian influence, as a benefit to both groups, to escape from
local power conflicts. 
"Daphnae was supposed to have been built in the time
of the 26th dynasty in about 664 BC and existed until about 565 BC."
  In Ireland,
women had more respect than in continental Europe or the Middle Eastern area.
Ireland itself was known in ancient times as 'the island of Banda of the women'.

time period:

Mattaniah - Zedekiah (#3) and
Nebuchadnezzar II
Recent findings [of Writings of the Celts] include several inscriptions in
Lepontic Celt, including a bronze tablet unearthed at Golasecca (Italy)
dated the 6th century BC, . . .

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A. 
In Irish Mythology, The Sons of Mil are incorrectly placed within

     the context of the Mythological Cycle, due to the reworking of Irish
     genealogies to fit into the chronology of Greek and biblical ancestry.
     Independent evaluation, using internal and historical evidence,
     confirms them as part of the Historical Cycles of Ireland.  Biblical
     evaluation concurs, that
Milesians (Irish) migrations, only become
     credible as historical. within the time period of the prophet
Jeremiah.
     Carthage, according to Roman legend , was founded in 814 B.C., by
     Phoenician colonists under the leadership of Elissa - Queen Dido,
     as noted in the List of Kings of Tyre.  Migration points were Cyprus
     and perhaps Malta [Ovid,
Fasti 3.567f].  Carthage, recorded by Greeks
     as Byrsa, or "oxhide"; that established on land encompassed by strips of
     an oxhide.  History of Ireland, by Keating (1905) notes use of bull's hides
     by druids, who spread out the hide of a sacrificed animal, the raw side up.
    
Full text of "The History of Ireland"

B. 
The Roll of the Kings
, published in Vol. 44 of Irish Texts Society,
     has various redactions.  Queen Tea had sureties for the place of her
     burial, before coming to Ireland.  This suggests royal lineage and
     that the marriage occurred PRIOR to the arrival in Ireland, re:
     Poem no. LXXXVI, #485.

     The records additionally show data connecting the expedition of the
     Sons of Mil with the Cruithne who came from the land of Thracia, by
     intermarriage. . . .
     Section VIII-- The Sons of Mil, #396, suggests that Erimon deserted
     a first wife Odba in Spain and took Tea in her stead.  Section VIII--
     The Sons of Mil, #424, notes Seng, daughter of Refloir as wife of Mil;
     another apparent wife of Mil, NOT Erimon, is the said Scota, daughter
     of Pharao.  Ir is born in the Sea of Thrace.  "Mil had six sons of Scota
     and two sons of the Spanish woman" . . .  The births of the children of
     Mil suggest contacts with Scythia, Egypt, Thrace, the Marshes and Spain.

     Ir is of Hebrew origins, appearing in
1 Chronicles 7: 6-12.  The name
     means "city" or "town".  Verse 6:  The sons of Benjamin: Bela, Becher,
     and Jediael, three.  The sons of Bela:  Ezbon, Uzzi, Uzziel, Jerimoth and Iri,
     five, heads of ancestral houses, mighty warriors; and their enrollment by
     genealogies was twenty-two thousand thirty-four. . . . Verse 12:  And
     Shuppim and Huppim were the sons of Ir, Hushim the son of Aher.
     "Verses 6-11 are taken from a military census document." . . .

     Jewish foreign contact is found in the Hebrew word "Ir", meaning "city"
     [Irish Texts Society, Vol. XLIV - Ir] or "town" as presented in the word
     structure of #428, wherein Ir s. Mil, . . . of his progeny are Fergus s. Roig
     with his numerous COMMUNITIES, and Conall Cernach with his numerous
     COMMUNITIES.

C DOI: Documents of Ireland - CELT - The Roll of the Kings



054:   IRIAL FA[ID/LIT]H - IRIEL FAID - [Íriel Fáid] (Son of Heremon =
053 The Biblical Tamar).
         An educated King who could foretell things to come (prophesy);
         also built palaces and cleared much of the country's ancient forests.
         "At the end of this, the tenth year of the reign of Irial Faidh,
         son of Eremon, he died at Magh Muaidhe."  Emphasis on the sacred
         is validation of Irish ancient economic man: "The important role for
         the sacred in the making of contracts; the performance of magical
         technology; the substitution of memory, recitation, and symbolic
         gestures for general literacy; the emphasis on professional standards
         and maintaining a good name (Then said Ith: Work just righteousness,
         for good is the land wherein ye dwell; plenteous its fruit, its honey, its
         wheat and its fish; moderate its heat and its cold.); the prominence of
         women in entrepreneurial roles; and, more generally, the elevation
         or extension of familial ties . . . as facilitators of economic growth
         and well-being in a world of otherwise high transaction costs."
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa 575 -
570s BC] Listed as father of: 055

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



055:   E[I]THRIA[E]L[L] - ETHRIEL - [Ethriel]
Listed as son of: 054
         Credited with personally writing the history of the Gaels (or Gadelians).
         "The twentieth year of the reign of Eithrial, son of Irial Faidh, son of
         Eremon, when he fell by Conmhael, son of Emer, in the battle of Raeire.
         It was in the reign of this Eithrial that these plains were cleared: . . . "
         He was the last of the chieftains who arrived in the invasion of the sons
         of Míl to rule Ireland.
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa 550 -
550s BC] Listed as father of: 056

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



056:   FOLL[A[I]CH - FOLLAIN - [Follach] Listed as son of: 055
         Denied the Monarchy by Conmaol.
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa 525 -
520s BC] Listed as father of: 057

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



057:  TIGHERNMAS - TIGERNMAS - [Tigernmas] Listed as son of: 056
         Set up and worshipped idols and introduced rank distinction
         by the wearing of colors.  "It was by Tighearnmas also that
         gold was first smelted in Ireland, in Foithre Airthir Liffe."
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa 500 - 509–500 BC] Listed as father of: 058

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



058:   ENBOTH - EANBOTAH [Enboth] Listed as son of: 057
         Divided the Kingdom.
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa
475 BC] Listed as father of: 059

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



059:   SMIRGOLL - SMIORGUIL - SMIRNGHALL [Smirgoll] Listed as son of: 058
         Subjugated the Picts in Scotland.
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa
450 BC] Listed as father of: 060

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



060:   FIACH[A][DH]U LABRAINNE [
Fíachu Labrainne] Listed as son of: 059
         "This was the twenty fourth year, the termination of the reign of
         Fiacha Labhrainne; and he fell by Eochaidh Mumho, of Munster,
         in the battle of Bealgadan."
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa
425 BC] Listed as father of: 061

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



061:   ANGUS I - AO[E]NGUS OLMUCA[ID]CH - [
Óengus Olmucaid] Listed as son of: 060
         "After Aengus Olmucadha had been eighteen years in the sovereignty
         of Ireland, he fell in the battle of Carmann, by Enna Airgtheach. . . . the
         battle of Ros Fraechan, in Muirisc, in which fell Fraechan, the prophet . . ."
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa
400 BC] Listed as father of: 062

Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A. 
Belinus the Great was a legendary king of the Britons, as recounted
     by Geoffrey of Monmouth.  He was the son of Dunvallo Molmutius
     and brother of Brennius.  Belinus and Brennius merged their armies
     into one great one and invaded Gaul.  After a year of warfare, the
     joint army managed to submit all the Frankish kingdoms in Gaul to
     their authority.  Now with an even greater army,
Belinus lead his
     great army to the Italian peninsula and threatened to invade Rome.
     [In history, Rome was captured by an individual named Brennus,
     following the Battle of the Allia on July 18,
390 BC.]  When the brother
     of Brennius died, (Belinus the Great), he was succeeded by his son
     Gurguit Barbtruc.  When Gurguit Barbtruc was returning from a military
     voyage to Denmark, he came across a fleet of thirty ships of men and
     women, called Basclenses (Irish), under the leadership of Partholoim.
     Thus,
Partholón, leader of the second group of people to settle Ireland,
     appears synchronic to the era of Gurguit Barbtruc, which contradicts
     and makes completely fictitious, all of the listed time frames: "
2680 BC
     according to the chronology of the Annals of the Four Masters, 2061 BC
     according to Geoffrey Keating's  chronology, and the time of Abraham
     according to Irish synchronic historians."; as so presented according to
     the works of one of the major figures in the development of British history.

B
Navan Fort (Emain Macha) area, was inhabited circa 600 to at least 250 BC.
     Found in these layers was the skull of a Barbary Macaque
species, a monkey,
     commonly referred to as the "Barbary Ape", originating in the Atlas Mountains,
     which extend through Algeria, Morocco and
Tunisia.  King Solomon had at sea
     a navy of Tharshish with the navy of
King Hiram I of Tyre, the capital of ancient
     Phoenicia: once in three years came the navy of Tharshish, bringing gold, and
     silver, ivory and apes, and peacocks.  Macha is noted as one of the daughters
     of Partholón in a Lebor Gabála Érenn poem. 
Emain Macha, capital of the Ulaid
     people (province of Ulster); traditionally founded by Macha (elevated to goddess)
     circa 5th to 7th century BC.  Annals of the Four Masters record Eamhain Mhacha
     abandoned after being burned by the Three Collas in 331 AD, having stood for
     six centuries, as long celebrated by the Irish bards; founding as circa 300 BC.
    
Writings concerning Tea,
Dido and Macha reflect the same pattern of thought
     in city founding; part of the Middle Eastern and Irish historical traditions.



062:   MAOIN - MAIN- [Maen] Listed as son of: 061
         Ruled a civilized Kingdom, promoting arts and letters.
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa
375 BC] Listed as father of: 063

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



063:   ROTH[E]ACHTA[CH] - RO[I]THEACHTAI[D]GH Listed as son of: 062
         [Rothechtaid mac Main]
         "After Roitheachtaigh had been twenty five years in the sovereignty of
         Ireland, he fell by Sedna [Sétna Airt], son of Airtri [Artrí], at Cruachain."
         [
Rothechtaid s. Maen s. Óengus Olmucaid]
         The Gauls, once more threatening Rome, are decisively
         beaten by an army comprising Rome and its allies.
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
         [circa
350 BC] Listed as father of: 063/064 (additional pedigree) 
                               or, Listed as father of: 064

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



063/64:  [Sirna s. Dian s. Denol [or Damal].]
         DEMAL [Demal] Listed as son of: 063
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa       ] Listed as father of: 064

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



064:   DEIN - DAN - DRIN - [Dian] Listed as son of: 063/064 (additional pedigree)
                                                   or, Listed as son of: 063
         Denied the Monarchy by
Sétna Airt, whose son Fíacha Fínscothach
         was the father of
Ollom Fotla, who governed by enlightened principles,
         instituting a national assembly that convened every three years.  "Written"
         family genealogies were examined, corrected and carefully preserved in
         the national record center, at Tara.  These records were used to maintain
         male inheritance rights of property, by genealogy tables.  Nobles wore gold
         necklaces, a sign of great accumulated wealth, by merchant activities.
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa       ] Listed as father of: 065

Research Notes for Irish Kings and Pedigrees:
↑ upΛ
A.  Irish Kings and Irish Pedigrees or the Origin and Stem of the Irish Nation
     have sets of applied chronologies, contradicted by internal record source
     evidence, when placed within history.  Using only the internal evidence,
     there is an additional apparent inclusion of numerous unidentifiable name
     inserts into the recorded pedigrees, that fabricates a numerical listing,
     inconsistent with the approximate reproductive age estimates needed
     for producing offspring.
  The records give special emphasis to the great
     superiority of Ireland over Scotland.   Family genealogies, noted as
     carefully preserved in the national record center at Tara, during the
     lifetime of DEIN - DAN - DRIN - DIAN, do not match with the actual data
     records, showing
large 'islands' of pedigree from Ugaine Mor . . . down
     to Tuathal, that reflect real people and real relationships.  This suggests
     strongly that the national Feis Teamhrach (or "Parliament of Tara"),
     revising antiquities, genealogies, and chronicles, did not occur until
     much later, during the time frame of Ugaine Mor.



065:   SIRNA SAEGLACH [
Sírna Sáeglach] Listed as son of: 064
         "Sirna Saeghlach, son of Dian, after having been a century
         and a half in the sovereignty of Ireland fell by Roitheachtaigh,
         son of Roan, at Aillinn. . . . It was by him, moreover, was fought
         the battle of Moin Troghaidhe, in Ciannachta, when Lughair, son
         of Lughaidh, of the race of Emhear, had brought in a force of
         Fomorians into Ireland, with their king, Ceasarn by name. . . .
         [Now Sírna s. Dian s. Demal s. Rothechtaid s. Maen s. Óengus, he it
         is who separated the princedom of Ulaid from Temair; and it was he
         who avenged Rothechtaid s. Maen, his father's grandfather, upon them.]
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa       ] Listed as father of: 066

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



066:   OLIOLL AOLCHEOIN [OLIOLLA OLCHAOIN] [Ailill Olcháin] Listed as son of: 065
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa       ] Listed as father of: 067

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



067:   GIALLCHADH [
Gíallchad] Listed as son of: 066
         "Giallchaidh, after having been nine years in the sovereignty of Ireland,
         fell by Art Imleach, in Magh Muaidhe."  [
Giallchad s. Ailill Olcháin s. Sírna.]
         [Gíallchad took the kingship for a space of nine years.  He took a hostage from
         every five men in Mumu; so he fell in Mag Muiaide at the hands of Art Imlech s. Elim.]
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa       ] Listed as father of: 068

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



068:   NUADU FI[O]NN FAIL [Nuadu Finn Fáil] Listed as son of: 067
         "Nuadhat Finnfail, after having been forty years in the sovereignty of Ireland,
         fell by Breas, son of Art Imleach." [
Nuadu Finn Fail s. Gíallchad]  [Nuadu Finn Fáil
         was sixty [or forty] years in the kingship of Ireland. He fell at the hands of Bres Rí
         s. Art Imlech.]  External warfare and internal disease and plague.
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa       ] Listed as father of: 069 (additional pedigree) or, Listed as father of: 070

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



069:   AEDHAN GLAS - [Áedan Glas] Listed as son of: 068
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa       ] Listed as father of: 070

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



070:   SIOMON BRECC [
Siomón Brecc] Listed as son of: 069 (additional pedigree)
                                                             or, Listed as son of: 068
         "Simon Breac, the son of Aedhan Glas, after having been six
         full years in the sovereignty of Ireland, fell by Duach Finn."
         [
Siomón Brecc s. Aedán Glas s. Nuadu Finn, six years in the kingship
         of Ireland, till he fell at the hands of Dui Finn s. Sétna Innarrad.]
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa       ] Listed as father of: 071

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



071:   MU[I]RE[A]D[H]ACH BOLG[R]ACH [
Muiredach Bolgrach] Listed as son of: 070
         [
Muiredach Bolgrach s. Siomon ]  [Muiredaeh a month and a year
         had he in the kingship, till he fell at the hands of Énna Derg s. Dui.]
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa       ] Listed as father of: 072

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



072:   FI[A/O]CHA[GH] [T/B]OLGRACH [
Fíachu Tolgrach] Listed as son of: 071
         His brother's two sons became Irish Monarchs.  Slain by Olioll Fionn.
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT
         time period:
        
[circa       ] Listed as father of: 073

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



073:   DUACH LA[I]D[H]RACH [
Dui Ladrach] Listed as son of: 072
         Slain by son of Olioll Fionn.
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT
         time period:
        
Lebor Gabála Érenn synchronises his reign with that of Artaxerxes III of Persia.
        
[circa 358 to 338 B. C.] Listed as father of: 074

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Ogham stone writing is found, dated to circa 500 B.C. on the European
     continent, within the known ancient Irish trade and cultural (Gaels)
     framework. 
Gallaecia (modern Galicia and northern Portugal), had
     an early form of Ogham script. 
The ancient Irish culture is also manifest
     in surviving stone ogham, with Latin comparisons, additionally showing
     known ancient Irish culture having written contact with Roman traders.
     All surviving evidence suggests that ancient Ireland had ogham
writing
     skills, used in part for cross Atlantic trading relationships, dating back
     to circa 500 B.C.  "Evidence exists which shows that the Celtic trade
     with the Mediterranean world was flourishing.  Their religion was druidic,
     centered in Brittany."  "In the 5th century BC, the
La Tène culture,
     characterized by finely crafted jewelry, weapons and pottery, spread
     from eastern Gaul and by the 5th-1st centuries, this influence had
     spread from Hispania to the shores of the Black Sea." 
The University
     of Cork has preserved a special collection of Ogham writings, part of
     boundary marker and grave inscriptions, in Ireland, with identifiable
     names in “genealogical” formations.  They are similar in their form
     and markings, to upright Ogham stones found on the European continent,
     in the nations of Spain and Portugal, the latter dating to 500 B.C.



074:   EOCHAIDH BU[ADHACH/IGLAIG] [Eochu Buadach] Listed as son of: 073
         Denied the Monarchy by his father's slayer; internal conflict and resultant plagues.
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT
         time period:
        
[circa
330 BC] Listed as the father of: 075

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett
: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
     -
Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



075:   UGAINE MOR - UGOINE [Úgaine Mór]
         (son of: 074 EOCHAIDH BU[ADHACH/IGLAIG] - [Eochu Buadach])
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT - The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa ______] Listed as the father of: 076

Family of Ugaine Mor:
The Roll of the Kings
A List of the Family of Ugoine Mor, and
the Territories apportioned among them]
1 Cobthach Cael Breg, i mBregaib
2 Cobthach Muirthemni i m-Muirthemne
3 Loegaire Lorc i Life
4 Fuilliu i Feib
5 Ailbe i m-Maig Ailbe
6 Roigne i m-Maig Roigne
7 Cingiu in Airgetros
8 Nár i m-Maig Náir
9 Narb i m-Maig Nairb
10 Faife i m-Maig Fhemen
11 Tairr i m-Maig Tharra
12 Triath i m-Maig Threithniu
13 Mál i Cliú Máil.
14 Sen i Clochair
15 Bard i Cluain Corco Óche
16 Fergus Cnai in Desib Tuascirt
17 Oce in Aidniu
18 Maen i m-Maenmaig
19 Sanb in Aíu
20 Eocho hi Seólu
21 Corand i Corund
22 Laeg i I-Line
23 Lathar i I-Latharnu
24 Marc i m-Mide
25 Muiresc i m-Maig Murisce

Marriage:
Cessair Chrothach, daughter of an unidentified k
ing, ruling over
the geographical territory which later was occupied by the
Franks
.
Caesair
appears as a female name in early traditions of Ireland.

The Children of 075: Ugaine Mor
075-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076:
CO[LE/B]THACH C[A/E][O/E]L B[H]RE[A]G[H]
                                                                      Cobthach Cael Breg - [Cobthach Cóel Breg]
                  (ancestor to all of the Heremonians of Leath Cuinn;
                  namely: Meath, Ulster and Conacht)
                  1 Cobthach Cael Breg, i mBregaib [Cobthach Cóel-Breg over Bregia]
                  [Cobthach was fifty years in the kingship of Ireland and his brother's son
                  slew him, namely Labraid Lonn.  As for Loiguire Lore himself,
                  it is he who took the kingship of Ireland after Ugoine Mór,
                  till Cobthach Cóel Breg slew him in treachery.]
075
-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Cobthach Muirthemni [_____]
                 
2 Cobthach Muirthemni i m-Muirthemne [Cobthach of Muirthemne, rich in mead]
075-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Loegaire Lorc [Loiguire Lorc]
                  L[A]EG[H]AIRE LORC [
Lóegaire Lorc]
                  (ancestor to all of the Leinster Heremonians)
                  "Laeghaire Lorc, son of Ugaine, after having been
                  two years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was killed
                  by Cobhthach Cael Breagh, at Carman (Wexford)."
                  3 Loegaire Lorc i Life [Loiguire Lore in Life]
                  time period:
                  The Lebor Gabála Érenn synchronises his reign
                  to that of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (281 - 246 BC).

075-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Fuilliu [Fuillne]
                 
4 Fuilliu i Feib [Fuillne in Feb, no true summit]
075-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 076: BOOK - Ailbe [Aille, very white with colour]
                 
5 Ailbe i m-Maig Ailbe [Historic attestation and validity of Ugaine Mor and his
                  dominions, by naming his daughter Aille.  The
Massaliote Periplus notes Albion;
                  "speaks of nesos 'Iernon kai 'Albionon: the islands of the Ierni and the Albiones.
                  Likewise,
Pytheas of Massilia (ca. 320 BC) speaks of Albion and Ierne."]

075-006:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Roigne [Fergen]
                 
6 Roigne i m-Maig Roigne [[Fergen was born in Raigne] [Fergen, born in Raigne]
075-007:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Cingiu [Cuan] [Cuan in Airget Ros]
                  7 Cingiu in Airgetros [Cuan received land in Airgetros.]
075-008:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Nár [___]
                 
8 Nár i m-Maig Náir [Nairne in Nár-plain, sparkling the place]
075-009:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Narb
                 
9 Narb i m-Maig Nairb [Narb in Magh Nairb, slain on this side]
075-010:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 076: BOOK - Faife [Aine]
                 
10 Faife i m-Maig Fhemen
075-011:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Tairr
                 
11 Tairr i m-Maig Tharra [Tairr in Mag Tharra with jealousy]
075-012:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Triath
                 
12 Triath i m-Maig Threithniu [Triath in Treithirne]
075-013:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Mál [Muiredach]
                 
13 Mál i Cliú Máil. [Muiredach Mál in Cliu Máil]
075-014:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Sen [Sin]
                 
14 Sen i Clochair [Sin in Luachair--is mentioned clearly--]
075-015:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Baird
                 
15 Bard i Cluain Corco Óche [Bard in the harbours of Corcach]
075-016:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Fergus Cnai
                 
16 Fergus Cnai in Desib Tuascirt [Fergus Cnae in the south-land]
                   He had two daughters: Maer and Medan

075-017:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Oce [Ord]
                  [
Ord in Aidne of lofty brightness]
                 
17 Oce in Aidniu [Ord (2) in Aidne of lofty brightness.]
075-018:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Maen [Main]
                 
18 Maen i m-Maenmaig [Moen in Moen-magh with abundance of strength]
075-019:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Sanb
                 
19 Sanb in Aíu [Sanb in glorious Magh Ai]
075-020:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Eocho [Eochu]
                 
20 Eocho hi Seólu [Eochu in Seól-mag of free rank]
075
-021:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Corand [_____]
                  
21 Corand i Corund [Corunn, see: Corand]
075
-022:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Laeg
                  
22 Laeg i I-Line [Laeg in Line, shining his colour, son of Ugoine son of Eochu]
075-023:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Lathar [Letha]
                   [
Letha aside over Latharna]
                  
23 Lathar i I-Latharnu [Letha settled "aside over Latharna".]
                   [The people called the ""Britons of Letha"
                   were the people of Armorica or Brittany;
                   but the word Letha is translated ""Latium", or "Italy".]
075-024:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 076: BOOK - Marc
                  
24 Marc i m-Mide [Marc over Mide of the Sons of Míl]
075-025:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 076: BOOK - Muiresc [Muirlsc]
                   25 Muiresc i m-Maig Murisce [
Muirisc from Mag Muirisce]

Family Information:
Online Index to the Lebor Gabála Érenn
Based on R.A.S. Macalister's translations and notes.
- Book of the Taking of Ireland Part VI, Index T-Z (pdf)
  Daughters of - His 3 daughters were: Aine, Faife, Aille.
  "Aine, Faife, white her countenance, Muirisc from Mag Muirsce,
  Aille, very white with colour, were the three daughters of Ugoine."
  "Muirisc from Mag Muirisce" may have been their share in the partition
  of Ireland. (source: Macalister, LGE, Vol. 5, p. 267, 269, 271, 323, 469)

  Sons of - His sons were: Bard, Cobthach Cóel Breg, Cuan, Eochu, Fergen,
  Fergus Cnai, Fuillne, Laeg, Letha, Loiguire Lorc, Main, Mál, Marc, Muiredach,
  Narb, Ord, Roigne, Sanb, Sin, Tairr, Triath.  None of the progeny of Ugoine left
  children, except Cobthach Cóel Breg and Loiguire Lorc, and two daughters
  whom Fergus Cnai left, namely Maer and Medan. . . . (source: Macalister, LGE,
  Vol. 5, p. 47, 69, 95, 103, 121, 267, 269, 271, 273, 275, 287, 289, 323, 475)

geography (location):
Úgaine Mór ("the great"), divided Ireland into twenty-five shares,
one for each of his children, which stood for three hundred years,
until the establishment of the provinces under Eochu Feidlech.
Compare with Kingdoms or tribes in Ireland are referred to in Ptolemy's
Geography, written in the 2nd century:
(Maps) the isolation of Ireland in Geography.
He names the
Iverni/Uterni, Vennicni, Rhobogdi, Erdini, Nagnatae, Uaithni, Gangani,
Vellabori, Darini, Ulaid [Voluntii], Eblani, Cauci, Menapii, Coriondi and Brigantes tribes
and kingdoms:
List of Celtic Tribes - Ireland and
List of Irish Kingdoms.

"A key aspect of the Celtic economy was its capacity to feed and clothe
itself and have enough purchasing power to acquire some of the more
luxurious things in life.  They traded in food, metals, fine ceramics,
jewellery, olive oil. perfumes, wines etc.  As well as more localised
trading, Ireland, West Scotland, Wales, Cornwall, Gaul and Brittany
were all linked by trade.  Throughout Europe, the peoples of the
Mediterranean set up entire cities on the border of Celtic areas
to take advantage of their trade.  The Phoenicians had a trading
post near
Cádiz in Southern Spain and Greek entrepreneurs built
Marseille in the South of France."
Reference: The Invisible Hand of the Celts, by
Daniel Blackshields,
Department of Economics, University College, Cork.

life:
Ugaine Mor is identified historically by the creation of the divisions
in Ireland.  Complexity of formation is involved in the "units within
units".  "[T]here are indications that each was also a complete society
in itself, a replica of the entire series.  Kingship belonged pre-eminently
to the central province, but every province had a king of its own."  "[E]ach
province had its druids, warriors, farmers and serfs.  Furthermore, the social
classes themselves were not homogeneous groups.  Each had a structure
which seems to have reproduced that of the larger society.  Just as there
were high-kings, provincial kings and tribal kings, so were the grades
within the learned class."  Encyclopedia of the Celts: Ibar Mac Riangabra - Iweret

religion:
Jewish foreign contact is found in the Hebrew word "Ir", meaning "city"
[Irish Texts Society Vol. XVIV - Ir] or "town" as presented in the word
structure of #428, wherein Ir s. Mil, . . . of his progeny are Fergus s. Roig
with his numerous COMMUNITIES, and Conall Cernach with his numerous
COMMUNITIES. 
Ugaine Mor was to secular Ireland what Moses was
to the Hebrew Nation.  "They collaborated in what became effectively
a national legal system, establishing Irish laws as the oldest surviving
law in Europe."  His association with political land divisions in Ireland,
similar to that undertaken by the Celts in Europe, who organized
themselves into small regional groups, validates Ugaine Mor,
as historically plausible as Caesar, Napoleon, or other writers
of national codes.


time period:
Ugaine Mor, as King of Ireland and of the whole of the west of Europe,
had a confederacy relationship, as is particularly noted by his marriage
to "Caesair, daughter of the King of the Gauls, his brethren Celts." . . .
"Ugaine Mor, after he had been full forty years king of Ireland, and of
the whole of the west of Europe, as far as Muir Toirrian, was slain by
Badhbhchadh, at Tealach An Chosgair, in Magh Muireadha, in Bregia.
This Ugaine was he who exacted oaths, by all the elements visible
and invisible, from the men of Ireland in general, that they would never
contend for the sovereignty of Ireland with his children or his race."
The idea of a continued confederacy is suggested by "Cobhthach Cael
Breagh, son of Ugaine, after having been fifty years in the sovereignty
of Ireland, fell by Labhraidh Loingseach, i.e. Maen, son of Oilioll Aine,
with thirty kings about him, at Dinn Righ, on the brink of the Bearbha."

