Scholarly online resource evidence and records
for use by genealogists and family historians.

Family Genealogy  History Internet Education Directory™ - Wiki | SEARCH This Site
              Archive Sources & Library References: Countries Worldwide - USA
              Business & Economics: World Business - World Economics
              Geography & Maps: Gazetteer - USA & Canada
              Governments - National & Local - USA
              Legal: Court Information & Records - USA
              Military Worldwide: Regional - USA: Wars & History by Time Period
              Pedigree & Lineage: Social Networking [with Family Trees]
              Personal Web Sites: Worldwide Oral History
              Religion & Culture: Cultural Heritage - Religion: Institutions - Worldwide
              Research & Learning: Ask Genealogy - Ask General - Sources & Experts
              Surnames & Names: Family - IGI - Onomastics - Surname (Surnames)

              Web Pages: Scholarly Societies: Learned Society Res. [Ph.D.] - World

Endangered Archives Programme: Search Results - Useful Links
International Data Corporation: Global Market Intelligence Firm
 Where in the World is Storage- Byte Density Across the Globe
Archived Web Site | LOC:    Family History and Genealogy
 ARMA International Integrity  (archived)  Mission & Vision
Barna Group:   Knowledge To Navigate A Changing World
E-Archives in the World: Links -- Web Archives Worldwide
Finding Old Web Pages:      Can the Internet Be Archived?
Internet Archive:
Blogs (Wayback) --- Restore Your Website
Wayback Machine: 5 Alternatives To Try -- SearchEngine J.
Wayback Machine Search for Genealogy: 142,000 + Results
Web Archives for Historians .  . . . Work with Web Archives

Web Archiving
: List of Initiatives - Webpage Time Capsule
[ aka captures / stores web pages]

 ↑ up

ARCHIVES: Archives World Map [Archives World Map]
+ Ranking Web of World Repositories
INTERNET ARCHIVE: Internet Archive
Archive-It: Archived Content - Blogs - Digitizing Print Collections
LIBRARY of CONGRESS | NUCMC: Archival Internet Resources
+ Archival Internet Resources (archived)
Memory of the World
+ World Heritage List

Archival Science: Archivopedia
- Academy of Certified Archivists: Links
    - International Council on Archives: Glossary
Professional Sections - Regional Branches
  - Adam Matthew Digital
    Publishes unique primary source collections from archives around the world.
  - Archive Finder - About Archive Finder
    Current directory which describes over 220,000 collections
    of primary source material housed in thousands of repositories
    across the United States, the United Kingdom and Ireland.
Reference at Your Desk -- Archives Library Information Center | National Archives
      Quick access to the type of ready-reference tools
      needed by archivists and records managers.

  - Archivist: People - Archivopedia
    Biographies of notable archivists and librarians.
ICARUS | International Centre for Archival Research
    - READ Project | Recognition and Enrichment of Archival Documents
    - Transkribus: Cutting Edge Research In Handwritten Text Recognition

  - Preservation (Library and Archival Science)
  - SNAC: Find Records: All
    Discovering, locating, and using distributed historical records: primary evidence
    for the lives and work of historical persons and events in which they participated.
* Archivists & Genealogical Researchers - A Bibliography
  - Archival Repositories for Genealogists:
How to Find Original Manuscript Collections with ArchiveGrid
    - Reocities Archive: Reocities
    - Wayback Machine (Internet Archive)
    - Yahoo!® GeoCities: Yahoo!® GeoCities Japan
      - Geocities Gallery: Geocities Gallery: Heartland
        - GeoCities Special Collection 2009
  - Donating Your Personal or Family Records to a Repository

  - Historical Text Archive: Electronic History Resources
Using Archives: A Guide to Effective Research
    - Glossary of Archival and Records Terminology
World Archives Project -
Libraries & Museums
Explore FamilySearch Catalog of Resources
  - What's New in Family History, Genealogy & Local History Books?

NGS Guidelines for Using Records Repositories and Libraries
RBMS - Rare Books & Manuscripts Section

Special Collections Web Resources
    - ALA | Internet Resources: Archives and Special Collections

Rare Book Hub - Rare Books, Book Auctions, Antiquarian Book Collecting
* List of Archives: ArchivesWiki - ArchivesWiki | All Countries
Clearinghouse of information about global archival resources.
  - Archive Directories
    - Archives Beyond Bobst - Research Guides at New York University
      - Pedagogy/Resource: Archival Research in NYC
      - Search "Archives" - LibGuides at Princeton University
Archives Portal Europe: Directory
      - Archives of Russia, Eastern Europe & Eurasia
      - ArchivesGenWeb - France
      - Arkivverket - The National Archives of Norway
      - Ireland National Archives | Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI)
      - Portal de Archivos Españoles
      - ScotlandsPeople | Scottish Archive Network
        Official government sources of genealogical data for Scotland.

      - UK Data Archive
        Collection of digital research data in the social sciences and humanities.

      - UK National Archives:
Library Catalogue - Video Guides
        Combine with family history research at the British Library; for England, Wales,
and the United Kingdom: UK government records from Domesday to the present.
Genealogy: A Guide To Resources
Australian Society of Archivists
AFHC | Australian Family History Compendium
    - Category:Archives and Libraries by Country Genealogy - FamilySearch Wiki
International Archival Organizations | Society of American Archivists
Library & Archives Canada: Archives Search - Resources on the Internet
    - New Zealand Archives - Te Rua Mahara o te Kāwanatanga
Repositories of Primary Sources: Integrated Index/List (archived)
State Archives Administration of the People's Republic of China

United States National Archives and Records Administration:
  Records from the legislative, executive and judicial branches
  of the federal government, census records, with other pertinent
  records of interest to genealogists and historians.
Access to Archival Databases (ADD): National Archives Catalog
  - Archives Library Information Center (ALIC): Genealogy
Genealogy Research Topics
Guide to Federal Records
  - Links and Web Sites of Genealogical Interest
  - Microfilm Publications and Original Records Digitized by Our Digitization Partners
    - Accessible Archives Inc.:
Collections and Coverage
      Primary Source Material from 18th and 19th Century Publications.
National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) | National Archives
  - Official Personnel Folders (OPF),Federal (non-archival) Holdings and Access
    Information on United States civilian records.
  - Resources for Genealogists and Family Historians
    - U.S. States - ArchivesWiki
  - US National Archive's Channel - YouTube™
Veterans' Service Records
    - Locations of Service Records

Adam Smith: Theory of Moral Sentiments
Section II - Chapter III: "mercy to the guilty is cruelty to the innocent"
Smith, Adam (1723 -- 1790) | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: VIEWS
Smith's writings portray God as a first cause and as a judge rather than a father figure.
The Pearl of Great Price Encounters the Modern World—An Appraisal | BYU R S Center
[Research Note: The Lord Jesus Christ was totally, fully innocent. The Light of Christ is
given to every child of God, born into this world. It is said, sometimes very lightly, that
God does comprehend all things.  If one
understands additionally, that God also feels
all things, in and through, the Light of Christ; then it becomes clear, or
Logically real,
how the Christ took upon Himself, by His own Grace, the sins of all the good, sincere,
caring, repentant Mankind. The Christ stressed He knew the thoughts of the hearts,
or our thoughts, with all attendant emotional feelings.
Enoch, and other prophets
did hear the crying of our physical earth; and all of God's creations mourned, or
rejoiced according to the good or evil deeds of all Mankind. And the yet unborn;
and all the little children under eight years of age, are loved by Christ, and
unconditionally shielded by His atonement and great Eternal Sacrifice.]

PORTAL: BUSINESS (and ECONOMICS): Business & Economics
WWW Virtual Library Economic and Business History
Business History: Business History (Links) - Business History
ABH - Association of Business Historians
Business History Conference
H-Business | H-Net
Research Resources
Business Reference Services Home (Library of Congress)
Guide to Business History Resources: Internet Resources
Master Company List

Harvard Business School
    - Publications - Business History
      - Business History Around the World
      - Oxford Handbook of Business History
  - International Directory of Business Biographies
Company: Portal:Companies
  Companies by country and industry.
  - Company Check
    Europe's larges source of free data; search and download.
  - Dealipedia - The Business Deal Wiki: Companies
  - List of Oldest Companies - A.D. 578 to A.D. 1699
    - Les Hénokiens
      Association internationale d'entreprises familiales au moins bicentenaires.
    - List of Oldest Companies in Australia
    - List of Oldest Companies in the United States
List of Oldest Companies in the World
    - Oldest Company in (almost) Every Country that is still in Business (Map)
      - See the oldest company in each country around the world
  - The Org - Every org chart:
Explore | The Org
    Explore org charts for all the world’s public and private companies.
  - U.S. Company Information
    U.S. and International, from Columbia University Libraries.
    - Company Histories (USA)
* Corporation: History of Corporations
Business Archives Section | Society of American Archivists

Directory of Corporate Archives in the United States and Canada - Introduction
      - A-B | C-D | E-F | G-H | I-K | L-M | N-O | P-R | S-T | U-V | W-Z
History Factory: Blog - Our Clients and History Smiths
    Corporate histories, archives, books and publications.
  - Institute for Corporate Culture Affairs (ICCA)
    Business and human rights resource centre.
Intrapreneurial Resources on the Internet (pdf)
Multinational Corporation
    - List of Conglomerates
The Hershey Company: This Is Hershey
        - Hershey Community Archives: The M.S. Hershey Foundation
OpenCorporates :: The Open Database Of The Corporate World
* Documentation and Publications: Professional Genealogical Sources
  - Families by Nationality
    - American Families
      - Classification of American Wealth
        History and genealogy of the wealthy families of America.
    - Business Families by Country
Noble Families by Country
    - Political Families by Country
List of Political Families
  - Museum of American Finance
What's in a Name
    Firms' simplified family trees on the web.
* Economic and Business History Society: Links of Interest
* IMF -- International Monetary Fund
  Organization of 189 countries, working to foster global monetary cooperation,
  secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment
  and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.
IMF eLibrary:: Explore by Region: IMF eLibrary
    - Free Subscription Policy: IMF eLibrary
* Statistical Sites on the World Wide Web : U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Priceonomics | In Data We Trust
Qlik® DataMarket
    Find, connect and manage data from external sources.
Quandl Financial, Economic and Alternative Data
    Financial, economic, and alternative datasets, serving investment professionals.
World Data Atlas -
    World and regional statistics, national data, maps, rankings

WORLD: BUSINESS - Topic Outline of Business
Biznar - -
Business - BBC News Business Insider - Business Nation®
Business Reference Services - - - CultureGrams
D&B Hoovers - globalEDGE™ - Globalnegotiator - International Contracts & Documents

OPIC - Overseas Private Investment Corporation: All Project Descriptions
Business products and services, dictionary, domain name registration, education,
international information, Internet web site hosting, long distance, marketplace,
news, search engines,
small business center, software and telecommunications.
* Business Intelligence Online Resources (pdf)
Business & Economics Guides - Research Guides at Columbia University
  - Harvard Business School: Site Map
    - Getting Started - Company & Industry Research
      Research Guides at Harvard Library.
Guides | Baker Library | Harvard Business School
  - Vanderbilt University Research Guides
    General business topics, career research and data sources.
Walker Management Library: All Guides Alphabetically
* CEOExpress®
  Business portal for executives created by a busy executive.
eCommerce Resources on the Internet (pdf)
Forbes - List Information and News -
Fortune - Fortune 500 Daily & Breaking Business News
Overview of BLS International Data and Technical Cooperation
  U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
  Where things come from; introducing the social network for supply chains.
Stock Market
NASDAQ® Stock Market
  - New York Stock Exchange | NYSE

  - | Filings & Forms USA (EDGAR)
Research RoundUp: Business Filings Databases Updated – LLRX
The Answer Company | Thomson Reuters: Global Gateway
Wall Street Executive Library: Business & Finance News - Wall Street Journal
* World Bank Group:
Countries - World Bank eLibrary
  - Doing Business - Measuring Business Regulations - World Bank Group
Federal Reserve System - USA: Federal Reserve
Page One Economics - St. Louis Fed
* World Chambers Network®: U.S. Chamber of Commerce

Worldwide Directory of Finance Faculty and Professionals (Archived): Resources
  - Bloomberg (@business) | X - Businessweek - Bloomberg
    Financial markets commodities news.
Living FAMILY & FUN Portal: Financial
Wachowicz's Web World: Web Sites for Discerning Finance Students

Topic Outline of Economics
American Economic Association: Resources for Economists on the Internet
Council for Economic Education
    You're never too young to learn about money.
Economic Tracker
  - Other Data Collections
AmosWEB is Economics: ECON*world
Atlas Network: Global Directory
  Global network of independent civil society organizations
  that promote individual freedom and remove barriers to human flourishing.
Council of Economic Advisers | The White House
* Economic History
EH.NET Encyclopedia: Related Sites
  Economics Departments, Institutes and Research Centers in the World.
  - Economics Directories

* Economics Search Engine (ESE)
Index of Economic Freedom: Interactive Heat Map
  Promoting economic opportunity and prosperity by country.
  - Rule of Law (property rights, government integrity, judicial effectiveness)
  - Government Size (government spending, tax burden, fiscal health)
  - Regulatory Efficiency (business freedom, labor freedom, monetary freedom)
  - Open Markets (trade freedom, investment freedom, financial freedom)

* INOMICS® | The Internet Site for Economists
  Jobs, Conferences, Courses, Programs and Scholarships for Academics.
  - Economics Institutions
Library of Economics and Liberty
* Moody's Analytics Free Economic Data -®
  Economic indicators and analysis; financial and demographic data.
* Organisation for Economic Co-operation & Development: Site Map
International Initiative for Impact Evaluation
    Evaluating impact, informing policy and improving lives.
Measuring Well-being and Progress: Well-being Research - OECD
  - OECD Better Life Index
* Prediction Markets 2024 (pdf)
RePEc Genealogy: RePEc Genealogy Links
* Trade:
International Trade Resources (pdf)
What Is International Trade?
  - World Trade Organization; TradePort™
    - USA Trade® Online
Web Guide for the New Economy (pdf)
* WebEc - WWW Resources in Economics (archived)
Online Research Resources

↑ upΛ GEOGRAPHY & MAPS: worldfactsinc
There's more to this than meets the eye.
Maps and Pedigrees • FamilySearch
Maps - World and Regional Statistics, National Data, Maps, Rankings
UPDATED Plus Part Two: Evaluating Book of Mormon Ancestry Resident Locations
Over Time, Using Iron Ore Deposits in North America and South America.
ZARAHEMLA and THE RIVER SIDON: "Caffeinated"* BYU System Eclipsed
The scenario presented in the Book of Mormon took place throughout all of North America
and South America. [It is exceedingly clear, from a genealogical research standpoint; that
Chapter 8 of 3rd Nephi, is a recital of damage in the Americas, beginning with the Nephite
main capital City of Zarahemla, in South America, and proceeding forth up
into the highways and roads, and the generic cities of North America.]

Geography [
Human Geography - Physical Geography]: Portal:Atlas - Portal:Geography
World Regional Geography: People, Places and Globalization - Table of Contents

* A to Z Resources in Maps - Maps, Atlases and Gazetteers:
H-Maps | H-Net
  Subject Guides at Brigham Young University.
Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer
ASTER: Links
DigitalGlobe® | An Imagery and Information Company
    High quality earth imagery and geospatial information products.
Geoinformatics - LIMSWiki
GIS, GPS, and RS Links
* Cartography: International Cartographic Association

  - Map History / History of Cartography - WWW-Virtual Library
Ancient World Mapping Center
Collection: CIA Cartography
      Analyze geospatial information, extract intelligence-related geodata,
      and present the information visually in creative and effective ways
      for maximum understanding by intelligence consumers.

    - Family History: Maps and Place-Names
Almanacs, Country Studies & Gazetteers
Ancestral Atlas - Family Tree Mapping - Family History Sharing
      - – Maps and Family History
Arcanum Maps - The Historical Map Portal (European)
Cyndi's List - Maps & Geography
      - Historypin
        Connecting communities with local history.
      - - Bringing Genealogy to Life
      - County Lines on Google™ Maps
      - Using Maps in Genealogy
Where Are My Ancestors From?: View Map & Country Info • FamilySearch
      - World Continents & Oceans Games
        Geography online games.
      - Worldmapper
        The world as you've never seen it before. This is a collection of world maps,
        where territories are re-sized on each map according to the subject of interest.
    - Historical Map Web Sites (archived) See:
      - Maps - LibGuides at University of Texas at Austin

Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection | The University of Texas at Austin
    - History of Cartography: Volume One (pdf)
    - History of Cartography: Volume Two, Book One (pdf)
    - History of Cartography: Volume Two, Book Two (pdf)
    - History of Cartography: Volume Two, Book Three (pdf)
History of Cartography: Volume Three, Part 1 (pdf)
    - History of Cartography: Volume Three, Part 2 (pdf)
    - History of Cartography, Volume Four (4) - Part 1
Volume 4, Cartography in the European Enlightenment
    - History of Cartography, Volume Five (5)
      - Volume 5, Cartography in the Nineteenth Century, Forthcoming
40-year map project, History of Cartography, draws to a close (circa 2027)
    - History of Cartography: Volume Six (pdf)
    - Images of Early Maps on the Web
    - Mapping History
  - Maps of the World - Political & Administrative
    Maps of Continents, Countries and Regions - Nations Online Project.
    - Kartenportal
      Specialist portal for maps; contains half a million maps from all over the world;
      from mediaeval manuscript maps to current printed ones.
    - Maps of the World
      Click on any Continent and discover countries, states and cities.
Online Map Creation: planiglobe®
omprehensive IT contractor in the field of spatial data.
* Earth LIDAR Research and Archaeology - Google™ Scholar
  - Ancient Maya cities, 'super highways' revealed in latest survey | Reuters
  - Applying Lidar Technology in Archaeology of Pre-Hispanic Latin America
  - Comparison of maps of the Great Circle produced with LiDAR
Lidar exposes the remnants of an overgrown ancient civilization in the Amazon
Lidar Mapping | Native America | THIRTEEN - New York Public Media
Lidar reveals the oldest and biggest Maya structure yet found
LiDAR technology shines new light on Guatemala's ancient Maya ruins
  - Nearly 500 Mesoamerican monuments revealed by laser mapping
Top 6 Free LiDAR Data Sources - GIS Geography
  - Understanding the Present by Studying the Past through Lidar in American Samoa
USGS Lidar Explorer Map
  - What is Lidar data and where can I download it? | U.S. Geological Survey
* Gazetteer
List of Gazetteers
Alexandria Digital Research Library
Gazetteers of Scotland – Data Foundry
    - Find Latitude and Longitude
Find coordinates cities/towns, land features, and more.
      Geography, climate, countries, maps, flags and population.
      Geographical database covers all countries and contains over
      eleven million placenames that are available for download free of charge.
Getty Vocabularies: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names®
    - Google™ Maps World Gazetteer |
      Searchable world gazetteer based on Google Maps,
      the most comprehensive online satellite imagery ever available.

Place Names - Geographical Sciences - LibGuides at Arizona State University
      Worldwide Index Database of geographic coordinate information.
      Provides information on about 2,667,417 cities in the whole world.
World Atlas - GIS Geography

World Atlas / World Map / Atlas of the World Including Geography Facts and Flags
      Absolute and relative location of any country (location / geographic coordinates).

* Geo-Guide – GEO-LEO
A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    Subject gateway to scholarly relevant websites in earth sciences,
    geography and mining, mapping, cartography and GIS.
Geography Associations Worldwide | AAG
  - Geography Departments Worldwide
Geography Site
      Resources for learning and teaching about geography.
    - Internet Resources for use in Geographical Studies
    - Maps & Atlases - Geography Resources
* List of Online Map Services:
Comparison of Web Map Services
Bing™ Maps: Bing™ Maps
    - Geody - the World's Search Engine
Google™ Earth: Google™ Earth
      - Explore 400 Years of Maps - (Historical Map Collection from David Rumsey)
      - Google
™ Earth for Genealogy Video DVD for PC (PREVIEW) - YouTube™
      - Google™ Street View
        - Discover Street View and contribute your own imagery to Google™ Maps.
        - Use Street View in Google™ Maps - Computer - Google
™ Maps Help
Catching a Glimpse of a Dead Loved One on Google™ Street View.
Google™ Maps: Google™ Maps - Maps | Google™ Blog
      - 9 Incredibly Useful Google™ Maps Features Everyone Should Know About
      - Google™ Street View
        - Discover Street View and contribute your own imagery to Google™ Maps.
        - Use Street View in Google™ Maps - Computer - Google
™ Maps Help
          - Catching a Glimpse of a Dead Loved One on Google™ Street View.
      - Snazzy Maps - Free Styles for Google™ Maps
      - Freely Available Tools
      Online collaborative project to create a free editable map of the entire world.
      Provides a Google Maps API-based interactive web map
      that consists of user-generated information layered on top
      of Google Maps satellite imagery and other resources.
Yahoo!® Maps: Yahoo!® Maps, Driving Directions and Traffic
MapAtlas – World Map Atlas Powered by Google™ Maps
Created to allow any user in any language to view any place in the world.
* Maps, Global Map, World Atlas - National Geographic (
National Geographic)
  All kinds of maps from around the world: historical, city, street,
  physical, cultural, atlas, flags, clip art and other resources.
  - Atlas & Maps (
Atlas - Wikimedia Commons: Atlas Index
  - MapQuest® - Maps, Driving Directions, Live Traffic: Discover the new MapQuest®
    - MapQuest® United Kingdom
  - Table of Contents
Designed as a collection of paneuropean and national map projections
    and geodetic reference systems in Europe, used for mapping
    and building up coordinate reference frames.
  - Maps: Scanned Collections Online
  - Maps - The British Library
  - World Atlas: Maps, Geography, Flags & Facts of Every Country in the World
* Medieval Empires - Medieval Geopolitics: The Medieval State
  The following list is internally, alphabetically link indexed by * area topic / region.
  - How the borders of *Abbasid Caliphate changed in the Middle Ages
  - How the borders within *Africa changed in the Middle Ages
How the borders of *Asia changed during the Middle Ages
  - How the borders of *Austria and Switzerland changed in the Middle Ages
  - How the borders of the *Barbarian Kingdoms changed in the Middle Ages
  - How the borders of the *British Isles changed during the Middle Ages
Earliest medieval map of Britain put online
Medieval Maps of Britain
    - Queen of All Islands: The Imagined Cartography of Matthew Paris's Britain
  - How the borders of the *Byzantine Empire changed in the Middle Ages
  - How the borders of *China changed in the Middle Ages
    - Images on Popular Religion Altars of the Heroes Involved
      in the Suppression of the An Lushan Rebellion (AD 755-763)
Mapping the World in Medieval China
How the borders of *Europe changed during the Middle Ages
  - How the Borders of *France changed in the Middle Ages
  - How the borders of *Germany changed in the Middle Ages
  - How the borders of *Iberia changed in the Middle Ages
  - New Yorkers in Viking Age *Iceland
  - How the borders of *Italy changed during the Middle Ages
  - How the borders of *Italy changed in the Middle Ages
  - How the borders of *India changed in the Middle Ages
    - MocomiKids - YouTube™: Medieval (India)
  - How the borders of *Japan changed in the Middle Ages
  - How the borders of *Korea changed in the Middle Ages
  - How the borders of the *Low Countries changed in the Middle Ages
  - How the borders of the *Mamluk Sultanate changed in the Middle Ages
  - Ten *Medieval Kingdoms and States that No Longer Exist
  - Ten Beautiful *Medieval Maps
The Power of *Medieval States - A Report from the Year 1423
  - How the borders of the *Mongol Empire changed in the Middle Ages
  - How the borders of *Poland changed in the Middle Ages
  - How the borders of *Russia and Ukraine changed in the Middle Ages
  - How the borders of *Scandinavia changed in the Middle Ages
  - How the borders of *Venice changed in the Middle Ages
  - How the borders of *Wessex changed in the Anglo-Saxon Era
  - The *Western Sea: Atlantic History before Columbus
  - The *World in 1467: The Maps of Nicolaus Germanus
  - *World Ancestry - Roots In Antiquity: Medieval and Renaissance
* Open Heritage 3D:
Open Heritage 3D | Data Sets
  Makes primary 3D cultural heritage data open and accessible.
Open Heritage — Google Arts & Culture
    Explore iconic locations in 3D, discover the tools
    of digital preservation, and download the collection.

* TerraServer®
  Online imagery, aerial photos and satellite images.
UNGEGN Geographical Names
BGN: Links
Maps - United Nations Digital Library System

USA and CANADA: Maps & Gazetteers
  Free US Topo Maps and Places to Visit in the United States.
* Arphax Publishing Co. - Collections
  Surname indexes are included as well as township-level, full-name indexes.
  - Where Historical Maps and Family History Meet. (
Atlas of Canada | Natural Resources Canada
* Atlas of Historical County Boundaries
* Atlas of the Historical Geography of the United States
Cartogram Maps: Data Visualization with Exaggeration - GIS Geography
* Color Landform Atlas of the United States
* David Rumsey Historical Map Collection
Geography & Map Reading Room (Library of Congress)
* - Collaborative Genealogy & History
Historic Map Works, Residential Genealogy ™
* Historical Atlases and Maps of U.S. and States | Map of US
How To Find a Free Folded Map
* Map Machine - National Geographic
(National Geographic)
NETRonline: Historic Aerials
  Comprehensive database of historical aerial photos of the United States.
* Official MapQuest® - Maps, Driving Directions, Live Traffic
Official MapQues®t Canada - Maps, Driving Directions, Live Traffic
* Sanborn Maps:
Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps
  American publisher of historical and current maps of U.S. cities and towns.
* Topographic Maps by TopoZone (USA)
  Search topographic maps, Trail Maps and aerial photos by state.
U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)
U.S. Place & Geographic Names
  Science for a changing world.
All Data | U.S. Geological Survey

All Web Tools | U.S. Geological Survey: USGS Store
    Primary source of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Data.
Historical Topographic Maps - Preserving the Past | U.S. Geological Survey
  - Search | U.S. Geological Survey - Topo Maps

USGS National Geologic Map Database

Wake Up America: It Is As Plain As Day

INTERNATIONAL: Government Information - Official Residence
Open Access Government - Politics:
Absolutely All Of The World's Embassies In A Searchable Database
Civil Service
  - Cyndi's List - Public Servants
* Comparative Politics - Government & Politics
  LibGuides at Georgetown University
  - Comparative Political Regimes: Consensus and Majoritarian Democracy
    Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics
  - Comparative Politics and International Relations
    Data Resources for Political Science.
  - Constitute - World's Constitutions to Read, Search, and Compare
Journal of Comparative Politics
* Country Research
  Gateway to information about foreign countries. This guide provides
  online resources on countries, regions, and territories throughout the globe.
  - Foreign Information by Country (archived)
- Afghanistan - Albania - Algeria - Andorra - Angola - Anguilla - Antigua and Barbuda
      Argentina - Armenia - Aruba - Australia - Austria - Azerbaijan -
Bahamas, The
      Bahrain - Bangladesh - Barbados - Belarus - Belgium - Belize - Benin - Bermuda
      Bhutan - Bolivia - Bosnia and Herzegovina - Botswana - Brazil - British Virgin Islands
      Brunei Darussalam - Bulgaria - Burkina - Faso - Burma - Burundi -
      Cameroon - Canada - Cape Verde - Cayman Islands - Central African Republic
      Chad - Chile - China - Chinese Taipei - Colombia - Comoros - Congo (Brazzaville)
      Congo, Democratic Republic of - Congo -  (Kinshasa) - Congo, Republic of the
      Cook Islands - Costa Rica - Cote d'Ivoire - Croatia - Cuba - Cyprus -Czech Republic