These statements appear valid within the time period of: "The
Laginian
(
Laigin) tribes from Armorica in northwestern France . . .  said to have
arrived in Ireland around 300 B.C. - 200 B.C. and originally settled in
the area of southeast Ireland for which the province of Leinster takes
its name.  They may have displaced earlier Fir Bolg (Erainn) tribes,
perhaps the Fir Domnann and Gáileóin.  The Laigin were later said
to have spawned the Free Tribes of Leinster; the Uí Failge, Uí Bairrche
and Uí Enachglaiss.  The Fir Domnann and the Gáileóin appear to later
establish themselves in Connacht forcing aside some of the [other?]
Firbolgs like the Gregraige.  The Laigin may have also spread into
other parts of the country as the Dal Cairpre Arad of Munster, and
perhaps the Gaileanga and Luighne tribes of Connacht and Meath."


The noted Provinces of Leinster, Munster and Connacht cover all of
the present day country of Ireland; reasonably maintaining connections
to Armorica in northwestern France and thus allowing for an intermarriage
with one said Caesair.  Armorica is the ancient name for the northwestern
part of France, especially Brittany, the exact location of the ship building
Veneti, the only tribe that historically validates a fleet for Ugaine Mor.
Similar cross channel political, economic and military power has been
exercised by others, such as Diviciacus, [We are told by Caesar himself:
"... Among them (the Suessiones), even within living memory, Diviciacus
had been king, the most powerful man in the whole of Gaul, who had
exercised sovereignty alike over a great part of these districts, and even
over Britain. . . . " (Caesar De Bello Gallico ii.4)], Caesar [
"The inland
part of Britain is inhabited by tribes declared in their own tradition to be
indigenous to the island, the maritime part by
tribes that migrated at an
earlier time from Belgium to seek booty by invasion. ..." (Caesar
De Bello Gallico
v.12)]
and more recently, William the Conqueror.

Ugaine Mor in history, is found in the great expansion of the
La Tene culture, "late in northern and western Europe, confined
to the 2nd and 1st centuries B.C., but with a few 3rd-century finds
as well . . . related to the expansion of trade and the formation
of oppida . . . and development of social hierarchy . . . Some late
cross-Channel migrations are well documented in both
written sources and archaeologically . . ."  The expansion of
Rome led to "the agglomeration of large groups of the
population in oppida, most importantly artisans and craft
specialists, in the late phase under the leadership of groups
of oligarchical nobles."  See: Irish Mediaeval Chariots.

From the time of 3rd-century migrations, or, more accurately,
mobile Celtic armies, there were included "warrior groups even
from distant Celtic tribes in Gaul", with known Celtic mercenaries
fighting in "Hellenistic armies in Sicily, Greece, Egypt and Asia Minor"
as "recorded in classical sources."


Research Notes for Ugaine Mor
: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Úgaine Mór Contemporary of Alexander the Great; sailed with a fleet
     into the Mediterranean.  Landed forces in Africa and invaded Sicily.
     This suggests a confederation with Carthage.  Proceeded to Gaul (France)
     and married Caesair, daughter of the King of the Celts in Gaul.  Now, this
     information is one of the keys to the errors in time periods, inserted by some
     too wise scribes; for if Ugaine the Great was contemporary with Alexander
     the Great . . . this was the time period of about 350 B.C.  And, the
Punic Wars
     were fought in the main between 250 B.C. and 150 B.C.  It is apparent to the
     feel of the author of this book, that some names have been added or inserted
     into this pedigree [over 30%] to eliminate the Jewish connection of the record;
     also, years extended (
NUADADH - NUADHAD, born circa 820 B.C. matches with
     Carthage founded circa 814/813 B.C.), to unusual post-flood life spans, to make
     improper Biblical connections.


B. 
The Gallic Wars, by Julius Caesar, From Book VI, Chapter 14,
      "The Druids . . . in almost all other matters, in their public and
     private transactions, they use Greek characters." Book VI,
     Chapter 24, "Accordingly, the Volcae Tectosages, seized on those
     parts of Germany which are the most fruitful [and lie] around the
     Hercynian Forest, (which, I perceive, was known by report to
     Eratosthenes and some other Greeks, and which they call Orcynia),
     and settled there."  This information pinpoints the statements of
     Caesar back to the period of circa 284 to 192 B.C.; that scholars of
     Alexandria, in Egypt were in contact with the Gauls and did report
     on their activities.  [6.24] And there was formerly a time when the
     Gauls excelled the Germans in prowess, and waged war on them
     offensively, and, on account of the great number of their people
     and the insufficiency of their land, sent colonies over the Rhine.
     . . . Which nation to this time retains its position in those settlements,
     and has a very high character for justice and military merit; now
     also they continue in the same scarcity, indigence, hardihood,
     as the Germans, and use the same food and dress; but their
     proximity to the Province and knowledge of commodities from
     countries beyond the sea supplies to the Gauls many things
     tending to luxury as well as civilization."  The European and
     Middle Eastern heritage are thus historically proven as being
     connected to ancient Celtic Ireland and the British Isles, going
     back in time to Eratosthenes of Cyrene, or circa 192 B.C.

C. 
 In the formation of knowledge concerning Medieval pedigrees tied to
     Ancient Royal Irish pedigrees, an invaluable aid is found in the writings
     of the late Dr. Daniel Murphy, Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin.  His work:
    
A History of Irish Emigrant and Missionary Education, (copyrighted by the
     estate of Daniel Murphy 2000), is now distributed by
Four Courts Press.
     "The author introduces the book by examining the Irish educational
     heritage underlining its heterogeneous character as a result of its
     assimilation of druidic, bardic and classical influences combined
     with a monastic culture whose emphasis on scholarly learning . . ."

     From page xviii:
     "Celtic Christianity was essentially a synthesis of three major elements:
     the Indo-European, druidic tradition of teaching and learning introduced
     into Ireland by the Celtic peoples from the third century B.C.; the bardic
     traditions of schooling that evolved from this, having absorbed much of
     the classical European heritage in the process; and the Gallo-Egyptian
     monastic culture, which was introduced to Ireland by Christian missionaries
     from Europe, beginning with St Patrick in the fifth century AD."

     Celtic education is evaluated from the writings of "Polyhistor, Posidonius,
     Timagenes [of Alexandria],
Diodorus Siculus, Strabo, Caesar and Livy "
     . . . . "Documentary evidence exists from classical sources to confirm that
     schools had been established amongst the Celtic peoples at the latest by
     the second century B.C. . . ."  "Celtic society . . .  druids or scholars . . .
     were in fact a scholarly order . . ."   "Caesar describes the druids as priests,
     judges and teachers . . . He speaks of colleges in Britain where the druids
     received their training . . . 'these people have to memorise a great number
     of verses . . .'" . . . "Inscriptions of Gaulish Celtic . . . dating from as early
     as the third century B.C., have been identified . . ."  "Together with the
     famous
Coligny Calendar (a sophisticated scheme of lunar calculations,
     written in Gaulish Celtic in the first century B.C.) . . ."

     "Dio Chrysostom (40-112 AD) . . . speaks of . . .'The Celts appointed
     Druids . . . versed in . . . wisdom without whom the kings were not allowed
     to adopt any plan or course so that in fact it was these who ruled and the
     kings became subordinates and instruments of their judgements.'"
     Of particular interest for genealogical evaluation, from page 6,
     "The bardic schools had been founded long before Christianity was
     introduced into Ireland and the two cultures -- the bardic and druidic --
     co-existed for several centuries." . . . . . . "druidic teachers 'gathered
     round them the young men of Gallic families and taught them all that
     they knew or believed . . . A few of these scholars stayed with their
     masters until they had reached the age of twenty years.'"

     "It would appear, from the available evidence, that they certainly taught
     natural philosophy, astronomy, astrology, law, medicine, history and
     GENEALOGY, and music."  [emphasis mine]  "Several of the classical
     writers . . . pay tribute to their expertise in astronomy . . . The Coligny
     Calendar . . . is a sophisticated five-year synchronisation of lunation
     within the solar year."
     [
Cross-Channel Seamanship and Navigation in the Late First Millennium BC,
     by Sean McGrail, Oxford Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 2, No. 3,
     November 1983, pages 299-338, mentions:
     . . . "The Celtic world also had a working knowledge of astronomy, infor-
     mation that was needed in direction-finding and in sea tidal prediction."]
     Mention is additionally made that "The Brehon Law system of Ireland"
     is a legacy of Celtic rather than Roman jurisprudence; that "the bardic
     schools . . . were already well established by the time Christianity was
     introduced into Ireland . . . essentially secular institutions that developed
     alongside the monastic system in Ireland."   That "brehons . . . in the early
     mediaeval period" included "some women".

D.  Chariotry and the Road Systems in the Celtic World
     Ancient Ireland was involved in trade relationships, with artifacts
     showing multiple extensive connections to literate Middle Eastern
     societies [that required written contracts], back to circa 1000 B.C.
     This would have required, at least a small group of literate individuals
     within the social elite, to create and record these transactions:
     to establish and maintain internal trade routes and road systems,
     as well as preserve and record the genealogies of elite family
     members that were involved in these exchange relationships.

E. 
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT -
The Roll of the Kings



076:   CO[LE/B]THACH C[A/E][O/E]L B[H]RE[A]G[H] Listed as son of: 075
         [Cobthach Cóel Breg]
         Monarch, who killed his brother Laeghaire to secure the throne.  After a long reign,
         slain by his nephew.  [And further the same Cobthach slew his son (this Loeguire's),
         namely Ailill Aine; and he exiled Labraid Lonn s. Ailill s. Loiguire Lore over sea, till
         he made peace with him, at the end of thirty years and gave him the province of the
         Gailian, namely Laigin.  From that onward was there war between Leth Cuind and
         Laigin.  Then Cobthach Cóel Breg fell in Dinn Ríg, with thirty kings around him, on
         Great Christmas night, at the hands of Labraid Loingsech, in vengeance for his father
         and his grandfather.  Three hundred and seven years from that night to the night
         when Christ was born in Bethlehem of Juda.]
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT -
The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
Lebor Gabála Érenn synchronises his reign to that of Ptolemy II Philadelphus.
         [circa 281 to 246 BC] Listed as father of: 077

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



077:   MEIG [MEIL[A]GE MOLB[H]THACH] [
Meilge Molbthach] Listed as son of: 076
         Monarch slain by Modhchorb of the line of Heber Fionn.
         [Melge Molbthach, s. Cobthach]  [Meilge took the kingship of Ireland. . . .
         Melge fell at the hands of Mac Corb s. Mac Rechtada in Mumu.]
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT -
The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
Lebor Gabála Érenn synchronises his reign with that of Ptolemy III Euergetes of
Egypt.
         [circa 246 to 222 BC] Listed as father of: 078

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



078:   [IA/JU]RAN GL[E]O[S]FATHACH - (IREREO/IARAINNGHLEO FATHACH)
         [Irereo Fathach] Listed as son of: 077
         Monarch slain by son of Modhchorb.  He was wise and just and possessed of many
         accomplishments.  [Irereo s. Melge took the kingship for a space of seven years,
         till he fell in Ulaid at the hands of Fer Corb s. Mug Corb.]
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT -
The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
Lebor Gabála Érenn synchronises his reign with that of Ptolemy III Euergetes of
Egypt.
         [circa 246 to 222 BC] Listed as father of: 079

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



079:   CON[N]LA[US] CA[E/O]M[B/H] - (CRUAICH CEALGACH) Listed as son of: 078
         [Connla Cáem]
         Monarch who had a natural death.  [Connla Caem s. Irereo.]
         [Connla, four years till he died in Temair.]
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT -
The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
Lebor Gabála Érenn synchronises his reign
         with that of Ptolemy IV Philopator of Egypt.
         [circa 221 to 205 BC] Listed as father of: 080

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ


080:   OLIOLL[A] CA[IS]SF[H]IACHLA[CH] - [
Ailill Caisfiaclach] Listed as son of: 079
         Monarch slain by his successor.  [Ailill Casfiaclaeh s. Connla, twenty-five
         years in the kingship of Ireland, till Amadir Flidais Foltchain slew him.]
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT -
The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
Lebor Gabála Érenn synchronises his reign
         with that of Ptolemy V Epiphanes in Egypt.
         [circa 204 to 181 BC] Listed as father of: 081

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



081:   EOCHAIDH [II] ALT- LEATHAN - [
Eochaid Ailtlethan] Listed as son of: 080
         Monarch slain by his successor.  [Eochu Ailtlethan, eleven
         [years] till he fell at the hands of Fergus Fortamail.]
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT -
The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
Lebor Gabála Érenn synchronises his reign
         with that of Ptolemy V Epiphanes in Egypt.
         [circa 204 to 181 BC] Listed as father of: 082

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



082:   AEN[EA/GU]S TUIRM[H]E[A]CH TE[A]MR[A/O]CH
Listed as son of: 081
         [
Óengus Tuirmech Temrach]
         "Aengus Tuirmheach Teamhrach, after having been sixty years in the monarchy
         of Ireland, died at Teamhair.  He was called Aenghus Tuirmheach because the
         nobility of the race of Eireamhon are traced to him."  The Lebor Gabála Érenn
         interprets his epithet as meaning "the reckoner of Tara", saying that "by him was
         'reckoning' first made in Ireland".  [As for Óengus Tuirmech, at him there comes
         the union of the descendants of Conn with Dál Ríata and Dál Fíatach. Énna Airgdech
         s. Óengus Tuirmech, of him are the descendants of Conn. Fíacha Fer Mara, of him
         are the Erainn, and the Albanaig, and Dál Fíatach. Óengus Tuirmech begat that
         Fíacha upon his own daughter in drunkenness, and put him in a boat of one hide
         upon the sea, out from Dún Aignech, with the trappings of a king's son--a purple
         robe with a golden fringe.  Fisher-folk found him in Tráig Brenainn amid his treasures,
         and thence had he his name, Fíacha Fer-Mara: and his children took the kingship of
         Ireland and of Alba, to wit, Eterscél Mór, grandson, of Iar, whom the Laigin slew in
         Almain, and Conaire Mór s. Eterscél, and Conaire s. Mog Láma the marriage-kinsman
         of Conn, father of the three Cairpres; Cairpre Musc, from whom are the Muscraige,
         Cairpre Baschain from whom are Corco Baiscinn, Cairpre Rigfhota from whom is
         Dál Riata.  Óengus Tuirmech was sixty years in the kingship of Ireland, till he died
         in Temair.]  Boats of the World: 5.3.3 HIDE BOATS
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT -
The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
Lebor Gabála Érenn synchronises his reign
         with that of Ptolemy VI Philometor in Egypt.
         [circa 180 to 145 BC]

The Children of 082: Aengus Tuirmheach Teamhrach - [Óengus Tuirmech Temrach]:
082-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 083: BOOK (insert) - ENNA AIGNE[A]CH
                [
Énna Aignech]
082-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 083: FIACH[R]A FIRMARA
                [ "Fiacha Fer Mara" ]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl
       - Listed on both pedigrees as ANGUS II, the Prolific


Research Notes on Posterity of Énna Aignech:
B.  082-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 083:
     BOOK - ENNA AIGNE[A]CH- [Énna Aignech] Listed as son of: 082
     Family of Enna Aigne[a]ch - [Eanda Aighnach]:
     "Enna Aighne[a]ch, son of Aenghus Tuirmeach Teamhrach,
     after having been twenty years in the sovereignty of Ireland,
     was slain by Crimhthann Cosgrach, in the battle of Ard Crimhthainn."
    
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT
     time period:
     Lebor Gabála Érenn synchronises his reign
     with that of Ptolemy VIII Physcon in Egypt.
     [circa 145 to 116 BC] Listed as father of:
082-001-001


     082-001-001: ASSAMAN EAMHNA - EASAMHUIN EAMHNA
     Listed as son of: 082-001
     Ancient Milesius Ancestry:  Listed as #81, with Posterity to #114
     Denied the throne by his father's slayer.
    
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT
     time period:
    
[circa
145 BC] Listed as father of: 082-001-001-001


     082-001-001-001: ROIGH[E/A]N RUADH - ROIGHNEIM EAMHNA
     Listed as son of: 082-001-001
     Most of the country's cattle died of murrain in his time.
    
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT
     time period:
    
[circa
120 BC] Listed as father of: 082-001-001-001-001


     082-001-001-001-001: FIONNLOGH - FINLIGHA
     Listed as son of: 082-001-001-001
    
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT
     time period:
    
[circa
95 BC] Listed as father of: 082-001-001-001-001-001


     082-001-001-001-001-001: FIONN - FINN
     Listed as son of: 082-001-001-001-001
     Family of Fionn - Finn - Finn:
    
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT
     time period:
    
[circa.
70 BC] Listed as father of: 082-001-001-001-001-001-001

     Marriage:
     Married Benia, daughter of Criomthan.

     The Children of 082-001-001-001-001-001 Finn
     082-001-001-001-001-001-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son)
                                                    EOCHAID[H] FEIDL[E/IO]CH - EOCHU FEIDLECH
                                                    [
Eochu Feidlech]
     082-001-001-001-001-001-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son)
                                                    BOOK - Eochu Airem - [
Eochu Airem]
                                                      Chronology of Geoffrey Keating's
                                                     
Foras Feasa ar Éirinn (Book I-II)
                                                      dates his reign to 82-70 B.C.

     082-001-001-001-001-001-001: EOCHAID[H] FEIDL[E/IO]CH - EOCHU FEIDLECH
                                                  [
Eochu Feidlech]
                                                  Listed as son of:
082-001-001-001-001-001
     Family of Eochaidh Feidlioch:
     Monarch died at Tara.  He divided the kingdom back to provinces.
     LIST
#72  This Monarch caused the division of the Kingdom by Ugaine Mór
     into twenty-five parts, to cease; and ordered that the ancient Firvolgian
     division into Provinces should be resumed, viz., Two Munsters, Leinster,
     Conacht, and Ulster.  He also divided the government of these Provinces
     amongst his favourite courtiers: - Conacht he divided into three parts
     between Fiodhach, Eochaidh Allat, and Tinne, son of Conragh, son of
     Ruadhri Mór, No 62 on the "Line of Ir;" Ulster (Uladh) he gave to
     Feargus, the son of Leighe; Leinster he gave to Ros, the son of Feargus
     Fairge; and the two Munsters he gave to Tighernach Teadhbheamach
     and Deagbadah.  After this division of the Kingdom, Eochaidh proceeded
     to erect a Royal Palace in Conacht; this he built on Tinne's government
     in a place called Druin-na-n Druagh, now Craughan (from Craughan
     Crodhearg, Maedhbh's mother, to whom she gave the palace), but
     previously, Rath Eochaidh.  About the same time he bestowed his
     daughter the Princess Maedhbh on Tinne, whom he constituted King
     of Conacht; Maedhbh being hereditary Queen of that Province.  After
     many years reign Tinne was slain by Maceacht (or Monaire) at Tara.
     DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT
     time period:
    
Lebor Gabála Érenn synchronises his reign with the dictatorship of Julius Caesar
.
     [circa. 48 to 44 BC] Listed as father of: 082-001-001-001-001-001-001-004

     Marriages:
     Clothfionn, daughter of Eochaidh Uchtleathan
     Craughan Crodhearg, mother of Maedhbh

     The Children of 082-001-001-001-001-001-001: Eochaidh Feidlioch
     082-001-001-001-001-001-001-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) Breas
                                                                                                         Bias Fineamhnas
     082-001-001-001-001-001-001-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) Nar
     082-001-001-001-001-001-001-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) Lothar
     082-001-001-001-001-001-001-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) MAEDHBH - MEDB
     082-001-001-001-001-001-001-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) Eithne

     082-001-001-001-001-001-001-004:   MAEDHBH - MEDB
                                                          Listed as daughter of: 082-001-001-001-001-001-001
     Family of Maedhbh - Medb:
     Marriages:
     1.  Conchobar mac Nessa of Ulster
     2.  TINNE - (Kings of Connacht), the son of Conragh (Conri) [Cinga (Cionga)],
          who was the son of Ruadhri Mor [Rudraige (Ruadhraighe) Mor], who was
          the son of
Sithrich, who was the son of Dubh II, who was the son of Fomhar II,
          who was the son of
Feabhardhile, who was a son of Carbre - Cathair, who was
          the son of
Glas, who was the son of Indereach, who was the son of Srubh, who
          was the son of
Ros, who was the son of Dubh, who was the son of Fomhar, who
          was the son of
Argeadmar - Argethamar [Airgeatmhar] , who was the son of
          Siorlamh [
Siorlamhach], who was the son of Fionn, who was the son of Bratha,
          who was the son of
Labhrahadh, who was the son of Cairbre, who was the son
          of Eochaidh II [Ollaman Fotla], who was the son of Fiacha Fionn Scothach
          [Fiachu Finscothach], who was the son of
Sedna, who was the son of Artrach,
          who was the son of
Artra, who was the son of Hebric, who was the son of
          Heber Donn, who was the son of
Ir, who was the son of Milesius [Gallamh 'Milesius']
          of Spain [Míl Espáine].)  After many years reign, King Tinne was slain at Tara.
     3.  Eochaid Dála of the Fir Domnann
     4.  Several husbands/lovers
     5.  Ailill/Oil[l]ioll mac Mata/Mor
     6.  Fergus mac Róich, exiled former king of Ulster - lover.

     The Children of 082-001-001-001-001-001-002-004: Maedhbh - Medb




083:   FIACH[R]A FIRMARA - [
"Fiacha Fer Mara"  ] Listed as son of: 082
         (the son of AEN[EA/GU]S} TUIRM[H]E[A]CH TE[A]MR[A/O]CH
                                                 [Óengus Tuirmech Temrach])
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT
         time period:
        
Lebor Gabála Érenn synchronises the reign of his brother [Énna Aignech],
         with that of Ptolemy VIII Physcon in Egypt (145-116 BC).
        
[circa
140 BC] Fiacha Fer Mara listed as father of: 083/084

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



83/4: AILILL ERANN [son of FIACHU FER MARA: 083
         [His sons were Eogan and Feradach.
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT
         time period:
        
[circa ____] Listed as father of: 084/083

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



84/3:  FERADAIG [Feradaig - F[h]eradaig] - [Ferchar - Feradach] Listed as son of: 083/084
         [Feradach son of Ailill Erann son of Fiachu Fer Mara;
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT
         time period:
        
[circa ____] Listed as father of: 084

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



084:   FERGUS I    Listed as son of: 084/083
         [Forgo, filii Feradaig]
         [
Forggo m. Feradaig]
         [F[h]orgo mc F[h]eradaig]
         [
Fergus, son of Ferchar or Feradach, corresponding
         to the Forggo mac Feredaig in the earlier genealogies]
         [Forgo (2) was the son of Feradach son of Ailill Erann son of Fiachu Fer Mara;
         his son was Maine Mor.
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT
         time period:
        
[circa
110 BC] Listed as father of: 085

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  The contemporary historical records of the Irish people over time suggest
     that "Celtic practice in Ireland generally followed continental European
     precedents", as early as the third century B.C.  The accounts of the
     "various waves of Celtic invasions that occurred in pre-Christian Ireland",
     including the extant genealogies, can be evaluated within the structure of
     a society involved in an educational process that included:
     (a) training the elite by extensive years of memorization of Celtic history;
     (b) repetition of the oral traditions of history and genealogy; also,
     (c) the accumulation of some written records.

B.  Irish Literature  "McNeill has shown in his study of Irish oghams,
     that it was from the Romanized Britons that they first learned the
     art of writing .  . . . [This should be more narrowly applied to writings
     of a commercial nature, between the various Celtic tribes, located in
     Western Europe.]  Whoever the early Irish may have been who first
     discovered letters, whether from intercourse with Britain or with Gaul,
     they did not apparently bring either the Latin or the Greek alphabet
     back with them to Ireland, but they invented an entirely new one of
     their own, founded with considerable skill upon the Latin; this was
     used in very early times by the Irish Celts for inscriptions upon pillars
     and gravestones." . . .  [Evidence of an early Celtic written, not oral
     tradition, for the creation and preservation of complex and lengthy
     Irish Celtic pedigrees, is recorded in the writings of Diodorus of Sicily,
     about 40 B.C., concerning the druids: "Accordingly, at the burial of
     the dead, some cast letters, addressed to their departed relatives,
     upon the funeral pile, under the belief that the dead will read them
     in the next world."  Book v. ch. 28  "The contemporary historical
     records of the Irish people over time suggest that 'Celtic practice
     in Ireland generally followed continental European precedents',
     as early as the third century B.C."  Later Roman trade relations
     from western Wales, brought forth an admixture of Latin - Ogham
     monumental records, that were not absorbed culturally into Ireland.
    
Ptolemy shows (Maps) the isolation of Ireland in Geography.  Most
     "of the towns on his map are inland.  Sure enough, this corresponds
     to reality: the coasts of Ireland are desolate, and the kingdoms
     that shared the island thru the Middle Ages had inland capitals."]

     "None of even the oldest Irish manuscripts preserved to us is anything
     like as ancient as these lapidary inscriptions.  The language of the
     ogham stones is in fact centuries older than that of the very oldest
     vellums, and agrees to a large extent to what has been found of the old
     Gaulish linguistic monuments.  Early Irish literature and the sagas
     relating to the pre-Christian period of Irish history abound with
     references to ogham writing, which was almost certainly of pagan origin,
     and which continued to be employed up to the Christianization of the island.  
     It was eventually superseded by the Roman letters which were introduced
     by the Church and must have been propagated with all the prestige of the
     new religion behind them; but isolated ogham inscriptions exist on grave
     stones erected as late as the year 600.  When the script was introduced
     into Ireland is uncertain, but it was probably about the second century."]

C.  Fergus of Dál Riata: The Genealogies

D. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



085;   MANIUS  Listed as son of: 084
         [Manine, filii Forgo, filii Feradaig]
         [
Maine m. Forggo m. Feradaig]
         [Mane mc F[h]orgo mc F[h]eradaig]

        
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT
         time period:
        
[circa
80 BC] Listed as father of: 086

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Kuno Meyer, edited and translated The Celtic Doctrine of Re-birth,
     by Alfred Nutt.  Evidence of an early Celtic written, not oral tradition,
     for the creation and preservation of complex and lengthy Irish Celtic
     pedigrees, is recorded in the writings of Diodorus of Sicily, about 40 B.C.,
     concerning the druids: "Accordingly, at the burial of the dead, some cast
     letters, addressed to their departed relatives, upon the funeral pile,
     under the belief that the dead will read them in the next world."
     Reference: Diodorus Siculus Book v. ch. 28

B.  Fergus of Dál Riata: The Genealogies

C. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



086:   DORNALDEL  Listed as son of: 085
        
[Arandil, filii Manine, filii Forgo, filii Feradaig]
         [
Airnnil m. Maine m. Forggo m. Feradaig]
         [Airndil mc Mane mc F[h]orgo mc F[h]eradaig]
         [Ernal was the son of Maine Mor son of Forgo son of Feradach
         son of Ailill Erann; his son was Rothriar.]
         DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT
         time period:
        
[circa 50 -
50s BC] Listed as father of: 087

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  The Lebor Gabála Érenn synchronises the reign of another Irish King,
     [
Eochu Feidlech] with the dictatorship of Julius Caesar (48-44 BC)His
     daughter, Queen Medb of Connacht, married TINNE, a
King of Connacht.
     Since TINNE is the Irish name of the eighth letter of the Ogham alphabet,
     it appears that ogham writing was prevalent in Ireland, at least to circa
     the first century B.C.

B. Genesis Chapter 1,  Verse 5:  "And God called the light Day, and the darkness
     he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day."   Here
     begins the idea and concept of calendar reckoning, with later Hebrew influence
     noted in various Celtic calendars.  Julius Caesar wrote circa 50 BC, that: "they
     keep birthdays and the beginnings of months and years in such an order that
     the day follows the night".  Continental Celtic culture was connected in many
     ways to the British Isles (Ireland), as all descend from the one god Dis; which
     indeed, is the Celtic equivalent of Jewish monotheism, which attributes all
     to a single God; the Halakha "the day goes after the night".  In ancient Israel,
     the Hebrew calendar was used by observant Jews for all of their daily activities.
     Thus, the Rabbinical reckoning "hook", is the date given for the creation of Adam.