Democratic Republic of the Congo - Denmark - Djibouti - Dominica - Dominican Rep.
      East Timor - Ecuador - El Salvador - Egypt - England - Equatorial Guinea - Eritrea
      Estonia - Ethiopia - Falkland Islands - Faroe Islands - Federated States of Micronesia
      Fiji - Finland - Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia - France - French Polynesia
      Gabon - Gambia, The - Georgia - Germany - Ghana - Great Britain - Greece
      Greenland - Grenada -Guatemala - Guinea - Guinea-Bissau - Guyana -
      Holy See (Vatican) - Honduras - Hong Kong - Hungary - Iceland - India - Indonesia
      Iran - Iraq - Ireland - Ireland, Northern - Islas Malvinas - Isle of Man - Israel - Italy
      Ivory Coast - Jamaica - Japan - Jordan -Kazakhstan - Kenya -Kiribati - Korea, North
      Korea, South - Kosovo - Kuwait - Kyrgyzstan - Laos - Latvia - Lebanon - Lesotho
      Liberia - Libya - Liechtenstein - Lithuania - Luxembourg -
Macau - Macedonia
      Madagascar - Malawi - Malaysia - Maldives - Mali - Malta - Marshall Islands
      Mauritania - Mauritius - Mexico - Micronesia, Federated States of - Moldova - Monaco
      Mongolia - Montenegro - Montserrat - Morocco - Mozambique - Myanmar - Namibia
      Nauru - Nepal - Netherlands - Netherlands Antilles - New Zealand - Nicaragua - Niger
      Nigeria - Niue - North Korea - Northern Ireland - Norway - Oman - Pakistan - Palau
      Palestine - Panama - Papua New Guinea - Paraguay - Peru - Philippines - Poland
      Portugal - Principe - Qatar - Republic of China (Taiwan) - Republic of the Congo
      Romania - Russia - Rwanda - Saint Kitts and Nevis - Saint Lucia
      Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Samoa - San Marino - Sao Tome and Principe
      Saudi Arabia - Scotland - Senegal - Serbia - Seychelles - Sierra Leone - Singapore
      Slovakia - Slovenia - Solomon Islands -Somalia - South Africa - South Korea - Spain
      Sri Lanka - Sudan - Suriname - Swaziland - Sweden - Switzerland - Syria -
      Tajikistan - Tanzania - Thailand - Timor-Leste - Togo - Tokelau - Tonga
      Trinidad and Tobago - Tunisia - Turkey - Turkmenistan - Turks and Caicos Islands
      Tuvalu - Uganda - Ukraine - United Arab Emirates (UAE) - United Kingdom
      United Republic of Tanzania - United States Virgin Islands - Uruguay - Uzbekistan
      Vanuatu - Vatican City - Venezuela - Vietnam - Virgin Islands, British
      Virgin Islands, United States - Wales - Wallis and Futuna Islands
      Yemen - Zambia -

* Open Government
  Countries with access to machine-readable data.
Election: Elections by Country
  - IFES Election Guide
  - International IDEA | IDEA
  - List of the Most Recent Elections by Country
  - Voting:
Electoral System
List of Electoral Systems by Country
    - Voter Registration
      - Cyndi's List - Voters, Poll Books, Electoral Records
Global Geopolitics Net (GG Net)
* Globalization Links | The Global Transformations Website

* - The Portal of Political Science
  Official publication of the International Political Science Association.
ICPSR - Inter-University Consortium for Political & Social Research
  World's largest archive of digital social science data.
  - Find & Analyze Data:
Resources for Students
  - Membership in ICPSR:
List of Member Institutions and Subscribers
  - Resources for Instructors
* Law & Government Resources of the World
  A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* List of Intergovernmental Organizations
List of Political Families in the World: Dynasty
* Local Government
European Local Government Officers Database
  - Projects
    Create excellence in local governance worldwide.
    - Association Relationships: State, National, and International
  - International Institute of Municipal Clerks:
Association Websites
Local Government Association - UK: Knowledgehub
Local Councils & Services - GOV.UK
Local Government Web Site Index
    Oultwood world wide map and links to local government.
* National and International Government Publications
  British Library official publications (worldwide | area)
  from the Middle Ages to the present day.
Open Knowledge Foundation: Search - Data Portals
Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics
* Parliamentary Democracy - Inter-Parliamentary Union:
Parliaments on the Web
* Pew Research Center
  Numbers, facts and trends shaping the world.

Political Resources on the Net: Other Politics Servers & Academic Sites
* Political Science: Topic Outline of Political Science
* Regional Genealogy & Local History Research
* Ultimate Political Science Links Page (P.S. Ruckman, Jr., ed.)
United Nations Public Administration Network: UNPAN Partners

USA: Portal:Government of the United States:
Federal Register :: Agencies:
FedStats | Your Window Into U.S. Federal Statistics
Official Guide to Government Information and Services | USAGov
Voting & Elections:
Voter Registration Records

* American Political Science Association:
Related Groups
* | Library of Congress
  - A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation
    U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1873.

  - Congressional Biographical Directory
  - Congressional Calendars
Congressional Pictorial Directory - 2019 (pdf)
  - CRS Reports:
CRS Search Results
    Congressional Research Service (CRS) for the United States Congress.
    Full access provided to research products produced in this collection.
  - Dirksen Congressional Center
  - Federal Legislative History
    LibGuides at University of San Francisco School of Law.
  - Tracking the U.S. Congress
  - How to Compile a Legislative History | Columbia University Libraries
  - Law Librarians Society of Washington, D.C.'s Legislative Source Book
  - List of United States Congresses
Services to Members of Congress | National Archives
  - United States House of Representatives ·
  - United States Senate
    - U.S. Senate: Virtual Reference Desk
Clearinghouse of Senate information on the Web
      and guides to resources in libraries and archives.

US Congress - on Facebook®
* CyberCemetery
Permanent public access to the web sites and publications
  of defunct U.S. government agencies and commissions.
Government Information Library
  University Libraries | University of Colorado Boulder
List of United States Political Families
A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Local Government in the United States
Capitol Impact Government Gateway
  - NETR Online • Public Records
  - State & Local Family History
State & Local Government
  - State Agency Databases Project
    All Guides Alphabetically - LibGuides at GODORT.
    - Government Agencies & Elected Officials Sources in State Agency Databases
    - Government Finances & Contracts Sources in State Agency Databases
Voting & Elections Sources in State Agency Databases
State, Local, and Tribal Governments | USAGov
* Political Graveyard
  United States political history and cemeteries.
Political Pages Directory
* Society for History in the Federal Government:
Links - Resources
- Genealogical Information in Other Federal Agency Web Sites
* U.S. Colonial Laws - LibGuides at Bowling Green State University
Lists sources of laws of the original thirteen colonies.
* U.S. Government -
Government Documents
    Free Texts; Download & Streaming; Internet Archive.
Government Documents
    Subject Guides at Auburn University.
Government Information
  - Government Pages
Open Government Guide | Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press

    Every state's open records and open meetings laws.
  - Shadow Government Statistics
U.S. Government Accountability Office (U.S. GAO)
U.S. Government Publishing Office: FDsys - Federal Digital System
    - Compilation of Presidential Documents
    - Entire CGP Catalog - Basic Search: Full Catalog: MetaLib® - Search
    - Government Forms | USAGov:
Forms - GSA Forms Library
govinfo | U.S. Government Publishing Office
      - Browse by A to Z | govinfo
      - GPO Produces U.S. Code with New Digital Publishing Technology
      - Other Resources
United States™ Census Bureau -
: USA Census
  Social, demographic and economic information.
  - American FactFinder

NHGIS | National Historical Geographic Information System
  - Social Explorer

Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. It is
wholly inadequate to the government of any other.
Noted by John Adams,
The Second President of the United States of America.
Founding Documents
The U.S. Constitution is not a law, but it empowers the people to make laws.
The Constitution acknowledges that the people have all power not reserved to itself.
The Constitution is not law to us, but it makes provision for us whereby we can make laws.
Where it provides that no one shall be hindered from worshiping God according to his
own conscience, is a law.  No legislature can enact a law to prohibit it.
The Constitution provides to regulate bodies of men and not individuals.
The only fault I find with the Constitution is, it is not broad enough
to cover the whole ground.  Although it provides that all men
shall enjoy religious freedom,  yet it does not provide
the manner by which the freedom can be preserved,
nor for the punishment of Government officers who
refuse to protect the people in their religious rights,
or punish those mobs, states, or communities who
interfere with the rights of the people on account
of their religion.  Its sentiments are good, but it
provides no means of enforcing them.  It has
but this one fault.  Under its provision, a man
or a people who are able to protect themselves
can get along well enough; but those who have the misfortune to
be weak or unpopular are left to the merciless rage of popular fury.
The Constitution should contain a provision that every officer
of the Government who should neglect or refuse to extend
the protection guaranteed in the Constitution should be
subject to capital punishment - Joseph Smith, Jr. (
Book, p. 327)
Constitution of Congress
Heritage Foundation: American History & Heritage
Hillsdale College - Activate Free Online Courses:
[Van Andel Graduate School of Statesmanship]

J Reuben Clark Law Society:
Religious Freedom
Prager University | Big Ideas Change The World
Religious Freedom Center of the Newseum Institute

GENERAL LAW [Common Law]: Portal:Law - Topic Outline of Law
Inheritance -
JURIST - Legal News and Research
LawyerExpress® -
Legal Dictionary - Legal Guardian
* Find Lawyers, Laws, Legal Jobs -
Attorneys, Lawyers, Law Firms Worldwide
* Free Access to Law Movement (FALM): Members
World Legal Information Institute (WorldLII)
Free, independent & non-profit access to worldwide law.
* Genealogical Dictionary of Legal Terms
  Legal information for Internet professionals.

Global Legal Information Catalog: Global-Regulation
  Law Library of Congress information about publications which reprint
  the laws and regulations of multiple jurisdictions on a particular legal topic.
Government & Legal Websites | University of Minnesota Law School

Guide to Law Online
  Law Library of Congress (Library of Congress)
* HeinOnline:
Topics | HeinOnline Blog
  World's largest image-based legal research collection;
  it contains more than nine (9) centuries of legal history.
HeinOnline Databases
* Hieros Gamos
  Worldwide law and legal research center.
IALS - Institute of Advanced Studies - School of Advanced Study
  University of London: Leading Research Facilitation in Law.
Eagle-i Internet Portal for Law: Search EAGLEIdb
IALS Library
  - Leadership and Collaboration
International Union of (Civil Law) Notaries
  Union Internationale du Notariat.

  - Civil Law Notary
  - Notary Public

Internet Legal Research Group™
  Legal resources for everyone.
* Justia:
Justia Virtual Chase
  Free law and legal information for lawyers, students, business and the public.
* Law Enforcement in Present-Day Nations and States - Wikis
* Law - Legal Information Resources -
* Lawlinks - University of Kent
  - Further Research Resources:
Other Jurisdictions

Legal Genealogist
Legal History: Legal History Project
Avalon Project - Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy - Yale Law School
Guide to Legal History Databases - Guides at Georgetown Law Library
  - Legal History on the Web: Other Web Gateways to Legal History
  - Legal History: The Year Books | Boston University School of Law
Library Guides | IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law
* LII / Legal Information Institute
  Open access to law since 1992, from Cornell Law School.
  - Law by Source: Global | LII / Legal Information Institute
    Internet-accessible sources of the constitutions, statutes, judicial opinions,
    and related legal material from around the globe; also holds resources
    and document collections of International law.

* LLRX®.com:
Internet Resources – Web Links – LLRX
  Law and technology resources for legal professionals.
Net Lawman UK
  Legal documents, business contract templates and legal forms.
NCSC (National Center for State Courts) International: Country Programs
  Partnering to promote justice worldwide.
  Convict -
Criminology - History of Criminal JusticeInternment - Prison
Capital Punishment U.K., United States & Worldwide
  - Carceral Archipelago: Transnational Circulations in Global Perspective, 1415-1960
    The project analyses the relationships and circulations between and across convict
    transportation, penal colonies and labour, migration, coercion and confinement.
    Its geographical scope is wide, and it incorporates all the global powers engaged
    in transportation for the purpose of expansion and colonization - Europe, Russia,
    Latin America, China, Japan. Its chronology stretches from Portugal’s first use
    of convicts in North Africa in 1415 to the dissolution of Stalin’s gulags in 1960.
  - Comparative Criminal Procedure:  A Select Bibliography - GlobaLex
Courts of England & Wales:
    - Proceedings of the Old Bailey, 1674-1913 - Central Criminal Court
  - CRS Checks- Criminal Background Check Service-Criminal Records Search
    International accurate, fast and reliable research network across the globe.
Cyndi's List - Prisons, Prisoners & Outlaws
International Centre for Convict Studies
Criminal Transportation - The National Archives
      - Convicts Transported to Australia:
Convict Records of Australia
        - Convicts and the British Colonies in Australia |
        - History of Convict Australia | Globe Trekker®
  - List of Concentration & Internment Camps
  - List of Prisons by Country
    - Prison History: Useful Links - 19th Century Prison History
U.S. Prison Search - Free Prison Inmate Locators
      - Incarcerated Parents: Resources for Families
        LibGuides at Bank Street College of Education.
      - Inside Prison | Prison Life | Prison Stories | Prison Articles
        Inmate Search | Inmate Lookup.
      - Lists of United States - State Prisons
List of U.S. Federal Prisons

List of U.S. Military Prisons
      - Prisoner Locator Tools from State Agency Databases
      - Project MUSE - Fourth City: Essays from the Prison in America
        - American Prison Writing Archive
        - "The Zo": Disorientation and Retaliatory Disorientation in American Prisons (pdf)
          “I am a socially dead person whose existence has no legitimacy whatsoever”

World Criminal Justice Library Electronic Network: Index
    - Criminal Justice Links Annotated
      Criminal justice agencies, institutes, or organizations of each country.
    - WCJLN Members

* Police:
Law Enforcement by Country - List of Law Enforcement Agencies
  - History of Policing in the United States, Part 1 | Police Studies Online
INTERPOL: World / Member Countries / Internet
    - From A to F - From G to L - From M to R - From S to Z
  - List of Intelligence Agencies
Region  |  Legal Reports  |  Law Library of Congress  |  Research Centers
  The Law Library of Congress produces reports on foreign, comparative,
  and international law in response to requests from Members of Congress,
  Congressional staff and committees, the federal courts, executive branch
  agencies, and others. Thus, selected reports are provided for the public for
  the public for reference purposes only and do not constitute legal advice.
* Remote Courts Worldwide
* VoS - Voice of the Shuttle: Legal Studies
WAALT: The Wiki for the Anglo-American Legal Tradition
Yale Law School - Lillian Goldman Law Library
Country by Country Guide to Foreign Law Research
    Best research guides and databases for each country.
    - Foreign Law Translations | Texas Law
      English translations of French, German, Austrian and Israeli legal materials
      in the fields of constitutional, administrative, contract and tort law.