C.  Professor
Mark Hassall, in Conquest and Context, notes that Strabo stated Britain
     exported grain along with cattle, gold, silver and iron, hides, slaves and hunting dogs.
     Prepared hides, or animal skins, have been used by ancient civilizations, as a method
     for preserving the written word.  Traffic in hides from Britain included the exchange of
     gold, for which Ireland was famous.  Thus, the standard writing surface for business
     transactions, or community histories or genealogies [such as the "
Dead Sea Scrolls"],
     was available to Ireland's craftsmen, trading Celtic copper, iron or gold; at least back
     to the time of Strabo.  Irish writing skills were later, the standard during the Medieval
     Ages, as indicated by the
Book of Kells.  "The pages of the Book of Kells are made
     of vellum.  It took more than 185 calfskins to provide the needed velum
     and a community advanced enough to process these hides into vellum. . . .
     The Inkwells were made of cow horns."

D.  Fergus of Dál Riata: The Genealogies

E. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



087:   REUTHAR = [
Íar mac Dedad] Listed as son of: 086
         [
Rothir, (filii Rom), filii Arandil, filii Manine, filii Forgo, filii Feradaig]
         [
Rothriir m. Airnnil m. Maine m. Forggo m. Feradaig]
         [
Rothrir mc Airndil mc Mane mc F[h]orgo mc F[h]eradaig]
         [Rothriar was the son of Ernal son of Maine Mor son of Forgo;
         his son was Triar.]
         DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT -
The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa
20 BC] Listed as father of: 088

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Writings of the Celts include a bronze tesera inscribed in Celtiberian
     found at Contrebia (Spain) dated 1st century B.C. and a bronze tablet
     found at Botaritta (Spain) also dated 1st century, among others.  The
     Gallic Wars, by Julius Caesar, Book I, Chapter 29, notes: "In the camp
     of the Helvetii, lists were found, drawn up in Greek characters, and were
     brought to Caesar, in which an estimate had been drawn up, name by name,
     of the number which had gone forth from their country of those who were
     able to bear arms; and likewise the boys, the old men, and the women,
     separately.
. . ."  Authors, such as Pliny, Strabo, Aethicus and Plutarch,
     commented on the manuscripts and libraries found in visits to Ireland
     in the 1st and 2nd centuries.  [Traffic in hides from Britain included the
     exchange of gold, for which Ireland was famous.]  In short, the Celtic
     peoples were for the most part literate, including the Irish long before
     the advent of Christian invasions.

B.  Fergus of Dál Riata: The Genealogies

C. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



088:   E[L]DERUS - [
Eterscél Mór, Listed as son of: 087;
         son of Íar (pedigree identity as: Rothir - Rothriir - Rothrir)]
         (
Íar mac Dedad - Dedu - Dega - Deda mac Sin)
         [
Etersceuil, (filii Eogamí, filii Elela, filii Iair, filii Dedaid,
         filii Síu, filii Rosíu, filii Theír,) filii Rothir
]
         [
Eterscéla (m. Éogain m. Ailella Áin m. h-Éir m. Dedad
         m. Sin m. Roshin m. Triir) m. Rothriir]

        
[Eterscéoil (mc Éogain mc Ailella mc Iairm mc Dedad
         mc S[h]in m Ros[h]in mc Thrir) mc Rothrir]
         [
Eterscél Mór maccu Iair, of the Erna of Mumu, five years,
         till he fell at the hands of Nuadu Necht.  This was the time
         in which Christ was born, the Son of the Living God,
         to ransom the human race.  The Provincials thereafter,
         Conchobor s. Fachtna, Coirpre Nia Fer, Tigernach Tétbannach
         Cú Roí s. Daire, Ailill s. Mata.
]
         DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT -
The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
Lebor Gabála Érenn synchronises his reign with that of
         the Roman emperor Augustus (
27 BC - A.D. 14) and the birth of Christ.
        
[circa A.D.
10] Listed as father of: 089

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Mention is made of
Pomponius Mela who wrote a treatise on geography,
     done circa A.D. 43.  Speaking about the Gauls and their druids, [and noting
     also that one Julius Caesar wrote that the druids of the area of present day
     France had doctrines supposed to be derived from Britain]; concerning
     the Gaulish custom of burning the dead; also noted by
Valerius Maximus,
    
who flourished in the reign of Tiberius (42 BC to AD 37): "Business accounts
     and payments of debts were passed on to the next world . . ."

B.  Fergus of Dál Riata: The Genealogies

C. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



089:   CONAIRE THE GREAT - [
Conaire Mór] Listed as son of: 088
         [
Conarremoir, filii Etersceuil]
         [Conaire Móir m. Eterscéla]
         [C[h]onaire Móir mc Eterscéoil]
         [Conaire Mor was the son of Eterscel son of . . . (variant pedigrees)
         . . . His son was Cairpre and his progeny are the men of Alba and
         Dal Riata.]
         [
Conaire Mór s. Eterscel, seventy years in the kingship of Ireland,
         till he fell in Bruiden Dá Derga; . . . .]
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT -
The Roll of the Kings
         time period:
        
[circa A.D.
40] Listed as father of: 090

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Publius Cornelius Tacitus: Agricola
    
From section 13, "an invasion of Britain . . . Claudius  was the first to renew
     the attempt, and conveyed over into the island some legions and auxiliaries, . . .
     Several tribes were subdued and kings made prisoners, and destiny learnt to
     know its favourite."

B. 
Lectures on the Manuscript Materials of Ancient Irish History - Google™ Books
     (first published 1861 - Dublin) by Eugene O'Curry, M.R.I.A.,
     Burt Franklin: Bibliography and Reference Series #87.
     Lecture XII. (delivered March 6, 1856), pages 251 - 260, notes: Historic Tales - Toghla,
     or Destructions (of a Fort) . . . Conaire Mor banished his own foster-brothers, the four
     sons of Donndesa, a great Leinster chief.  These young men . . . put out, with a large
     party of followers, upon the sea between Erinn and Britain . . . met, Ingel, a son of the
     King of Britain . . . The composition of this tract must be referred to a period of very
     remote antiquity, . . . it contains . . . the best and most copious illustrations . . . by
     description of the various ranks and classes of the officers that composed the king's
     household in ancient times, and of the arrangements of a regal feast-- both social
     subjects of great historical interest.

C.  Fergus of Dál Riata: The Genealogies

D. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



090:   CORBRED I    Listed as son of: 089
        
[Admoir, filii Conarremoir]
         [
Cairpre m. Conaire Móir]
         [
C[h]orpri F[h]ind Móir mc C[h]onaire Móir]
         [Cairpre (2) was the son of Conaire son of Eterscel.  His son was Daire.]
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland
: CELT
         time period:
        
[circa A.D.
70] Listed as father of: 091


Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  In the fifth year of the war, Agricola [
24], himself in the leading ship,
     crossed the Clota, and subdued in a series of victories tribes hitherto
     unknown.  In that part of Britain which looks toward Ireland, he posted
     some troops, hoping for fresh conquests rather than fearing attack,
     inasmuch as Ireland, being between Britain and Spain and conveniently
     situated for the seas round Gaul, might have been the means of connecting
     with great mutual benefit the most powerful parts of the empire.  Its extent
     is small when compared with Britain, but exceeds the islands of our seas.
     In soil and climate, in the disposition, temper, and habits of its population,
     it differs but little from Britain.  We know most of its harbours and approaches,
     and that through the intercourse of commerce.  One of the petty kings of the
     nation, driven out by internal faction, had been received by Agricola, who
     detained him under the semblance of friendship till he could make use of him.
     I have often heard him say that a single legion with a few auxiliaries could
     conquer and occupy Ireland, and that it would have a salutary effect on Britain
     for the Roman arms to be seen everywhere, and for freedom, so to speak,
     to be banished from its sight.  Here we have specific evidence that in the time
     of Agricola there were petty kings within the nation of Ireland.  Going back to
     section 14 . . . "So was maintained the ancient and long-recognised practice
     of the Roman people, which seeks to secure among the instruments of dominion
     even kings themselves."  Mention is made in section 11, concerning the early
     inhabitants of Britain, that those "who are nearest to the Gauls are also like them,
     either from the permanent influence of original descent, or, because in countries
     which run out so far to meet each other, climate has produced similar physical
     qualities.  But a general survey inclines me to believe that the Gauls established
     themselves in an island so near to them.  Their religious belief may be traced in
     the strongly-marked British superstition.  The language differs but little . . . "

     Publius Cornelius Tacitus: Agricola - 21, "Agricola gave private encouragement
     and public aid to the building of temples, courts of justice and dwelling-houses,
     praising the energetic, and reproving the indolent.  Thus an honourable rivalry
     took the place of compulsion.  He likewise provided a liberal education for the
     sons of the chiefs, and showed such a preference for the natural powers of the
     Britons over the industry of the Gauls that they who lately disdained the tongue
     of Rome now coveted its eloquence.  Hence, too, a liking sprang up for our style
     of dress, and the "toga" became fashionable.  Step by step they were led to
     things which dispose to vice, the lounge, the bath, the elegant banquet.  All this
     in their ignorance they called civilisation, when it was but a part of their servitude."

    
Liberal education for the sons of the chiefs in Britain led to the coveting of the
     tongue of Rome, namely Latin; remembering, at the same time, that "One of
     the
petty kings of the nation
[ of Ireland] driven out by internal faction, had
     been received by Agricola, who detained him under the semblance of friendship
     till he could make use of him."  Part of the policy of friendship towards this petty
     chief of Ireland would have included a liberal education of his sons, leading to the
     coveting of the tongue of Rome: Latin.  The history of the times and how records
     were kept among the native inhabitants, is shown in Agricola 15, 17, 29, and 30-33.

B.  Fergus of Dál Riata: The Genealogies

C. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
     -
Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



091  CORBRED II - apparently as filii Eorbre,
[
Listed as son of: 090];
         mentioned in one lineage:

         [Dare Dornmoír, filii Eorbre, filii Admoir, filii Conarremoir]
         [
Dáire Dornmáir m. Cairpre m. Conaire Móir]
         [
Dáire Dorndmáir mc C[h]orpri F[h]ind Móir mc C[h]onaire Móir]
         DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT
         time period:
        
[circa A.D.
100] Listed as father of: 092


Research Notes:
↑ upΛ
A.  Ireland and the Classical World
    
To date, five genuine Roman hoards have been found across the country.] of
     Ireland . . . . [The rest of the Roman archaeological assemblage found in Ireland
     appears to focus on one sector of society, i.e. the elite.] . . . [What is most interesting
     about the Roman artifacts found at the royal sites is that they outnumber native
     artifacts quite heavily.] . . . [a Middle Bronze Age gold bar torc, which is inscribed
     with the Roman letters
SCBONS. . . . This object is perhaps the best evidence to
     date proving that there were literate Romans in Ireland.] . . . [The rest of the
     archaeological evidence presented in this chapter should have indicated by now
     that an elite grouping existed in Ireland from the first to the fifth centuries A.D.,
     who it would appear, were open to certain Roman influences.]

B.  Kingdoms or tribes in Ireland are referred to in Ptolemy's Geography, written in
     the 2nd century:
(Maps) the isolation of Ireland in Geography.  He names the
    
Iverni/Uterni,
     Vennicni,
     Rhobogdi,
     Erdini,
     Nagnatae,
    
Uaithni,
     Gangani,
     Vellabori,
     Darini,
     Ulaid [Voluntii],
     Eblani,
     Cauci,
     Menapii,
     Coriondi and
     Brigantes tribes and kingdoms:
    
List of Celtic Tribes - Ireland and
List of Irish Kingdoms.

     Compare with
The Roll of the Kings: A List of the Family of Ugoine Mor,
     and the Territories apportioned among them.
     1 Cobthach Cael Breg, i mBregaib
     2 Cobthach Muirthemni i m-Muirthemne
     3 Loegaire Lorc i Life
     4 Fuilliu i Feib
     5 Ailbe i m-Maig Ailbe (a dau)
     6 Roigne i m-Maig Roigne
     7 Cingiu in Airgetros
     8 Nár i m-Maig Náir
     9 Narb i m-Maig Nairb
     10 Faife i m-Maig Fhemen (a dau)
     11 Tairr i m-Maig Tharra
     12 Triath i m-Maig Threithniu
     13 Mál i Cliú Máil.
     14 Sen i Clochair
     15 Bard i Cluain Corco Óche
     16 Fergus Cnai in Desib Tuascirt
     17 Oce in Aidniu
     18 Maen i m-Maenmaig
     19 Sanb in Aíu
     20 Eocho hi Seólu
     21 Corand i Corund
     22 Laeg i I-Line
     23 Lathar i I-Latharnu
     24 Marc i m-Mide
     25 Muiresc i m-Maig Murisce (a dau)

C.  Fergus of Dál Riata: The Genealogies

D. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



092:   MODHA LAWHA - MOGH LAMHA - MOGHA LAINE  Listed as son of: 091
         [
Mogalanda, (filii Luigdig, filii Ellatig, filii Corpre Crumpchímí,
         filii Dare Dornmoír,) filii Eorbre]

         [
Lugdach (m. Cairpri Chrommchinn m. Dáire Dornmáir
) m. missing name]
         [
Moga Láma (mc C[h]orpri C[h]rom C[h]ind mc Dáire Dorndmáir) mc missing name]
         [Lugaid (1) . . .  son of Cairpre . . .  His son was Mog Lama the fierce hero.
         Mog Lama the fierce hero . . .  His son was Conaire Coem. . . .]
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT
        
[circa A.D.
130] Listed as father of: 093

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Irish genealogies or names were capable of being preserved by each new
     generation of poets from at least the second century A.D.," on 'tablet-staves',
     as the manuscripts call them, the catchwords of many poems, sagas and
     genealogies."  Recent finds in the British Isles show that family information
     was preserved on "tablet-staves", or "thin slivers of wood" as early as 100
     A.D., in the British Isles, as noted by excavations at Vindolanda.  Material
     of the fifth century A.D. and before, indicates that it is indeed credible to
     assert the transmission of an Irish annals written record, as suggested by
     the internal commentary within the surviving records themselves.  Also,
     the Celtic Inscribed Stones Project (CISP), an on-line database, from the
     Department of History, and the Institute of Archaeology, University College
     London has evidence of at least one pre-Christian scribe, in Ireland.

B.  Comparative Genealogy of the Ui Neill, Dal Riada, Ui Failbhe and Ui Seaghdha (pdf)

C.  Fergus of Dál Riata: The Genealogies

D. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



093:   CONAIRE II - CONACRE MacMOGHA LAINE  Listed as son of: 092
         [Conore, filii Mogalanda]
         [
Conaire Cáem m. Lugdach]
         [
C[h]onaire Chóem mc Moga Láma]
        
DOI: Documents of Ireland: CELT
         time period:
        
[circa A.D.
170] CONAIRE II Listed as father of: 094

         Marriage:
         Conaire mac Mogh Lamha;
         married Sarad, (daughter of Conn Ceadcathach [
Conn of the Hundred Battles],
         who was the son of Fedhlimidh Rachtmar [
Fedlimid Rechtmar], who was the
         son of [
Túathal Techtmar], who was the son of [Fíachu Finnolach], who was the
         son of [
Feradach Finnfechtnach], who was the son of [Crimthann Nia Náir], who
         was the son of [
Lugaid Riab nDerg], who was the son of [Eochu Feidlech], who
         was the son of [082-001-001-001-001-001: FIONN - FINN], who was the son of
         [082-001-001-001-001: FIONNLOGH], who was the son of [082-001-001-001:
         ROIGH[E/A]N RUADH], who was the son of [082-001-001: ASSAMAN EAMHNA],
         who was the son of [082-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 083: BOOK -
         ENNA AIGNE[A]CH- [Énna Aignech]], who was the son of [082:   AEN[EA/GU]S
         TUIRM[H]E[A]CH TE[A]MR[A/O]CH - [
Óengus Tuirmech Temrach]].

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  "Dio Chrysostom (40-112 AD) . . . speaks of . . .'The Celts appointed Druids
     . . . versed in . . . wisdom without whom the kings were not allowed to
     adopt any plan or course so that in fact it was these who ruled and the
     kings became subordinates and instruments of their judgements.'"

B.  Comparative Genealogy of the Ui Neill, Dal Riada, Ui Failbhe and Ui Seaghdha (pdf)

C.  Fergus of Dál Riata: The Genealogies

D. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



094:   CORBRED - CAIRBRE RIADA  Listed as son of: 093
         [Echdachriada, filii Conore, filii Mogalanda]
         [
Coirpri Rigfota m. Conaire Cáem m. Lugdach]
         [
C[h]orpri Rigfotai mc C[h]onaire Chóem mc Moga Láma]
         time period:
        
[circa A.D.
200] Listed as father of: 095

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Record preservation is noted by The Voyage of Bran Son of Febal to the Land
     of the Living; first edited, with translation, notes and glossary by Kuno Meyer;
     commentary on p. 116:
     "The great seventeenth century compilation, the Annals of the Four Masters,
     gathers up all that seemed most valuable and most trust-worthy in the older Annals
     to Michael O'Clery and his fellows."  He further states, "In this, the oldest dated
     form, we can discern signs of Biblical and classic influence.  If the traditions belong,
     in the main, to a period anterior to the contact of Ireland with Christian-classic culture,
     they have, nevertheless, been modified and added to as a result of that contact."

     A careful reading of the Irish pedigree constructs suggests that part of their formation
     was to legitimize the regional clan inheritance rights, within the superstructure
     of the one Ireland nationalistic goals.  As such, they of necessity, derive from primary
     source data, since a man without a pedigree was essentially an outlaw, with no legal
     rights or family standing.  NOTE: This concept is the same as applied in ancient Israel,
     during the time of
Nehemiah and Ezra.  Some that returned to Jerusalem, " sought their
     register among those that were reckoned by genealogy, but they were not found:
     therefore were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood.   And the Tirshatha said
     unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest
     with Urim and with Thummim." 
Ezra led about 5,000 Israelite exiles living in Babylon
     to their home city of Jerusalem in
459 BC.

B.  Comparative Genealogy of the Ui Neill, Dal Riada, Ui Failbhe and Ui Seaghdha (pdf)

C.  Fergus of Dál Riata: The Genealogies

D. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



095:   EOCHAID[H]  Listed as son of : 094
         time period:
        
[circa A.D.
230 - 230s] Listed as father of: 096

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Comparative Genealogy of the Ui Neill, Dal Riada, Ui Failbhe and Ui Seaghdha (pdf)

B.  Lecture X. [Delivered March 6, 1856]  The Books of Genealogies and Pedigrees
     The surviving pedigree fragments come from the central Monarchical Book,
     or provincial and other territorial records, filtered by later Christian scribes:
     "And not only had the Monarch his Ollamh for these important state purposes,
     but every provincial king, and even every smaller territorial Chief, had his own
     Ollamh, or Seanchaidhe [pron. "shanachy"= historian], for the provincial and
     other territorial records; and in obedience to an ancient law (established long
     before the introduction of Christianity in the fifth century), all the provincial
     records, and those of the various clann chieftains, were returnable every third
     year to a great convocation or feast at Tara, where they were solemnly
     compared with each other, and with the great Book or Saltair of the monarch,
     and purified and corrected where or whenever they required it.  As a very
     sufficient authority for the existence of this great Monarchical Book, in the third
     century of the Christian era, I may refer you, among many others, to the poem
     by Cinaeth [or Kenneth] O'Hartigan, on Tara, and on King Cormac Mac Airt,
     of which I have spoken in a former lecture."

C. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



096:   ATHIRCO  Listed as son of: 095
         time period:
        
[circa A.D.
260 - 260s] Listed as father of: 097

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Comparative Genealogy of the Ui Neill, Dal Riada, Ui Failbhe and Ui Seaghdha (pdf)

B. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



097:   FINDOCHAR - FINDACHER  Listed as son of: 096
         time period:
        
[circa A.D.
290 - 290s] Listed as father of: 098

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Comparative Genealogy of the Ui Neill, Dal Riada, Ui Failbhe and Ui Seaghdha (pdf)

B. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



098:   THRINKLIND  Listed as son of: 097
         time period:
        
[circa A.D.
320 - 320s] Listed as father of: 099

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Old-Irish-L Archives: "The Irish Christian sources are fairly clear that
     books existed in Ireland before the arrival of Christianity and that Christian
     missionaries caused these 'pagan works' to be burnt.  Supporting evidence
     for the existence of books in Ireland before the arrival of Christianity comes
     from a Christian writer of the third and fourth centuries A.D. -
Aethicus Ister.
     Aethicus wrote a Cosmography of the World (Cosmographia Aethici Istrii),
     part of which was inserted by  Orosius Paulus in his
Latin 'History Against
     the Pagans' composed in seven books about A.D. 417.  It is stated that
     Aethicus sailed from Iberia and 'he hastened to Ireland and remained here
     some time examining their books'. Aethicus calls these books ideomochos,
     implying that the literature was particular to Ireland and quite new and strange
     to him.  He speaks of the volumina of the Irish as a noteworthy feature of
     the country.  If Aethicus was examining libraries in Ireland in the third or
     fourth centuries A.D., then clearly we have independent confirmation of
     later Irish Christian writers' and numerous saga references to the existence
     of such libraries."   
Saint Patrick is noted in the Tripartite Life, with elimination
     of the books of the druids.  History and Origins of Druidism - Google™ Books,
     mentions Druidic Colleges, with specific responsibility for genealogies and
     record keeping, going back to the time of the fleet of the sone of Milidh.

B.  Comparative Genealogy of the Ui Neill, Dal Riada, Ui Failbhe and Ui Seaghdha (pdf)

C. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



099:   FINCORMACH  Listed as son of: 098
         time period:
        
[circa A.D.
350 - 350s] Listed as father of: 100

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Ogham was the earliest form of writing in Irish in which the Latin alphabet is
      adapted to a series of twenty 'letters' of straight lines and notches carved on
     the edge of a piece of stone or wood, as so noted in the Dictionary of Celtic
     Mythology, by
James MacKillop, published 1998 by Oxford University Press.
     Ogham inscriptions date primarily from the 4th to 8th centuries A.D. and are
     found mainly on standing stones.  Ogham inscriptions are scattered throughout
     Ireland, Great Britain, the Isle of Man, with (5) five in Cornwall, about (30)
     thirty in Scotland and more than (40) forty in Wales.  South Wales was an area
     of extensive settlement from southern Ireland.  In Wales, ogham inscriptions
     have both Irish and Brythonic-Latin adjacent inscriptions.  Each ogham letter
     was named for a different tree.  "T". =  The twentieth letter of the modern
     English alphabet is represented by tinne [Ir., holly] in the ogham alphabet
     of early Ireland.  "T" appears as three straight lines: "lll" above the
     foundation-line: _________ [druim].  Holly of the Old World often had
     bright-red
berries and glossy, evergreen leaves with spiny margins, used
     traditionally for Christmas decoration.

     Edward O'Reilly, An Irish-English Dictionary, republished A.D. 1864,
     Dublin, Ireland, notes the 16th letter of the Irish alphabet is:
     Tinne, a. meaning "wonderful, strange"; adv. meaning almost.
     Tinne, s. meaning "a chain; the name of the letter 'T'."  "T"  is
     the 16th letter of the Irish alphabet and ranked among the hard
     consonants.  Also, tin, s.f., a beginning, fire; [as in Cornish Tan:
     fire
; Cornish Tehan: a firebrand; to light; kindle]; a gross, corpulent,
     fat [as in Cornish Tenn: rude; rustic]; also, tender [as in Cornish
     Tyner: tender], soft [as in Cornish Tene: sucking (too young to be
     weaned; Cornish Tena: to suck)]; thin [as in Cornish Tanau: thin,
     slender, small, lean].  tine, s.f., fire, a link; [the link, the constant
     attachment there is betwixt the tongue (which is the fire) of the
     eloquent, and the ears of the audience.]  tin or tion, v. to melt or
     dissolve, O'B.   tinn, adj., sick; inflection of teann, brave, etc.
     Antiquities, Historical and Monumental, of the County of Cornwall,
     published 1769, by
William Borlase, LL.D., F.R.S., pages 103, 106;
     also, "A Cornish-English Vocabulary".

B. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



100:   ROMAICH  Listed as son of: 099
         time period:
        
[circa A.D.
380 - 380s] Listed as father of: 101

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Comparative Genealogy of the Ui Neill, Dal Riada, Ui Failbhe and Ui Seaghdha (pdf)

B. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



101:   ANGUS  Listed as son of: 100
         time period:
        
[circa A.D.
410 - 410s] Listed as father of: 101A

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Comparative Genealogy of the Ui Neill, Dal Riada, Ui Failbhe and Ui Seaghdha (pdf)

B. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



101A: EOCHAID  Listed as son of: 101
         time period:
        
[circa A.D. - ____] Listed as father of: 101B (female), or
                                    
Listed as father of: 102 (male), or
                                     Listed as father of: 102A (male).
Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Comparative Genealogy of the Ui Neill, Dal Riada, Ui Failbhe and Ui Seaghdha (pdf)

B. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



101B: {* Princess ERCA - EARCA - EORCA  Listed as daughter of: 101A
        
Identified by time frame and relationships to be the same as:
         ERC [Erc of Dalriada]
        
Identified by time frame and relationships to be the same as:
         MORTOUGH - MURTAGH mac ERC
         (Princess Erca married MUIREADH[B]ACH - MUIREDACH [
Eochaid Mu[i]nrem[ui][a]r])
         time period:
        
[circa A.D. - _____] Listed as mother of: 103

        
Marriage:
         Princess Erca married MUIREADH[B]ACH - MUIREDACH [
Eochaid Mu[i]nrem[ui][a]r],
       
 (son of Eogb[h]an, [Eogan], who was the son of NIALL MAR NIALL:
         [
Niall of the Nine Hostages] - Niall of the Nine Hostages, who was the son of
         [
Eochaid Mugmedon], who was the son of [Muiredach Tirech], who was the
         son of [
Fíacha Sroiptine], who was the son of [Cairbre Lifechair], who was
         the son of [
Cormac mac Airt], who was the son of [Art mac Cuinn], who was
         the son of [
Conn of the Hundred Battles], who was the son of Fedhlimidh
         Rachtmar [
Fedlimid Rechtmar], who was the son of [Túathal Techtmar], who
         was the son of [
Fíachu Finnolach], who was the son of [Feradach Finnfechtnach],
         who was the son of [
Crimthann Nia Náir], who was the son of [Lugaid Riab nDerg],
         who was the son of [
Eochu Feidlech], who was the son of [082-001-001-001-001-001:
         FIONN - FINN], who was the son of [082-001-001-001-001: FIONNLOGH], who was the
         son of [082-001-001-001: ROIGH[E/A]N RUADH], who was the son of [082-001-001:
         ASSAMAN EAMHNA], who was the son of [082-001:  
         DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 083: BOOK - ENNA AIGNE[A]CH- [Énna Aignech]],
         who was the son of [082:   AEN[EA/GU]S TUIRM[H]E[A]CH TE[A]MR[A/O]CH
         [
Óengus Tuirmech Temrach]].

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett:
Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
  
   - Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl



102  MORTOUGH - MURTAGH mac ERC  Lineage connected to: 101A
        
Identified by time frame and relationships to be the same as:
         Princess ERCA - EARCA - EORCA
         (Princess Erca married MUIREADH[B]ACH - MUIREDACH [
Eochaid Mu[i]nrem[ui][a]r])
         Identified by time frame and relationships to be the same as: ERC [Erc of Dalriada]
         The Royal Line pedigree lists as father of 103: Fergus More MacErca
         [circa A. D.
440 - 440s] Listed as father of: 103

102A: ERC [Erc of Dalriada] Lineage connected to: 101A
         Identified by time frame and relationships to be the same as:
         MORTOUGH - MURTAGH mac ERC
         Identified by time frame and relationships to be the same as:
         Princess ERCA - EARCA - EORCA
         (Princess Erca married MUIREADH[B]ACH - MUIREDACH [
Eochaid Mu[i]nrem[ui][a]r])
         time period:
        
[circa A. D.
440 - 440s]
        
[Erc was king of Irish Dál Riata until A. D.
474] Listed as father of: 103

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Ancestors of Anselan - 4-In-1
     Part of a general research project that seeks to compile an Irish
     genealogy from all existing historical records, which includes the
     construction of an Irish genealogy from King Milesius to AD 1600.