USA: Law of the United States:®
Up-to-the minute legal news, legal information and e-law services,
analysis and insight, books, software and legal forms.  50-State
specific sites and online continuing legal education.
* - Freedom of Information Act: FOIA.Wiki
Declassified Government Documents
  - FOIA Resources | OIP | Department of Justice
    - Make a FOIA Request to DOJ
  - Reclaim the Records
  - Rummaging in the Governments attic:
  - United States of America Public Records Guide • MuckRock
    Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
    - 788 Agencies
    - 33615 Jurisdictions
Local Jurisdictions
States + Guam + Virgin Islands
* FormSwift: Create Legal Documents
  - Docracy - Free Legal Documents
* Law Library of Congress (USA)
Collection of primary and secondary sources
  that constitutes the largest legal collection in the world.
Indigenous Law Portal | Law Library of Congress
* Law: The Public Library of Law
American Bar Association
  - Court Reference: Court Records Directory
  - (USA)
    - California Courts Self-Help Center
Cyndi's List - United States - U.S. Courts & Courthouses
Find State, County, and City Government Offices and Public Records is the most accurate internet database
    of county government offices in the United States.
  - Finding and Researching Experts and Their Testimony
How to Vet an Expert - FindLaw
      - How to Verify an Expert’s Credentials: Daubert Tracker
  - FindLaw® Lawyer Directory
    Provides profiles of US government attorneys,
    lawyers, legal professionals and corporate counsel.
    - FindLaw® for Legal Professionals | Law & Legal Information
    - - Online Directory for Attorneys, Law Firms and Consumers
      - Lawyer, Attorney, Law Firms, Attorneys, Legal Information.
lexisONE® Community | State Resource Center: General State Resources
A through D »
    - District of Columbia »
    - F through I »
    - K through M »
    - N through O »
    - P through T »
    - Tribal Governments »
    - U.S. Territories »
    - U through W »

LII / Legal Information Institute
    Open access to law since 1992, from Cornell Law School.
- Federal Law Collection
    - Law by Source: State
LLRX Court Rules, Forms and Dockets

Sources for state and federal court rules, forms and dockets.
  - National Consumer Law Center®
    Advancing fairness in the marketplace for all.
National Criminal Justice Reference Service | NCJRS
NCSC | National Center for State Courts
Browse by Category
    - Browse by State
    - Browse Topics A-Z
    - Special Jurisdiction
  - Social Law Library: Quick Links Federal & State
    Boston Legal Research | Social Law Library.
* Laws, Legislative Materials, and Legal Issues Sources in State Agency Databases
  LibGuides at GODORT.
* State Secrets
  Open government laws across the nation.
* Supreme Court of the United States: Electronic Filing
  - Opinions: Internet Sources Cited in Opinions
    U. S. Supreme Court multimedia.
Justia US Supreme Court Center
Supreme Court | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
  - SCOTUSblog
  - Supreme Court Database
Supreme Court Historical Society
* trialdex™
  Jury instructions and litigation tools: state and federal pattern jury instructions.
  The only complete and up-to-date jury instruction page on the Internet.
* United States Courts: Federal Court Locator
  - Free Law Project
Providing free access to primary legal materials, developing legal research tools,
    and supporting academic research on legal corpora.

Non-Profit Free Legal Search Engine and Alert System –
      Free legal research website containing legal opinions from federal and state courts.
  - History of the Federal Judiciary | Federal Judicial Center
    - Biographical Directory of Article III Federal Judges, 1789-present
  - Judges of the United States Courts
    Biographical directory of Federal Judges, 1789-present.
  - Public Access to Court Electronic Records - PACER
  - Tribal Courts Resource Guide |
United States Court & Arrest Records - judyrecords
Yale Law School - Lillian Goldman Law Library
  Research guides and web sites: National and International
General & U.S. Law Research Guides
  - Historical Research: Historical American Legal Research

Global Firepower - World Military Strength Rankings
Книга пам’яті [Ukraine Book of Memory of War Crimes of the Russian Federation]

Platform where people who have suffered from the Russian war
atrocities can share their
Stories - UkraineWorld with the world.

GENERAL: Directory of the Web: Society > Military: Top / Society / Military
MilBlogging (Blog Them Out of the Stone Age)
[Military & Veteran]: Military Science: Topic Outline of Military Science & Technology
Armed Forces: Air Force - Army - Coast Guard Marines - Navy - Special Forces
* Crisis Group
  Conflict prevention and resolution.
Cyndi's List - Military Worldwide
  - Reunions: Family, Friends & Military
* Genocide Watch: [Ten Stages of Genocide]
Being "the intentional destruction, in whole or in part,
  of a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as such."

* International Institute for Strategic Studies | IISS
  Focus on nuclear deterrence and arms control, with annual
  military balance assessment of countries' armed forces.
  - Armed Conflict Database
    Monitors armed conflicts worldwide, focusing on political, military
    and humanitarian trends in current conflicts, whether they are local rebellions,
    long-term insurgencies, civil wars or inter-state conflicts.
Strategic Intelligence
Military - Google™ Books
* Military History:
Military History – Best of History Web Sites
  - Category:Military History by Country
    - Canadian Military History Gateway
Military History
Military History TV Schedule: AHC - Official Site
Reader's Companion to Military History - Google™ Books
  - Society for Military History Links
Military Resources (pdf)
* Table of Contents for Military Chronologies: A Global Chronology of Conflict
  From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East - ABC-CLIO. [Google
™ Books]
WAR: Portal:War - Topic Outline of War - War Times Journal® Portal
  - - Wars, Military History - World War: World War [History
] (archived)
    Comprehensive guide to armed conflicts; ancient & modern resources.
    - World War I: Portal:World War I
1914-1918-Online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War (WW1)
      - Cyndi's List - World War I: The Great War
Family Ties - World War I Centennial
      - First World
      - Guide to World War I Materials
        Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress.
Lives of the First World War
World War I Document Archive: Links to Other WWI Sites
World War History: Newspaper Clippings, 1914-1926
World War II: Portal:World War II - Topic Outline of World War II
Cyndi's List - World War II
HyperWar: World War II on the World Wide Web
      - World War II
World War II Resources
World Military Guide
: International Crisis Group
  Official military and defense information, and
a regular update
  on the state of the most significant situations of conflict around the world.

ACLED – ACLED: Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project
    Public collection of political violence and protest data for developing states;
    focused on Africa and ten countries in South and Southeast Asia.
  - Al Defaiya | Arab Defense and Aerospace News
    - World Defence Almanac - 2018
      Fully updated country-by-country representation of the Armed Forces of the World.
FDD's Long War Journal
    Project of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies.
  - Human Rights Reports: Current Reports
  - IDMC » The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
IHS Jane's: Defense & Security Intelligence & Analysis
    Intelligence, consultancy & advertising solutions to the defense,
     national security, law enforcement and transport sectors.
IRIN - Integrated Regional Information Networks - Inside Story on Emergencies
    Daily humanitarian news and analysis from Africa, Asia and the Middle East.
  -  Military Balance | IISS: International Institute for Strategic Studies
    Annual assessment of global military capabilities and defence economics.
  - Ministry of National Defense of the People’s Republic of China
    - Xinhua – China, World, Business, Sports, Entertainment, Photos and Video
Overseas Development Institute (ODI) | Shaping Policy for Development
  - Resources – Center for Security Studies | ETH Zurich
  - SOMNIA - Spotlight on Military News and International Affairs
  - Strategy Page™ - Today In Military History
  - United Nations Security Council
  - VOA ()Voice of America) News
    Serves the world with a consistent message of truth, hope and inspiration.

Sites of Memory

British Empire (
British Empire
& Commonwealth of Nations) Military History & Institutions
Commonwealth War Graves Commission: Sitemap
* Cyndi's List - United Kingdom & Ireland - U.K. Military
Military Heritage - Library and Archives Canada
  - Canadian Military Heritage Project: Veteran Stories | The Memory Project
  - Cyndi's List - Canada - Canada Military
Organisations & Resources for British Military History Research
Forces War Records & Military Genealogy
* Roll of Honour: Links
Complete United Kingdom Memorials & Rolls of Honour

Latin American and Caribbean Region:
Security Research Hub Reports

United States: Portal:Military of the United States:
United States Military Records
General: Bugles Across America -  Military Terms & Abbreviations
Air War College Military Index to the Internet
  - Defense News: Federal Times -
Foreign Affairs
    Covering the politics, business and technology of defense.
    - Military Times - Independent News About Your Military
Air Force Space Command News
      - Air Force Times, Independent News About Airmen
      - Army Times, Independent News About Soldiers
      - C4ISRNET, Media for the Intelligence-Age Military:
Fifth Domain: Cyber
      - Marine Corps Times - Independent News About Marines
      - Navy Times - Independent News About Sailors
      - United States Coast Guard:
United States Coast Guard (USCG) News
  - Internet Searching Tools
Military History, Joint, Air Force, Army, Navy, Marine Corps, & Space
    History resources and documents
Government Documents on Military History
    - Military Records | BYU Family History Library | HBLL
    - Military Records | Service Records |
      Draft records, service records, pension records,
      bounty land records, claim records, and military histories.
    - Online Military Indexes, War Records & Databases of Soldiers
    - Research in Military Records | National Archives
      - Military and Veterans Research and Resources at The National Archives
Other Veterans Resources and Links
Prologue - Genealogy Notes
    - Selective Service System:
Records Information

      Information from records kept on men currently registered with Selective Service,
      as well as on men in the
Civilian Draft Registration Database, as far back as WW I.
      Libraries, archives and museums
U. S. Air Force Historical Studies Office: Air Force Historical Research Agency
    - U.S. Army Center Of Military History
    - U.S. Coast Guard History Index
U. S. Marine Corps: History Division

U. S. Memorial Day History & Information on U.S. War Memorials
      - American Battle Monuments Commission
    - U. S. Naval History & Heritage Command
    - U. S. Air Force Space Command:
AFSPC History
Military Portal
    Augmenting the U.S. Air Force portal and DoD portal;
    the Army, Navy, Marine, National Guard portals
* DEFCON Warning System
  News and analysis on the current nuclear threat against the United States.
FAS: Federation of American Scientists
  Provides science-based analysis of and solutions to protect
  against catastrophic threats to national and international security.
* Fold3 - Historical Military Records: Fold3 Blog
  Comprehensive collection of U.S. military records.
* Gold Star Mothers:
Our Partner Organizations - Service Related Organization Links
  American Mothers who have lost a son or daughter in the service of Our Country.
* Hereditary Societies of the United States of America
  "War" Societies are the "oldest, largest & best-known of hereditary societies",
  "with membership based on the military service of an ancestor"
  [Grahame Thomas Smallwood, Jr.].
  - Institute of Heraldry
HistoryNet | World & US History Online
* Medal of Honor: Medal of Honor Links
  - - Official Website of the Congressional Medal of Honor Society
MERLN - Research Guides at National Defense University
MiPALs defense-related U.S. policy statements on selected key topics.
Military & Veterans Sources in State Agency Databases
: Military Daily News, Military Headlines
  Military and Veteran Benefits, News, Veteran Jobs
Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA)
* Red Teaming Handbook - Applied Critical Thinking Handbook
  Good decision processes are essential to good outcomes.
United States Department of Defense
Official web site and starting point for finding U.S. military information online.
United States Military Online Genealogy Records
* Veterans: Veteran
  - American Legion a U.S. Veterans Association
DAV : Disabled American Veterans: Resources
PATRIOTlink® — The Code of Support Foundation
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
Veterans History Project: Veterans History Project
Veterans Legacy Memorial | U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
Veterans of Foreign Wars of the U.S. - VFW
Warrior™ Gateway

Specific Key Wars and History by Time Period:

(980s to late 1400s) Norse Colonization of the North America
( circa 1000) L'Anse aux Meadows

(1492 - 1776) Colonial History of the United States:
Colonial Immigrant Ancestor
* Christopher Columbus: Ancient & Modern Explorations
European Colonization of the Americas
  History of the land that would become the United States from the start
  of European settlement to the time of independence from Europe.
(1620 To Present Time) Military History of the United States
American Soldier from 1747 to the Present
Timeline of United States Military Operations
(1754 - 1763) French & Indian War
(1763 - 1783) American Revolutionary War
* American Revolution: Revolutionary War Timeline
Cyndi's List - United States - U.S. Military: American Revolution
  - Guide to the American Revolution, 1763-1783
Sources of Revolutionary War Service
(1784 - 1800) Papers of the War Department
* (1786 - 1787) Shays' Rebellion
(1812 - 1815) War of 1812
* Guide to the War of 1812
(1846 - 1848) Mexican–American War
* Guide to the Mexican War
(1861 - 1865) American Civil War
American Civil War: Portal:American Civil War
  - American Civil War
: Index of Civil War Information - Internet
  - American Civil War Research Database
  - Civil War – Best of History Web Sites
    Site photos, maps and official records reports.

Cyndi's List - United States - U.S. Military: Civil War
  - Grand Army of the Republic & Kindred Societies
  - History of the American Civil War
  - Soldiers and Sailors Database
    The Civil War (U.S. National Park Service).
  - Timeline – Your Daily Civil War Newspaper
  - United States Civil War 1861 to 1865, Part 1 Genealogy
  - United States Civil War 1861 to 1865, Part 2 Genealogy
  - United States, Civil War and Later Pension Index
United States Colored Troops (USCT) Pension Files
(1865 - 1918) History of the United States
(1898) Spanish–American War
Guide to the Spanish-American War
(1899 - 1913) Philippine–American War
Timeline of the Philippine–American War
(1914 - 1918) World War I
(1939 - 1945) World War II
Military History of the United States during World War II
(1947 - 1991) Cold War
(1950 - 1953) Korean War
Korean War Project
(1959 - 1975) Vietnam War
* Links to Web Sites Related to the Vietnam War - Topic Outline of the Vietnam War
Vietnam Center and Archive, Texas Tech University
  - Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund
: Virtual Vietnam Veterans Wall of Faces
    Memorializing men & women who gave their lives in Vietnam, such as:
Alvin Gene Tennison | Army (Memorial)
    - Donald Warren Tinney, Jr.| Army (
Johnny Mack Tinney | Army (Memorial)
(1990 - 1991) Gulf War
(2001 - 11 September To Present Time) - War on Terror
Terrorism: Portal:Terrorism - State Terrorism
* Global Incident Map
  Displaying terrorist acts, suspicious activity and general terrorism news
Global Terrorism Database
* Talking to Kids About Terrorism or Acts of War
* Terrorism in the United States (from AD 1776 - present): "honor the fallen"
  - Before Taliban: Genealogies of the Afghan Jihad
Significant Persons & Parties
  - Department of Homeland Security:
America’s Promise - The Book of Ether
    Keeping America safe. God is in fact the author of our liberty and that to retain it,
    the inhabitants of the land must be protected by his mighty hand. There is no other
    power that can protect that liberty. "Behold, this is a choice land, and whatsoever
    nation shall possess it shall be free from bondage, and from captivity, and from all
    other nations under heaven, if they will but serve the God of the land, who is
    Jesus Christ, who hath been manifested by the things which we have written."
Iraq And Afghanistan Veterans Of America (IAVA) » We've Got Your Back.
    - Faces of the Fallen: Iraq & Afghanistan Casualties
September 11 Attacks - America Attacked: A Day of Deep Mourning
National September 11 Memorial & Museum
    - PBS: America Responds : Coverage of Events of Tuesday, September 11, 2001
September 11, 2001 Web Archive | Digital Collections | Library of Congress
    - September 11th Digital Archive

Genealogy Software Reviews
Maps and Pedigrees • FamilySearch

PEDIGREE & LINEAGE INFO - GENERAL: Personal Web Sites - Surname - Surnames
FAMILY TREE: Wikipedia®: Family Trees
Family Tree Searcher | Subject and Course Guides
  Provides a metasearch of genealogy sites using detailed data on your ancestor.
Search for Your Family Tree at Ten Websites; additional recommendations.
* - Family Tree Surname Search
  Genealogy search engine. Search for persons in family trees
  on the Internet.  These family trees now all make one big database.
  Click on a person's name in the search results and be linked immediately
  to the family tree web page with the genealogical data about this person.
Free Family Trees — Site Map
  Lineage linked conclusion trees provided to FamilySearch by users;
  from Ancestral File, Pedigree Resource File and other user submissions.
* Genealogy
  On the iconography and rhetorics of an epistemological topos.
* Genealogy Webmaster - Webmasters
  Homepage Construction.
* Numbering Systems in Genealogy
  Summary of systems used in genealogy and pedigrees.
  - Cyndi's List - Numbering Systems
* Quantitative Analysis of Population-Scale Family Trees with Millions of Relatives
Giant Family Tree of 13 Million People Just Created
* Who Can Find People?
  Ongoing current information and resources for genealogists,
  family historians and researchers to FIND People, Places and Things.
Community Forums & Chat Directories
* WorldConnect Project
  Connecting the world, one GEDCOM at a time.

SOCIAL NETWORKING - GENERAL: Special Reports - We Are Social
List of Social Networking Websites: Social Networking Websites Review
Online Social Networking (pdf) - Social Informatics (pdf) - Social Media
Social Media Research Foundation - Social Networking Service - Social Software
47 Free Social Media Monitoring Tools to Improve Your Results: 11 Best
60+ Social Networking Sites You Need to Know About
70 Social Networking Sites (That You Should Know About)
List of Virtual Communities with more than 1 Million Users
List of Virtual Communities with more than 100 Million Active Users
Hootsuite: Social Media Management Dashboard - HootSuite®
* Mashable
  Social media news, web tips and guide.
Mashpedia, the Video Encyclopedia
  Visualize a variety of multimedia content about your topics of interest
  and promoting active social engagement to provide a complete,
  contextual and up-to-date vision for every topic.
Real Time Search - Social Mention
* Social Media Search Tool | WhosTalkin?
Social Searcher - Free Social Media Search Engine
Global Social Media Users Pass 3.5 Billion
Global Social Media Statistics Summary
Internet & Technology: Global Indicators Database
Reuters Institute Digital News Report
Social Media | Pew Research Center
Social Media Statistics & Facts | Statista
BlackBerry Messenger: BBM for Android & iPhone iOS - Download BBM - Global
Facebook® Newsroom

  Connects you with the people around you, made up of many networks,
  based around friends, contacts, relationships,  a company, region,
  high school or college. 
Create a Page on Facebook®
- Join a Facebook (Family History & Genealogy) Research Community
People Directory - All Listings on Facebook®
    Constantly expanding public list.
    Use given names and surnames; browse alphabetically.

Habbo - List of Websites
  Growing virtual world and social networking service for teenagers.
hi5: hi5 - The Social Network for Meeting New People
  Your friends, your world.
KakaoTalk: Kakao Talk Mobile Messenger
* Line (software):
LINE : Free Calls & Messages
LinkedIn®: Log In or Sign Up
  Informed professionals exchanging information, ideas and opportunities.

Ning (website): NING: Community website builder - Create your own social network
reate, customize, and share your own social network for free in seconds.
  Make it public or private and for anything - and anyone - you'd like.
Pinterest: Best 10+ Social media ideas on Pinterest
  Social media marketing and social media tips.
Skype™: Skype™ | Free Calls to Friends and Family
  - Skype now supports up to 50 group call participants, topping rivals
Snapchat: Snapchat - The Fastest Way to Share a Moment!
* Top 10 Social Media Sites to Connect with Chinese Consumers
Baidu Tieba: 百度贴吧——全球最大的中文社区
  - Qzone: QQ空间-分享生活,留住感动
  - RenRen:
Sina Weibo:
Tencent: Tencent 腾讯
WeChat: WeChat for Web
YY (social network): YY-全球领先的互动直播平台
Tumblr: Tumblr
X: X

Communicate, stay connected through exchange of quick, frequent answers.
Viber: Viber - Free Calls and Messages
VK (social networking): VK (VKontakte) and Odnoklassniki: OK.RU
  Popular Russian and former Soviet Republics social networking sites.
  Fast, simple, secure messaging and calling, available on phones all over the world.
* YouTube™
  Broadcast yourself.

SOCIAL NETWORKING with FAMILY TREES: Social Genealogy Sites -
Social Media
Genealogy: New Web Sites - Social Network
Popular Social Networks for Genealogy: Social Media & Genealogy
* Customer reviews: Social Networking for Genealogists
Ancestor Search: Genealogy Programs That Put Your Family Tree Online
Ancestral Forest - Build Your Family Tree on the Internet
* Cyndi's List - Social Networking for Genealogy: Online Family Trees
Family Tree Search Engine
List of Family Trees
* eFamily | Your Family's Home.
* Famicity
  Genealogy and Family Tree - Share Your Story.
* Family Crossings™: Family Websites - Videos - Photos - Social Network
* Family History Research for Ancestors from India by Smita Biswas
* Family Genealogy Tree Online:
Stammbaum Online
Family Pursuit® - Online Family Tree
Family Tree Circles: Find Family Tree Researchers & Information for Your Surnames
* Family Tree Guide: Your Free Online Family Tree
Family Tree | Make a Free Family Tree at Ancestry
Family Tree Maker - Famberry
Family Trees: An Online Research Tool Genealogy - FamilySearch Wiki
* Familypedia

* FamilySpace: (
Russian Language)
* Gaia Family Tree™ - Simplified
  Portal de Genealogia.
* Genealogie Online
Genealogy, Family History, & Ancestry | Storied
* Genealogy Searches for Google™ by Using Your Family Tree
* Genealogy Wise - The Genealogy & Family History Social Network: All Groups
* Geneanet
: (Genealogy)
  Search for your ancestors, create your family tree, and find archival records.
Geneastar: Genealogy of famous people - Geneastar
  Browse the genealogy of yesterday and today's famous people.
* - Family Tree Maker, Creator, Pictures Online
Generations Tree
* Genes® Reunited - Discover Your Ancestors
* - Family Tree & Family History: Wiki
Genealogy Resources: Genealogy Projects and Information
* GenoLink.Ru - Russian Genealogical Social Network
* Genoom
  Family Tree in private family network.
Íslendingabók (“The Book of Icelanders”)
  All Icelanders share the same family tree.
* : Free Family Tree, Calendar and Albums
MacFamilyTree - Modern genealogy for your Mac
MyFamilyHealth: Connect With Your Relatives & Track Your Health
* - Create a Family Website Today
* MyHeritage: MyHeritage Blog -
Trace Family Tree
- A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Other
  - MyHeritage Education
    Features and tools that will help you make the most of your research.
  - SuperSearch™ Historical Records
    11,095,874,587 historical records and counting.
  Simple search to find ancestors fast.
* Genealogy & Family Tree:
Site Index
Past Times - Global Interaction With All Aspects of Great Britain's Past

* Rodovid EN: Multilingual Family Tree Portal
rootsfinder - Free Family Tree
  Program for managing your genealogy data.
* Trace your Family Tree Online:
Family Tree |
  Genealogy and ancestry from Findmypast.
* - Genealogy, Family Trees, Records & Online Family Tree Builder
* - Family Trees | Genealogy | Free Family Tree
* Wikimedia Commons
  Collection of freely usable media files.
WikiTree: The Free Family Tree: Family Tree Widgets
* WorldConnect Project
  Connecting the World One GEDCOM at Time.
* ZoomPast Genealogy Family Tree
  Use of a zooming user interface and innovative layout algorithms
  to enable huge and complex genealogies to be explored with ease.


PERSONAL WEB PAGE: Biography - Guideposts - Happiness - Marriage & Family Ties
Personal Life: Self -Topic Outline of Self
* Abbreviations Lists for Personal Names (English)
Family Index of Web Pages |
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Genealogy Index of Web Pages |
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Genealogy Webmaster Homepage Construction
  Place to collaborate, create and preserve your family history
* How Do I Begin To Document & File Family History?  An Introduction
Interactiva.Org - Personal Homepages People Society
Personal Digital Archiving
  Digital preservation presentation from the Library of Congress.
* Tradition: Portal:Folklore
Open Folklore
Data, publications, educational materials, and scholarship in folklore.
Who Can Find People?
Lists of People: Lists of People By Name
* Worldwide Oral History: Oral History - Oral History Links
  Account of something passed down by word of mouth: one generation to another.
African Oral Genealogy (pdf)
    Collecting and preserving yesterday for tomorrow.
Art of the Oral Historian | UCSB Library
  - Creating Oral Histories
Bring a Family Story to Life with Oral Histories
    - Online Resources for Learning About Creating Oral Histories
Using FamilySearch Apps to Record Oral Histories

Cyndi's List - Oral History & Interviews
  - H-OralHist | H-Net
How To Create an Oral Family History
International Oral History Association | IOHA: Sites about Oral History
Oral History Association (USA): OHA Network
      - Regional & International Organizations
  - Key Resources - Oral History:
A-Z List - Oral History
    Oxford LibGuides at Oxford University.
    - Oral Traditions of the Rural Counties of England
  - Matrix Oral History Tutorial
  - StoryCorps®
    Stories from people of all backgrounds and beliefs.
    - Recording The Lives And Stories Of Everyday Americans: In the News
  - U.S. Army Guide to Oral History
    Guidance for historians tasked with conducting interview.
  - What Happens to Your Data?
    Amazon Echo and Google™ Home record what you say.
Amazon Echo vs. Google Home vs. Microsoft Cortana vs. Apple Siri
      - How to Listen to Everything Amazon Echo Has Ever Heard
Which Amazon Echo Should I Buy?
Google™ Home - Smart Speaker & Home Assistant - Google™ Store
    - Google™ is Recording Everything You Say to a Bot – Right Now
    - Google™ My Activity
      Using the My Activity portal, you can also find out everything about your life.
      Review and manage your activity, including things you’ve searched for,
      websites you’ve visited, and videos you’ve watched.
      - How to Listen to (and Delete) Everything You've Ever Said to Google™
    - HomePod: Everything We Know | MacRumors
      HomePod, like the Apple TV and the iPad, serves as a HomeKit hub.
      As a HomeKit hub, HomePod enables remote access for HomeKit devices,
      allowing them to be controlled when a user is away from home.
      - Building a Smart Home With Apple’s HomeKit
        Apple notes that HomeKit was designed with privacy and security in mind,
        and as such all communication between devices is encrypted—not even
        Apple has any idea what Siri requests you make, when your devices are
        triggered and how, what your settings are, even what devices you’re using.
        This is very much a departure from the norm, as other big players like Amazon,
        Nest (owned by Alphabet/Google), and Samsung have all been subject to scrutiny
        for lax privacy or security measures and the large volume of personal data
        they collect (and what they do with it).
      - Every Single Home Appliance That Works (or Will Work) with Apple HomeKit
    - (Microsoft) Cortana is About to Get a Lot Smarter with New 'Skills'
      - Cortana Skills Kit
        Available on Cortana across all its platforms: desktop,
        mobile apps, Xbox, as well as the upcoming Invoke speaker.
    - Predictive Analytics: Predictive Analytics Today
      Data Mining, Big Data, Text Analytics, Business Intelligence, Social Media Analytics,
      Cloud, Digital and Emerging Technology. User review comparisons help IT decision
      makers to identify technologies, software and strategies. Sign in to submit a review.
    - Predictive Analytics Tools - User Reviews, Features, Pricing and Comparison
    - Webopedia Definition:
What is Predictive Analytics?
      Patterns found in generational big data, from family genealogy and history records,
      through the use of Text Analytics, provides the ability to identify and analyze people,
      locations and associations, from personal family files, online pedigree information,
      journals, research reports and documentation, current and past social media sites,
      genealogy research forums, indexed books, transcripts, and other communications.
      - Academic Education Learning Resources: Educators
        Genealogy Method procedures that discover and record connections of kinship,
        descent and marriage, can also be used to establish accurate understanding in
        all knowledge system properties, using diagrams, symbols and scholarly analysis.
        Academic usage of "Genealogy Method" in real time, within fields of research,
        vindicates the truthfulness of conclusions, as shown by historical comparison;
        ("genealogy method", or "genealogical perspective") is a scientific method
        of looking to the past, by using a "
reverse" process of economic projection
        methodology (historical, computerized data sets extrapolated back in time).
Analytics Insights | SAS® - The Power To Know
      - Predictive Analytics World
        Cross-vendor event for data science and machine learning professionals,
        managers and commercial practitioners.