B.  Comparative Genealogy of the Ui Neill, Dal Riada, Ui Failbhe and Ui Seaghdha (pdf)

C. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
    
- Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     -
The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl

D. 
Erc of Dalriada *}



103:   FERGUS (FERGUSA) MOR of DAL RIATA Identified as son of: 101B (female), or
         [Fergus Mór]                                            Identified as son of: 102 (male), or
         Fergus of Dál Riata:
Dál Riata                Identified as son of: 102A (male)                      
         time period:
        
[___________ - A.D. 501] Listed as father of: 104
         Family Information:

          geography (location):
          Dál Riata:
Gaelic overkingdom on the western seaboard of Scotland,
          with some territory on the northern coasts of Ireland.  In the late 6th
          and early 7th century it encompassed roughly what is now Argyll and Bute
          and Lochaber in Scotland and also County Antrim in Northern Ireland.

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Old Testament Genealogies
    
It does not appear that the current disproportionate genealogical
     evaluations of Irish records and sources shows proper respect for
     the value of the surviving records, (records not destroyed within
     the medieval cultural genocide against pagans and Jews); nor the
     "class of men called brehons, who were learned in customary law
     and helped to preserve throughout Ireland a remarkably uniform
     but archaic social system." [Academic American Encyclopedia]
     When "Saint PATRICK introduced mainstream Latin Christianity
     into the country in the 5th century AD, the system of bishops with
     territorial dioceses, modeled on the Roman Empire's administrative
     system, did not take secure root in Ireland at this time.  While the
     autonomous 'tuath' remained the basic unit of Gaelic secular society,
     the Autonomous monastery became the basic unit of Celtic Christianity."

     This is why secular, religious, Jewish and pagan records were grouped
     together, (and most importantly, survived).  Even after the Anglo-Norman
     Conquest, there was not an "effective centralized monarchy such as Norman
     feudalism had fostered in England."  The English government, by the late
     Middle Ages, only exercised authority in the Pale; i.e., Dublin and its
     immediate hinterland.  There were also the territories of the quasi-independent
     fiefs of the great Anglo-Norman lords, as well as the "arc of territories along
     the western coast of Ireland that retained Gaelic customs and remained
     completely outside English rule."

     Shlomo Simonsohn, Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, has an
     eight (8) volume work:
The Apostolic See and the Jews.  "This collection
     relates the history of papal Jewry policy in the Middle Ages from the days
     of Gelasius I to those of Julius III." . . . (5)  From Vol. 1, #255; 18 Nov 1286
     "Mandate to John Peckham, archbishop of Canterbury, and his suffragans
     to proceed against the Jews of England in the matters of the Talmud . . .
     Copies were sent to John Romain, archbishop of York . . ."  This was part
     of a continuing process of confiscation, as, From Vol. 1, #163; 09 June 1239
     "Mandate to the archbishops of France, England, Castile and Leon to
     confiscate all the books of the Jews on Sabbath, 3 March 1240, when
     the Jews are at their synagogues." . . .; From Vol. 1, #165; 20 June 1239,
     "to compel the Jews in France, England, Aragon, Navarre, Castile and Leon,
     and Portugal to show them their books, and to burn those which contain
     objectionable material."

B. 
Loarn mac Eirc
     LOARN:  Llywelyn ap Iorwerth Ancestor Table: Generation 23
     4587648. Loarn, ancestor of the Cenél Loairn branch of Dál Riata.
     [SFA; GA; R.162e=LL.336b (Rw.1697, CGH.329)] [Note:  Although
     the later genealogies make Loarn a son of Erc, and brother of
     Fergus, ancestor of the later kings of Scotland, there is no good
     reason to believe that the supposed sibling relationship is historical,
     as discussed in detail by Bannerman in SHD.  Loarn is given in some
     king lists as king of Dál Riata before Fergus (see, for example,
     "The Poem A Eolcha Alban Uile", edited by Kenneth Jackson in
     Celtica Vol. 3 (1956), 149-67), but it is unclear whether or not this is to be
     regarded as historical fact, or as a late invention of the Cenél Loairn.

C. 
Fergus Mór



104:   DOMANGA[I]RT RETI (Mac FERGUSA) - [Domangart Réti] He was son of: 103
         Domangart mac Fergusa
         time period:
        
[___________ - ca. A.D. 506/507] He was father of: 105

         The Children of 104: Domangart Réti
         104-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 105: BOOK - Comgall Mac Domangairt
         104-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 105: GABRA[I]N Mac DOMANGA[I]RT

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



105:   GABRA[I]N Mac DOMANGA[I]RT - Gabrán mac Domangairt  He was son of: 104
         Gabrán mac Domangairt
         time period:
        
[___________ - ca. A.D. 559] He was father of: 106

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



106:   AEDAN (AEDAIN) Mac GABRAIN - [Áedán mac Gabráin] He was son of: 105
         Áedán mac Gabráin
         time period:
        
[___________ - ca. A.D. 17 April 604/609] He was father of: 107

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



107:   EOCHAID BUIDE Mac AEDAIN - [Eochaid Buide] He was son of: 106
         Eochaid Buide mac Áedáin
         time period:
        
[___________ - ca. A.D. 629/632] He was father of: 108

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



108:   DOMNA[I]LL BRECC - [Domnall Brecc] He was son of: 107
         Domnall Brecc
         time period:
        
[___________ - A.D. 642] He was father of: 109

         The Children of 108: Domnall Brecc
         108-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 109: DOMANGA[I]RT Mac DOMNAILL
         109-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son)
109: BOOK - Cathasach, died ca. A.D. 650.

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



109:   DOMANGA[I]RT Mac DOMNAILL - [Domangart mac Domnaill] He was son of: 108
         Domangart mac Domnaill
         time period:
        
[___________ -  A.D. 673] He was father of: 110

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



110:   EOCHU - EOCHAID Mac DOMANGAIRT He was son of: 109
         [Eochaid mac Domangairt]
         Eochu mac Domangairt
         time period:
        
[___________ - ca. A.D. 697] He was father of: 111

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



111:   EOCHAID Mac ECH[D]ACH - [Eochaid mac Echdach] He was son of: 110
         Eochaid mac Echach
         time period:
        
[___________ - A.D. 733] He was father of: 112

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ


 
112:   AED[A] FIND - [Áed Find] He was son of: 111
         Áed Find
         time period:
        
[___________ - A.D. 778] Listed as father of: 113

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ



113:   EOCHAID - ECHDACH Mac AEDA (FIND) Listed as son of: 112
         [Eochaid mac Áeda Find]
         [Son of Áed Find (died 778) and successor to Áed's brother Fergus mac Echdach;
         Eochaid may represent a misplacing of the reign of Eochaid mac Echdach.]
         time period:
        
[___________ - ca. A.D. 781] Listed as father of: 114

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Eochaid mac Áeda
     -
Eochaid 'the Venomous'



114:   A[I]LPIN Mac ECHDACH - [Alpín mac Echdach] Listed as son of: 113
         Alpin mac Echdach
         time period:
        
[___________ - circa A.D.
834 - 840] He was father of: 115

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Alpin (831 - 834)
     - Alpin
     
Kings of Dalriada



115:   KENNETH I - CINAED Mac A[I]LPIN - [Kenneth mac Alpin] He was son of: 114
         History of the Monarchy > Early Scottish Monarchs > Kenneth I
         time period:
        
[
810 - 13 February 858] He was father of: 116

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Kenneth I (844 - 859)
     - Cináed mac Ailpín (Kenneth I)
       - Kenneth I Macalpin



116:   CONSTANTINE I - CAUSANTIN Mac CINAEDA He was son of: 115
        
[Constantín mac Cináeda]
         History of the Monarchy > Early Scottish Monarchs > Constantine I
         time period:
        
[___________ - A.D. 877] He was father of: 117

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Causantín mac Cináeda (Constantine I)
     - Constantine I



117:   DONALD II of SCOTLAND - [Donald II of Scotland] He was son of: 116
         History of the Monarchy > Early Scottish Monarchs > Donald II
         time period:
        
[___________ - A.D. 900] He was father of: 118

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Donald II of Scotland
     -
Donald II Dasachtach



118:   MALCOLM I of SCOTLAND - [Malcolm I of Scotland] He was son of: 117
         History of the Monarchy > Early Scottish Monarchs > Malcom I
         time period:
        
[___________ - A.D. 954] He was father of: 119

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Malcolm I (942 - 954)
     - Malcolm I of Scotland
       -
Máel Coluim mac Domnaill



119:   KENNETH II of SCOTLAND - [Kenneth II of Scotland] He was son of: 118
         History of the Monarchy > Early Scottish Monarchs > Kenneth II
         time period:
        
[___________ - A.D. 995] He was father of: 120

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Kenneth II of Scotland, the brother of
Dubh
     -
Cináed mac Mail Coluim



120:   MALCOLM II of SCOTLAND - [
Malcolm II of Scotland] He was son of: 119
         History of the Monarchy > Early Scottish Monarchs > Malcolm II
         time period:
         [___________ -
25 Nov 1034] He was father of: 121

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Malcolm II of Scotland
     -
Máel Coluim mac Cináeda



121:   BETHOC of SCOTLAND - [Bethóc] She was daughter of: 120
         Scottish Kings: a Revised Chronology of Scottish History, 1005 - 1625
         time period:
         [circa A.D. 1000] She was mother of: 122

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Bethoc of Scotland: Bethoc married Crínán of Dunkeld.
     
Burke's Peerage - Article Library (archived)
      Scotland's Historic Heraldry
      Links heraldry to major events in Scottish history
      and to the families that took part in them.



122:   DUNCAN I of SCOTLAND - [Duncan I of Scotland] He was son of: 121
         life:
        
Duncan I (1001 - 1040)
         History of the Monarchy > Early Scottish Monarchs > Duncan I
         time period:
         [___________ - 14 Aug 1040] He was father of: 123

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Duncan I (1034 - 1040)
     -
Duncan I of Scotland
       - Donnchad mac Crináin
         -
Duncan I of Scotland (1001-1040) - Familypedia
     - King Duncan of Scotland



123:  MALCOLM III "CANMORE" of SCOTLAND He was son of: 122
        
[Malcolm III of Scotland]  married (2) [
Saint Margaret of Scotland],
         who was the daughter of [Edward the Exile],
         who was the son of [Edmund Ironside],
         who was the son of [
Æthelred the Unready],
         who was the son of [
Edgar the Peaceful]:
         List of Monarchs of Wessex and FAMILY TREE.
         History of the Monarchy > Early Scottish Monarchs > Malcolm III
         Malcolm (Mael Coluim) (Ceann Mór) was the eldest son of Duncan I,
         king of Scots (d. 1040), and his wife, perhaps a cousin of Siward,
         earl of Northumbria (d. 1055).  After his father was killed by Macbeth in 1040,
         Mael Coluim was in exile at the court of Edward the Confessor, king of England.
         He was given a small estate in Northamptonshire.  After defeating Macbeth in
         July 1054, he took possession of Scotland south of the Tay and on 15 August 1057,
         he killed Macbeth at Lumphanan (ABD) and later killed Macbeth's stepson,
         Lulach (d. 1058), near Rhynie in Strathbogie.  Around 1060 he married his first
         wife, Ingibjord (d. c. 1067), probable daughter of Thorfinn, earl of Orkney,
         son of Sigurd, with whom he had three sons, Duncan II (d. 1094), Donald
         and Malcolm.  His second wife was Margaret (d. 1093), daughter of
         Edward Ætheling (d. 1057), sister of Edgar Ætheling, and great-niece
         of Edward the Confessor, whom he married in either 1069 or 1070.
         Malcolm and Margaret had the following children: Edward (d. 1093),
         Edmund, Edgar (d. 1107), Alexander I (d. 1124) and David I (d. 1153),
         and two daughters, one of whom, Matilda (Maud or Edith), married
         Henry I of England.  Mael Coluim III was killed on 13 November 1093
         near Alnwick by Archil Morel of Bamburgh, along with his son, Edward,
         who was also killed.  Malcolm was buried at Tynemouth Priory.  He was
         succeeded for a time by his brother, Donald III, though his eldest son
         from his first marriage, Duncan, later seized the throne.  Duncan, however,
         was driven out by Donald & Edmund, son of Malcolm III, & was killed in 1094.
         geography (location):
        
Malcolm III Canmore
         life:
        
Malcolm III (1031 - 1093)
         time period:
         [___________ - 13 Nov 1093] He was father of: 124

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Malcolm III (1058 - 1093)
     - Community Trees: Mael "Colluim" mac Donnchada:
FG Sheet - Pedigree Chart
       - Malcolm III "Canmore" of Scotland
         - Máel Coluim mac Donnchada
           -
Malcolm III of Scotland (c1031-1093) - Familypedia
     - King "Malcolm III - Canmore" [of Scotland]
       -
Amazon.com: King Malcolm III - Canmore of Scotland
       - People of Medieval Scotland: 1093–1314
       - Results for 'King Malcolm III - Canmore of Scotland' [WorldCat.org]
       
- Royal and Noble : Genealogical Publishing Company



124:   EDITH - MATILDA of SCOTLAND - [Matilda of ScotlandShe was daughter of: 123
        
Eadgyth (1079 - 01 June 1118): Matilda (Edith) of Scotland
        
Matilda of Scotland (c1080-1118) - Familypedia
;
         married [Henry I of England]: Henry I (1068 - 1135), son of
         [
William I of England]: William I (1027/28 - 09 Sep 1087),
         who was the son of [
Robert I, Duke of Normandy]: FAMILY TREE.
         Matilda (also known as Edith or Maud) was the daughter of King Mael Coluim III
         of Scotland and his wife, Margaret (both d.1093).  She was born in 1080 as Edith
         and was the goddaughter of Robert Curthose (d.1134), son of William I of England.
         She was educated by her maternal aunt, Christina, a nun.  In November 1100,
         she married King Henry I of England (d.1135) and was crowned queen of England
         at Westminster by Archibishop Anselm of Canterbury.  With Henry, she had
         a daughter, Matilda (1102-67), who married Emperor Heinrich V and was later
         Empress of England, and a son, William (1103-20).  Matilda died on 1 May 1118
         at Westminster and was buried in the abbey.
         life:
        
Matilda Dunkeld (1079 - 1118)
         time period:
      
  [circa
1079 - 01 May 1118] She was mother of: 125

Research Notes: QUEEN and HUSBAND
↑ upΛ
A.  King "Henry I" of England
     -
Community Trees: Henry I "Beauclerc": Family Group Sheet - Pedigree Chart
       - Amazon.com: King "Henry I" of England
       - Results for 'King "Henry I" of England' [WorldCat.org]
       -
Royal and Noble : Genealogical Publishing Company
     Queen Edith - Matilda of Scotland
     -
Community Trees: Matilda igen Mael "Colluim": Family Group Sheet - Pedigree Chart
       - Amazon.com: Queen Edith - Matilda of Scotland
       - People of Medieval Scotland: 1093–1314
       -
Results for 'Queen Matilda of Scotland' [WorldCat.org]
       -
Royal and Noble : Genealogical Publishing Company



125:   MATILDA - MAUDE of ENGLAND - [Empress Matilda]  She was daughter of: 124
        
Empress Matilda ( 1102 - 10 Sep 1167): Matilda of England
         (Matilda of Normandy:
Matilda of Normandy (1102-1167) - Familypedia);
         married [Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou]:
GEOFFROY d’Anjou,
         who was the son of [
Fulk of Jerusalem], who was the son of [Fulk IV, Count of Anjou],
         who was the son of
[Geoffrey, Count of Gâtinais (sometimes known as Aubri)],
         and [Ermengarde of Anjou], who was the daughter of [Fulk III, Count of Anjou],
         who was a son of [Geoffrey I, Count of Anjou: Geoffrey I, Count of Anjou] and
         [
Adele of Meaux 934 - 982)], who was the daughter of [Robert of Vermandois],
         who was the son of [
Herbert II, Count of Vermandois],
         who was the son of [
Herbert I, Count of Vermandois],
         who was the son of [
Pepin, Count of Vermandois],
         who was the son of [
Bernard of Italy], who was the son of [Pepin of Italy],
         who was the son of [
Charlemagne], who was the son of [Pepin the Short],
         who was the son of [
Charles Martel], who was the son of [Pepin of Herstal],
         who was the son of [Ansegisel, who married Begga],
         who was the daughter of [Pepin of Landen].
         life:
        
Matilda "Empress Maud" Alice (1102 - 1167)
         time period:
     
   [circa 07 Feb 1102  – 10 Sep 1167] She was mother of: 126

Research Notes: EMPRESS and HUSBAND
↑ upΛ
A.  Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou
     -
Community Trees: Geoffrey V "le Bon", Count of Anjou & Maine: FGS - Ped. Chart
     - Amazon.com: Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou
     - Results for 'Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou' [WorldCat.org]
     - Royal and Noble : Genealogical Publishing Company
     Queen "Matilda - Maud" of England
     - Community Trees: Matilda of England:
Family Group Sheet - Pedigree Chart
       -
Amazon.com: Queen "Matilda - Maud" of England
       - Results for 'Queen "Matilda - Maud" of England' [WorldCat.org]

       - Royal and Noble : Genealogical Publishing Company

B. 
Kinship of Families to Adam by Bennett
: Kinship of Families
     by
Archibald F. Bennett, National Genealogical Society Hall of Fame Members
     -
Biblical Roots (pdf): Based on a chart by the late Archibald F. Bennett
       called "The Kinship of Families" and a chart "Through the Loins of Joseph"
       by the late Alfred F. Schmuhl.
     - Deseret Book Royal Line Chart, Folded Chart by Albert F. Schmuhl
     - The Royal Line: A Short Commentary by the Compiler Albert F. Schmuhl

C.  Fragmented Pedigrees of the Tribe of Ephraim



126:   HENRY II of ENGLAND - [Henry II of England]; He was son of: 125;
         married on 18 May 1152, at Poitiers,  [
Eleanor of Aquitaine],
         who was the daughter of [
William X, Duke of Aquitaine],
         who was the son of [
William IX, Duke of Aquitaine],
         who was the son of [William VIII] Duke of Aquitaine,
         who was the son of [
William V, Duke of Aquitaine],
         who was the son of [
William IV, Duke of Aquitaine],
         who was the son of [
William III, Duke of Aquitaine],
         who was the son of [
Ebalus, Duke of Aquitaine]:
        
Dukes of Aquitaine FAMILY TREE.
         life:

         History of the Monarchy > The Angevins > Henry II
        
King Henry II (1133 - 1189)
         time period:
        
[
05 Mar 1133 06 July 1189] He was father of: 127

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Henry II (1154 - 1189)
     - Community Trees: Henry II:
Family Group Sheet - Pedigree Chart
     -
Henry Project: Index
       Ancestors of King Henry II of England.
       - Henry II, King of England 1154-1189
         -
Henry II of England (1133-1189) - Familypedia
       - Medieval Lands: Medieval & Renaissance
         Narrative biographical genealogies of the major
         ruling families of over 140 territories in Europe.
     - King "Henry II" of England
       -
Amazon.com: King "Henry II" of England
       - Results for 'King "Henry II" of England' [WorldCat.org]
       -
Royal and Noble : Genealogical Publishing Company




127:   JOHN (LACKLAND) of ENGLAND - [
John, King of England]; He was son of: 126;
         married (2)
24 Aug 1200, [Isabella of Angoulême]: ANCESTRY.
         life:

         History of the Monarchy > The Angevins > John Lackland
        
King John (1167 - 1216)
         time period:
        
[24 Dec 1166  – 19 Oct 1216] He was father of: 128

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
John (1199 - 1216)
     -
Community Trees: John "Lackland": Family Group Sheet - Pedigree Chart
     - John, King of England 1199-1216
       -
John of England (1167-1216) - Familypedia
     - King "John Lackland" of England
       -
Amazon.com: King "John Lackland" of England
       - Results for 'King "John Lackland" of England' [WorldCat.org]
       -
Royal and Noble : Genealogical Publishing Company




128:   HENRY III of ENGLAND - [Henry III of England]; He was son of: 127;
         married 14 Jan 1236, Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent,
         [Eleanor of Provence]:
Eleonore Berenger of Provence, who was the daughter of
         [Beatrice of Savoy: House of Savoy and [Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence],
         who was the son of [
Alfonso II, Count of Provence],
         who was the son of [Alfonso II] of Aragon,
        
who was the son of [Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona],
         who was the son of [
Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona],
         who was the son of
[Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona],
         who was the son of [
Ramon Berenguer I] Count of Barcelona,
         who was the son of [
Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Barcelona],
         who was the son of [
Ramon Borrell, Count of Barcelona],
         who was the son of [
Borrell II] Count of Barcelona,
         who was the son of [
Sunyer, Count of Barcelona],
         who was the son of [
Wilfred the Hairy],
         who was of Goths: Visigoths lineage from the region of Carcassonne.
         life:
         History of the Monarchy > The Plantagenets > Henry III
        
King Henry, III (1207 - 1272)
         time period:
         [01 Oct 1207  – 16 Nov 1272] He was father of: 129

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Henry III (1216 - 1272)
     -
Calendar Patent Rolls
     - Community Trees: Henry III:
Family Group Sheet - Pedigree Chart
     -
Fine Rolls Henry III

     - Henry III, King of England 1216-1272
       -
Henry III of England (1207-1272) - Familypedia
     -
King "Henry III" of England
       -
Amazon.com: King "Henry III" of England
       - Results for 'King "Henry III" of England' [WorldCat.org]
       -
Royal and Noble : Genealogical Publishing Company




129:   EDWARD I (LONGSHANKS) of ENGLAND - [Edward I of England]; He was son of: 128;
         married 01 Nov 1254,
Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas,
        
Eleanor of Castile: ANCESTORS.
         life:
         Edward I (1239 - 1307)
         History of the Monarchy > The Plantagenets > Edward I
         time period:
         [17/18 June 123907 July 1307] He was father of: 130

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Edward I (1272 - 1307)
     -
Calendar Patent Rolls
     - Community Trees: Edward I "Longshanks":
Family Group Sheet - Pedigree Chart
     - Edward I 'Longshanks', King of England 1272-1307
       -
Edward I of England (1239-1307) - Familypedia
     - King "Edward I" of England:
Edward I [Family - Genealogical Tables]
       -
Amazon.com: King "Edward I" of England
       - Results for 'King "Edward I" of England' [WorldCat.org]
       -
Royal and Noble : Genealogical Publishing Company




130:   ELIZABETH PLANTAGENET - [Elizabeth of Rhuddlan] (the daughter of EDWARD I)

Family of Elizabeth of England - Plantagenet - of Rhuddlan:

Marriages:
Elizabeth Plantagenet married (1) 08 Jan 1297,
Ipswich, John I, Count of Holland, (son of Floris V).
Elizabeth Plantagenet married (2 )14 Nov 1302,
Westminster Abbey, Humphrey de Bohun.

The Children of 130:
Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet - of Rhuddlan and Humphrey de Bohun
130-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 131: BOOK -
                Hugh de Bohun, born circa 1303
130-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 131: BOOK -
               
Eleanor de Bohun, Countess of Ormonde,
                born 17 Oct 1304, died 07 Oct 1363;
                married (1)
James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormond.
                They had posterity.
                married (2) Thomas Dagworth, 1st Baron Dagworth.
                They had posterity.
130-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 131: BOOK -
                Humphrey de Bohun.
                born circa 1305, infant buried in Westminster Abbey.
130-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 131: BOOK -
                Mary or Margaret de Bohun,
                born circa 1305, infant buried in Westminster Abbey.
130-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 131: BOOK -
                John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford,
                born 23 Nov 1306, died 20 Jan 1336
130-006:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 131: BOOK -
                Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford,
                born 06 Dec 1309, died 15 Oct 1361
130-007:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 131: BOOK -
                Agnes (or) Aeneas de Bohun,
                born 1309, died 1343; married Robert de Ferrers, 2nd Baron Ferrers of Chartley,
                born 25 Mar 1309, died 28 Aug 1350.
                They had posterity.
130-008:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 131: MARGARET DE BOHUN
130-009:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 131: BOOK -
                William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton,
                born circa 1312 (twin), died 1360; married Elizabeth de Badlesmere,
                (daughter of Bartholomew de Badlesmere,
                1st Baron Badlesmere and Margaret de Clare).
                They had posterity.
130-010:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 131: BOOK -
               
Edward de Bohun,
                born circa 1312 (twin), died 1334, while attempting to rescue
                a drowning man-at-arms from a Scottish river; married Margaret,
                (daughter of William de Ros, 2nd Baron de Ros).
                They had no posterity.
130-011:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 131: BOOK -
               
Eneas de Bohun,
                born circa 1314, died after 1322, when mentioned in his father's will.
130-012:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 131: BOOK -
               
Isabel de Bohun,
                born 1316, died 05 May 1316, buried with her mother in Waltham Abbey, Essex.

Family Information:
Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (1282-1316) - Familypedia

geography (location):
life:
Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (1282 - 1316)
religion:
time period:

Elizabeth Plantagenet - of Rhuddlan lived:
[07 August 1282  – 05 May 1316]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Community Trees: Elizabeth of England: Pedigree Chart

B.  Earls of Hereford 1200 - 1373 (BOHUN)

C.  Humphrey de Bohun (1276 - 16 Mar 1322) and Elizabeth (Aug 1282 - May 1316)



131:   MARGARET DE BOHUN - [Margaret de Bohun] (the daughter of ELIZABETH PLANTAGENET)

Family of Margaret de Bohun

Marriage:
Margaret de Bohun, aged fourteen, on 11 Aug 1325,
married
Hugh de Courtenay, 10th Earl of Devon
(12 July 1303 - 2 May 1377). She had been betrothed to him since 27 Sep 1314.

The Children of 131: Margaret de Bohun and Hugh de Courtenay, 10th Earl of Devon
131-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 135: BOOK -
               
Sir Hugh Courtenay KG, born 22 Mar 1327, Tiverton Castle, Devon,
                died Sep 1349; married Aug 1341
Elizabeth de Vere,
                daughter of John, 7th Earl of Oxford

                They had posterity.
                - Hugh Courtenay, born 1343
131-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 132: MARGARET DE COURTENAY
131-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 135: BOOK -
                Sir Edward Courtenay of Goodrington,
                born
1329, Haccombe, Devon, died: 20 September 1372;
                married Emmeline Dawney,
                (daughter of Sir John Dawney of Madfordferry).
                They had posterity.
131-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 135: BOOK -
                Sir Thomas Courtenay,
                born circa 1331, died before
1374; married _____ _____.
                They had posterity.
131-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 135: BOOK -
                Elizabeth Courtenay,
                born circa
1333, died 07 Aug 1395;
                married (1): John de Vere, born 1335, died 1350
                married (2) 1359, Sir Andrew Luttrell of Chilton, [Thorverton], Devon.
                They had posterity.
131-006:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 135: BOOK -
               
Catherine Courtenay,
                born circa
1335, died 31 Dec 1399;
                married (1): William Mohun
                married (2) Sir Thomas de Engaine, 2nd Lord Engaine
                married (3) Lord William Harrington
131-007:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 135: BOOK -
                Joan Courtenay, born circa
1337;
                married Sir John Cheverston
131-008:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 135: BOOK -
                Matilda Courtenay, born circa
1339

131-009:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 135: BOOK -
               
Sir Philip Courtenay of Powderham Castle,
                born  circa 1340, died 29 July 1406; married Ann Wake,
                (daughter of Sir Thomas Wake by Alice Pateshull).
                They had posterity.
131-010:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 135: BOOK -
                William Courtenay, the Archbishop of Canterbury,
                born circa
1342 St. Martin's, Exeter, died 31 July 1396, Maidstone, Kent; unmarried.
131-011:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 135: BOOK -
                Eleanor Courtenay, born circa 1344
131-012:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 135: BOOK -
                John Courtenay, born circa 1346, d. s. p.
131-013:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 135: BOOK -
                Gui[e]nora Courtenay, born circa 1348
131-014:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 135: BOOK -
               
Sir Peter Courtenay of Hardington-Mandeville,
                born circa 1349, in Somerset, died 02 Feb
1405; married Margaret Clyvedon,
                (daughter of John de Clyvedon by Elizabeth).
131-015:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 135: BOOK -
                Anne Courtenay, born circa
1351, died unmarried.
131-016:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 135: BOOK -
                Isabel Courtenay, born circa 1353

131-017:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 135: BOOK -

                Sir Humphrey Courtenay, born circa 1355

131-018:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 135: BOOK -

                Philippa Courtenay, born circa 1357

Family Information:
Margaret de Bohun (1311-1391) - Familypedia
geography (location):
life:
Margaret de Bohun Courtenay (1311 - 1391)
religion:
time period:

Margaret de Bohun lived:
[03 April 1311 16 December 1391]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Hugh de Courtenay (12 July 1303 - 02 May 1377)
     and Margaret de Bohun ( ____ - 16 Dec 1391)

B. 
Hugh de Courtenay (1303 - 1377)



132:   MARGARET DE COURTENAY (the daughter of MARGARET DE BOHUN)

Family of Lady Margaret Courtenay:

Marriage:
John de Cobham, third Baron, was the eldest son of John de Cobham, second Baron,
by Joan Beauchamp, of Stoke-sub-Hamdon, his first wife. He married about 1332-3,
Margaret, eldest daughter of Hugh Courtenay, second Earl of Devon, ob. 1377, by his
wife Margaret, ob. 1392, daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex,
by his wife the Princess Elizabeth, seventh daughter of King Edward I ; and who were
then residing at Colcombe, in Colyton, Devon.  At their marriage the Earl appears to
have settled sundry lands on them, and on the 8th April, 1355, John de Cobham gave
a certain sum of money to his father-in-law, the Earl at Colcombe, for the maintenance
of his wife there.

The Children of 132:
Lady Margaret de Courtenay & John de Cobham, 3rd Baron Cobham
132-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 133: JOAN DE COBHAM

Family Information:
geography (location):
life:
Dame Margaret de Cobham,
(daughter of Hugh Courtenay) and mother of Joan de la Pole (pdf)
Sir John de Cobham, 3rd baron Cobham
died 10 Jan 1407/8 and COBHAM PEDIGREE (pdf)
religion:
time period:

Margaret de Courtenay lived:
[_______1328 - 02 August 1385]
[Some proposed corrections and additions to the
Complete Peerage: Volume 3: Cobham of Kent]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Baron Cobham: John Cobham, 3rd Lord Cobham (of Kent)

B. 
Earls of Devon 1335 - 1556 (COURTENAY)

B.  House of Courtenay:
Courtenay - Earl of Devon



133:   JOAN DE COBHAM (the daughter of MARGARET DE COURTENAY)

Family of Joan Cobham:

Marriage:
Joan de Cobham was married to John de la Pole in 1362, and both
were dead before 1389; thus predeceasing her father who died in 1407-8, and
leaving one daughter Joan, who at her grandfather's death became Lady of Cobham.

The Children of 133: Joan Cobham and Sir John de la Pole (pdf)
133-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 134: JOAN DE LA POLE

Family Information:
geography (location):
life:
religion:

time period:
Joan de Cobham lived:
[___________ - circa 1388]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  H-Net Reviews:
Death, Art, and Memory in Medieval England:
     The Cobham Family and Their Monuments 1300 - 1500 - Google™ Books.
     D
iscussion of the Cobham family down to the seventeenth century.  Chapter
     Five evaluates the brasses at Cobham itself, with careful attention to each brass,
     discussing each one in great detail, including the size of the tombs, the inscriptions,
     and the representations of the occupants.

B. 
Archaeologia Cantiana
     The Lords of Cobham, Their Monuments, and the Church,
     by Mr. J. G. Waller, pages 49 - 112; [online numbers n176 - n248.]

C. 
Earls of Suffolk 1385 - 1492 (POLE)
     - Pole (Family)
       Encyclopaedia Britannica - 1911 Edition.



134:   JOAN DE LA POLE - Baroness Cobham (the daughter of JOAN DE COBHAM)

Family of Joan de La Pole, suo jure Baroness Cobham:

Marriages:
Joan de la Pole became Lady of Cobham at her grandfather's death,
on 10th January, 1407-8 ; at the date of which event she had been widow to two
husbands, and was married to a third.  Doubtless as a great heiress in prospective,
as also of the barony of Cobham, her hand was eagerly sought for, and she was
of youthful age when married to her first husband, Sir Robert Hemendale, and
after his death in 1391, she was successively wedded to Sir Reginald Braybroke,
Sir Nicholas Hawberk, Sir John Oldcastle, and Sir John Harpenden.  As shewn
on her brass she appears to have had ten children by her several husbands, six
sons and four daughters, but a portion of them, six only, have been assigned to
their fathers.  A son, William, to Sir Robert Hemendale ; two sons, Reginald and
Robert, and a daughter, Joan, to Sir Reginald Braybroke; a son, John, assigned
to Sir Nicholas Hawberk ; and a daughter, Joan, to Sir John Oldcastle, mentioned:
Foxe's Book of Martyrs: Sir John Oldcastle, Knight. Lord Cobham - Google™ Books.

The second husband of Joan de la Pole, Lady of Cobham, was Sir Reginald Braybro[o]ke
the second son of Sir Gerard Braybroke, knt., third of that name, ob. 1403, by his first wife,
Margaret, daughter and heiress of John de Lungevile, and widow of Sir Peter Saltmershe.
Sir Reginald died 20th September, 1405, at Middleburg, on the Scheldt, in Flanders.  Effigy:
Reginald, son of Sir Gerard Braybrok, 2nd husband of Dame Joan, lady of Cobham (pdf).

He appears to have had three
children by his wife, the Lady Joan: Reginald and Robert,
sons, who predeceased him, and a daughter, Johanna, who, of all her mother's five unions
and ten children, was finally the only surviving child, and who married Sir Thomas
Brook.
Conclusion: Lineage and Commemoration (pdf) - Cooling, Kent
_________________________________________________
The Children of 134: Joan de la Pole and (1) husband: Sir Robert Hemenhale - Hemendale,
                                
who died in 1391.
134-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 135: BOOK - William Hemenhale - Hemendale,
                died in infancy.
134-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 135: BOOK - Robert Hemenhale - Hemendale,
               
died in infancy.
_________________________________________________
The Children of 134:
Joan de la Pole, Baroness Cobham (of Kent) and (2) husband:
                                 Sir Reginald Braybroke - DIRECT LINE, who died in 1405.
134-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 135: BOOK - Reginald Braybrooke,
                died young.
134-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 135: BOOK - Robert Braybrooke,
                died young.

134-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 135:
JOAN BRAYBROOKE - Baroness Cobham
_________________________________________________
The Children of 134: Joan de la Pole & (3) husband: Sir Nicholas Hawberk (uberk), d. 1407
134-006:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 135: BOOK - John Hawberk, died.
_________________________________________________
The Children of 134: Joan de la Pole & (4) husband: Sir John Oldcastle, died 14 Dec 1417
134-007:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 135: BOOK -
Joan Oldcastle
_________________________________________________
The Children of 134: Joan de la Pole and (5) husband: Sir John Harpenden
_________________________________________________
The Children of 134: Joan de la Pole and one of the above husbands, which one unknown.
134-008:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 135: _____ _____
134-009:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 135: _____ _____

134-010:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 135: _____ _____

Family Information:

geography (location):
Cooling, Kent

life:
Effigy of Joan, Lady of Cobham, formerly wife of Sir Reginald Braybrook (pdf)

religion:

time period:

Joan de la Pole lived:
[___________ - 13 January 1433/34]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  BROOKE
    
I.     William de Broc, or de Brook, lord of the manor of Brook,
            died 15 Henry III (1231), leaving a son Henry.
     II.    Henry de Brook.   He married Nicholea, daughter of Bryan de Goritz.
            They left a son Henry.
     III.   Henry de Brook married Elizabeth . . . and deceased 18 Edw. II (1324),
            leaving a son John.
     IV.   John de Brook, died 22 Edw. Ill (1348).   He married Joan,
            daughter of Sir John Bradstone, Knt.  John de Brook left a son Thomas.
     V.   Thomas de Brook. He married Constance, the daughter of . . . Markensfeld,
                died 41 Edw. Ill (1368), leaving a son Thomas.
     VI.  Thomas de Brook. 
Sir Thomas Brook married Johanna, second daughter
            and coheiress of Simon Hanap, or Hanham, of Gloucestershire and widow
            of Robert Chedder, Mayor of that city in 1360-1, who died 1382-4;
            and by whom she had four sons.  By her second husband,
            Sir Thomas Brook, she appears to have had two sons,
            Thomas and Michael.  The death of Sir Thomas Brook,
            according to the inscription on the brass is placed as occurring
            on the 23rd January, 1419, 5 Henry IV; but the year is probably an error,
            as the probate of his will was granted 5th February, 1417-8.
           
Lady Johanna Brook survived her second husband just twenty years,
            and died on 10th April, 1437, and they were both buried at the east end
            of the north aisle of Thorncombe old church, where two fine brass
            effigies were placed to their memory on a stone in the pavement,
            with a ledger inscription and four shield
s.
     VII. Thomas Brook, the eldest son, born about 1391,
he being twenty- six
            years of age at the death of his father, 23rd January, 1417-8,
married
            Joan Braybroke, the daughter, only surviving child, and sole heiress
            of Joan de la Pole, Lady of Cobham, in Kent, by her second husband
            Sir Reginald Braybroke.  Her death would have occurred on the
            13th January, 1433-4.  Her only surviving child, Joan,
            by Sir Reginald Braybroke, it was who became Lady of Cobham,
            and married Sir Thomas Brook, the younger, of Olditch and Weycroft.



135:   JOAN BRAYBROOKE  (the daughter of JOAN DE LA POLE - Baroness Cobham)
         Baroness Cobham

Family of Joan Braybrooke, Baroness Cobham

Marriage:
On February 20th, 11 Henry IV (1409-10), a contract was entered into
between Sir Thomas Brook of the one part, and Sir John Oldcastle,
and the Lady Joan, his wife, on the other (he was her fourth husband),
that his son Thomas should marry Joan the daughter of the latter,
before the Feast of Pentecost, next ensuing, if God should grant them life--

The Children of 135:
Joan Braybroke, Baroness Cobham (of Kent) and Sir Thomas Brook
135-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 138: BOOK -
                Edward Brook [Broke de Cobham],
6th Baron Cobham
                died 06 Jun 1464; married Elizabeth, (daughter of James T[o]uchet).
                They had posterity.
                -
Sir John Broke, 7th Baron Cobham [died 1512] (pdf)
135-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 138: BOOK - Reginald Brook;
                married Anne Everton.
                They had posterity.
                -
Brooke, of Ufford Place . . . Google™ Book
135-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 138: BOOK -
                Margaret Brook (1), died without issue
135-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 138: BOOK -
               Thomas Brook (4), died without issue
135-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 138: BOOK -
                John Brook (5), died without issue
135-006:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 138: BOOK -
                Christian Brook (2), died without issue
135-007:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 138: BOOK -
                Robert Brook (6), died without issue
135-008:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 138: BOOK -
                Peter Brook (7), died without issue
135-009:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 138: BOOK -
                Joan (or)  query Isabel Brook (3); married John Currant
135-010:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 138: BOOK -
                Elizabeth Brook (4);
                married
John St. Maure.
                They had posterity.
                - Joan St. Maure;
                  married John Blewitt, of Holcombe-Rogus.
                  They had posterity.
                  - Nicholas Blewitt, ob. 22nd August, 1523.

135-011:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 136: HUGH BROOK[E]
135-012:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 138: BOOK -
                Christopher Brook (8), died without issue
135-013:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 138: BOOK -
                Henry Brook (9), died without issue
135-014:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 138: BOOK -
                Morgan Brook (10), died without issue

Family Information:
Joan proved a prolific mother, bringing him ten sons and four daughters.
Of the sons (1) Edward, eldest son and heir was summoned to Parliament
as a Baron by writs from 13th January, 1444-5 (23 Henry VI), to 28th February,
1462-3 (2 Edw. IV), as "Edward Broke de Cobham, Chivalier"  He was a strong
adherent of the House of York, and as previously related, had his mansion at
Olditch sacked by the Lancastrian Earl of Ormond; was present at the first
battle of St. Alban's, 23rd May, 1455; took part in the solemn procession to
St. Paul's, London; and commanded the left wing of the Yorkshire men at
the battle of Northampton, 10th July, 1460.  He married Elizabeth, daughter
of James Touchet, Lord Audley, and died in 1464. (2) Reginald, was of Aspall,
in Suffolk, with descent still in existence. (3) Hugh : he married Petronel ....
and his descendants settled in Somerset.  John, his son, Sergeant-at-law
to Henry VIII, married a daughter of Mericke, of Bristol, and had three sons:
Thomas, married Joan Speke, and had issue; Hugh, of Long Ashton; Arthur,
whose son Edward, was of Barrow-Gurney, and he had issue Hugh, who
married Dorothy Preston, of Glastonbury; Thomas, also of Glastonbury Abbey
(1623), who married Rebecca, daughter and co-heir of John Wyke, of Ninehead;
and Sir Davy or David Brook, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, Knighted
1 Mary (1553), who married Catherine, sister of John Bridges, Lord Chandois--
this descent is given in the Somerset Visitation for 1623. (4) Thomas; (5) John;
(6) Robert; (7) Peter; (8) Christopher; (9) Henry; (10) Morgan; all died without issue.
Of the daughters: (1) Margaret; (2) Christian, died without issue; (3) Joan, or query
Isabel, married John Currant; (4) Elizabeth, John St. Maure, whose
daughter Joan
married John Blewitt, of Holcombe-Rogus, whose son Nicholas, ob. 22nd August, 1523.


geography (location):
life:
religion:

time period:

Joan Braybrooke - Baroness Cobham lived:
[___________ - 25 November 1442]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Somerset Archaeological & Natural History Society:
     -
Proceedings of the Somersetshire ... - Google™ Books
       Vol. 44, [PART II. -- PAPERS, ETC.] pages 001 - 078: Part   I - Brook,
       of Somerset and Devon; Barons of Cobham, in Kent,
       by W. H. Hamilton Rogers, F.S.A.
     - Proceedings of the Somersetshire ... - Google™ Books
       Vol. 45, [PART II. -- PAPERS, ETC.] pages  001 - 024: Part II - Brook,
       of Somerset and Devon; Barons of Cobham, in Kent,
       by W. H. Hamilton Rogers, F.S.A.
     -
Proceedings of the Somersetshire ... - Google™ Books
       Vol. 46, [PART II. -- PAPERS, ETC.] pages 109 - 117: Part III - Brook,
       of Somerset and Devon; Barons of Cobham, in Kent,
       by W. H. Hamilton Rogers, F.S.A.

B. 
Transactions - Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society - Google™ Books
     Vol. 3, pages 211 - 231: On the Manorial History of Clifton, by Alfred S. Ellis;
     (Pedigree illustrating the Descent of the Manor Clifton, page 230)



136:   HUGH BROOK[E] (the son of JOAN BRAYBROOKE - Baroness Cobham)

Family of Hugh Brooke:

Marriage:

The Children of 136: Hugh Brook(e) and Petronel _____
136-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 136/7: THOMAS BROOK[E]

Family Information:
geography (location):
life:
religion:

time period:

Hugh Brook(e) lived:
[___________ -
1429]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Descent of Brook proceeding from a younger son of the main
     stem of this family, appears to have been first located at Bristol,
     and subsequently at Long-Ashton, Barrow-Gurney, and Glastonbury,
     in Somerset.  Its founder was Hugh Brook, third son of Sir Thomas Brook,
    
of Olditch and Weycroft in Devon, by his wife Joan de la Pole - Braybrooke,
    
Lady of Cobham, where he had settled on his marriage with the heiress of
     that name and place, and where he died in 1429.  Hugh Brook
, who according
     to the Visitation, Somerset, 1623, married Petronel ________ , of whom no further
     particulars are recorded.  He appears to have left a son Thomas.  . . .
; 2nd son John.

B. 
The Visitation of the County of Somerset: Brooke ... - Google™ Books



136/7:   THOMAS BROOK[E] (the son of HUGH BROOK[E])

Family of Thomas Brook(e):

Marriage:

The Children of 136/7: Thomas Brook(e)
136/7-001: DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 137: BOOK - William
Brook(e),
                died s. p.

136/7-002: DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 137: JOHN BROOK[E]

Family Information:
geography (location):
life:
religion:

time period:

Thomas Brook(e) lived:
[___________ -___________]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Somerset Archaeological & Natural History Society:
     -
Proceedings of the Somersetshire ... - Google™ Books
       Vol. 46, [PART II. -- PAPERS, ETC.] pages 109 - 117: Part III - Brook,
       of Somerset and Devon; Barons of Cobham, in Kent,
       by W. H. Hamilton Rogers, F.S.A.



137:   JOHN BROOK[E] (the son of THOMAS BROOK[E])

Family of John Brook(e):

Marriage:
John Brook marred before 31 Aug 1470, Joan Amerike (ap Merike),
daughter of Richard Amerike, a merchant of Bristol.  Her Inquest,
after her death, taken at Chipping Sodbury, 11 Dec 1539; she died
penultimate day of Sep 1538.


The Children of 137: John Brook(e) and Joan Amerike (ap Merike)
137-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 138: BOOK -
Thomas Brook(e),
                eldest son and heir, born [25 Sep 1526 Inquest - aged 36] 1490;
                died 09 Dec 1537; married Joan, (daughter and co-heir of  Sir John Speke,
                of White Lackington, Somerset).
                They had posterity.
                - Hugh Brook, born [Inquisitions 20 Mar 1538 - aged 22 years and upwards],
                  buried Long Ashton, 23 Feb 1586[8]; married _____,
                  daughter and heir of _____ Morice.
                  They had posterity.
                  - Elizabeth Brook; married Giles Walwyn, Esq., of Herefordshire.
                  - Frances Brook; married William Clarke, of Minchin Barrow.
                    They had posterity.
                    - Christopher Clarke, son and heir.
                  - Susan Brook; married Hugh Halswell, Esq.
                    They had posterity.
                    - Thomas Halswell, son and heir.
                  - Alice Brook; married Thomas Vatchell, of Cannington, Esq.
                    They had posterity.
                    - Margaret Vatchell
                    - Alice Vatchell
                    - Miss _____ Vatchell
                    - Miss _____ Vatchell
137-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 138: BOOK - Arthur Brook(e);
                married _____ _____.
                They had posterity.
                - Arthur Brooke
                - Edward Brooke, of Barrow Gurney co. Som.;
                  married Florence, d. of Brandbrige.
                  They had posterity.
                  - Arthur Brooke, ob. s. p.
                  - Thomas Brooke, of Glastonbury Abbey (2) 1623;
                    married Rebecca, d. and coh. of John Wike of Ninehead.
                    They had posterity.
                    - Arthur Wike, aet. 9, 1623.
                    - Elizabeth Wike, aet. 5.
                    - Mary Wike, aet. 3.
                  - Edward Brooke, ob. s. p.
                  - Hugh Brooke, died before 1636; married Dorothy,
                    (daughter of Edward Preston of Glastonbury).
                    They had posterity.
                    - Jane Brooke, aet. 13; married John Gaylard of Lovington, Somerset, yeoman.
                    - Joan Brooke, aet. 12; married Matthew Sheppard, of Calne, Wilts., vintner.
                    - Edward Brooke, aet. 10, died young, aged about 23; unmarried 1636-7.
                    - Silvanus Brooke
                    - Thomas Brooke
                    - Dorothy Brooke; apparently married Edward Davis[Davies]
                    - Miss _____ Brooke; married William Court (alias) Paris
137-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 138: BOOK - [Sir David or Davy] Brook(e);
                died s. p.; married Katherine, "sister" of John Bridges; they children
                of Sir Giles Bruges (or) Bridges.

137-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 138: LUCIA BROOK
137-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 138: BOOK - Miss _____
Brook(e)

Family Information:
John Brook; [Sgt at Law to H8] and Joan (Johanna) Amerike
geography (location):

life:
John Brooke and his wife Joan Amerike (pdf)
"Here lies the body of the venerable man John Brook,
formerly a Serjeant at Law of the most illustrious
prince of happy memory King Henry the eighth,
and a Justice of Assize of the same King in the
western parts of England, and Chief Steward of
that honourable House and Monastery of the
Blessed Mary at Glastonbury in the County of
Somerset; which said John died the 25th day of
the month of December, 1522 -- and next to him
rests Johanna his wife, only daughter and heiress of
Richard Amerike, on whose souls may God have mercy, -- Amen."


religion:

time period:

John Brook(e) lived:
[___________ - 25 Dec 1522]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  John Brook marred before 31 Aug 1470, Joan Amerike (ap Merike),
     daughter of Richard Amerike, a merchant of Bristol.
     [Images of John Brook, and Johanna Amerike, His Wife,
     Redcliffe Church, Bristol, note:
     "Here lies the body of the venerable man John Brook,
     formerly a Serjeant at Law of the most illustrious
     prince of happy memory King Henry the eighth,
     and a Justice of Assize of the same King in the
     western parts of England, and Chief Steward of
     that honourable House and Monastery of the
     Blessed Mary at Glastonbury in the County of
     Somerset; which said John died the 25th day of
     the month of December, 1522 -- and next to him
     rests Johanna his wife, only daughter and heiress of
     Richard Amerike, on whose souls may God have mercy, -- Amen."]

B. 
John Brook,
second son of [Thomas] Hugh Brook, was a person of considerable
     position, Serjeant-at-Law to Henry VIII, and Justice of Assize to that King
     for the western parts of England.  He also held the office of Chief Steward
     to the Monastery of Glastonbury.  He married Johanna _____ , only daughter
     and heiress of Richard Amerike, of Ashton-Phillips (or Lower Court),
     in Long-Ashton, a manor of which he purchased " one moiety in 1491
     from Thomas Withyford, and the other half from Humphrey Seymour
     in 1503, thus being proprietor of the whole.  This property John Brook
    
probably possessed jure uxoris, and resided on it; he was married in 1494.
     They left three sons, Thomas, eldest and heir,—Arthur, and David,
     and one daughter Lucia, who married Nicholas Tooze, (Toose) son
     and heir of John Tooze of Taunton, and his wife Johanna,
     daughter of John Combes. (Coombs)
    
Proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society



138:   LUCIA BROOK (the daughter of JOHN BROOK)

Family of Lucia Brook:

Marriage:
Visitation of the County of Somerset in the Year 1623 - Google™ Books
uxor prima.=Alexander Toose.=Relicta Johannis Combes.=Combes
                   |                                                  _____________|
                   |                                                  |
                  Johannes Toose de Taunton.=Johanna filia Johannis Combes. v
                  [John Towse d. 1502]                   |                  [=2. Sir Th. Grenville.]
                                                                   Nich. Toose=Lucia f. Johannis Brooke de Bristoll
                                                                   f. et h.                       servientis ad legem

[
Lucia Brook, who married Nicholas Tooze, (Toose) son and heir of John Tooze
of Taunton, and his wife Johanna, daughter of John Combes. (Coombs)
]

The Children of 138: Lucia Brook and Nicholas Toose - Towse
138-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 139: JOHN TOOSE - TOWSE
138-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 140: BOOK - Johanna Toose;
                married Mr. _____ Reinon - Roynon.

Family Information:
geography (location):
life:
religion

time period:

Lucia Brook lived:
[___________ -___________]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Johannes Toose de Taunton, son of Alexander Toose and uxor prima;
     married Johanna, (filia Johannis Combes).
     They had posterity.
     - DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) NICH. TOOSE  f. et h.;
       married Lucia f. Johannis Brooke de Bristoll, servientis ad legem
     - Alexander Toose (2)
     - John Toose (3)
     - Robertus Toose (4)
     - Alicia Toose;
       married Rog. Hill de Taunton.
     - Isabella Toose;
       married Walt. Trelawny de com. Cornub.
     - Johanna Toose (3)
     - Anastasia Toose (4)
     - Elizabeth Toose (5)
     - Margeria Toose (6)
     - Johanna (sic) Toose (7)



139:   JOHN TOOSE - TOWSE (the son of LUCIA BROOK)

Family of John Toose - Towse:

Marriage:
Visitation of the County of Somerset in the Year 1623 - Google™ Books
John Toose of Swell in com. Som.=Agneta f. Tho. Newton ar. [See: Newton]

The Children of 139: John Toose - Towse and Agnes [Agneta] Newton
139-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 140: BOOK - Johanna Toose;
                married Geo. Watkins.
139-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 140: JULIAN TOOSE - TOWSE
139-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 140: BOOK - Maria Toose;
                married Rob. Betscomb de Vers? in com. Dorset gent.
139-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 140: BOOK - Elizab. Toose;
                married Geo. Taylor.
139-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 140: BOOK - Thomas Toose de Stokeland
                in com. Som.; married Francis, f. of Tho. Hall de Ipswich in com. Suff.
                They had posterity.
                - Edward Toose, f. et h.;
                  married Elinor f. Barthol. Greene de Milton Clevedon in com. Som.
                  They had posterity.
                  - Maria Toose, f. and h.
                - Alexander Toose;
                  married Katherine f. Petri Whalley, civis et London.
                  They had posterity.
                  - Petrus Toose, f. et h., aet 30, 1623.
                  - Willelmus Toose, aet. 29
                  - Edward Toose, aet. 26
                  - Gertrude Toose
139-006:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 140: BOOK - Willelmus Toose (02)
139-007:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 140: BOOK - Alexander Toose (03);
                married Agneta f. Ley de Buckland
139-008:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 140: BOOK - Egidius Toose (04)
139-009:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 140: BOOK - Guy Toose (05)
139-010:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 140: BOOK - John Toose (06)
139-011:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 140: BOOK - John (sic) Toose (07)
139-012:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 140: BOOK - Leonard Toose (08)
139-013:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 140: BOOK - Stephen Toose (09)
139-014:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 140: BOOK - Hugh Toose (10)
139-015:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 140: BOOK - Tristram Toose; (11)
139-016:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 140: BOOK - Francis Toose (12)

Family Information:
geography (location):
life:
religion:

time period:

John Toose - Towse lived:
[___________ -___________]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Record: Tristram Towse married Jane Goulde 23 Mar 1600 Muchelney
     Record: Tristram Toose married Maria Bower, daughter of Adrian Bower
     [w.p. 22 Feb 1629/30]
     They had posterity: Ann Toose, Mary Toose and John Toose.

B. 
Abstracts of Somersetshire Wills Etc:  



140:   JULIAN TOOSE - TOWSE (the daughter of JOHN TOOSE - TOWSE)

Family of Julian Toose - Towse:

Marriage:
Visitation of the County of Somerset in the Year 1623 - Google™ Books
Julian.=Joh. Pine. [John Pine of
Curry Mallet.]

The Children of 140: Julian Toose - Towse and John Pine - Pyne
140-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 141: BOOK - Dorothy Pyne;
                married [And.] Andrew Sparke [Speake]
140-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 141: BOOK - Mary [Marie] Pyne;
                married Albian Knapton.
                They had posterity.
                - Margaret Knapton;
                  married (1) Bernard [Barnard] Langford
                  [-
goddar of John Pyne: Margaret Langford]
                  married (2) George Frie.
140-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 141: BOOK - Thomas Pyne (1);
                married Amye [
Amy Hanham].
                They had posterity.
                - John Pyne, born [1667 - 60] circa 1607;
                  - Genealogical & Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry
                    of Great Britain & Ireland;
Volume 2 Publisher: Harrison, 1863
                   
[family of Pyne, p. 1242] - Google™ Books.
                    -
Visitation of the Seats & Arms of the Noblemen & Gentlemen
                      of Great Britain & Ireland;
Volume 2
 Publisher: Hurst and Blackett, 1855
                      [
family of Pyne, p. 57] - Google™ Books.
                  - Parishes - Pitney | British History Online: Pyne
                  -
Puritan Gentry Besieged, 1650-1700 - Google™ Books
, p. 54
                    John Pyne had a surprisingly eventful private life. . . .

                  John Pyne married (1) [Eleanor Hanham].
                  They had posterity.
                  - John Pyne, born (1696 - 63) 1633, eldest son, died unmarried at Pitney.
                  - Arthur Pyne, lost at Aleppo.
                  - Charles Pyne; married 1680, Frances, (daughter of Robert Hussey).
                    They had posterity.
                    - One other son and two daughters.

                  John Pyne of Curry Mallett, со. Somerset, esq., widower, about 60;
                  married (2) Amy, (daughter of John White), of same, about 50--
                  at Curry Mallett, Nettlecombe, or Swell, said county. 30 Dec. 1667. V.