World Oral Literature Project: Further Information
    Global initiative to document and make accessible
    endangered oral literatures before they disappear without record.
Oral Literature Collections Online


Protecting Our Heritage & Fostering Creativity | UNESCO
* Country Guides to Culture, Etiquette, Customs, Etc.
Cultural Institutes - e Diplomat
* Cultural Studies: Cultural Studies - VoS
  - Countries and Their Cultures - World Culture Encyclopedia
  - Cultures of Present-Day Nations & States
    - Cyndi's List - Unique Peoples & Cultures

Pop Culture Universe: Icons, Idols, Ideas | EBSCO:
Popular Culture (archived)
    Various areas of popular culture throughout the ages.
* Culture
® 4.0
  Contextual Guide and Internet Index to Western Civilization.
Culture in Crisis
Cultural Internet Resources
  Network of networks for research and cooperation in cultural development.
* ECAI - Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative

* Global Memory Net
  Gateway to the world cultural, historical and heritage image
  collections from selective collaborative institutions in the world.
* Google™ Arts & Culture :
Time Explorer
  Explore stories from around the world.
* Human Relations Area Files: Cultural information for education and research.
eHRAF World Cultures and online information restricted to selected
  library use only. 
Reference Materials | Human Relations Area Files.
  Compare with
standard cross-cultural sample of 186 cultures,
  used by
scholars engaged in cross-cultural studies.
Indigenous Peoples: List of Indigenous Peoples
  - Center for World Indigenous Studies
  - Indigenous Studies Portal:
Indigenous Peoples Literature
    Electronic resources: books, articles, theses,
    documents, photographs, archival resources, maps, etc.
  - Sources and Methods in Indigenous Studies: []
List of Contemporary Ethnic Groups: U.S. Ethnic & Race - Your Ethnic Heritage
Acadians: Cajuns [Cyndi's List - Acadian, Cajun & Creole]
African Americans (African American Genealogy): [Cyndi's List - African-American]
  - Hispanic - Latino (
Hispanic Research)
Jews (Jewish Genealogy Research)
List of Ethnicity - Google™ Search
* Minority Group: Minority Studies
* Native Web: NativeWiki - WikiIndex - Tribal Art Magazine
  Cyber-community for Earth's indigenous peoples, concerning native,
  aboriginal and indigenous Internet resources on all seven continents.
Indigenous nations and peoples (past and present) of the world.
GeoNative - Table Index
    Place name tables for minority and native
    languages, arranged by minorities and states.

* Preservation & Historic Buildings - Events - Houses - Locations

* Warburg Institute: Databases and Electronic Resources - Site Map
  Premier institute in the world for the study
  of cultural history and the role of images in culture.

RELIGION: Portal:Religion - Topic Outline of Religion
Changing Global Religious Landscape - List of Religions & Spiritual Traditions
Major Religious Groups -
Online Faith Collective - RealClearReligion
What Do I Believe | About World Religions & Faith - Worldwide Faith News
Directories: Religions by Country: Images - Importance of Religion By Country
American Academy of Religion: Partnerships
  - Bibliographies on the Net
  - Encyclopedia of Religion & Society: Religions of the World
  - Internet Sacred Text Archive
  - Religion Resources Online of All Types!: ReligionFacts
World Religion Resources
    - World Religions: Comparative Analysis from a Christian Perspective
  - Yale Divinity School Library | Yale University Library
Divinity Library Subject Guides
    - Free Web Resources on Religion
* General Worship:
Interfaith Dialogue
  - Library of World Religions and Faith Traditions | Patheos
    - BBC - Religion: Religions (archived)
Beliefnet®: Inspiration - Spirituality - Faith
Calendar Holy Days World Religions
and Pilgrimage
      Interfaith Calendar: primary sacred times for world religions.
Discovering Sacred Texts - The British Library
      Sacred texts of the world's great faiths: Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism,
      Islam, Judaism, Sikhism and the Baha’i Faith, Jainism and Zoroastrianism.
    - Internet Resources | The University of Edinburgh
      Resources for divinity and religious studies.
    - Theology Resources on the Internet (pdf)
        GlobeTheoLib - Global Digital Library on Theology and Ecumenism.
      - Internet Theology Resources
      - Theological Research Exchange Network
    - Virtual Religion Index
      - Academic Sites
 American Studies
 Ancient Near East
Anthropology & Sociology

- Art & Archaeology
      - Biblical Studies
      - Buddhist Tradition
      - Christian Tradition
      - East Asia

      - Ethics & Moral Values
      - Greco-Roman Studies
      - Hindu Studies
      - Islamic Tradition

      - Judaic Studies
      - Philosophy & Theology
      - Psychology of Religion
VoS: Religious Studies
    - Websites on Religion – Wabash Center
      Selective, annotated collection of web resources for the study of religion.
Institutions, Historical Resources and Records: (Infant) Baptism - Place of Worship
- Adventist Historical Resources on the Web – ASDAL
American Society of Church History

  - Andover-Harvard Theological Library: Research Guides
    - Religious Biographical and Genealogical Information
  - Archives of the Episcopal Church:
Doing Research
  - Association of Religion Data Archives: National Profiles | International Data
    U.S. and World Religion Statistics and Data - ARDA
    - QuickLists
    - Religion Family Trees | Religious Groups
  - ATLA CDRI - Digital Resources for the Study of Religion
Baptist History & Heritage Websites
    Baptist Studies Center for Research | Baylor University.
  - Catholic Research Resources Alliance: Links & Resources - Subject Guides
Catholic GeoHub (Beta) - GoodLands
Catholic Heritage Collection on Findmypast
    - Catholic-Hierarchy: Its Bishops & Dioceses, Current & Past: Country List - News
    - Archive Index
    - The Catholic Church in the World
      - Catholic Church by Country
Find the right Catholic Church near you - United States of America
      - Catholic Dioceses in the World:
Dioceses by Type
        By Name - A to Z Master Index.
Rites of the Catholic Church
    - Local Catholic Church & Family History:
Genealogical Research Guide (archived)
      - Catholic FHS - Catholic Family History Society: Links
      - Catholic Gene | Exploring Our Catholic Family History
  - CCEd | Clergy of the Church of England Database (1540 - 1835): CCED: Search
Christian Classics Ethereal Library
Church History | Theopedia
  - Church Records Project ~ USGenWeb Archives Project
  - Church Service Planner
    Use content from the Internet to create online services for your church.
Cyndi's List - Religion & Churches
Hall of Church History
Historic Church Documents at
  - International Association for the History of Religions
    Promotes activities of all scholars, member and affiliate associations and societies
    contributing to the historical, social, and comparative study of religion.
Affiliated Associations and Societies
    - Member Associations and Societies
National Huguenot Society; Register of Qualified Huguenot Ancestors
  - Parish Register:
    - Warwick Network for Parish Research, Dept of History:
A to Z
      - My-Parish: Parish Resources [Digital Parish Sources -
Parish Projects - Weblinks]
        Online resource for everyone interested in parishes, from the Middle Ages
        to the present, in the British Isles, continental Europe and beyond.
  - Selected Other Archives with Material of Interest
  - World Council of Churches Library & Archives: Archives - Library: E-resources
  - Writing Congregational Histories
    Introduction, getting started, doing research,
    publication, preservation and conclusion.

* Religious Denomination: Confessional Agencies - List of Religious Populations
  Index to Religions Worldwide by Group (Denomination) Name
  A B C D E F G H  I  J K  L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
  Listing of Official Denominational Web Sites
A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Pew-Templeton: Global Religious Profile of the World Through 2050
Bahá'í Faith: Portal:Bahá'í Faith
Bábism: Portal:Babism
    - Bahá’í International Community:
Bahá’í Reference Library
Bahá'í Library Online
Buddhism: Portal:Buddhism
    - BuddhaNet
Buddhist Religion | Buddhism Information | GRF
Portal:Mahayana Buddhism - Portal:Tibetan Buddhism - Portal:Vajrayana Buddhism
    - Si-yu-ki, Buddhist Records of the Western World
Christianity: Portal:Christianity - Portal:Christianity/Related Portals
    - Christian Denominations [By Number of Members]: World Christian Database
      - Global Christian Leaders Index |

    - Christian Population and Statistics | GRF
Adventism: Portal:Seventh-day Adventist Church
      - Anabaptism:
        (Cyndi's List - Anabaptists)
        - Amish (Amish)
Brethren in Christ Church
        - Church of the Brethren
        - German Baptist (variants)
        - Hutterites
        - Mennonites:
Grandma's Window - Mennonite Archival Image Database
          - Cyndi's List - Mennonite
Schwenkfelder Church: Schwenkfelder Library and Heritage Center
Cyndi's List - Schwenkfelder
      - Anglican Communion: Portal:Anglicanism
      - Arminianism: Portal:Arminianism
Baptists: Portal:Baptist
Cyndi's List - Baptist
Calvinism: Portal:Calvinism
        - List of Reformed Denominations
Reformed Online: Overview of the Worldwide Reformed Church
Catholic Church: Portal:Catholicism - Western Christianity
Catholic Answers: Liturgical Publications - Parishes Online
Catholic Heritage Collection on Findmypast
        -  Maria, Virgen Maria
Cyndi's List - Catholic
        - New Advent: Encyclopedia
Pope: Portal:Pope
        - Vatican City [Vatican]
Christadelphians: Portal:Christadelphian
      - Christian: Christianity by Country
        - Christian Directory †

          Listing of Christian sites across the globe.

- National Council of Churches (USA)
          - American Religious Ecologies
            Creating new datasets, maps and visualizations
            for the history of American religion.
      U.S. Church Directory | Find a Church.
        - World Council of Churches
          - WCC Regions -- Member Churches
      - Christian Science:
Finding Aids » Mary Baker Eddy Library
        - Church of Christ, Scientist
Eastern Christianity: Portal:Eastern Christianity - Portal:Oriental Orthodoxy
Assyrian Church of the East
        - Eastern (Roman) Catholic Churches
Orthodox Communion
          - Eastern Orthodox Churches
Russian Orthodox Church
Spiritual Christianity
Doukhobors: Cyndi's List - Doukhobors
          - Oriental Orthodoxy: Portal:Oriental Orthodoxy
Syriac Christianity: Portal:Syriac Christianity
      - Evangelicalism:
Portal:Evangelical Christianity
        - List of Evangelical Seminaries and Theological Colleges
        - WEA - World Evangelical Alliance
Cyndi's List - Huguenot
Jehovah's Witnesses
Jehovah’s Witnesses: Watchtower ONLINE LIBRARY (Genealogy)
Genealogy, as well as other features of the Bible, proves God
          to be the great Recorder and Preserver of history.
      - Lutheranism: Portal:Lutheranism
Cyndi's List - Lutheran
      - Methodism:
Cyndi's List - Methodist
      - Pentecostalism
Cyndi's List - Presbyterian
Quakers: The Religious Society of Friends
Cyndi's List - Quaker: Quaker.pdf
Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy
Shakers: Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village – New Gloucester, Maine
Cyndi's List - Shakers: United Society of Believers in the 2nd Coming of Christ
      - The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints:
Portal:LDS Church
        - Cyndi's List - LDS - The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: FamilySearch
Latter Day Saint Movement: Portal:Latter Day Saints
          - List of Denominations in the Latter Day Saint Movement
Community of Christ: Portal:Community of Christ
        - The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS - Mormon)
Book of Mormon: Portal:Book of Mormon
        - Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations
Christmas: Portal:Christmas
      - Jesus of Nazareth - Biblical Historical Essay
        Life of Jesus Christ as depicted in scripture and art.
    - Creationism: Portal:Creationism - Saint: Portal:Saints
      - Theology & Science - The Bible Is Scientific: References
    - Easter: Easter
- Joshua Project: People Group Listings - Resources
      Unreached peoples of the world.
    -  World Ancestry - Roots In Antiquity [
Bible: Portal:Bible]
      - Alphabetic History of Civilization: Ancient and Modern Genealogies
Confucianism: Portal:Confucianism
    - BBC NEWS | Asia-Pacific | Confucian family tree 'triples'
    - Confucius (September 28, 551 – 479 BC)
      Confucius' family genealogy may be the longest in the world.