                  -
London Marriage Licences, 1521-1869, p. 1104 - Google™ Books
140-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 141: BOOK - Hugh Pyne (2);
                [
PYNE, Hugh (c.1570-1628), of Lincoln's Inn, London
                and Cathanger, Fivehead, Som. | History of Parliament Online];
                [
Family and Education: b. c.1570, 2nd s. of John Pyne (d. c.1609)
                of L. Inn and Curry Mallet, Som., and Julian, da. of John Towse
                of Swell, Som. educ. L. Inn 1588, called 1596. m. 4 July 1597,
                Mabel (d.1618), da. of Henry Staverton of Durley, Hants, 1s. 1da.
                d. 21 Nov. 1628.
];
                [
Dangerous Talk: Scandalous, Seditious, and Treasonable Speech . . .];
                will date 01 Oct 1624, will proved 28 Nov 1628;
                married at Cumnor, Berkshire, England, Mabel Staverton.
                They had posterity.
                - Arthur Pyne, born Michledever, Hants., England;
                  married Grace _____; she married after death of husband: Lady Philipps.
                - Christabella Pyne, born Monckton, Dorset, England, was wet nurse to Charles II:
                  [
Col. Edmund Wyndham (Pepys' Diary)]; married Edmund Windham.
                  They had posterity.
                  - Charles Wyndham, chr: 02 Apr 1638, 4th but 2nd surv. s.;
                    married 19 June 1665, Jane da. and h. of James Younge, gent.
                    [parish of Muchelney . . . Sir Charles Wyndham (d. 1706), of Cranbury (Hants),
                    son of Sir Edmund and Christabel, left the parsonage to his wife [Jane]. (fn. 145)
                    She died in 1720 and her heirs sold the property, including some land recently
                    added to the holding, in 1725 to John Collins of Ilminster (d. 1741). (fn. 146)]
                    -
House of Commons, 1690-1715 - Google™ Books
                  - Life and Times of George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, pgs. 103 - 106,
                    appendix. 
There was a certain Mr. Nicholas Towse, however,
                    living in BIshopsgate Without, London, to whom the aged knight
                    [George Villiers] appeared in the spirit, during the year 1627,
                    making choice of that individual as the depositary of secrets beyond
                    the grave, because he had known him whilst he was a boy at school
                    in Leicestershire, near Brookesby.
. . . more especially the troubles
                    of Prynne, who was Towse's father-in-law . . . Mr. Towse and his wife
                    being at Windsor Castle, where Towse had an office, they were sitting
                    in company, when he started up, exclaiming, "The Duke of Buckingham
                    is slain!"  At the very moment that these words were uttered the blow
                    had been given.  Towse dying soon after, also foretold his own death. . . .
                    This narrative, thought worthy of insertion by Clarendon, and therefore
                    not to be completely disregarded in any biography of Buckingham,
                    is taken, however, from a letter penned at Boulogne, by one
                    Edmund Wyndham, in 1672, twenty years after the event.* . . .
                    * The letter from Edmund Wyndham, of Kattisford, county Somerset,
                      was addressed to Dr. Robert Plot, who wished to have the story
                      correctly stated, in order to correct the false representations
                      of William Lilly. . . . Sir - - According to your desire and my promise,
                      I have written downe what I remember (divers things being slipt out
                      of my memory) of  the relation made me by Mr. Nicholas Towse,
                      concerning the apparition which visited him about 1627.  I and my wife,
                      upon occasion being in London, lay at my brother's, Pym's, house,
                      without Bishopsgate, which was next house unto Mr. Nicholas Towse's,
                      who was his kinsman and familiar acquaintance - - in consideration
                      of whose society and friendship he took a house in that place;
                      the said Towse being a very fine musician and very good company - -
                      for aught I ever saw or heard, a virtuous, religious,
                      and well-disposed gentleman.
140-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 141: BOOK - Margaret Pyne:
                married Robert Jones
140-006:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 141: BOOK - Frances Pyne;
                married Thomas Marshall.
                They had posterity.
                - John Marshall
140-007:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 141: BOOK - John Pyne (3);
                married [Jone, d. Leigh.] and Amy _____.
                They had posterity.
                - Thomas Pyne.
140-008:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 141: BOOK - Ann[e] Pyne;
                married Thomas Harvey [Tho. Haruye of Tarrant Launston].
                Visitation of the County of Dorest: Taken in the Year 1623, p. 52- Google™ Books
                They had posterity.
                - John Harvey [Joh. Haruy eldest sonne liuinge 1623 aetat. 27.]:
                  [My son, John Harvye in will of John Pyne.];
                  married Joane [?] da. of Jam. Rase of Shepton Beauchamp in com. Som's.
                - Will'm Haruy 2 sonne aetet. 21, 1623
                - Julian Haruy 1 da.
                - Ann[e] Harvey [Haruy] 2 da.
                - Mabell Haruy 3 da. vx. Joh. Stradlinge of Bridgwater.
                - Magdalyn Haruy 4 dau.
140-009:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 141: GEORGE PYNE (4)
140-010:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 141: BOOK - Elizabeth Pyne;
                married William Langford.

Family Information:
geography (location):

life:
Abstracts of Somersetshire Wills: Pyne Entries, pgs. 71 -74 - Google™ Books
A. 67.  JULIAN PYNE [(2) She was daughter of John Towse, of Swell, by Agnes Newton.]
Will dated Jan. 30, 1624, proved June 30, 1628. [54 Barrington.]  My sons, Hugh, George
& John Pyne.  My daughter Ann, wife of Thomas Harvey, gent.  My daughter Mary, wife
of Albian Knapton, gent.  My daughter Elizabeth, wife of William Langford, gent.  My
daughter Dorothy, wife of Andrew Sparke, gent.  My daughter Margaret, wife of
Robert Jones, gent.  John, son of my son Thomas Pyne, decd.  Arthur, son of my son Hugh.
Thomas, son of my son John.  William, son of my son George.  John, son of my daughter
Ann Harvey.  My grandchild Ann Harvey.  Amy, wife of my son John.  Julian, Mabley, &
Magdalene Harvey.  My decd daughter Frances, wife of Thomas Marshall, decd.
Margaret Frie, wife of George Frie, daughter of my daughter Marie Knapton, &
Bernard Langford, her late husband.  My brother Tristram Towse.  Valentine, Humphrey,
& Susan, children of my son George Pyne.  My son Thomas Pyne, Exor. . . .

religion:
Abstracts of Somersetshire Wills . . . - Google™ Books,  Pages 3 - 4. [Curry Mallet]
A. 66. B. 86. JOHN PYNE, of Cory Mallett, Somerset, Esqr. Will dated June 1, 1607,
proved by Julyan & John Pyne, Feb. 6, 1609. [19 Wing- field.] To be burd in my
Ile in Cory Mallett Church. To my wife, Julyan, lands purchased for her dowry in
Cory Mallett, Fivehead, Stowey, Newport, & Beer Cros
combe, of John Buller, esq.,
& George Buller, his brother. My son Thomas Pyne. My son Hugh Pyne. Arthur, son
of Hugh Pyne. Amye, wife of Thomas Pyne, lands settled
on her in Merriett, by
Indenture with Sir John Popham, Kn', Feb. 6, 37 Eliz. Hugh Pyne now dwelleth
in a house at Tarrant Monckton, Dorset. William, son of my son George Pyne.
Lands in Glaston & Baltonsborough. My son John Pyne, Manor of Penkridge,
Dorset. My goddar, Margaret Langford, daughter of my son in law, Barnerd Langford,
Gent., £100. My daughters, Ann Harvey, Mary Knapton, Frances Marshall,
Elizabeth Langford, Margaret Jones. My son, John Harvye. My servant &
kinswoman Margaret Newton. To the Masters of the Bench of Lincolns Inn,
£10 towards the building of a New Chapel.  Residue to my son, John Pyne,
Exor. Lands in Merryett to my daughter in law, Amy Pyne, widow.
My parsonage of Muchelney.

Parishes - Muchelney | British History Online
By 1607 John Pyne of Curry Mallet was lay rector; he left the parsonage to his wife
Juliana who presented to the benefice in 1619. (fn. 142) Her second son Hugh, of
Cathanger (d. 1628), devised the rectory to his son Arthur. (fn. 143) Christabel,
Arthur's sister, wife of Sir Edmund Wyndham, succeeded on her brother's death
in 1639. (fn. 144) From: 'Parishes: Muchelney', A History of the County of Somerset:
Volume 3 (1974), pp. 38-49.


time period:

Julian Toose - Towse lived:
[___________ -
30 June 1628]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  Visitations of the County of Somerset, in the Years 1531 and 1573
     Together with additional pedigrees, chiefly from the visitation of 1591;
    
Pyne - pages 66 & 67 - Of Cathanger in Fivehead; Towse - page 81
     Richard Pyne.=Alice, h. of R. Percye of Shaftsbury, by Margaret, d. & h.
                            |                                                          of Robert Bathe, 22 R. II.
                           Wm.
                            |
                           Wm. Pyne.=Ann, coh Wm. Ruder. [Ann daughter of Wm., the son of John,
           of Dittesham, Devon. |                                     the son of Thos., the son of Thos. Ruder=
                                             |                                     Isabel, heir to John Shilston. who was
                                            A.                                    the son of Wm. Shilston]
                                             |
                                          John of Meriet, Som. 1573=Julian, d. Joh. Towse of Swell,
                                                                                    |             by Agnes Newton
                                                                              CHILDREN:
     -     Dor.=And. Speake.
     -     Mary.=Barnard Langford.
     - 1. Thos.=Amy, d. Hanham. [daughter in law, Amy Pyne, widow] 
[Thomas Pyne,
           of Merriott, Somerset, decd. Admon. May 19, 1610, to the relict, Amy Pyne.]

     -     Marg.=Rob. Jones.
     -     Frances.=John Marshall. [died before Jun 1628]
     - 2. Hugh, (d. 1628)
           of Lincoln's Inn.=Mabel, d. H. Staverton, by Cath , d. of Reg. Williams;
           They had posterity.
           [
St. Martin's: Hugh Pyne and (May)bella his wife
           buried in the yeares of our Lord God 1618 and 1628
]
     - 3. John.=Jone, d. Leigh.
     - 4. George of Curry Malet.=1. Mary, d. Farrant.; =2. Agnes, d. Kate.


B. 
Rare Books Special Collections : Princeton University Library: RBSC : MS Div.
     - Moses Taylor Pyne Papers, 1686-1939 (bulk 1861-1913): Finding Aid

       Collection contains the typescript of "Memorials of the Family of Pyne,"
       with copies of the work and genealogical research notes by Ernest Cheston,
       researcher for Pyne; the typescript of "A Journey in France in 1815" by
       Francis John Pyne; two translations by Pyne, "A Chronicle of the King En Pere
       (Pedro III of Aragon) and His Ancestors" by Bernat Desclot
       and "Genealogy and Descent of the House of Pinos"
       by Don Bernardo Galceran de Pinos IV.
       Also included are ten diaries between the years 1832 and 1939;
       deeds and wills of 17th-century England; and an album
       with genealogical charts of the Pynes of England and Ireland.
       -
Descendants of Galcerán de Pinós in Spain, France, England and America
         Google™ Books
(Moses Taylor Pyne; 1915) - The English House:
         The Pynes of Upton Pyne and East Down
       -
Pyne Origins: "The only Pyne family, so far as known, which does not bear
         the ancient arms of the French house, is that of the Pynes of Somerset,
         who settled at Curry Mallet in the 16th century and whose arms are
         "Azure, a fesse between three escallops, or."  In 1573 a new crest
         was granted to this branch by royal authority, viz:
         "An antelope’s head or, horned and maned sable." 
        
The connection of this branch with the Pynes of Devon
         has never been satisfactorily traced, and its earliest
         know ancestor was living in the latter part of the 15th century; but there
         can be little doubt that he was a descendant of the Pynes of
Upton Pyne."



141:   GEORGE PYNE (the son of JULIAN TOOSE - TOWSE)

Family of George Pyne:

Marriage:
Visitations of the County of Somerset, in the Years 1531 and 1573
Together with additional pedigrees, chiefly from the visitation of 1591;
Pyne - pages 66 & 67 - Of Cathanger in Fivehead
     |
- 4. George of Curry Malet.=1. Mary, d. Farrant. [no issue shown];
                                                [Note:
Title Details ('Boyd's Marriage Index, Devonshire')
                                                Vol. 5, page 68: Geo Pyne or Pine=1601 Mary Farrante,
                                                at Ottery St. Mary]
Our Parish Registers, p. 8: record of
                                                a marriage on 8th June, 1601,
                                                between George Pyne and
Mary Farrante.

                                          =2. Agnes, d. Kate.

The Children of 141: George Pyne - working paper [marriages / chr: evaluations].
141-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 142: BOOK - William Pyne
                of Baltonsborough, Som., aet. 70, 1668;
                married Honor, d. Geo. Legg of Membury, Devon.
                They had posterity.
                - Arthur Pyne, aet. 33, 1672
                - Geo. Pyne
                - Wm. Pyne, aet. 30
141-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 142: BOOK - Valentine Pyne,
                died unmarried, 30 Apr 1677, aged 74 years.
                - Maritime Memorials: Captain Valentine Pyne 1603 - 1677
                  Born 1603, Curry Mallett, Somerset, England; younger son of a younger son.
                  At the age of 20 he served under his father George Pyne; in 1643 his elder
                  brother William Pyne was an ensign; had cousin John Pyne, who in 1642,
                  seized Taunton.  Substantial estate to brother William Pyne, with legacies
                  to his nephew Valentine Pyne, who followed in his footsteps as a sea captain,
                  and to his cousin Grace 'to be cast away upon the first idle fellow that makes
                  suit unto her'.
                - Precinct of St. Mary Spital - The Old Artillery Ground | British History Online
                  The will of Captain Valentine Pyne, (
P.C.C. 52 Hale.) Master Gunner of England,
                  living in the Old Artillery Ground, made in 1670, shows  that the Master
                  Gunner's dwelling-house was then in fact occupied by him. (fn. e) The
                  position is shown on the plan of 1680/1 (and is further confirmed by a
                  later deed) to have been on the north side of the future Fort Street where
                  it turned towards the north-east. (ref. 50) From: 'The precinct of St. Mary Spital:
                  The Old Artillery Ground', Survey of London: volume 27: Spitalfields and Mile
                  End New Town (1957), pp. 24-38.
                -
Valentine Pyne - Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
                - Abstracts of Somersetshire Wills - Google™ Books
                  Will Proved 03 May 1677 (82 Hale)]  My cousin Arthur Pyne of Baltensborough.
                  Many Pynes named.
141-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 142: HUMPHREY PYNE
141-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 142: BOOK - Rich. Pyne;
                married Eliz., coh. Jos. Gallant of Staff.  [Note: Boyd's Marriage Index for London,
                Richard Pyne=1654 Elizabeth Gallant, at
St Peter, Paul's Wharf]
141-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 142: BOOK - Ann Pyne;
                married Thos. Harvy.

Family Information:
geography (location):
life:
religion:

time period:

George Pyne lived:
[1572 - ___________]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
Ottery St Mary: Ottery St Mary Parish Church
     - Willm. Pyne, chr: 06 Jan 1603, Ottery Saint Mary, Devon, England,
       son of George Pyne
     - Julian Pyne, chr: 29 Jan 1605, Ottery Saint Mary, Devon, England,
       daughter of George Pyne
     - Susan Pine, chr: 16 Dec1610, Ottery Saint Mary, Devon, England,
       daughter of George Pine
     - Marie Pyne, chr: 17 Mar 1622, Ottery Saint Mary, Devon, England.
       daughter of George Pyne
     - George Pyne, chr: 01 Aug 1624, Ottery Saint Mary, Devon, England,
       son of George Pyne
     - Bennet Pyne, chr: 30 Sep 1627, Ottery Saint Mary, Devon, England,
       son of George Pyne
     - Johane Pyne, chr: 30 NOV 1630   Ottery Saint Mary, Devon, England,
       daughter of George Pyne

B.  Notes & Queries for Somerset and Dorset: Pyne Family, Co. Somerset - Google™ Books

C. 
Transactions of the Exeter Diocesan Architectural Society



142:   HUMPHREY PYNE (the son of GEORGE PYNE)

Family of Humphrey Pyne:

Marriage:
Visitations of the County of Somerset, in the Years 1531 and 1573
Together with additional pedigrees, chiefly from the visitation of 1591;
Pyne - pages 66 & 67 - Of Cathanger in Fivehead
- 3. Hum.=   [Marrabell (or) Mirobell _____, according to some chr: records.]
              |
           CHILDREN:
     - Valentine.
     - Nath.*
     - Benj.*
     - Hugh.*
       (*)  Names appear both in Visitations and Ottery St. Mary Parish Church Records.

The Children of 142: Humphrey Pyne - working paper [chr: evaluations].
142-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 143: VALENTINE PYNE
142-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 143: BOOK - Nath. Pyne
142-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 143: BOOK - Benj. Pyne
142-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 143: BOOK - Hugh Pyne

Family Information:
geography (location):
life:
religion:

time period:

Humphrey Pyne lived:
[___________ -___________]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A.  National Archives: Official Archive of the UK Government.
     Documents held at:
Somerset Record Office.
    
- Contents: PYNE, etc. letters, notes, etc.  DD\CM/71 1819-1925 - 1 bdle
       - Four letters to Wm. Pyne, esq., of Lyme Regis,
         relating to legacy under Will of Rev. Anthony Pyne, 1819.
       - Ms. pedigree of Pyne, with many pencil additions,
         compiled by Arthur Pitt Busch, 1900.
       - Ms. notes on Pyne of Curry Mallet from 16th to 19th cen.
       - Transcript of the monumental inscription of Valentine Pyne (d. 1677)
         in St. Peter's Chapel, Tower of London.
         ['Extracted by E.   Cheston Feby. 1908'].
       - Transcript of the Petition of John Pyne
         (excepted out of the Act of Oblivion), n.d.
       - Letter from Jno. Cash, Wincanton, to Mr. Combe,
         mentioning pedigree of the Pyne family, 1925.
         [Found together in envelope addressed to R.T. Combe, esq.].
     - Contents: PYNE FAMILY  
DD\CM/72  19 cent
       -
Arms and pedigree of the family of Pyne of Curry Mallet and West Charlton,
         prepared by J. Bernard Burke, Ulster King of Arms [apptd. 1853]. [1 parchmt].
       - Draft pedigree of Pyne, extracted from Harleian Mss. No. 1445, vol. 211, 212,
         [watermarked 1828]. [Large paper].
    - Contents:
PYNE FAMILY  
DD\CM/73  c1855
       - Notebook, inscribed 'Date of Ordinations &c and Family Dates &c
         and othe Memoranda - W. Pyne'
     - Contents:
PYNE FAMILY etc.  
DD\CM/74  19 cent
       - Miscellaneous notes, letters, draft pedigrees, etc., relating to the family of Pyne,
         and related families of Pollexfen, Witherell, Michell, etc., collected 19th cent.
     - Contents:
PYNE FAMILY  
DD\CM/75  c1881
       - Note of marriages of Wm. Pyne to Miss Allen, 1787, and Miss Combe, 1811.
       - Pedigree of Pynes of Curry Mallet from John Pyne, died 1609,
         to the children of the Rev. Wm. Pyne (1800-81).
         [Found in envelope addressed to Miss J.M. Pyne, Castle Cary].
         Deeds, etc., concerning Pyne, Uttermare and Michel family properties.
     - Contents:
PYNE FAMILY wills, etc.  
DD\CM/83  1715-1839  6 docts
     - Contents:
PYNE family grant of arms  
DD\CM/162  [1573]
       - Copy made in mid. 19th cent. of the Grant of arms to John Pyne of Meriet, gent.,
         1573, in the possession of Capt.John Pyne, eld. s. of the late Rev. Anthony P.
     - Contents:
PYNE family notes  
DD\CM/163  1892
       -
'Some Notes of Col. John Pyne etc. of Curry Mallet from Cal. of State Papers etc.,'
         made by J.C. Pyne, 1892.
     - Contents:
Pyne family of Charlton Mackrell and Pitney GB/NNAF/F81431
       - 16th cent-19th cent: misc Somerset estate and Pyne family papers,
         incl Pyne of Curry Mallet papers - DD/CM/C/134/44-84 passim
     - Contents:
Pyne family of Curry Mallet   GB/NNAF/F89039
       - 16th cent-19th cent: misc Curry Mallet estate and Pyne family papers.
         DD/CM/C/134/44-84 passim
     - Contents:
Papers of the Combe Family of Earnshill, Curry Rivel
       Lists extensive data on various members of the Pyne family.

B. 
Ottery St Mary: Ottery St Mary Parish Church
     - Humphry Pine, chr: 02 Feb 1642,  Ottery Saint Mary, Devon, England,
       son of Humphry Pine
     - Mary Pyne, chr: 07 Mar 1644, Ottery Saint Mary, Devon, England,
       daughter of Humphry Pyne
     - Grace Pyne, chr: 14 Sep 1648, Ottery Saint Mary, Devon, England,
       daughter of
     -
Nathaniell Pyne*, chr: 07 Nov 1650, Ottery Saint Mary, Devon, England,
       son of Humphry Pyne and Marrabell _____
     -
Beniamine Pyne*, born: 08 Apr 1654;
       chr: 27 Apr 1654, Ottery Saint Mary, Devon, England,
       son of Humphrey Pyne and Marrabell _____
     - Hugh Pyne*, born: 27 July 1657;
       chr: 13 Aug 1657, Ottery Saint Mary, Devon, England,
       son of Humphry Pyne and Mirobell _____
       (*)  Names appear both in Visitations and Ottery St. Mary Parish Church Records.



143:   VALENTINE PYNE (the son of HUMPHREY PYNE)

Family of Valentine Pyne:

Marriage:
Marriage Allegations from the Archbishop of Canterbury Faculty Office for Great Britain
1632-1851; and a Calendar of Marriage Licenses for the Allegations, 1632-1955
; V. 12-14
Sep 1688 - Jun 1695; FHL BRITISH Film 355,448.
- Marriage Allegations dated 25 June 1689:
  "On which day psonally appeared Valentine Pyne of ye parish of St. Leonard Foster,
  London, aged about 40 years and a batchelor, and alledged that he intendeth to mary
  with Anne Hide of Bednall Greene [Bethnal Greene] in ye County of Midd. widd and that
  he knoweth of noe lawfull lett or impediment by reason of any previous contract,
  consanguinity, affinity, or otherwise to hinder the said intended marriage of ye truth
  hereof be made under oath &  prayed licence to be married in ye  parish church of
  St. Martins Outwich, London; Signed:  Valent: Pyne."

The Children of 143: Valentine Pyne - working paper [further documentation needed].
143-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 144: Miss [RACHEL] PYNE
143-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 145: BOOK - Mary Pyne,
                born 1689 (1691 - age 2 years), at London, England,
                daughter of Valentine Pyne and Ann(e) Hide
                [this was the widd:
Widow Anne Hide].

Family Information:
geography (location):
Select and Remarkable Epitaphs on ... - Google™ Books
[Select and Remarkable Epitaphs on Illustrious and Other Persons,
in Several Parts of Europe, with Translations of such as are in Latin
and Foreign Languages, and Compendious Accounts of the Deceased,
Their Lives and Works], page 184, Christ Church London:
Captain Valentine Pyne, born at St. Mary Antrey [Ottery St. Mary] in Devon,
in the Year 1691 [date of his death], went to India, where he spent the best
Part of his  Life in Trade with the Natives; by whom, particularly the King
of Bantam, he was highly respected and beloved for his Integrity, Modesty,
and other good Qualities. Being forced to return, by the Unkindness of some
of his country men, he arrived in England in the Year 1688; and after three
Years Stay, besides other Compensations, he was by the East India Company
made Commander of one of their best Ships, the new Berkeley Castle.  His Ship
being ready to sail, he fell sick, and died on Feb. 11, 1691, lamented by all that
knew him, aged 43 Years, leaving issue by his Wife Ann, only one Daughter,
Mary, aged two Years. . . .

life:
John Strype's Survey of London Online
Captain Valentine Pyne, born in Devon, spent most of his Life in India:
Highly respected by the King of
Bantam and beloved for his Integrity; died 1691.
The English, who started to sail to the East Indies from around 1600, established
a permanent trading post in Bantam in 1603. 
Sultanate of Banten: Ageng (1631 - 1695).
Bantam (Indonesian:
Banten), located in Banten Province near the western end of Java.
Bantam was at that time one of the East India Company's principal factories.

Wills of Somersetshire, England, old FHL #92375, 54 Fane,
"In the name of God Amen, I Valentine Pyne of Bethnall Green [
Bethnal Green]
in the parish of Stebonheathats Stepney [
Stepney History: Stebenhede, and in later
documents Stebenhythe and Stebonheath.
] in the county of Middle=  Mariner now
outwards bound upon a voyage to East India in and with the good shipp the New
Berkley Castle whereof I the said Valentine Pyne am commander doe make and
ordaine this my last Will & testament in writing in manner and form following that
is to say first I comend my soul into the hands of almighty God my body after this
life ende I committ unto the earth or seas in hopes of any joyfull Resurrection at the
last day and as for my worldly estate whatsoever and wheresoever after payment
and satisfaction of all such debts as at the time of my decease shall be from me due
and owing to any person or persons whatsoever I give bequeath and dispose thereof
as followeth that is to say-Impzid:  I give and bequeath unto my very loving wife
Anne Pyne [marriage allegation 25 June 1689 to the widd:
Widow Anne Hide of
Bednall Greene] in case she shall happen to survive me all and singular my goods
chattells--merchandizes adventures ready money plate rings housholdstuff and all
other my personall estate and substance whatsoever and wheresoever my just debts
and funeralls (if any such there be) and the charge of proveing this my Will being first
thereout paid and deducted  And in case the said Anne my wife shall happen to survive
me Then I doe hereby make ordaine & constitute & appoint her full and sole Executrix
of this my last Will and Testament  But in case my said wife shall happen to dye before
me then and in such case and not otherwise I give and bequeath unto my son-in-law
Jonathan Hide
the sum of five hundred pounds of lawful money of England to be paid
unto him by my Executrix hereafter named within six months next after my decease
and in case of my said wifes death before me then also I give and bequeath unto my
cozen William Fitcher of Pertham in the County of Surrey-Gent.
five pounds of like
money and also in case of my said wife's death before me and not otherwise all the
rest and residue of all such estate and substance whatsoever or wheresoever as shall
be then in any wise belonging unto me my debts and funeralls and the charge of
proving this my Will being first thereout paid and deducted  I wholly give and bequeath
the same and every part thereof unto my daughter Mary Pyne whom in case of the death
of my wife dying as aforesaid I do hereby make and ordain full and sole Executrix of
this my last Will and Testament and doe hereby constitute and appoint my said cozen
William Fitcher . . . aid . . . said daughter in the getting in recovery and management
of my said Estate . . . in case my said son-in-law Jonathan Hide or my said daughter
Mary Pyne shall happen to dye . . . into my said son-in-law or daughter . . . seale this
13 Jan 1691 A D . . . Valent Pyne in presence of . . . Nathaniel Smith, Thomas Ange,
Phillip Parsons. (&c . . . Probation) . . ."

Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 9 Entry Book - August 1691, 11-20
Out Letters (Customs) XII, pp. 328-9. . . . (a) Order of the Queen in Council, dated
Whitehall, July 30 last, granting permission to the following ships to sail to the
East Indies, . . .
Berkeley Castle, Capt. Valentine Pyne, 650 tons, 150 men


religion:

time period:

Valentine Pyne lived:
[
1647 / 1648 (1691 - age 43) - 11 Feb 1691]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
London Marriage Licences, 1521-1869
     
Hide, Jonathan, jun., of Stepney, co. Middlesex, mariner, bachelor, about 26,
     [born circa 1652] and Mrs. Anne Smith, of London Bridge, spinster, about 17,
     [born circa 1661] with consent of her father, Mr. Nathaniel Smith, of same,
     citizen and merchant taylor, of Enfield, Middlesex. 2 Aug. 1678. V.

B.  English Adventurers and Emigrants, 1661-1733 - Ancestry.com: Jonathan Hide

     of Virginia, but born at Limehouse [Tower Division], Middlesex, merchant aged 22
     [born circa 1682]. He took passage from Virginia in the Amarilla and witnessed the
     action.  [The Queen v. Captain Chevalier Mapeon & John Fitch.  18 Sep to 2 Jan 1704/5.
     (Virginia fleet returning to England under convoy,
     which in July 1704 espied five sails. . .)

C.  Will of Valentine Pyne of Bethnall Green [
Bethnal Green], seale this 13 Jan 1691:
     "I give and bequeath unto my son-in-law Jonathan Hide".  Anne _____, wife of the
     said Valentine Pyne, was widow of her deceased husband, _____ Hide. as of date:
     25 June 1689.  Valentine Pyne gave and bequeathed conditionally unto his
     son-in-law Jonathan Hide, "the sum of five hundred pounds of lawful money
     of England to be paid unto him by my Executrix hereafter named within six
     months next after my decease".
     The Executrix hereafter named, was his daughter Mary Pyne, who was only
     two years old at the time.  Thus, Valentine Pyne constituted and appointed his
     said cozen William Fitcher . . . aid . . . said daughter in the getting in recovery
     and management of my said Estate.
     [Abstracts of Somersetshire Wills, Etc., Copied from the Manuscript Collections
     of the Late Rev. Frederick Brown, Page 85]
     - [Working Note: Anne Smith, of London Bridge, born circa 1661, may have first
       married Jonathan Hide, jun., of Stepney, co. Middlesex, as noted in London
       marriage licence, dated 02 Aug 1678; then, married as the widow Anne Hide
       to Valentine Pyne, as noted in marriage allegation, dated 25 June 1689;
       in presence of . . . Nathaniel Smith.
       There was a Jonathan Hide, born at Limehouse, Middlesex, England,
       merchant, born circa 1682; which is between 1678 and 1689, involved
       in American sea trade.  He is of reasonable age to have been married
       to a Rachel _____; possible son in law by marriage to Valentine Pyne;
       if Rachel is in fact, not a daughter born out of wedlock; also, if in fact,
       Rachel is indeed the mother of known connection: 145: JOHN HYDE.]



144:   Miss [RACHEL] PYNE (the daughter of VALENTINE PYNE - working paper [validation])

Family of Miss [Rachel] Pyne:
Traditional Children List: John Hyde was my great-grandfather; he had two
brothers, Thomas & Humphrie Hyde.  They served their time in the English Army
and then went off in the East India Trade.  Took their sister Mary with them.
They never married and died about 1784 AD.  Mary depositing 60,000 £bs in the
English Bank.  At the close of the War (American Revolutionary), our Jersey friends
demanded the money; England said no-you were traitors and can't have it.

Marriage:

The Children of 144: Miss [Rachel] Pyne and Jonathan Hyde - working paper
[
KEPHART records].
144-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 145: BOOK - Thomas Hyde
                - Thomas Hyde, from [family tradition]
144-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 145: BOOK - Humphrie Hyde
                - Humphrie - Humphrey Hyde, from [family tradition]
                  and [John Hyde Association Report]
144-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 145: BOOK - Mary Hyde
                - Mary Hyde, from [family tradition]
                  and [John Hyde Association Report]
144-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 145: JOHN HYDE
XXX         William Hyde, from [John Hyde Association Report]
XXX         Joshua Hyde, from [John Hyde Association Report]
                [There were four brothers, William, John, Joshua and Humphrey Hyde,
                who left England a century ago, and settled in the East Indies.  'One of
                them returned and took his sister Mary back with him.  After a few years,
                the brothers, after accumulating a fortune, died within a short time of each
                other.  Mary Hyde deposited the estate, which consisted of about £ 60,000 in
                East India bonds in the Bank of England.  She died intestate and no heirs
                appearing the money has ever since remained there." . . . "you were compelled
                to adopt the above theory, as it came from an apparently authentic source.  . . .]

Family Information:
geography (location):
life:
religion:
time period:

Miss [Rachel] Pyne lived:
[___________ -___________]

Research Notes: ↑ upΛ
A. 
The original estate of the Hyde family, from which
     they took their name, was a hide of land in the manor
     of Circourt generally called 'La Hyde de Southcote'.
     To this they seem to have added by purchasing land
     in the north of the parish, so that the manor of Hyde
     was said in A.D. 1397 to be at North Denchworth.
     They probably held their lands of the manors of Circourt
     and South Denchworth till they themselves acquired those
     manors; afterwards they are generally said to hold all
     their lands of the Abbot of Abringdon. The HYDE
     family claimed in the 17th Century to have been established
     here since the days of Canute, but the first Hyde who is
     known to have held land in South Denchworth is Warin,
     who lived in the middle of the 13th century. . . .
     A source in the History is Hyde Deeds quoted by Clarke. . . .;
     [The "eminent Hyde family of Berkshire" is referred to on page 282,
     among other pages, of The Victoria History of the County of Berkshire,
     Vol. 2, . . .]

     The Hyde of Longworth, is found in
     The Landed Gentry, going back to:
     John de la Hyde (an estate in South
Denchworth
     conferred upon his ancestor, according to tradition,
     by King Canute /
Cnut the Great), died 13 July A.D. 1135,
     and was survived by his son:
     Ralph, (died 09 Sep A.D. 1156), leaving a son and heir:
     1. John, called De Cella, [
John of Wallingford]
     from the Abbey's cell at Wallingford, Abbot of St. Albans 1195-1214;
     [
Camden Miscellany Vol XXI Camden Third Series Volume XC;
     Containing: The Chronicle Attributed to John of Wallingford;
   
 abbot of St Albans Abbey from 1195 to his death in 1214.  He was
     previously prior of Holy Trinity Priory at Wallingford, a cell of St Albans.
     He studied in Paris, and was considered a great grammarian, poet and physicist.
     His document "flod at London brigge" predicted the high water mark of the Thames,
     and is credited as the first of its type.  His 'Chronica Joannis Wallingford' covers
     evens from 449 to 1036, including the St Brice's Day massacre of the Danes in 1002.
]
     2. Gilbert, who left issue,
     1. John
     2. Roger, his heir, of whom presently.
     3. William
     4. Fulk

     Sir
Roger de la Hyde (son of Gilbert, above), who
     (commissioned in A.D. 1217 to enroll his relatives
     and friends under the banner of the Earl Regent) in
     A.D. 1234 is found holding the manor of La Hyde
     (part of the Royal Honour of Wallingford).
     He left issue, two sons:
     1. Richard (Sir), of whom presently.
     2. Roger (Sir)
     Sir Richard de la Hyde (son of Sir Roger de la Hyde),
     died 11 Jan 1278, left by his wife Phillipa, three sons:
     1. Warren, who left two sons:
     1. JOHN, HIS HEIR, OF WHOM PRESENTLY.
     2. Peter
     2. Richard (Sir).
     3. Robert

     John, (son of Warren, above); living A.D. 1302, left two sons:
     Michael, and William de la Hyde, Lord also of the Manor of
     Longworth-cum-Charney (adjoining La Hyde), living A.D. 1316,
     whose son and heir was:
     William Heygarston de la Hyde, died ca. A.D. 1361, who by his
     wife, Petronilla, had, with other issue:
     John "atte Hyde de Southdenchworth", living A.D. 1350,
     [
Parochial Topography of the Hundred of Wanting:];
     "jam defunctus" A.D. 1407, having had issue:
     John atte Hyde, of South Denchworth, who died 13 May 1416,
     leaving a son:
     John Hyde, heir of La Hyde, born ca. A.D. 1399;
     died 14 July 1448; by his lst wife Graciana (living A.D. 1420),
     he left a son:
     John Hyde, of South Denchworth, Berkshire, England,
     living A.D. 1447-8; married Alice or Agnes, daughter
     of John Lidiard, of Glympton. She died 29 May 1478.
     He died 19 Sep 1487, having had, with other issue:
     Oliver Hyde, of South Denchworth, born A.D. 1461;
     died 04 Oct 1516; married Agnes, (died 05 May 1523),
     daughter and heir of Thomas Lovingcott, of Lovedays
     and of Elmington, Oxfordshire, England . . .

     Effigies twenty-five inches, Oliver Hyde, 1516,
     From: Monumental Brasses of Berkshire
     (14th to 17th Century), by Henry T. Morley, page 98.

     Parishes - Denchworth | British History Online
     [John had a son John, (fn. 90) who was succeeded in 1487
     by his son Oliver. (fn. 91)  Oliver died in 1516, leaving a son
     William, who succeeded him. (fn. 92)  William's son and
     grandson, who followed, bore the same name as himself. (fn. 93)
     The latter was succeeded in 1598 by his son George, (fn. 94) who
     sold the manor to the Cokaynes in 1617. (fn. 95)
    
"The Registers of Denchworth, Co. Berks. 1540-1812"
     Search for Hide and Hyde; other surname connections.

     The Denchworth Missal. [containing genealogical data of the Hyde family]
     The Berks, Bucks & Oxon Archæological Journal, Vol. 7, No. 2, New Series.
     [July, 1901. pages 59 - 62.
by Henry Barry Hyde, born 31 May 1854;
     son of Henry Barry Hyde, who married 24 Feb 1852, Mary Anne Bird;
     grandson of
Henry Barry Hyde, who married 16 Jul 1816,
Amelia Cole;
     great grandson of
Arthur Hyde, born 1752, who married 1776,
Mary Jones;
     2nd great grandson of
Robert Boyle Hyde, born 1726, who married
Catherine Walsh;
     3rd great grandson of
Anthony Hyde, who married (2)
Dorothy Dora Harrison;
     4th great grandson of
Robert Hyde, who married _____
Arriball;
     5th great grandson of Anthony Hyde and _____ _____;
     6th great grandson of (Sir) Arthur Hyde (Knt.) and Helen Power;
     7th great grandson of Arthur Hyde Esq. 2nd son and Elizabeth Pats;
     8th great grandson of William Hyde Esq, and Alice Essex [SEE BELOW.]

     Amongst the advantages enjoyed by those who take an interest in tracing out
     their pedigree are the kindness and courtesy it developes in friends and others
     who become aware of the object of the search.  A friend, knowing my hobby,
     informed me that he had seen in the City an ancient Missal, in which were
     recorded many particulars respecting persons of the name of Hyde. . . .

     Variations from this point forth, are found in Berry's Pedigrees,
     [
William Berry, 1774-1851 (Registering Clerk in the College of Arms)];
     County Genealogies, Pedigrees of Berkshire Families; pages 22, 26, 106-108;
     PAGE 22: Thomas Eyston of East Hendred aforesaid 1513. =
     Elizabeth (Hyde) daur of Robert Hyde of East Hendred.
     PAGE 26: John Eyston . . . ob: 1703 .S.P.  =
     Honor (Hyde) daur of Thomas Hyde Esqr: of Pangbourne.
     PAGES 106 -108: [HYDE. Arms. Gules two Chevrons. Argent.] (descending lineage)
     Roger de la Hyde
of Hanney (Circa 1220.)
     Sir Richard de la Hyde (Knight temp: Edward I.)
     John de la Hyde of Hyde and Southcote temp: Edw: II.
     William Heygarston de la Hyde temp: Edw: III. = Petronella (living 42 Edw: III.)
     He had posterity.   | + [Stephen]
     John att Hyde of Hyde, Southcote & South Denchworth temp: Rich: II.
     John Hyde Esquire of South Denchworth died 1447. /
16576. John de la Hyde
     John Hyde Esquire of South Denchworth /
8288. John Hyde =
     Alice (Lydiard) daur of John Lydiard Esqr: of Oxfordshire
     John Hyde Esquire of South Denchworth. /
4144.  John Hyde
     He had posterity. | and [Thomas Hyde 2d: son.]
     Oliver Hyde Esquire /
Oliver Hyde (1461 - 1516) / 2072. Oliver Hyde
     of South Denchworth died 1516. / Berkshire, Denchworth | Flickr - Photo Sharing =
     Anne (Lovingott) / Agnes (Lovingcote) Hyde (1465 - 1523)
     daur & heir of Thomas Lovingott Esqr: of Loveday's in Elmington in Co: Oxon.
     They had posterity. (O.A.)
     - [(Lady) Elizabeth (Hyde) Unton ( - 1536); married
(Sir) Thomas Unton ( - 1533)]
       They had posterity.
       - Thomas Unton ( - 1542)
       -
(Lady) Edith (Unton) Russell ( - 1562); married (Sir) John Russell ( - 1536)
       -
Thomas Unton ( - 1542)
     - William Hyde /
William Hyde (1490 - 1557) / William Hyde / 1036. William Hyde Esqr:
       [HYDE, William (by 1496-1557), of South Denchworth, Berks. | History of Parliament];
       [Berkshire, Denchworth - Heale my soul O Lorde for I have sinned against thee];
       of South Denchworth ob: 1557 =
Margery (Cater) / Margery (Cater) Hyde (1494 - 1562)
       daur of John Cater Esqr: of Letcombe. she died 1562.
       [
Cater, Margery, d. and h. of Joh, of Letcombe Regis, Berks, wife of William Hyde
       of South Denchworth exemplified 20 April 1559, by Hervey.  Add. MS. 16,940,
       fo 23, MSS. Ashur 858, fo 209-10, and 840, fo 412-13 copy of grant, Bodleian Lib.;
       Geneal., ii., 355; Grants II., 528; Harl. MS. 1116, fo. 48; Le Neve's MS. 474
;
       William Hyde of South Denchworth Pedigree]
       They had posterity.
       -
William Hyde / William Hyde (1518 - 1567) / William Hyde Esquire
         [
Berkshire, Denchworth - lawfully begotten | Flickr - Photo Sharing];
         of South Denchworth [died 22 Jul 1567] ob: 1567 =
         Alice (Essex) / Alice (Essex) Hyde ( - 1584)
         daur of Sir Thomas Essex ~ Knt: of Lamborne. / (Sir) Thomas Essex ( - 1558)
         and (Lady) Margaret (Sandys) Essex;
        
Berkshire History: Lambourn Church Essex Monument
         They had posterity.
         - Anne (Hyde) Wife of John Mores
           son & heir of James Mores of Little Faringdon.
         - William Hyde /
William Hyde (1545 - 1598) Esquire of South Denchworth
           ob: 1598. = Katherine (Gill) /
Katherine (Gyll) Hyde - Lovelace (1549 - 1642);
           daur of George Gill Esqr: of Wydyall Co. Herts. / George Gyll (1510 - 1568)
           and
Gertrude (Perient) Gyll ( - 1550); Berkshire, Hurley | Flickr - Photo Sharing
           They had posterity.
           - [HYDE, George (c.1570-1623), of South Denchworth and Kingston Lisle, Berks.];
             Sir George Hyde / (Sir) George Hyde (1570 - 1623)  K. B. 1603  sold Denchworth
             1617. died 1623. = Katherine (Ferrers)
             daur of Sir. Humphrey Ferrers of Tamworth Castle;
             [Papers of the Ferrers Family of Tamworth Castle Folger MS];
             [Sparsholt | A History of the County of Berkshire: Volume 4 (pp. 311-319)]
             . . . On the east wall of the south transept is an early 17th-century tablet
             with Ionic side pilasters to Sir George Hyde of Kingston Lisle and Katherine
             his wife, daughter of Sir Humphrey Ferrers. The two shields bear the arms
             of Hyde and Hyde quartering Ferrers of Tamworth.]
             They had posterity.
             - Humphrey Hyde Esqr: of Kingston Lisle died 1673. /
Humphrey Hyde ( - 1673) =
               Anne (Hyde) eldest daur of Sir Lawrence Hyde of the Close Salisbury.
               They had posterity.
               - Humphrey Hyde Esqr. of Kingston Lisle.  died 1696 =
                 Gertrude (Fetyplace) 3d: daur of John Fetyplace Esqr: of Fernham.
                 [For three generations Kingston Lisle followed the descent of the Hyde
                 manors in South Denchworth (fn. 126) (q.v.). Sir George Hyde, who died
                 in 1623, was succeeded by his son Humphrey, (fn. 127) whose son Humphrey
                 (fn. 128) was in possession in 1674. (fn. 129) He died in 1696, having settled
                 the manor on his son John. (fn. 130) John died in 1703 and was succeeded
                 by his brother Frederick, (fn. 131) whose son John (fn. 132) held the manor
                 in 1716. (fn. 133) His widow Jane, with John Hyde, who was presumably
                 his heir, sold it in 1749 to Abraham Atkins. (fn. 134)]
                 They had posterity.
                 - Frederick Hyde Esqr: of Kingston Lisle. died 1713.
                   He had posterity.
                   -
John Hyde Esquire of Kingston Lisle. (1695-1746) Living 1720. =
                     Jane Calvert (died Jul 1778) daur of Benedict Leonard, Lord Baltimore.
                     [
Benedict Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore]
                     They had posterity.
                 - Humphrey (Hyde) born 1668.  died 1683.
                 - John (Hyde) died 1703.
                 - Elizabeth (Hyde) born 1666.
                 - Mary (Hyde) born 1670.
                 - Gertrude (Hyde) born 1672.
                 - William (Hyde) died an infant 1681.
               - Francis Hyde, a Factor in Guinea for the Royal Company 1664.
             - George (Hyde) 2d son   living 1664.
             - John Hyde 3d son married Elizabeth (Ferrers)
               2d dar: of Sir Humph: Ferrers of Tamworth Castle.
             - Dorothy (Hyde) Wife of Henry Nevill of Bathwick Co: Som.
             - David Hyde born 1608. 4th: son married Cecilia (Fitzwilliam)
               daur of . . . Fitzwilliam of Co: Hereford.
             - Ferrers (Hyde), born 1609.
           - Sir Robert Hyde Knt of Charlton Pensioner to King James. /
            
Robert Hyde (MP for Abingdon), born (1638 - age 60, born 1578);
             married Joan Brice; daughter of Stephen Brice of Witney, Oxfordshire, England
           - Elizabeth (Hyde) /
(Lady) Elizabeth (Hyde) Bridges
             Wife of Thos: Bruges. / (Sir) Thomas Bridges ( - 1621);
             son of 
Henry Bridges ( - 1587) and Anne (Hungerford) Bridges
             They had posterity.
             - Edward Bridges ( - 1639); married
Philippa (Speke) Bridges (1594 - 1628)
               They had posterity.
           - Jane (Hyde) Wife of Sir John Fitzwilliam of London.
           - Katherine (Hyde) Wife to Willm: first Lord Fitzwilliam so created 1620.
             [
Catherine Hyde married William FitzWilliam, 1st Baron FitzWilliam]
             They had posterity.
             -
William FitzWilliam, 2nd Baron FitzWilliam; married 1638, Jane Perry;
               daughter of Hugh Perry and Catherine Fenn
               They had posterity.
               - William succeeded to the title and was later created 1st Earl Fitzwilliam,
                 born 29 Apr 1643; died 28 Dec 1719; married 10 May 1669, Anne Cremor
               - Jane FitzWilliam married 24 Feb 1675/76, Sir Christopher Wren,
                 born 20 Oct 1632, East Knoyle, Wiltshire, England;
                 died
26 Feb 1722/23, London, Middlesex, England
         - (Sir)
Arthur Hyde (2nd son) [born 04 Dec 1548]
           of Carganedo / Carrigoneda Co: Cork in Ireland.
         - Edward (Hyde) 3 son.
         - Thomas (Hyde) 4th: son.
         - Frances. (Hyde)
         - Margaret. (Hyde)
         - Margery. (Hyde)
         - Mary (Hyde) &
         - Catherine. (Hyde)
       - Oliver (Hyde) 2d: S.P. [born 09 Feb 1520; died 03 Feb 1565] / Oliver Hyde ( - 1566);
         married
Thomasine (Bradfield) Hyde ( - 1569)
       - [Christian Hyde; married 10 Aug 1545, William Pinnock]
       - Thomas (Hyde) 3. [died Dec 1595; married Elizabeth Barker]
       - John Hyde 4th: son. [died 29 Jun 1558; married 06 Aug 1548, Mary Kidwick]
         They had posterity.
         - Humphrey Hyde Esqr: of Abingdon.
         - Anne. (Hyde)
         - Cicely. (Hyde)
         - Francis Hyde of Pangborne Co: Berks. = (1) Alice (Phillpot)
           sister to Sir George Phillpot 1st: Wife
           They had posterity.
           -
Richard Hyde of Pangborne = Mary (Smith)
             daur of William Smith of Whitchurch Co: Oxon.
             They had posterity.
             - Francis (Hyde)
             - Richard (Hyde)
             - William (Hyde)
             - John (Hyde)
           Francis Hyde = (2) Anne (Tempest) daur of Robert Tempest
           of the Bishoprick of Durham 2d: Wife.
           They had posterity.
           - Anthony Hyde of Woodhouse Co: Hants 1649. = Mary (James)
             daur of Sir Henry James of Smarden Co: Kent.
             They had posterity.
             - James (Hyde) at: 15. 1649.
             - Frances (Hyde) at: 27. 1657.
             - Mary (Hyde) 2.
             - Anne (Hyde) 3.
             - Catherine (Hyde) 4.
             - Elizabeth (Hyde) 5.
       - Elizabeth (Hyde) Wife ~ of John Odingsells Esqr: of Long Itchington Co: Warwick.
       - [Catherine Hyde; married John Ernley]
       - Anne (Hyde) Wife of George Woodcocks of Shinfield Co: Berks Esqr:
         [married 06 Aug 1548, George Woodstock]
       - Margaret (Hyde) Wife of Thomas More of Sherfield in Co: Hants. Esqr:
         [married 01 Feb 1550, Thomas Moore]
       - Hugh Hyde /
518. Hugh Hyde of Letcombe 5 son. =
         Bridget (Dantesey / Dauntesey)
         daur of John Dantesey of East Lavington Co: Wilts Esquire.
         They had posterity.
         -
259. Cecilia Hyde married 258. William Wilmot
       - Peter (Hyde) 6. [born 09 Apr 1535]
       - Cicely (Hyde) Wife of William Daniel / Daniell of St.. Margart. Co. Wilts Esqr:
       - [Margery Hyde; died 28 Sep 1562]
       - Jane (Hyde) [married 29 Jul 1566]
         Wife of Arthur Bidlecomb of Wolford Co. Warwick
       - Anthony (Hyde) 7.
       - Mary (Hyde) Wife of John Erneley of Bishops Cannings Co: Wilts.
         [Research Note: Archive Record: Archibald F. Bennett, Family Representative,
          states Mary Hyde married 15 Jul 1570, Francis Glinton, contrary to Pedigree.]
     - Margaret (Hyde) Wife of . . . Langston Esqr: of Co: Bucks.
     - Alice (Hyde) Wife of
John Yate Esqr: of Lyford Co: Berks.
       They had posterity.
       - [a son Thomas, of Lyford and twelve daughters]
     - Anne (Hyde) Wife of Thomas Lyons Esqr: of Enborne Co: Berks.
     -
Thomas Hyde of Culham Co. Oxon ~ 2d son [born 21 Aug 1495] =
       Elizabeth (Wikkes) daur of Henry Wikkes of Abingdon Co: Berks.
       They had posterity.
       -
Thomas Hyde of Long Wittenham Gent
         marrd: Alice (Stampe) daur of John Stampe of Cholsey.
         They had posterity.
         - [Sibilla Hyde]
       - William. (Hyde)
       - Gilbert. (Hyde)
       - Oliver. (Hyde)
     - John Hyde 3 son.
       He had posterity.
       - Richard Hyde / of Blagrove, [born 1546] mard: (_____ Tipping)
         the daur of . . . Tipping. & from this branch of the family descended __;
         [Painted on the North Wall of the Chancel is this Inscription.
         Here lyeth the Body of Sir Richard Hyde, Knight, late of Blagrave, in the
         County of Berks, antiently descended from the Worthy Family of the Hydes
         of Denchworth; which Manor still continuing in the same Lyne and Name,
         even unto this Day, was bestowed upon the first Advancer thereof, for his
         Vertue and Valour , by Canutus, the first Danish King, who by Conquest
         obteyned this Kingdom in the Yeare of our Lord, . . . This worthy Knight,
         a Branch of that Stock, deceased the xxivth Day of Aprill, in the Yeare
         of our Lord God, MDCXV. (24 Apr 1615) and in the Yeare of his age 69.;
         The Antiquity of Berkshire: With a Large Appendix . . . Elias Ashmole; page 70]
         They had posterity.
         - Dorothy Hyde [Here lyeth the Body of Mrs. Dorothy Hyde, Virgin, Daughter
           of Sir Richard Hyde, Knight.  She was buried the ivth of May, Anno Domini,
           MDCLVIII. (04 May 1658) Between Two Bones laid cross Ways; and a Death's
           Head, are these Words.  Imago Mortis. (The image of Death); page 73]
         -
George Hyde of Blagrave near Abingdon buried at Sutton before his Wife.
           see Guillim's  Heraldry:
Edition 1724. = Elizabeth (Keit) daur of John Keit
           of Eberton Co: Gloucester ~ survived her Husband & died at Oxford
           2d: August 1677 bur: with her Husbd: [On a fair Black Marble, laid upon
           a Monument raised against the said Wall, is this Inscription.  Neare this
           Place lyeth the Body of George Hyde, Esqr; he dyed September the first,
           Anno Domini, MDCLXI. (01 Sep 1661)  This Tombe was erected by Elizabeth,
           his sorrowful Widdow. The Antiquity of Berkshire; pages 70 and 71.]
           They had posterity.
           - Richard Hyde   Heir to the Estate at Blagrave =
             Mary (Hyde) daur of Humphry Hyde of Wyke near to Abingdon.
             [
The Life and Times of Anthony Wood: Antiquary, of Oxford, 1632-1695;
             notes that the widdow of Humphrey Hyde of Wick by Abendon in Berks,
             died at her house in S. Giles parish, Th. 6 July 1665; and was buried
             in Radley Church by her husband.  There issue were those:---
             - Christiana (Hyde), unmarried, concubine to Sir Thomas Spencer of Yarnton
               in whose house she now liveth, 1677.  (She died at Yarnton  . . . Aug. 1682,
               and left her estate to Sir Thomas Spencer for the use of her children by him.)
             - (2) Anne (Hyde), married her kinsman Richard Hyde of Blagrave by Abendon,
               sadler to the duke of York.
             - (3) Margaret (Hyde), bred up in a nunnery beyond the seas and is yet unmarried.
             - (4) Mary (Hyde), unmarried.
             - (5) Humphrey (Hyde) borne after his father's death.  He died at Blagrave,
               Th., 11 Jan 1676 / 1677, aet. 24, and was buried (I suppose) by his father
               and mother. {S. Helen's church at Abendon}  But as for his estate
               (worth 700li per per annum), he left it upon some distast, (sic)
               not to his sisters, but to one . . . Seymoure, nothing of kin to him.--
               His father Humphrey Hyde died at Wick, T., 21 Sept. 1652.  He married one
               of the 2 daughters and co-heirs of Braibroke {Brabrook} of Southstoke in Oxon.];
               [Humphrey Hyde had acquired part of Marlston Manor (2 miles N of Bucklebury)
               through his marriage to Margaret Braybrooke.  She inherited it from her father
               Richard, . . . The estate was sequestrated and, as was usually the case,
               two-thirds of its income was seized by Parliament. In 1652, Humphrey Hyde . . .
               successfully petitioned for the return of Marlston Manor, . . . However, he died
               shortly afterwards and the property was again sequestrated, because his widow
               refused to take the oath. Reference:
Thames Valley Papists (pdf)]
           - Hastings Hyde.   living 1677.
           - Margaret (Hyde) {Margaret & Elizabeth both living unmarried 1677.}
           - Elizabeth (Hyde) {Margaret & Elizabeth both living unmarried 1677.}
           - Mary (Hyde) Wife of . . . Bowreman of the Isle of Wight
             sometime of Christ Church Oxford.   Living 1677.
           - John Hyde    Living 1677. [
chr: 03 Aug 1634, St. Mary, Whitechapel,
             London, Middlesex, England; died 25 Jan 1696 / 1697] = Mary (West)
             [Maud / Magdalen West, chr: 07 Jan 1637 / 1638] daur of James West.
             [Research Note:
Visitation of England and Wales - Volume 6, Part 1,
             shows
John Hyde of London; living 29 Aug 1684. = (01 Aug 1661) Maud West,
             (a sister of Robert West); the daughter of James West and Bridget Bentley
             They had posterity.
             - John Hyde, born 06 Feb 1664 / 1665, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England: died 1731;
               married Elizabeth Keysen; born 1665
               They had posterity.
               -
John Hyde
           - Thomas Hyde.   living in 1677.
           - Humphrey Hyde   of Banbury a Merchant ~ beyond sea   Living 1677.
           - William Hyde.   living 1677.
           - Francis Hyde   living 1677.
             [Compare family posterity of George Hyde, with "There were four brothers,
             William, John, Joshua and Humphrey Hyde, who left England a century ago,
             and settled in the East Indies.  'One of them returned and took his sister Mary
             back with him.  After a few years, the brothers, after accumulating a fortune,
             died within a short time of each other.  Mary Hyde deposited the estate,
             which consisted of about £ 60,000 in East India bonds in the Bank of England.
             She died intestate and no heirs appearing the money has ever since
             remained there." . . . "you were compelled to adopt the above theory,
             as it came from an apparently authentic source.  . . .]
     Hyde Pedigree (archived), as well as by doing a search in

     Old Family Group Sheets Can be Found on FamilySearch
     The Compendium of American Genealogy, Dr. Calvin Ira Kephart,
     past president of the National Genealogical Society, notes in Vol. 7, page 258, (1942)
     "Ann Elizabeth Runyan (b. 21 June 1706) in 1734, John Hyde (Oct 7 1705 -
     16 Apr 1795), from Bisley, Gloucestershire, England, of eminent Hyde family
     of Berkshire, to Hunterdon Co., N.J. prob. with mother Rachel ca. 1715".  Note:
     Near Bitton and from Bisley are about thirty (30) miles apart, in Gloucestershire.
     - Denchworth: Four Visitations of Berkshire - Google™ Books

B.  Family Group Record: Jonathan Hyde = 13 Nov 1662, Hannah Hawling
     - Jonathan Hyde, chr: 08 Mar 1671  Badgworth, Somerset, England,
       son of Jonathan Hyde and Hannah Hawling



145:   JOHN HYDE (the son of Miss [RACHEL] PYNE: working paper [
KEPHART records].