    - Confucius Family: Qufu and Kung Te-cheng
    - For Confucius and His Descendants, a Cultural Comeback
【(子姓)】孔丘 (仲尼) (-552 - -479) - Genealogy
Ethnic Religion: List of Ethnic Religions
Folk Religions Details | Pew-Templeton Global Religious Futures
  - Hinduism: Portal:Hinduism
Hindu Mythology: Portal:Hindu Mythology
Hindu Religion Information Data and Statistics | PEW-GRF
Ravidassia Religion: Portal:Ravidassia
  - Islam: Portal:Islam
Ahmadiyya: Portal:Ahmadiyya
    - Islamic Information and Data | GRF (Muslims)
Quran: Portal:Quran
Quran and Islamic Website in Urdu, Arabic, Chinese and English.
Shia Islam: Portal:Shia Islam
Sufism: Portal:Sufism
Sunni Islam
    - Jainism
      Jain history, principles and resources.
Judaism: Portal:Judaism
    - BOOK [Stick] of JUDAH
    - Cyndi's List - Jewish
Jewish Religion, Demographics and Population | PEW-GRF
Kabbalah: Portal:Kabbalah
Messianic Judaism: Portal:Messianic Judaism
  - Native American Religion
American Indian Histories and Cultures | Newberry
    - American Indian Histories and Cultures - YouTube™
    - Mythologies of the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas
  - Other Religions Details | Pew-Templeton Global Religious Futures
Spirituality: Portal:Spirituality
  - Religion in China
    - China Church History - Genealogy
      - Christianity in China: Portal:Christianity in China
Islam in China: Portal:Islam in China
Mandate of Heaven
Chinese Folk Religion: Portal:Chinese Folk Religion
Chinese Salvationist Religions
Falun Gong: Portal:Falun Gong
      - Temples, Rituals and the Transformation of Transnational Networks  - MPI-MMG
        Chinese Temple Networks in South-East Asia.
        - Ancestor Veneration in China:
Ancestral Shrine - Chinese Lineage Associations
        - Chinese Ritual Mastery Traditions
Chinese Religion | Data on Chinese Religions | GRF
  - Religion in India:
Indian Religions - Portal:Indian Religions
Ayyavazhi: Portal:Ayyavazhi
    - Christianity in India: Portal:Christianity in India
Religion in India | Indian Religious Information | PEW-GRF
  - Religion in Russia:
Religions in Russia | PEW-GRF
Scientology: Portal:Scientology
Official Church of Scientology
  - Shinto: Portal:Shinto
Shinto Deities in Japan, Japanese Shinto-Buddhist Syncretic Deities
  - Sikhism: Portal:Sikhism
    - Sikhism
  - Taoism: Portal:Taoism
Theosophy: Portal:Theosophy
  - Traditional African Religions:
Portal:Traditional African Religion
    - Afro-American Religion
    - Portal:Serer Religion
  - Unaffiliated: Least Religious Countries | Atheist Demographics | GRF
Atheism: Portal:Atheism
Mythology: Portal:Mythology
Greek Mythology: Portal:Greek Mythology
        - Hellenism (religion): Portal:Hellenismos
Nontheism: Portal:Nontheism
Occult: Portal:Occult
Paganism: Portal:Heathenism
      - Animism
      - Heathenry (new religious movement): List of Neopagan Movements
Wicca: Portal:Wicca
  - Zoroastrianism: Portal:Zoroastrianism
    - Genealogy of Zarathustra


Answerbag®: [Genealogy category -
Name Origins and Meanings category]
Ask a Genealogist - Ask an Expert - Society of Genealogists
Ask Us a Genealogy Question - Library and Archives Canada - Contact Us | USCIS
FamilySearch Library - Salt Lake City | (Phone or Wiki): Site Map
Genealogist-to-Genealogist Forum - WikiTree G2G
Genealogy & Family History Stack Exchange
Genealogy Questions? Ask a Genealogist Online
Inquiry Form - Local History and Genealogy Reading Room (Library of Congress)
Newest 'genealogy' Questions - History Stack Exchange: Questions tagged [genealogy]

All Topics - Questions on Blurtit - Answerbag® -®
Ask a Librarian Service | Library of Congress - Ask NYPL
Ask®.com - Chat Reference Libraries Global (archived)
Fields of Knowledge -
Hot Questions - Stack Exchange
JustAnswer® - Ask an Expert & Get Answers to Your Questions
Libraries and Museums: Reference Shelf for The Genealogist and Family Historian an International Directory of Libraries
LibWeb Library WWW Servers - World Libraries Online - Consolidated Online Reporting Tool
Quora - START Natural Language QA System
United States: State Libraries -
USAGov | Ask USAGov a Question  
Wikipedia: Reference Desk - wiseGEEK The World's Largest Library Catalog -
Yahoo!® Answers

SOURCES & EXPERTS: Expertise Finder: Find Experts • Sources -

Directories and sources of experts on the Web, including Universities and other
think tanks and
policy centers Professors claim publicly to be experts,
using rigour in their research projects; an important part of intellectual
honesty, having conclusions proportionate to valid evidence.
[Research Process: A Step-by-Step Guide - Georgia Institute of Technology]
Genealogy & Family History | Search Family Trees & Vital Records.
  - Expert Series | Research & Learn
    New tips and lessons on topics that help you learn how to trace family history.
    - Research Strategies
  - Heritage & Educational Tutorials
* Center for Research Libraries:
Global Resources Programs | CRL
  Consortium of colleges, universities and libraries
  providing scholarly research resources.
Center for Research Libraries - CRL Members: Topic Guides
* Concept of Information:
Information (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Directorio Exit
  Directory of experts in information handling
Expert Witness Directory - ExpertPages
  Original Directory of Expert Witnesses.

* Factbites
  Where results make sense.
Finding Experts By Using the Internet (pdf)
* FindTheData
  Find, compare and decide about information from three sources:
  public databases, primary sources (manufacturer websites) and expert sources.

* Genealogy:
Cluster Genealogy: One-place study
Research technique that examines records left by an ancestor's cluster:
  the extended family, friends, neighbors, business associates, government
  contacts, religious affiliations, etc.  This gives a
generational historian, an
accurate picture of life about the person under investigation. Cluster genealogy
  relates to the broader discipline of prosopography, used in historical studies.

FamilySearch Wiki | Introduction
    Community website dedicated to helping people throughout the world
    learn how to find their ancestors.  Here you can learn how to find,
    use and analyze records of genealogical value.
  - Prosopography Portal: Web Links
  - Reference, Dictionaries & Almanacs -
Global Investigative Journalism Network Support / Help Desk
HCR Clarivate Analytics | Highly Cited Research

xpert gateway to the most highly influential scientists and scholars worldwide.
* HighBeam™ Research
  Library of millions of documents from credible publications.
* Ingenta Connect
  Academic and professional publications available for online, fax & Ariel delivery.
* Institutional Repository:
Institutional Repository Bibliography
  Online locus for collecting, preserving, and disseminating, in digital form,
  the intellectual output of an institution, particularly a research institute.
  - Digital Databases
    Education publications and books online.
OpenDOAR - Directory of Open Access Repositories
Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR)
    Open access to the research literature pre- and post-peer-review
author self-archiving in institutional eprint archives.
  - Repository Maps
Mashup of data from ROAR and OpenDOAR
    overlayed onto Google
™ Maps.
Internet Experts
  Subject tracer information blog by Marcus P. Zillman.
iTools - Use the best tools

Quick access to the best Internet tools.
Knowledge Management
  Manage the process of creation or identification, accumulation,
  and application of knowledge or intellectual capital across an organization.
  - Knowledge Discovery Resources
    - Deep Web Research and Discovery Resources (pdf)
      Internet annotated link dataset compilation.
    - Knowledge Management (pdf) - Emil_Hajric
      Knowledge management is essentially about getting
      the right knowledge to the right person at the right time.
    - National Press Club: NPC Reciprocal Clubs
      - Member Categories
* Manage Information Overload Resources (pdf)
* NACADA: Resources > Clearinghouse
  National Academic Advising Association promotes and supports
  quality academic advising in institutions of higher education
  to enhance the educational development of students.
NSF - National Science Foundation
  - Academic Institution Profiles:
List of Institutions

Master Government List of Federally Funded R&D Centers
* NWDTT - World Directory of Think Tanks
  Provides a systematic introduction to the world's most prominent
  and innovative public policy research institutes, or think tanks.
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y
ORCID (Over 1100 members) [over 8,700,000 ORCID iDs and counting.]
Non-profit organization supported by a global community of organizational members,
  including research organizations, publishers, funders, professional associations,
  and other stakeholders in the research ecosystem.
ALL: A to Z

* Portico
  Investigative and web resources for advancement professionals.

* Reference & Homework Help
Databases and search sites for students, parents, educators and the general public.
* Research and Reference Services
  Library of Congress collections and research tools.
  - Doing Research at the Library of Congress
* Spire Project
  Better ways to find information.
* Think Tank Search - Research Guides at Harvard Library
Google™ Custom Search of more than 690 think tanks and research centers.
Global Think Tanks - e Diplomat™
Non-U.S. Think Tanks by Region - Think Tank Search
U.S. - Think Tank Search
    - U.S. GAO - About GAO - Find an Expert
Top Influential Think Tanks | Academic Influence
* UNESCO - Building Knowledge Societies
  Transform economies and societies by sharing knowledge and information,
  particularly through Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs).
  - Towards Inclusive Knowledge Societies
University Library, University of Illinois
Find Online Journals & Databases: Guides By Subject
  - Genealogy Resources:
Web Resources
* Who Can Find People?
Current information for genealogists, family historians and researchers
  to FIND People, Places and Things.


FAMILY NAME - SURNAME: Appendix:Names - Maiden and Married Names
name | - Name Change

Family name, or surname, is the part of a person's name that indicates to
what family he or she belongs. 
Note the variation in names presented in the
New Testament pedigree of Joseph, the step-father of the Messiah Jesus Christ.
  20,000+ Names from around the world.
alfabette zoope name lists
* Baby Name Finder, Boy and Girl Name Meanings and Origins (
  - Baby Name Wizard
  - Baby Names
    Welcome to SheKnows baby names, where you can find the perfect name
    for your new bundle of joy. Names range from the unique, and most popular,
    to ones for your beautiful little girl, or ones with swagger for the little boy
    in your life. Take some time to look through our list, search by origin,
    or meaning, or most popular by decade, or highest rated.
    Enjoy, and congratulations! [And then give them a Father's Blessing.]
  - BabyNames™.com
  - Babynology
Think! Baby Names

    Origin, meaning of baby names for boys and girls.
* Concise Dictionary of First Names
Behind the Name
    Etymology and history of first names.
  - WeRelate:Given names - Genealogy
* Cyndi's List - Names
IBM® InfoSphere® Global Name Management
  Manage, search, analyze, and compare multicultural name data sets, to address
  the needs of managing personal and business names from all over the world.
* Last Name Meanings and Origins
  Search surnames at

Name Thesaurus
  Image Partners Limited technology for finding surname and forename variants.
  At least 386 million variants identified for 5,946,000 surnames; 32 million variants
  identified for 1,478,000 forenames; gender identification for 220,000 forenames.
  Popularity, Origins and Rankings of Names
* Namespedia - Names Encyclopedia
Place where people contribute to names meaning and even genealogy tracking.
Oxford Handbook of Names and Naming
  - Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland - Oxford Reference
* Surnames by Country - A Selected List of References about Personal Names
Local History & Genealogy Reading Room (Library of Congress).
Scottish Surnames- Genealogy and Family History in Scotland
* Surnames Meanings, Origins & Distribution Maps
Unscrambler | Unscramble Scrabble Words
  Word Unscrambler and Unscramble Letters: use for Surname spelling variants.

Records indexed by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints - LDS (Mormon).
Global Batch Numbers for the "International Genealogical Index"
IGI Batch Numbers
and Using the Batch Numbers
  Sources of information for individuals listed in International Genealogical Index.
* Temples & Priesthood Ordinance Work

ONOMASTICS: Selective Bibliography of International Web Sites
Toponyms (Toponymy), Anthroponyms (Anthroponymy) & miscellaneous name sites.
* e-Onomastics:
  Blog on e-Onomastics - digital onomastics - e-Science about proper names.
Etymology: Etymology Directory, Name Meanings, Meaning of Names
  - List of Country-Name Etymologies
Lists of Etymologies
Online Etymology Dictionary
* Gymnastics with Onomastics: Model Languages
International Council of Onomastic Sciences: Links
Onomastics Archives -
* Onomastics (Names) - Scottish Medieval Bibliography
Onomastikon - Brill Reference
Personal Name: Given Name
* Society for Names Studies in Britain & Ireland
  Study of names (place-names, personal names, and other names)
  from linguistic, historical, and sociological perspectives.
External Links Useful For Onomastic Research
UTEP Special Collections: Onomastics Collection

* Ancestor Guide
  Find surname using
free surname search engine.
A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Curlie - Society: Genealogy: Surnames
A B C D E F G H  I  J K L Mac / Mc / M N O' / O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Cyndi's List - Surnames, Family Associations & Family Newsletters
A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Explore FamilySearch Catalog of Resources
  - Catalog Surnames Search Genealogy - FamilySearch Wiki
  - Explore Billions of Historical Records
  - Surname Distribution Maps Genealogy - FamilySearch Wiki
* Family Organizations Genealogy - FamilySearch Wiki
A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Interactiva.Org - Surnames Genealogy Society
A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Last Name Directory - MyHeritage
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Other
* Last Name Meanings and Origins | Search Surnames at
Family Tree Search |
Historical Records and Person Search -
Search Historical Records -
  - Surname Search Index & Family History Search (member Ancestry®)
OneGreatFamily [Name Search]
A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Quick Search : Surname Interests Table (SIT) : The RootsChat.Com Reference Library
A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* RootsWeb: Database Index:
RootsWeb Surname List -- Interactive Search
  Aa-Alk  All-Ao  Ap-Az | Ba-Baq  Bar-Bat  Bau-Bel  Bem-Bir  Bis-Boc
  Bod-Bor Bos-Bra  Bre-Brov  Brow-Buk  Bul-Bz | C-Caro  Carp-Chaq
  Char-Clem  Clen-Colr Cols-Cou  Cov-Croo  Crop-Cz | Da-Dd  De-Dh
  Di-Dq  Dr-Dz | Ea-Ell  Elm-Ez | Fa-Fk Fl-Fz | Ga-Gn  Go-Gz | Ha-Haq
  Har-Hd  He-Hn  Ho-Ht  Hu-Hz  I   |  J | Ka-Kh  Ki-Kz | La-Lh  Li-Lz
  Ma-Mb  Mc  Md-Mn  Mo-Mz | N | O | Pa-Pg  Ph-Pz | Q | Ra-Rn  Ro-Rz
  Sa-Sd  Se-Sl  Sm-Ss  St-Sz | Ta-Th  Ti-Tz | U | V | Wa-Wg  Wh-Wn
  Wo-Wz | X | Y | Z
  Curated collection of links to genealogy details mentioned on other websites.
  A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Surnames - Familypedia:
Top - 0 - 9
A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Surnames - GenForum: Family Finder Search