Family of John Hyde:

Marriage:
John Hyde, Hopewell [NJ], was said to have been born in England, October 7, 1705,
he was a cloth-dresser and wheelwright by occupation, he came to America and,
in 1734, married Elizabeth Runyan, at Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
she was born 21 Jun 1706; daughter of John Runyon and Ann Elizabeth Dunn
[Research References: Harman Clark Report I
Harman Clark Report II - Harman Clark Report III
Harman Clark Report IV
18. ix Ann Elizabeth Runyon b. 21 Jun 1708, m. 1734, John Hude,
b. 1705, Engl
and, d. 1775, Hunterdon County, N.J. Ann died after 1804,
Cincinnati, OH. John: Doris Horvath, Runyon Booklet.
-
The Runyon Family (Book, 1981) [WorldCat.org]: The Runyon Family
  A
pproximately 193 leaves : illustrations, genealogical tables; 29 cm.;
  compiled by Doris L. (Coriell) Horvath [
'au:Horvath, Doris L.'];
 
Genealogy and history of the Runyon family of New Jersey.
  Ancestral lines are traced from Vincent Runyon (1645-1713),
  who immigrated to New Jersey from Poitou, France.
  -
Results for 'su:Runyan family.' [WorldCat.org]
    -
Calvin I. Kephart Genealogical Research Materials, 1911-1969
Harman Clark Report V - Harman Clark Report VI
Harman Clark Report VII - Harman Clark Report VIII
Runyon Genealogy]


The Children of 145: John Hyde and and Ann Elizabeth Runyan were:
145-001:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a son) 146: BOOK - Jonathan Hyde,
                born 1736, in New Jersey; married [1797] Ledia Hoff
145-002:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 146: BOOK - Mersey Hyde,
                born 1738, in New Jersey; died in infancy.
145-003:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 146: BOOK - Ruth Hyde,
                born 01 Nov 1740, in New Jersey
145-004:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 146: BOOK -
               
Rachel (Hyde) Holcombe (1741 - 1814),
                born 04 Jan 1741 / 1742, in New Jersey; died 07 Feb / Jul 1814;
                married
Jacob Holcombe, born 07 Dec 1741, Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                died 11 Jan 1820, Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                son of Samuel Holcombe and Eleanor Barber
                [A Genealogical and Personal History of Bucks County, Pennsylvania]
                They had posterity.
                -
Mary (Holcombe) Lambert ( - 1837), born 1762,
                  born Amwell Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                  [as were all her brothers and sisters];
                  died 04 Nov 1837, New Hope, Bucks, Pennsylvania;
                  married (1) Jonas Tyson.
                  They had posterity.
                  - Jonas Tyson, II; married (1) Mary Heath
                    Jonas Tyson II; married (2) Hannah Maria Suydam
                  Mary Holcombe married (2)
Joseph Lambert (1750 - 1821),
                  born 10 Sep 1749 / 1750; died 13 / 18 Feb 1821;
                  buried, with his wife, at
Lambertville, Hunterdon, New Jersey
                  They had posterity.
                  - Jacob Lambert, born 04 Mar 1786, Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                    died __ Mar 1839; married 13 Aug 1834,
                    Hunterdon County, New Jersey, Letitia Prall
                  - Wilson Lambert, born 05 Sep 1787, Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                     married 16 Jul 1818, Sarah Ridgeway
                    They had posterity.
                  - Aaron Lambert, born 05 Sep 1789, Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                    died 01 Dec 1869; married (1) 05 May 1810, Eleanor Mehl; died 05 May 1816
                    They had posterity.
                    - Mary A. Lambert, born 1811; died 02 Jul 1890
                    - Caroline Lambert, born 1813; died 05 Mar 1900
                     - Elizabeth Lambert, born 1815
                    Aaron Lambert married (2) 05 Jun 1817, Hunterdon County, New Jersey,
                    Lydia Stagart / Stiger; born 1798; died 08 Jun 1847
                  - Benjamin Lambert, born 17 Feb 1792, Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                    married 05 Oct 1815, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, Deborah Jones
                    They had posterity.
                  - William Lambert, born 17 Jan 1794, Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                    died 1797
                  - Permelia Lambert, born 14 Feb 1797, Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                    died 26 Nov 1850; married 26 May 1814,
                    (Capt.) John Scott; born 07 Dec 1788; died 30 Nov 1846
                    They had posterity.
                  - Joseph Lambert, born 25 Jul 1801, Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                    died 21 Aug 1826
                -
Elinor (Holcombe) Hoppock (1765 - 1859), born 06 Dec 1765,
                  Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                  died 09 July 1859; married 10 Apr 1783,
                 
Tunis Hoppock (1762 - 1838), born 10 Dec 1762; died 02 Nov 1838;
                  son of
Tunnis Hoppock and Elizabeth Appleton
                  They had posterity.
                  - Elizabeth Hoppock, born 14 Dec 1783
                  -
Asher Hoppock (1787 - 1811), born 07 Jan 1787; died 12 Apr 1811
                  - Ely Hoppock, born 06 Mar 1791
                  - Jacob Hoppock, born 11 Jun 1793; married Rachel Allen
                  - Josiah Hoppock, born 03 Apr 1797; died 12 Aug 1805
                  - Catherine Hoppock, born 17 Aug 1799; died 10 May 1840;
                    married Richard Kuhl
                  - Howell Hoppock, born 11 Aug 1802
                  - Richard Hoppock, born 02 Aug 1804; died 27 Apr 1842
                -
Keziah Holcombe, born 10 Nov 1767, Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                  died 25 Oct 1854; married James "Jenz" Larison, born 05 Nov 1765;
                  died 25 Jul 1848; son of
Andrew / Andru Larison and Lavinia Severenz
                  They had posterity.
                - Elizabeth Holcombe, born __ ___ ____, Hunterdon County, New Jersey
                -
Josiah Holcombe (1771 - 1811), born 17 Apr 1771,
                  Hunterdon County, New Jersey; died 05 Apr 1811;
                  married
Lucrecia / Lucretia (Hoagland) Holcombe (1771 - 1838),
                  born 30 Sep 1771; died 20 May 1838, Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                  daughter of Derrick Hoagland (1743 - 1827)
                  and
Elizabeth (Chamberlain) Hoagland (1748 - 1829)
                  They had posterity.
                  -
Jacob H Holcombe, born 28 Jan 1795, in New Jersey; married 09 Jan 1819,
                   
Keturah / Kiturah (Van Doren / VanDoran) Holcombe ( - 1874),
                   
born 10 Dec 1799, in New Jersey; died 10 Sep 1874
                    They had posterity.
                    -
Esther / Hettie Lucretia (Holcomb)/ Holcombe Hoffman ( - 1867);
                      married 1837, Joseph J. Hoffman (1815 - 1891),
                      born 02 Jun 1815; died 03 Dec 1891
                      They had posterity.
                      -
Ann Elizabeth (Hoffman) Clark (1832 - 1911); married 30 Dec 1859,
                        James Smith Clark (1831 - 1915)
                      -
Keturah (Hoffman) Wilson (1846 - 1915) , born 22 Apr 1845 (sic);
                        married George C. Wilson (1835 - 1890)
                        They had posterity.
                        - Joseph H. Wilson (1871 - 1914);
                          married Francis K. (_____) Wilson (1871 - 1962)
                          They had posterity.
                          - James S. Wilson (1906 - 1952);
                            married
Margaretta E. (_____) Wilson (1909 - 1985)
                    -
Frances Elizabeth (Holcombe) Sharp (1822 - 1897);
                      married 21 Nov 1838,
William Sharp (1814 - 1869)
                    - Josiah Holcombe, IIII, married 23 Feb 1848, Catherine M. Hagerman
                    - Christopher V. D. Holcombe; marred __ Nov 1864, Kate A. Dalrymple
                  - Hiram Holcombe, born 26 Nov 1799; will dated 17 Dec 1823
                  -
Elizabeth (Holcombe) Lanning (1803 - 1829), born 05 May 1803,
                    Hunterdon County, New Jersey; died 09 Feb 1829,
                    Hunterdon County, New Jersey; married 13 Dec 1822,
                   
Robert Laning, Jr (1800 - 1830);
                    son of
Enoch Laning (1765 - 1828) and Sarah (Abbott) Lanning (1760 - 1835)
                  -
Lucretia (Holcombe) Holcombe (1810 - 1855), born 22 Dec 1810;
                    died 24 Mar 1855; married John Runkle Holcombe (1811 - 1855);
                    son of Richard Holcombe (1783 - 1859)
                    and
Sarah (Runkle) Holcombe (1782 - 1836)
                    They had posterity.
                    - Hiram Holcombe born 29 Aug 1829; married Sarah Ann Hill
                    - Elizabeth A. Holcombe; married 08 Oct 1851, Robert A. Shepard
                    - Richard Holcombe, born 10 Apr 1833; died 13 Apr 1850
                    -
Henry Holcombe (1834 - 1860)
; married Elizabeth Anna Meeker
                    -
Sarah L Holcombe (1837 - 1852); born 13 Dec 1837; died 02 Dec 1852
                    - Victoria Holcombe, born 01 Jan 1840; died 14 Feb 1840
                    -
Richard Holcombe (1843 - 1850)
                -
Sophia (Holcombe) Lanning (1776 - 1810), born 05 Jun 1776,
                  Hunterdon County, New Jersey; died 07 Feb 1810,
                  Hopewell, Mercer, New Jersey; married 23 Dec 1795,
                 
William Laning (1774 - 1817), born 13 Dec 1774,
                  Hunterdon County, New Jersey; died 19 Jan 1817,
                  Hopewell, Mercer, New Jersey; intestate, Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                  son of Robert Laning, III (1737 - 1808)
                  and
Judith (Baker) Lanning (1740 - 1829)
                  They had posterity.
                  -
Hannah (Laning / Lanning) Phillips (1798 - 1878) , born 30 Sep 1798,
                    Hopewell, Mercer, New Jersey; died 18 Dec 1878,
                    Hopewell, Mercer, New Jersey; married John S. Phillips (1795 - 1869);
                    son of
Samuel Phillips (1766 - 1849)
                    and
Rebecca (Phillips) Phillips (1766 - 1829)

                  -
Jacob Holcombe Laning (1799 - 1885), born 13 Aug 1799;
                    died 13 Feb 1885, Petersburg, Menard, Illinois;
                    married (1) 16 Sep 1821, Theodosia (Grey) Laning (1803 - 1863),
                    born 17 Apr 1803, Hunterdon County, New Jersey; died 29 Aug 1863,
                    Hunterdon County, New Jersey
                    They had posterity.
                    -
William H Lanning (1822 - 1866)
, born 26 Jan 1822,
                      Hopewell, Mercer, New Jersey; died 22 Mar 1866,
                      Lambertville, Hunterdon, New Jersey; married Elizabeth _____
                      They had posterity.
                      -
Lydia Augusta Lanning (1853 - 1854)
                      -
William H Lanning, Jr (1866 - 1867)
                    -
Andrew Jackson Laning (1823 - 1899);
                      married (1)
Jane Maria (Phillips) Laning (1831 - 1856)
                      Andrew Jackson Laning (1823 - 1899),
                      married (2)
Susanna P. (Lanning) Lanning (1826 - 1890)
                      They had posterity.
                      - 
Cornelia M. (Laning) Mathews ( - 1916);
                         married Ellwood Mathews (1859 - 1926)
                    - 
Amanda Lanning (1827 - 1872)
                    Jacob Holcombe Laning married (2) Hannah (Silver) Laning (1813 - 1893)
                    They had posterity.
                    -
John Laning ( - 1838)

                    -
Edward Laning (1834 - 1917)
                    -
John S Laning (1837 - 1862)
                    -
Caleb Barrett Laning (1839 - 1922); [Necrology], born 25 Jul 1839,
                     
Petersburg, Menard, Illinois; (1900 Census); died 17 Aug 1922, Kansas City;
                      buried Oakland Cemetery; married 1869, Mary Esther Harris;
                      (1900 Census - age 48, born Mar 1852, in Illinois);
                      daughter of (Honorable) Thomas Langrell Harris (1816 - 1858)
                      and
Mary Ironshire (Dirickson) Harris (1825 - 1900)
                      They had posterity. (stated as: 9 children; eight boys and one girl)
                      - Sarah B. Laning, born in Ohio; died 16 Oct 1916 (
Obituary);
                        buried Diamond Grove Cemetery; married
23 Aug 1854,
                        Bloomington, McLean, Illinois
, (Rev) William Fletcher Short;
                       
Portrait and Biographical Album of Morgan and Scott Counties, Illinois;
                        born 09 Nov 1829, Butler County, Ohio; died 29 Aug 1909; [Photograph];
                        son of (Rev) Daniel Short (1809 - 1861)
                        and
Diana (Petefish) Short (1810 - 1873)
                        They had posterity.
                        - Lula / Lulella Belle Short; married Edward C. Lambert; (of Jacksonville)
                          They had posterity.
                          - [Annie Watson Lambert,
                            Edward Laning Lambert,
                            and Helen May Lambert]
                        - Catherine Short, born 1858; married J. D. Waller; (of Oak Park)
                        - Flora M. Short; married Julian S. Wadsworth;
                          (of Fitchburg, Massachusetts)
                        - Edward Laning Short
                        - William Fletcher Short, Jr., born 1866
                      - Edward Laning
                      - Maud Laning; married (Colonel) John McA. Palmer
                      - (Captain) Harris Laning
                      - Levin D. Laning; (1900 Census - age 24, born Mar 1876, in Illinois);
                        married
14 Apr 1932, New York County, New York, Ella May Line,
                        born 1883; daughter of Thomas P. Line and Laura Helwig

                      - (Mr.) T. P. Laning of Jacksonville, Illinois

                    -
Oscar Laning (1843 - 1846)
                    -
Mary C Laning (1848 - 1858)
                    -
Thomas Fred Laning (1854 - 1890)
                  -
Hester (Laning / Lanning) Liverton (1800 - 1884), born 04 Dec 1800,
                    Hunterdon County, New Jersey; died 26 Dec 1884,
                    Hunterdon County, New Jersey; married 01 Jul 1826,
                   
Robert Liverton (1795 - 1867), born 1795, Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                    died 01 Jun 1867, Hunterdon County, New Jersey
                    They had posterity.
                    - William V. Liverton (1839 - 1866);
                      married 24 Dec 1863, Trenton, Mercer, New Jersey, Amelia Horn
                  - Judith Ann Laning, born 14 Jan 1806; married Andrew S. Opdyke
                    They had posterity.
                    - William L. Opdyke, born 1830; married Julia E. Wood
                    - Kezia L. Opdyke, born 1831, Macoupin County, Illinois;
                      married Charles Rickerson
                  -
Robert Baker Lanning (1809 - 1867), born 17 Sep 1809; died 19 Jul 1867;
                    married
Elizabeth (Robinson) Lanning (1814 - 1864); died 16 Jun 1864
                  Reference (pdf); page 63:
                  Lanning Family of Newtown, Queens County, Long Island, New York
                - Jacob Holcombe, III, born 02 Feb 1778, Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                  died 17 Feb 1808; married 02 Dec 1803, Letitia Moore, born 03 Mar 1768;
                  died 20 Jun 1838;
                  daughter of
Theophilus Moore (1739 - 1805)
                  and
Rhoda (Phillips) Moore (1744 - 1825)
                  They had posterity.
                  -
Keziah Holcombe, born 25 Feb 1805; married Joseph Reakirt (1800 - 1858)
                    They had posterity.
                    - (Daughter) Reakirt; died in infancy
                    - Joseph Reakirt; died in infancy
                    - Theodore Reakirt; died young
                    -
(Pvt) Edwin Landis Reakirt (1832 - 1888);
                      married
Margaret (Lardner) Reakirt (1841 - 1927)
                      They had posterity.
                      - James Lardner Reakirt (1876 - 1904)
                      - Edwin Holcombe Reakirt (1877 - 1912)
                      - Mary Wilmer (Reakirt) Large (1879 - 1935);
                        married
(Lieut) Robert Hartshorne Large (1875 - 1917)
                    -
Cornelia Woodhull Hart (Reakirt) Cummings (1834 - 1864);
                      married (LCDR) Andrew Boyd Cummings (1830 - 1863)
                      They had posterity.
                      -
Virginia R. Cummings (1860 - 1861)
                    -
Virginia (Reakirt) Laws (1838 - 1928), born 08 Mar 1838,
                      Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; died 1928;
                      married 03 Nov 1864,
(Dr) James Laws (1827 - 1905)
                    -
(Pvt) Theodore Holcomb Reakirt, II (1841 - 1874)
                  - Marie Letitia Holcombe, born 27 Aug 1807; married 26 Oct 1831,
                    Joseph Anderson Landis
                    They had posterity.
                - Amy / Anny Holcombe, born 05 Feb 1780, Hunterdon County, New Jersey;
                  married 24 Dec 1806, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, Elijah Warford
                  They had posterity.
                  -
Holcombe Warford, born 1811; died 11 Oct 1886,
                    Raritan, Hunterdon, New Jersey;
married 11 Jan 1834,
                    Hunterdon County, New Jersey, Margaret Case
                    They had posterity.
                References: 5th generation - John Holcombe and
The Mt. Amwell Project
145-005:   DIRECT DESCENDANT (a dau) 146: BOOK -
Charity Hyde,
                born 28 Nov 1743, Hopewell, Hunterdon, New Jersey; [died after 01 Aug 1766,
                and before (1785/1786 minus 12 years plus one (pregnancy/ 2 marriage) 1772];
                married in New Jersey, John Senteny, Sr. [Centney / Sentiny / Sentney];
                [
Laws of the Royal Colony of New Jersey, 1746-1760 . . . John Sentiny,
                shall be from henceforeh deemed, taken and esteemed to be as his Majesty's
                natural free born Subjects within this Province; and they, and each of them,
                and their and each of their Heirs, shall enjoy and are entitled unto the same
                Laws, Liberties, Rights and Priviledges, as any of his Majesty's natural free
                born Subjects can or ought to enjoy within the same; any Act, Ordinance,
                Usage or Custom to the Contrary in any wise notwithstanding.
]; [01 Aug 1766,
                John Senteny and Charity his wife of Sowerland Mountains, Carpenter];
                [John Senteny (Mortgage) - 27 Apr 1767 . . . Cancelled . . . James Hude DClk];
                (Millwright and miller; died Hopewell, Hunterdon County, New Jersey);
                [The petition of Jane Sentiney admx & widdow of John Sentiney decd
                and Samuel Stout admr to the said Sentineys Estate Humbly sheweth that
                John Sentiney of the County of Somerset died sometime in the month of
                April 1785 intestate, and did leave 11 Children, 7 of wich are from 2 to 12
                years old; . . . 16th April 1786 Jane Sentiney Admx Samuel Stout Admr];
                [Taken from family record which was notarized at Hamilton County, Ohio,
                before Paul J Huston, N P, 01 Apr 1880 and signed by Jacob S Peterson.];
                They had posterity.
                - Jacob Senteney / Senteny / Sentney / [Jacob Senteny (1764 - 1831),
                  [Here Lies the body of Jacob Senteny He was born May the 7th 1764
                  and died October 1 1831 Aged 67 years 4 months 23 days]
                - John Senteney / Sentney, Jr. / [John Senteny (1765 - 1836),
                  born 29 Dec 1766; died 25 May 1836, age 71 years]; [
Photograph];
                  [John
Senteney, was born in 1761, in New Jersey, and his marriage
                  to Miss Elizabeth Houghton took place there.  She was likewise a native
                  of New Jersey.  In the year 1790 he moved West with his young wife,
                  and purchasing land near Maysville, Kentucky, made his permanent home
                  there.  After a long life of usefulness his death occurred in 1835 at a ripe
                  old age.  His widow survived him several years, and passed away in 1845.
                  Both are buried in the Lawrence Creek Cemetery, near Maysville.  Their
                  family consisted of seven children - - Thomas, Joab, Nancy, Catherine,
                  Charity, Mary and Elijah, all of whom attained maturity and married.
                  John Senteney and his wife were, during their lifetime, members
                  of the Baptist Church, and were actively engaged in promoting
                  its interests and building up the cause of Christ.];
                  married Elizabeth (Houghton) Senteny (1772 - 1844), born 17 Sep 1772,
                  in New Jersey; died 10 Jan 1844, Mason County, Kentucky;
                  daughter of
Joab Houghton / (LTC) Joab Houghton (1725 - 1798) /
                  Our Houghton Heritage - Joab Houghton and Catherine Runyan / Runyon
                  They had posterity.
                  - Thomas Senteney, born 11 Mar 1793, Mason County, Kentucky;
                    married 06 May 1812, Nancy Kurby
                  -
Joab Houghton Senteney / Jacob /Joab Senteney (1794 - 1863),
                    born 06 Dec 1794, near Maysville, Mason, Kentucky; died 07 May 1863,
                    in Illinois; married 03 Aug 1816, Elizabeth Doing, born Virginia; died 1875;
                    [both lie at rest in the old Humbolt burying-ground];
                    daughter of Thomas Doing and _____ _____
                    They had posterity. (nine children)
                    - John, deceased, was married to Elizabeth Bobbet;
                    - Thomas, the subject of this sketch;
                    - Elizabeth, the wife of Oliver Huckstep;
                    - Nancy died at the age of sixteen;
                    - Robert married Miss Jane Fleming, and resides in Guthrie County, Iowa;
                    - William married Miss Minerva Christman, and both died,
                      leaving a family of six children;
                    - Jacob married Miss Elizabeth McNealy, and both also died,
                      leaving a family of four children;
                    -
Peter Gordon Senteney (1833 - 1871), born 10 May 1833,
                      Mason County, Kentucky; died 17 Feb 1871, Douglas County, Illinois;
                      married Elizabeth Ellen (Hostetler) Senteney - Haney (1845 - 1912),
                      born 10 May 1845, in Indiana; died 21 Dec 1912, in Indiana;
                      daughter of Solomon Newton Hostetler (1822 - 1876)
                      and Catharine Jane (Petit) Hostetler (1825 - 1861)
                      They had posterity.
                      -
Frank / Franklin Lycurgus Senteney (1864 - 1864), born 20 Jan 1864;
                        died 15 Feb 1864, Coles County, Illinois
                      - Elbridge Everette Senteney, born 14 Dec 1864, Arcola, Douglas, Illinois
                      - Cullen Peter Senteney, born 13 Jun 1867, Arcola, Douglas, Illinois
                      - Anna Jane Senteney, born 10 Jan 1869
                      - Homer Gordon Senteney, born 01 Sep 1870, Douglas County, Illinois
                    - Mary is the wife of Martin Lathrop, and resides in this State.
                  - Nancy Senteney, born 05 Apr 1797, Mason County, Kentucky;
                    died 27 Oct 1849; married Walter Case
                  - Jacob Senteney, born 08 Jun 1799, Mason County, Kentucky;
                    died 23 Aug 1800
                  - Catherine Senteney, born 03 Apr 1802; died 28 Feb 1831;
                    married James Curby / Kirby
                  - Curby Elijah Senteney, born 30 Aug 1804 {twin}
                  - Charity Senteney, born 30 Aug 1804 {twin}
                  - Mary / Polly Bowman Senteney, born 07 Jul 1807, Mason County, Kentucky;
                    married 07 May 1829, Lewis Jacobs
                  - Clara Eliza/  Elizabeth Senteney, born 13 Dec 1812; died 28 Feb 1881;
                    married 31 Oct 1833, Joseph Frank
                - Mary Ann / Polly Senteney / Sentney /
                 
Mary (Senteney) Bowman (1769 - 1854), born 08 Dec 1769 / 1770
                  Somerset County, New Jersey; died 11 Jan 1854, aged 83 yr 1 mo 3 days;
                  [according to notarized family records, born before her sister Charity;
                  using biological considerations, her birth reasonably occurred in 1767];
                  [Mary Senteny, born 29 Oct 1767, in New Jersey; died 11 Jan 1851,
                  in Logan County, Illinois; buried
Steenbergen Cemetery];
                  married Richard Bowman (1767 - 1829), born Oct 1767,
                  Somerset County, New Jersey; died 09 May 1829, Sycamore, Hamilton, Ohio
                  They had posterity.
                  -
Charity Bowman, born 11 Feb 1789
                  -
Hannah Bowman / Hannah (Bowman) Lucas (1791 - 1843)
                    born 29 May 1791, in New Jersey; married
James Lucas;
                    son of
Abraham Lucas & Marcy Mary Kelsey - Photos and Stories
                    They had posterity.
                    -
George Bowman Lucas, born 20 Nov 1812
                    - Thomas Lucas /
Thomas Lucas (1814 - 1874), born 27 Apr 1814,
                      Liberty Township, Clinton, Ohio; died 18 Aug 1874;
                      married Mary Turner / Mary (Turner) Lucas (1813 - 1855), born 14 Jul 1813,
                      in Ohio; died 04 Oct 1855, Mount Pulaski, Logan, Illinois;
                      daughter of
Allen Turner and Margaret Low
                      They had posterity.
                      -
Sarah Katherine Lucas / Sarah Katherine (Lucas) Wood (1835 - 1896),
                        born 27 Apr 1835, Mount Pulaski, Logan, Illinois; died 20 Jan 1896,
                        Lake Fork, Logan, Illinois; married 22 Dec 1855, Logan County, Illinois,
                        Berryman Baughan Wood / Berryman Baughan Wood (1834 - 1914),
                        born 22 Dec 1834, Logan County, Illinois; died 1914, Lake Fork, Logan, Illinois
                        They had posterity.
                        - Emily Catherine Wood /
Emily Catherine (Wood) Pack (1867 - 1954),
                          born 09 May 1867, Mount Pulaski, Logan, Illinois; died 20 Sep 1954,
                          Fresno, Fresno, California; married 17 Apr 1885, Attica, Harper, Kansas,
                          {[Source for all facts for this line of the family tree,
                          from Emily Catherine Wood back to Emperor Charlemagne,
                          King of the Franks, is the John Franklin Vallentine paper -
                          Ancestral families of
Emily Catherine Wood (Pack):
                          including Aten, Ballinger, Baudouin, Bowman, Bulkley, Harding,
                          Kelsey, Low, Lucas, Maskell, Mellowes, Miller, Parsons, Pettit,
                          Senteny, Skillman, Thornbury, Turner, Wood, and Wright;
                          by 'John F Vallentine' [WorldCat.org] Ph.D.; data about
                          my maternal great grandmother
Emily Catherine Wood
,
                          and her husband: "Ancestral families of Robert Lee Pack . . ."];
                          See also:
OCLC Classify -- an Experimental Classification Service};
                          Robert Lee Pack
Robert Lee Pack (1863 - 1912), born 15 Jan 1863,