  A B 
C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Surnames - Linkpendium
  A Æ Â Ä Å Á B C D E É È F G H  I  J K L M N O Ó Ø Ö P Q R S T Þ U Ü V W X Y Z

* SurnameWeb
  A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* The Original Record: Sitemap
   Ancestors Search, family tree; ancestry; family history; genealogy; family records.
  - Surname Source Books
    British Isles and colonies from the 11th to the 20th centuries.
  - Choose a surname beginning with:
    Aa Ab Ac Ad Af Ag Ah Ai Ak Al Am An Ap Ar As At Au Av Aw Ax Ay
    Ba Be Bi Bl Bo Br Bu By
    Ca Ce Ch Cl Co Cr Cu
    Da De Di Do Dr Du Dw Dy
    Ea Eb Ec Ed Ee Eg Ek El Em En Ep Er Es Et Eu Ev Ew Ex Ey
    Fa Fe Ff Fi Fl Fo Fr Fu Fy
    Ga Ge Gi Gl Go Gr Gu Gw Gy
    Ha He Hi Ho Hu Hy
    Ia Ib Id Ig Ik Il Im In Io Ir Is It Iv Iz
    Ja Je Ji Jo Ju
    Ka Ke Kh Ki Kl Kn Ko Kr Ku Ky
    La Le Li Ll Lo Lu Ly
    Ma Mb Mc Md Me Mf Mg Mi Mk Ml Mm Mn Mo Mp Mq Mr Mu My
    Na Ne Ni No Nu Ny
    Oa Ob Oc Od Of Og Oh Ok Ol Om On Op Or Os Ot Ou Ov Ow Ox Oz
    Pa Pe Ph Pi Pl Po Pr Pu Py
    Ra Re Rh Ri Ro Ru Ry
    Sa Sc Se Sh Si Sk Sl Sm Sn So Sp Sq St Su Sw Sy
    Ta Te Th Ti To Tr Tu Tw Ty
    Ud Uf Ul Um Un Up Ur Us Ut Uv
    Va Ve Vi Vo Vy
    Wa We Wh Wi Wo Wr Wy
    Ya Ye Yo Yu
    Za Zi

* Wikipedia® - Category: Surnames
  For convenience, all surnames are included in this category. This includes all
  surnames that can also be found in the subcategories.  Articles in this category
  are concerned with
Surname(s) (last names in Western cultures, but family
  names in general), especially articles each concerned with one surname.
  A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

SURNAMES: Newsgroups: Blogs, Genealogy Newsletters & Periodicals

American Last Names
British Surnames
  British surnames, British last names and British surname meanings and origins.
* Consolidated Jewish Surname Index
Galton–Watson Process
  Branching stochastic process arising from Francis Galton's
  statistical investigation of the extinction of
family names (Surname).
Lists of Most Common Surnames
* Locate My Name
  Site mainly focuses on surnames, with distribution of names across regions.
* Message Boards - Surnames or Topics - Ancestry
  A B C D E F G H  I  J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Nordic Names Wiki
  Comprehensive site on Scandinavian first names; patronyms and surnames.
  - Scandinavian Family Name Etymology
    - Understanding Norwegian Naming Patterns
One-Name Study
Guild of One-Name Studies – One-name studies, Genealogy
    Worldwide centre of excellence in one-name studies, promoting individuals
    and groups through a programme of sharing, exchanging and publishing
    information about one-name studies; including conferences, seminars etc.
Surname Society
The LORD Jesus Christ, Jews, The House of Joseph, Gentiles and Heathens
    Careful Study of the TINNEY Surname from Worldwide Origins.
* Relevance of Surnames in Genealogy
Surname Map
Map My Surname
- Surname Distribution Analysis and Mapping

Surname Research Page
* Surnames by Country
American Name Society
    Promoting the study of names and naming.
    - Edwin D. Lawson, Professor Emeritus of Psychology: Lawson Bibliograhpies
      State University of New York at Fredonia.
Edwin D,. Lawson | Info: Onomastics
        - The Onomastic Treasures of the CIA
          [Download full-text PDF.] See partial online version: [
          Documents on onomastic aspects of personal names for over 30 languages.
          Some background on naming in the language, style of name use, pronunciation,
          transliteration, given names, family names (where applicable); the use of titles.
          Some reports give the meanings of names. Many reports list special features
          of the language such as laws on naming, patronymics; rules for women's names.
Ehrensperger Report: Annual Ehrensperger Report 2007

* WeRelate:Surnames - Genealogy
* World Family Names
  Examine where in the world people with your surname are found.
Great Britain Family Names


LEARNED SOCIETY: List of Learned Societies
Alphabetical Listing of Higher Education Agencies, Institutes & Resources
* ISO - International Organization for Standardization
NISO Standards - National Information Standards Organization: Blog
    Content publishers, libraries, and software developers use
    information industry standards that allow them to work together.
Related Organizations
* Key Resource National Agencies and Organisations: Country Data
  Promoting Internationalisation of Higher Education.
  - International Schools Services:
ISS Directory of International Schools
Office of Overseas Schools - U.S. Department of State: Schools Worldwide
* Members of Learned Societies: Fellow
ACLS American Council of Learned Societies

    Humanities and social sciences resources.
SACLS Member Society Websites
Scholarly Societies Project: Resources of Scholarly Societies By Subject

    University of Waterloo Electronic Library Scholarly Societies Project.
    - List of Learned Societies
* Professional Assoc
iations in the Information Sciences

LexisNexis® - Choose Your Path and
ProQuest® - Support Center
  Provide unparalleled research services to the academic community.
  Both online and web-based subscription services allow students,
  faculty and staff access to a vast universe of information.
* National Coalition of Independent Scholars:
NCIS Affiliate Organizations
  - Academic and Scholar Search Engines and Sources - Scholar.pdf (2024)
    Offers excellent information retrieval and extraction for researching.
BASE (Bielefeld Academic Search Engine): Basic Search

British Academy: British Academy - Sitemap
    Championing the humanities and social sciences.

Portal (archived) and subject coverage (archived)
      in humanities and social sciences.
Competitive Intelligence – A Selective Resource Guide
    Selective resource guide from LLRX.
Google™ Scholar:
Google™ Scholar
    Creating the world's most exhaustive academic library.
    Google™ alternative safe search engine for students.
iSEEK - Education

List of Academic Databases & Search Engines
  - Microsoft® Academic : Microsoft® Academic
  - Oxford LibGuides
    Oxford LibGuides at Oxford University
    - Research | Oxford University Department for Continuing Education
  - RefSeek - Academic Search Engine
  - ResearchGate
    Discover the world's scientific knowledge.
    Search results collected from some of the world's best resources.

  - Scholars' Guide to the WWW:
Jensen's Web Guides
    Support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
    Science, health and medical journals, full text articles and books.
  - Semantic Scholar
    Academic search engine for scientific articles.
Virtual Learning Resources Center
    Global science gateway.
    - for science; government science portal.
* Ph.D - Doctor of Philosophy:
  Academic - Dissertation - Doctorate - Habilitation -
Honorary - Terminal - Thesis
  - ALPSP - Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers
    Largest global trade association helping scholarly and professional publishers.
ALPSP Member Directory
      - Association of American University Presses (
Member Presses)
        Scholarly presses located around the world.

AAUP Affiliations - AAUP Partners - AAUPwiki
      - BiblioVault - Scholarly Books Explore Everything by Publisher
Al Manhal Dissertations & Theses (AMDT) Database
    Provides thousands of full-text searchable dissertations
    from the most prominent academic foundations across the Middle East.
    - Egyptian Universities Libraries Consortium
Online Bibliography of Ottoman-Turkish Literature
BDTD - ibict: Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia
British Library >Theses
    - Dissertations: A Guide To Resources
      - EThOS: UK E-Theses Online Service

Center for Research Libraries - Dissertations
    Doctoral dissertations and Habilitationsschriften
    from universities outside of the U.S. and Canada.

  - CORE: Aggregating the World’s Open Access Research Papers
    Research Note: Search by surnames to obtain global publications.
Search results - "family history"
Search results - genealog*
  - DART-Europe E-theses Portal (DEEP)
DATAD (Database of African Theses & Dissertations)
    Rutgers University Libraries.
Directory of Dissertations - American Historical Association
  - Dissertation Doctor®:
Dissertation Process | Dissertation Journey
DiVA : Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet (Scandinavian theses)
    Finding tool and an institutional repository for research publications.
Finding Australian Theses
  - Finding Theses and Dissertations
    University of Auckland - Libraries and Learning Services.
    Find local, national and international theses and dissertations.

Foreign Theses - Academic Exercises, Theses & Dissertations
    by students from the Department of Japanese Studies;
    LibGuides at National University of Singapore.
Global Open Access Portal
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
    - Key Organizations:
Access by Region
      - Latin America and the Caribbean
        - Dissertations - Latin American & Caribbean Studies
          LibGuides at Duke University
Cybertesis | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
            The University of Chile Information and Libraries Services System (SISIB)
            has implemented Cybertesis in Latin America and the Cybertesis
            Electronic Thesis Publication Program (Cyberdocs); added participation
            and connections with other Latin American universities.
    - OpenDOAR - Directory of Open Access Repositories: Countries and Organisations
Africa | Asia | Australasia | Caribbean | Central America | Europe
      North America | Oceania | South America |
OpenDOAR - Search Contents of Open Access Repositories
MPACT: Project Statistics (Dissertations)
- Disciplines Represented Across All Schools
    - Schools Represented Across All Disciplines
  - Networked Digital Library of Theses & Dissertations
    Full-text electronic theses and dissertations from institutions.
    - Find ETDs and
Global ETD Search
OASPA | Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association
Open Access Resources - OASPA: Members - OASPA
    - Page Not Found - OASPA [Provides Total Sitemap Index]
  - OATD – Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Open Access Directory: Data Repositories
    Upload and search theses and dissertations.
  Worldwide free
    repository of theses, dissertations and other academic documents,
    coupled with powerful search, organization and collaboration tools.
    Universal index of doctoral dissertations in progress.
ProQuest - Dissertations
Dissertations - Search Engines and Your Dissertation
ProQuest Subject Index
      Lists all institutions that have titles available
      through the ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Gradworks site.
  - Resource Collections on China - Theses & Dissertations
    Research guides at University of Toronto.
    - Chinese Studies Online
      Master and Ph.D. theses - People's Republic of China (P.R.C.):
      a sub-package of the Chinese Studies Online Database.
Chinese Studies Online [electronic resource]. | University of Toronto Libraries
      China Online Journals (COJ) – eJournals in humanities and social sciences;
      Dissertations of China (DOC) - masters and doctoral dissertations, 1986 +;
      Academic Conferences in China (ACIC);
      Policies and Laws of China (PLOC)
    - Finding Theses & Dissertations:
HKU Scholars Hub: HKU Theses Online
      LibGuides at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Library
National Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations in Taiwan
  - Russian Academy of Sciences Bibliographies
    Slavic and Russian Studies Information | EBSCO
    - Dissertation CIS
      English language citations for Russian theses.
Russian Academy of Sciences Bibliographies: California Digital Library
  - Shodhganga: a reservoir of Indian theses @ INFLIBNET
Search results - "family history"
    - Search results - genealog*
South African National ETD Portal
  - Theses & Dissertations: Family History and Genealogy
  - Theses and Dissertations - Pacific Islands Studies
    Research Guides at UCLA Library
Theses Canada - Library and Archives Canada
    Thèses Canada - Bibliothèque et Archives Canada.
    Theses on all subjects submitted in French to universities around the world,
    since 2006. Most are digitized and available in full text.
  - Writing & Presenting Your Thesis or Dissertation
Research & Learning
  - Digital Scholarship: Sitemap
    - Digital Bibliographies / Webliographies
Research Data Curation Bibliography
    - Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography
Scholarly Journals Distributed Via the World-Wide Web
      Alphabetical list of journals by title.

* SPARC® and SPARC® Europe
  Advancing Open Access, Open Data, Open Education.
  - Call for Papers - World's Llargest Listing of Call for Papers
    Papers Invited exhaustive list of Calls for Papers issued by professional
    bodies, journal editors and other conference organizers in all disciplines.
  - Directory of Open Access Journals
Theological Research Exchange Network

* Academic Education Learning Resources: Educators
  Provides quality education and learning resources for educators,
  faculty, staff, teachers, students, parents and research specialists.
Internet Resources for Higher Education Outcomes Assessment
* Schools - Colleges - Universities: Alumni & Genealogy Education
  - Worldwide University Listings
    Libraries, advanced professional genealogy research,
    with global University listings, rankings and information.
  - Graduate School: H-Grad | H-Net
Graduate School Search | Masters, PhDs |
    - Graduate school and graduate, MBA, PhD programs and degrees.
      - List of Graduate Programs Accredited Institutions Worldwide
What is Graduate School? | Search Graduate Schools by Subject
eLearners: Online Degrees - Sitemap
          Online colleges and schools; online courses and degrees.

Archives and Knowledge Management:
Scholarly Online Resource Evidence and Records
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